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2020-05-20

プライバシーポリシー for ルーレットアプリ

Privacy Policy

ルーレット for 迷った時 (hereinafter referred to as "the Company"). The service provided on the Application (hereinafter referred to as the "Service") The following is the Privacy Policy (hereinafter referred to as the "Policy") regarding the handling of User's personal information by the Company (hereinafter referred to as the "Company") The following is an example of the

Article 1 (Personal Information)

The term "personal information" refers to "personal information" as defined in the Act on the Protection of Personal Information, and refers to information about a living individual that can be used to identify a specific individual, such as name, date of birth, address, telephone number, contact information and other descriptions, as well as information that can be used to identify a specific individual from the information itself, such as appearance, fingerprints, voiceprint data, and health insurance card insurer numbers (personal identification information).

Article 2 (Method of collecting personal information)

We may ask users for personal information such as name, date of birth, address, telephone number, email address, bank account number, credit card number, and driver's license number when they register to use the site. In addition, the Company may use transaction records and payment information, including the User's personal information, made between the User and its business partners, etc., for the purpose of protecting the Company's business partners (including information providers, advertisers, and ad distributors, etc.). (hereinafter referred to as the "Partner"). It may be collected from the following

Article 3 (Purpose of collecting and using personal information)

The purposes for which the Company collects and uses personal information are as follows

To provide and operate our services

To respond to the user's inquiries (including verifying the user's identity)

To send e-mails informing the user of new features, updated information, campaigns, and other services provided by the company.

To contact you when necessary, such as for maintenance and important notices

To identify users who violate the Terms of Service or who attempt to use the Service for illegal or unreasonable purposes, and to refuse their use.

To allow users to view, change, or delete their own registration information and to view their usage status

To charge users for paid services.

Purposes incidental to the above purposes of use

Article 4 (Change of purpose of use)

The Company will change the purpose of use of personal information only when it is reasonably recognized that the purpose of use is related to the one before the change.

If the purpose of use is changed, the Company shall notify the User of the changed purpose of use in a manner prescribed by the Company, or announce it on this website.

Article 5 (Provision of personal information to a third party)

The Company will not provide personal information to any third party without the prior consent of the User, except in the following cases However, this does not apply when permitted by the Personal Information Protection Law or other laws and regulations.

1-1. when it is necessary for the protection of a person's life, body or property and it is difficult to obtain the consent of the person

1-2. when it is particularly necessary for the improvement of public health or the promotion of the sound growth of children, and it is difficult to obtain the consent of the individual

1-3. when it is necessary to cooperate with a national organization, a local government, or a person entrusted by the national organization or local government in the execution of the affairs prescribed by laws and regulations, and obtaining the consent of the person is likely to impede the execution of the affairs

2-4 When the following matters are notified or made public in advance, and the Company notifies the Personal Information Protection Committee

2-4-1. the purpose of use includes the provision of information to third parties

2-4-2. Items of data to be provided to third parties

2-4-3 Means or method of providing to a third party

2-4-4. stopping the provision of personal information to a third party upon the request of the person

2-4-5. How to respond to a person's request

Notwithstanding the provisions of the preceding paragraph, in the following cases, the party to whom the relevant information is provided does not fall under the category of a third party.

2-1 When the Company consigns the handling of personal information, in whole or in part, to the extent necessary to achieve the purpose of use

2-2. when personal information is provided as a result of the succession of a business due to a merger or other reasons

2-3. when personal information is to be used jointly with a specific person, and the person has been notified in advance or made readily available to the person to that effect, the items of personal information to be used jointly, the range of persons to be used jointly, the purpose of use by the person to be used, and the name or names of persons responsible for the management of the personal information

Article 6 (Disclosure of personal information)

When a person requests the disclosure of personal information, the Company will disclose it to that person without delay. However, we may not disclose all or part of the information if any of the following conditions are met by disclosure. Please note that a fee of 1,000 yen will be charged for each disclosure of personal information.

When there is a risk of harm to the life, body, property or other rights and interests of the person or a third party

When there is a risk of significant hindrance to the proper execution of the Company's business

In case of violation of other laws and regulations

Notwithstanding the provisions of the preceding paragraph, information other than personal information, such as historical information and characteristic information, will not be disclosed in principle.

Article 7 (Correction and Deletion of Personal Information)

If the user's personal information held by the company is incorrect, the user may correct, add, or delete the personal information (hereinafter referred to as "correction, etc.") to the company according to the procedures established by the company. You can request a

In the event that the Company receives a request from a User as described in the preceding paragraph and judges that it is necessary to respond to the request, the Company shall correct, etc. the personal information concerned without delay.

When a correction is made under the provisions of the preceding paragraph, or when a decision is made not to make a correction, etc., the Company will notify the User of the correction without delay.

Article 8 (Suspension of use of personal information, etc.)

If the Company receives a request from an individual that personal information is being handled beyond the scope of the purpose of use or that it has been obtained by wrongful means, the Company will stop using or delete the information (hereinafter referred to as "stop using, etc."). In the event of a request for anonymity (e.g., "I"), we will conduct the necessary investigation without delay.

If, based on the results of the investigation set forth in the preceding paragraph, we determine that it is necessary to respond to the request, we will suspend the use of the personal information concerned without delay.

When the Company suspends the use of the Site in accordance with the provisions of the preceding paragraph, or when the Company decides not to suspend the use of the Site, it will notify the User without delay.

Notwithstanding the preceding two paragraphs, when it is difficult to suspend the use of the Site, etc., such as when there is a large amount of cost for suspending the use of the Site, etc., and when alternative measures can be taken to protect the rights and interests of the User, this alternative measure shall be taken.

Article 9 (Changes to the Privacy Policy)

The contents of this policy may be changed without notice to the user, except as otherwise provided in laws and regulations and this policy.

Unless otherwise specified by the Company, the revised Privacy Policy shall take effect from the time it is posted on this website.

Article 10 (Contact for inquiries)

If you have any questions about this policy, please contact us at the following

2020-05-19

プライバシーポリシー : ICカードリーダー

This Privacy Policy explains the information that Seiya Hori ("Seiya Hori" "**we**" "**us**" or "**our**"). collects when you use our app (the "**Services**"), how that information is used, with whom it may be shared, and your privacy choices.

## **1. Introduction**

### **Who we are and what we do**

It's become a timer app for indoor strength training. The app is focused on those who exercise and is easy to use.

### **Acceptance and Changes**

By registering for, downloading, or using our services, you accept this Privacy Policy. We may modify this Privacy Policy from time to time.

## **2. Children's Privacy**

We do not knowingly collect personal information from individuals who are under the minimum required ages specified herein. You must be at least 18 years of age, or the age of majority in your jurisdiction (whichever is greater), to use our services.

## **3. Data We Collect About You**

We collect information about you when you use our services. In addition, third parties may collect information about you when you use our services. Collected information may include or reflect personal information that could identify you, as well as non-personal information. We refer to your information as "**your data**" for short.

### **Content**

Accountholders may create a profile and upload content such as videos. For more details, see **Section 9**. You may allow us to access your camera roll for the purpose of automatically creating videos.

### **Other Information You May Submit**

You may submit data to us for limited purposes such as requesting customer support; answering a questionnaire; participating in a study; entering contests or sweepstakes; or signing up to receive communications from us or another user.

### **Automatically-Collected Information**

We automatically collect certain types of data when you use our services, regardless of whether you have an account. This data includes your IP address, technical information about your device (e.g., browser type, operating system, basic device information), the web page you visited or search query you entered before reaching us, and your activities.

### **Information Collected by Third Parties**

Some third parties may collect data about you when you use our services. This may include data you submit (such as payment information) or automatically-collected information (in the case of third-party analytics providers and advertisers).

We may obtain data from third parties about you. We may combine that data with information that we have collected. For example, some advertisers or advertising platforms may allow us to determine what other online services you might use so that we may place relevant ads on those services.

## **4. How We Use Your Data**

We may use your data for the following purposes:

Identification and authentication:** We use your data to verify you when you access your account.
Operating our services:** We use your data to provide our services, process and fulfill orders, provide customer support, and to otherwise comply with our contractual obligations to you. We (and/or our third-party vendors) use your financial information to process purchases made by you.
Communicating with you:** We use your data when we communicate with you (e.g., when we respond to customer support or other inquiry).
Improving our services:** We use your data to understand how our services are being used and how we can improve them. In general, we analyze aggregated data, rather than specific user data. We may, however, need to analyze a specific case to address a specific problem (e.g., a bug that affects only a few accounts).
Customizing your experience:** We use your data to personalize the service to you. This may include remembering your preferences for language or volume or displaying videos that you might enjoy, based upon your viewing choices.
Marketing and advertising:** We use your data to display ads and send you offers. We may also use your data in delivering third-party advertisements to you. This may include "targeted ads" based upon your activities.
Exercising our rights:** Where reasonably necessary, we use your data to exercise our legal rights and prevent abuse of our service. For example, we may use your data to detect and prevent fraud, spam, or content that violates our Terms of Service.
Legal compliance:** We use your data where we are legally required to do so. For example, we may need to gather your data to respond to a subpoena or court order.
Protecting your information:** Where appropriate, we may anonymize, backup, and delete certain data.

We may use algorithms and other automated means to implement any of the above.

Whenever we process your data for one of these purposes, we have determined that one or more of the following lawful bases apply:

Performance of a contract;

Legitimate commercial interest;

Compliance with a legal obligation; or

Consent

## **5. With Whom We Share Your Data**

We may share data with third parties as follows:

With your consent:** We may share your data with third parties where we have obtained your express consent to do so. You may revoke these consents.
Authorized vendors:** We may share your data with third-party vendors that help us operate our services, process orders, and comply with your instructions and our contractual obligations. This includes payment processors, content delivery networks (CDNs), cloud-based hosting services, monitoring services, email service providers, quality assurance and testing vendors, fraud and abuse prevention vendors, and customer relations management (CRM) vendors.
Advertising:** We may share your data with advertising companies to display relevant ads to you. Unless you expressly agree, we will not share or sell your name, email address, or physical address with such persons.
Analytics:** We may share your data with persons who provide analytics showing how customers are using our services.
Affiliates and advisors:** We may share your data with our parent company, IAC/InterActiveCorp, and our auditors and advisors for planning, financial reporting, accounting, auditing, tax filings, and legal compliance. Unless you expressly agree, we will not share your data with our parent or any affiliate for other purposes, such as direct marketing.
Certain legal situations:** We may share your data where we believe disclosure is necessary to comply with a legal obligation or in connection with a corporate transaction as discussed in **Section 6**.
Aggregated or anonymized information:** We may publicly disclose non-personal aggregated or anonymized information such as our number of visitors and registered users.

We use reasonable efforts to vet vendors for their privacy and data security practices. We require that such vendors agree to protect the data we share.

## **6. Legal and Safety-Related Disclosures**

We may disclose your data in response to official requests (e.g., court orders, subpoenas, search warrants, national security requests, etc.) ("**requests**") that we receive from government authorities or parties to legal proceedings.

We handle Japanese requests in accordance with Japanese law. If the request originates from a foreign jurisdiction, we will typically disclose information where we in good faith believe that disclosure is permitted by Japanese law. In all cases, we may raise or waive any legal objection or right available to us, in our sole discretion.

We may disclose user data where we reasonably believe that someone's life is at risk. For example, if we become aware of a person threatening to commit suicide, we may share that person's data with appropriate entities that may have the ability to help.

We may disclose user data in situations involving legal claims against us or one of our users.

We may share your data with potential transaction partners, advisors, and others in the event our company is, in whole or part, acquired by a third party. In such a case, we will use reasonable efforts to require the acquiring entity to comply with this Privacy Policy.

## **7. Data Retention**

We may retain your data for as long as you have an account. We may retain logs of automatically collected information (for internal analytics); your email address; your tax information; communications with you; and your transactional information (for auditing, tax, and financial purposes). When we no longer have a business reason for retaining data, we will delete or anonymize it.

We may retain deleted videos on our servers for a short period in case you wish to reverse deletion. Once we delete a video, we may not be able to recover it. If you have previously made a video public, the video or its thumbnail may be discoverable in a search engine's cache for a time. We have no control over search engines; however, we will, upon request, send a request for deletion to major search engines.

If we receive legal process pertaining to your account, we will retain your data for as long as we in good faith believe is necessary to comply with the legal process. Similarly, if we believe that your account has been involved in wrongdoing, we may preserve your data to defend or assert our rights.

## **8. Your Privacy Choices**

We enable you to make numerous choices about your data:

You may choose not to provide us with certain information. For example, you may choose not to create an account or not to provide optional account information.

You may change your video privacy settings. See **Section 9** for more details.

You may change or correct information voluntarily submitted to us. We encourage you to keep your data current by viewing your account settings page.

You may opt-out of receiving commercial emails from us. See **Section 10** for more details.

You may limit the use of cookies. See our Cookie Policy for options.

You may backup your videos.

You may close your account (which will delete all videos) or delete certain videos.

Users from certain countries may have additional rights. See **Section 14** for more details.

## **9. Account and Video Privacy Settings**

Our video hosting and sharing tools offer the ability to limit the distribution of your content, including your videos. This section explains some of your choices.

## **10. Communications from Us**

### **Mobile Device Communications**

We may, with your consent, send push notifications in our apps. You may disable these by declining them or changing the app's settings. To the extent provided, we may, with your consent, send SMS messages to your mobile telephone for authentication and security purposes. You may opt out of receiving such messages at any time.

## **11. Protecting Your Information**

We use physical, technical, and organizational security measures to safeguard your data from unauthorized or accidental disclosure. Despite these efforts, no information system can be 100% secure, so we cannot guarantee the absolute security of your information.

## **12. Your Responsibilities**

You may receive other people's data in using our service. If you receive information from other users, you must comply with all laws, including those concerning privacy, data security, and online marketing.

## **13. Third-Party Services**

We may provide links to online services that we do not own or operate. These services fall outside of this Privacy Policy and we have no control over the data they collect. Once on a third-party site, your data may be collected by others. We encourage you to read the privacy policies of such services before using them.

You may use our service through third-party sites. For example, you may watch a video that is embedded on a third-party site or uses one of our apps on a third-party platform. This Privacy Policy covers our apps and video players but does not cover any third-party site or any third-party video player.

## **14. International Data Transfers and Certain User Rights**

### **Location of Data**

It is based in Japan. We provide services globally using computer systems, servers, and databases located in Japan. and other countries. When you use our services from outside of Japan, your information will be transferred to, stored in, and processed in Japan. and other countries. Please note that Japanese data and privacy laws may not be as comprehensive as those in your country.

2020-05-04

Privacy Policy - Muscle Timer App

This Privacy Policy explains the information that Seiya Hori ("Seiya Hori" "**we**" "**us**" or "**our**"). collects when you use our app (the "**Services**"), how that information is used, with whom it may be shared, and your privacy choices.

## **1. Introduction**

### **Who we are and what we do**

It's become a timer app for indoor strength training. The app is focused on those who exercise and is easy to use.

### **Acceptance and Changes**

By registering for, downloading, or using our services, you accept this Privacy Policy. We may modify this Privacy Policy from time to time.

## **2. Children's Privacy**

We do not knowingly collect personal information from individuals who are under the minimum required ages specified herein. You must be at least 18 years of age, or the age of majority in your jurisdiction (whichever is greater), to use our services.

## **3. Data We Collect About You**

We collect information about you when you use our services. In addition, third parties may collect information about you when you use our services. Collected information may include or reflect personal information that could identify you, as well as non-personal information. We refer to your information as "**your data**" for short.

### **Content**

Accountholders may create a profile and upload content such as videos. For more details, see **Section 9**. You may allow us to access your camera roll for the purpose of automatically creating videos.

### **Other Information You May Submit**

You may submit data to us for limited purposes such as requesting customer support; answering a questionnaire; participating in a study; entering contests or sweepstakes; or signing up to receive communications from us or another user.

### **Automatically-Collected Information**

We automatically collect certain types of data when you use our services, regardless of whether you have an account. This data includes your IP address, technical information about your device (e.g., browser type, operating system, basic device information), the web page you visited or search query you entered before reaching us, and your activities.

### **Information Collected by Third Parties**

Some third parties may collect data about you when you use our services. This may include data you submit (such as payment information) or automatically-collected information (in the case of third-party analytics providers and advertisers).

We may obtain data from third parties about you. We may combine that data with information that we have collected. For example, some advertisers or advertising platforms may allow us to determine what other online services you might use so that we may place relevant ads on those services.

## **4. How We Use Your Data**

We may use your data for the following purposes:

  • **Identification and authentication:** We use your data to verify you when you access your account.
  • **Operating our services:** We use your data to provide our services, process and fulfill orders, provide customer support, and to otherwise comply with our contractual obligations to you. We (and/or our third-party vendors) use your financial information to process purchases made by you.
  • **Communicating with you:** We use your data when we communicate with you (e.g., when we respond to customer support or other inquiry).
  • **Improving our services:** We use your data to understand how our services are being used and how we can improve them. In general, we analyze aggregated data, rather than specific user data. We may, however, need to analyze a specific case to address a specific problem (e.g., a bug that affects only a few accounts).
  • **Customizing your experience:** We use your data to personalize the service to you. This may include remembering your preferences for language or volume or displaying videos that you might enjoy, based upon your viewing choices.
  • **Marketing and advertising:** We use your data to display ads and send you offers. We may also use your data in delivering third-party advertisements to you. This may include "targeted ads" based upon your activities.
  • **Exercising our rights:** Where reasonably necessary, we use your data to exercise our legal rights and prevent abuse of our service. For example, we may use your data to detect and prevent fraud, spam, or content that violates our Terms of Service.
  • **Legal compliance:** We use your data where we are legally required to do so. For example, we may need to gather your data to respond to a subpoena or court order.
  • **Protecting your information:** Where appropriate, we may anonymize, backup, and delete certain data.

We may use algorithms and other automated means to implement any of the above.

Whenever we process your data for one of these purposes, we have determined that one or more of the following lawful bases apply:

## **5. With Whom We Share Your Data**

We may share data with third parties as follows:

We use reasonable efforts to vet vendors for their privacy and data security practices. We require that such vendors agree to protect the data we share.

## **6. Legal and Safety-Related Disclosures**

We may disclose your data in response to official requests (e.g., court orders, subpoenas, search warrants, national security requests, etc.) ("**requests**") that we receive from government authorities or parties to legal proceedings.

We handle Japanese requests in accordance with Japanese law. If the request originates from a foreign jurisdiction, we will typically disclose information where we in good faith believe that disclosure is permitted by Japanese law. In all cases, we may raise or waive any legal objection or right available to us, in our sole discretion.

We may disclose user data where we reasonably believe that someone's life is at risk. For example, if we become aware of a person threatening to commit suicide, we may share that person's data with appropriate entities that may have the ability to help.

We may disclose user data in situations involving legal claims against us or one of our users.

We may share your data with potential transaction partners, advisors, and others in the event our company is, in whole or part, acquired by a third party. In such a case, we will use reasonable efforts to require the acquiring entity to comply with this Privacy Policy.

## **7. Data Retention**

We may retain your data for as long as you have an account. We may retain logs of automatically collected information (for internal analytics); your email address; your tax information; communications with you; and your transactional information (for auditing, tax, and financial purposes). When we no longer have a business reason for retaining data, we will delete or anonymize it.

We may retain deleted videos on our servers for a short period in case you wish to reverse deletion. Once we delete a video, we may not be able to recover it. If you have previously made a video public, the video or its thumbnail may be discoverable in a search engine's cache for a time. We have no control over search engines; however, we will, upon request, send a request for deletion to major search engines.

If we receive legal process pertaining to your account, we will retain your data for as long as we in good faith believe is necessary to comply with the legal process. Similarly, if we believe that your account has been involved in wrongdoing, we may preserve your data to defend or assert our rights.

## **8. Your Privacy Choices**

We enable you to make numerous choices about your data:

Users from certain countries may have additional rights. See **Section 14** for more details.

## **9. Account and Video Privacy Settings**

Our video hosting and sharing tools offer the ability to limit the distribution of your content, including your videos. This section explains some of your choices.

## **10. Communications from Us**

### **Mobile Device Communications**

We may, with your consent, send push notifications in our apps. You may disable these by declining them or changing the app's settings. To the extent provided, we may, with your consent, send SMS messages to your mobile telephone for authentication and security purposes. You may opt out of receiving such messages at any time.

## **11. Protecting Your Information**

We use physical, technical, and organizational security measures to safeguard your data from unauthorized or accidental disclosure. Despite these efforts, no information system can be 100% secure, so we cannot guarantee the absolute security of your information.

## **12. Your Responsibilities**

You may receive other people's data in using our service. If you receive information from other users, you must comply with all laws, including those concerning privacy, data security, and online marketing.

## **13. Third-Party Services**

We may provide links to online services that we do not own or operate. These services fall outside of this Privacy Policy and we have no control over the data they collect. Once on a third-party site, your data may be collected by others. We encourage you to read the privacy policies of such services before using them.

You may use our service through third-party sites. For example, you may watch a video that is embedded on a third-party site or uses one of our apps on a third-party platform. This Privacy Policy covers our apps and video players but does not cover any third-party site or any third-party video player.

## **14. International Data Transfers and Certain User Rights**

### **Location of Data**

It is based in Japan. We provide services globally using computer systems, servers, and databases located in Japan. and other countries. When you use our services from outside of Japan, your information will be transferred to, stored in, and processed in Japan. and other countries. Please note that Japanese data and privacy laws may not be as comprehensive as those in your country.

2020-05-02

Zenpeace - Terms of Use

I. INTRODUCTION

These Terms of Use and End User License Agreement (collectively, the “Agreement”) together with all the documents referred to in it constitute a legally binding agreement made between you as a natural person (“you”, “your” or “user”) and We (“we,” “us” or “our”), concerning your access to and use of the software application for mobile devices (the “App”).

All the documents that relate to the App are hereby expressly incorporated herein by reference.

Please read this Agreement carefully before you download, install or use the App.

It is important that you read and understand this Agreement as by downloading, installing or using the App you indicate that you have read, understood, agreed and accepted the Agreement which takes effect on the date on which you download, install or use the App. By using the App you agree to abide by this Agreement.

If you do not agree with (do not accept) this Agreement, or if you do not agree at least with one of the provisions of this Agreement, you are not authorized to, and you may not access, download, install or use the App and you must ly discontinue downloading, installing the App and remove (delete) the App from any mobile device in your possession or under your control.

II. CHANGES TO THIS AGREEMENT

We reserve the right, at our sole discretion, to make changes or modifications to this Agreement at any time and for any reason. We will keep you informed about any changes by updating this Agreement and you waive any right to receive specific notice of each such change. It is your responsibility to periodically review this Agreement to stay informed of updates. You will be subject to, and will be deemed to be aware of and to have accepted, the changes in any revised Agreement by your continued use of the App after the date such revised Agreement is posted.

III. RESTRICTIONS ON WHO CAN USE THE APP

In order to download, install, access or use the App, you must (a) be eighteen (18) years of age or older.

All users who are minors in the jurisdiction in which they reside (generally under the age of 18) must have the permission of, and be directly supervised by, their parent or guardian to use the App, so if you are between the ages of thirteen (13) and seventeen (17) years and you wish to use download, install, access or use the App, before doing so you must: (a) assure and confirm (if needed) that your parent or guardian have read and agree (get your parent or guardian’s consent) to this Agreement prior to you using the App; (b) have the power to enter a binding contract with us and not be barred from doing so under any applicable laws.

Parents and guardians must directly supervise any use of the App by minors.

Any person under the age of thirteen (13) years is not permitted to download, install, access or use the App.

You affirm that you are either more than eighteen 18 years of age, or an emancipated minor, or possess legal parental or guardian consent, and are fully able and competent to enter into the terms, conditions, obligations, affirmations, representations, and warranties set forth in this Agreement, and to abide by and comply with this Agreement.

IV. GENERAL TERMS

The App is a utility program designed to enhance your device experience. The App allows to scan any types of document to high quality PDF or JPEG; to save and store any scan copies of documents on your mobile devices; to share your scans via email; upload scanned documents to cloud services like box, Evernote or Google Drive (see the full performance list on the App’s page on itunes.apple.com). All documents shall be stored locally on your device and shall never be sent to any third-party unless you export them to other apps or devices by means of the App.

The App is intended only for your personal non-commercial use. You shall use the App only for the purposes, mentioned above.

V. PRIVACY POLICY

Your privacy is very important to us. Accordingly, we have developed the Privacy Policy in order for you to understand how we process, use and store information including personal data. Access to the App and use of the Services is subject to the Privacy Policy. By accessing the App and by continuing to use the Services, you are deemed to have accepted the Privacy Policy, and in particular, you are deemed to have acknowledged the ways we process your information as well as appropriate legal grounds for processing described in the Privacy Policy. We reserve the right to amend the Privacy Policy from time to time. If you disagree with any part of the Privacy Policy, you must immediately stop using the App and Services. Please read our Privacy Policy carefully.

VI. END USER LICENSE AGREEMENT

By using the App, you undertake to respect our intellectual rights (intellectual rights related to the App’s source code, UI/UX design, content material, copyright and trademarks, hereinafter referred to as the “Intellectual Property Rights”) as well as those owned by third parties.

As long as you keep using the App, we you a limited, non-exclusive, non-transferable non-sublicensable, non-assignable and revocable license to access and use the App pursuant to this Agreement on any Apple-branded products that you own or control except that the App may be accessed and used by other accounts associated with you via Family Sharing or volume purchasing (the “License”).

The source code, design and content, including information, photographs, illustrations, artwork and other graphic materials, sounds, music or video (hereinafter – the “works”) as well as names, logos and trademarks (hereinafter – “means of individualization”) within the App are protected by copyright laws and other relevant laws and/or international treaties, and belong to us and/or our partners and/or contracted third parties, as the case may be.

In the event of any third party claim that your possession and use of the App infringes that third party’s intellectual property rights, Apple will not be responsible for the investigation, defense, settlement and discharge of any such intellectual property infringement claim.

These works and means of individualization may not be copied, reproduced, retransmitted, distributed, disseminated, sold, published, broadcasted or circulated whether in whole or in part, unless expressly permitted by us and/or our partners and/or contracted third parties, as the case may be.

All rights, title and interest in and to the App and its content, works and means of individualization as well as its functionalities (1) are the exclusive property of We and/or our partners and/or contracted third parties, (2) are protected by the applicable international and national legal provisions, and (3) are under no circumstances transferred (assigned) to you in full or in part within the context of the license herewithin.

We will not hesitate to take legal action against any unauthorized use of our trademarks, names or symbols to protect and restore our rights. All rights not expressly ed herein are reserved. Other product and company names mentioned herein may also be the trademarks of their respective owners.

VII. PROHIBITED BEHAVIOUR

You agree not to use the App in any way that:

is unlawful, illegal or unauthorized;

is defamatory of any other person;

is obscene or offensive;

infringes any copyright, right or trademark of any other person;

advocates, promotes or assists any unlawful act such as (by way of example only) copyright infringement or computer misuse.

You shall not make the App available to any third parties. In addition, you shall not modify, translate into other languages, reverse engineer, decompile, disassemble or otherwise derivative works from the App or any documentation concerning the App.

You shall not transfer, lend, rent, lease, distribute the App, or use it for providing services to a third party, or any rights to the App or any documentation concerning the App to a third party.

Misuse of any trademarks or any other content displayed on the App is prohibited.

You shall not copy and/or duplicate and/or distribute and/or publish and/or use any content in the App, directly or indirectly, by way of a violation of our Intellectual Property Rights.

Moreover, you shall not make any attempts to use the App or part thereof for malicious intentions.

Also we are not responsible for the way you use the App.

It is clarified that we may adopt, against a user who violated the present Agreement, any legal measures at our disposal pursuant to the applicable laws.

All disputes arising from the usage of the App, shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the United States of America, and shall be submitted to the sole jurisdiction of the competent courts of New York, New York, the United States of America.

VIII. AVAILABILITY OF THE APP, SECURITY AND ACCURACY

In order to use the App, you are required to have a compatible mobile phone or tablet, and internet access. However, please note that we offer you widgets that save translations and allow you to access them later in offline mode.

The App is available for downloading and installing on handheld compatible mobile devices running Apple iOS Operating System 11.0 with minimum system requirements.

We do not warrant that the App will be compatible with all hardware and software which you may use.

We make no warranty that your access to the App will be uninterrupted, timely or error-free. Neither does Apple have an obligation whatsoever to furnish any maintenance and support services with respect to the App.

You acknowledge the App is provided via the internet and mobile networks and so the quality and availability of the App may be affected by factors outside our reasonable control.

The version of the App may be upgraded from time to time to add support for new functions and services.

We may change or update the App and anything described in it without noticing you. If the need arises, we may suspend access to the App, or close it indefinitely.

You also warrant that any information that you submit to us is true, accurate and complete, and you agree to keep it actual at all times.

You can discontinue using our Services at any time by choosing the relevant option in your iTunes Account Settings. If you decide not to use the App for any reason you should uninstall the App.

IX. CHARGES

The App is provided on a paid basis. You will need to pay a one-time fee of $14.99 in order to download the App. Once you download the App, you will get access to all its features.

Prices are in U.S. dollars, may vary in countries other than the U.S. and are subject to change without notice.

You may be charged by your communications service provider for downloading and/or accessing the App on your mobile phone or tablet device, so you should check the terms of agreement with your operator. This may include data roaming charges if you do this outside your home territory. All these charges are solely your responsibility. If you do not pay the bills related to your mobile phone or tablet device, then we assume that you have the permission from the person that does it before incurring any of these charges.

X. THIRD PARTY WEBSITES AND RESOURCES

The App may link you to other sites on the Internet and contracted third parties to provide you certain services. We have no control over and accept no responsibility for the content of any website or mobile application to which a link from the App exists (unless we are the provider of those linked websites or mobile applications). Such linked websites and mobile applications are providedas is” for your convenience only with no warranty, express or implied, for the information provided within them.

You acknowledge that you must comply with applicable third party terms of agreement when using the App. You are solely responsible for and bear all risks arising from your use of any third-party websites or resources.

If you have any queries, concerns or complaints about such third party websites or mobile applications (including, but not limited to, queries, concerns or complaints relating to products, orders for products, faulty products and refunds) you must direct them to the operator of that third party website or mobile application.

XI. DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES

YOU AGREE THAT YOUR USE OF THE APP AND ITS SERVICES SHALL BE AT YOUR SOLE RISK. THE SERVICES AND ALL THE MATERIALS, INFORMATION, SOFTWARE, CONTENT INTEGRATED IN THE APP ARE PROVIDEDAS IS” AND “AS AVAILABLE”. WE DO NOT MAKE ANY WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, WITH REGARD TO THE MERCHANTABILITY, TECHNICAL COMPATIBILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OF ANY SERVICE, PRODUCTS OR MATERIAL PROVIDED PURSUANT TO THIS AGREEMENT. WE DO NOT WARRANT THAT THE FUNCTIONS CONTAINED ON OR THROUGH THE SERVICES WILL BE AVAILABLE, UNINTERRUPTED OR ERROR-FREE, THAT DEFECTS WILL BE CORRECTED, OR THAT THE SER

Zenpeace - Privacy Policy

Privacy Policy

Zenpeace (hereinafter referred to as "the Company"). The service provided on the Application (hereinafter referred to as the "Service") The following is the Privacy Policy (hereinafter referred to as the "Policy") regarding the handling of User's personal information by the Company (hereinafter referred to as the "Company") The following is an example of the

Article 1 (Personal Information)

The term "personal information" refers to "personal information" as defined in the Act on the Protection of Personal Information, and refers to information about a living individual that can be used to identify a specific individual, such as name, date of birth, address, telephone number, contact information and other descriptions, as well as information that can be used to identify a specific individual from the information itself, such as appearance, fingerprints, voiceprint data, and health insurance card insurer numbers (personal identification information).

Article 2 (Method of collecting personal information)

We may ask users for personal information such as name, date of birth, address, telephone number, email address, bank account number, credit card number, and driver's license number when they register to use the site. In addition, the Company may use transaction records and payment information, including the User's personal information, made between the User and its business partners, etc., for the purpose of protecting the Company's business partners (including information providers, advertisers, and ad distributors, etc.). (hereinafter referred to as the "Partner"). It may be collected from the following

Article 3 (Purpose of collecting and using personal information)

The purposes for which the Company collects and uses personal information are as follows

To provide and operate our services

To respond to the user's inquiries (including verifying the user's identity)

To send e-mails informing the user of new features, updated information, campaigns, and other services provided by the company.

To contact you when necessary, such as for maintenance and important notices

To identify users who violate the Terms of Service or who attempt to use the Service for illegal or unreasonable purposes, and to refuse their use.

To allow users to view, change, or delete their own registration information and to view their usage status

To charge users for paid services.

Purposes incidental to the above purposes of use

Article 4 (Change of purpose of use)

The Company will change the purpose of use of personal information only when it is reasonably recognized that the purpose of use is related to the one before the change.

If the purpose of use is changed, the Company shall notify the User of the changed purpose of use in a manner prescribed by the Company, or announce it on this website.

Article 5 (Provision of personal information to a third party)

The Company will not provide personal information to any third party without the prior consent of the User, except in the following cases However, this does not apply when permitted by the Personal Information Protection Law or other laws and regulations.

1-1. when it is necessary for the protection of a person's life, body or property and it is difficult to obtain the consent of the person

1-2. when it is particularly necessary for the improvement of public health or the promotion of the sound growth of children, and it is difficult to obtain the consent of the individual

1-3. when it is necessary to cooperate with a national organization, a local government, or a person entrusted by the national organization or local government in the execution of the affairs prescribed by laws and regulations, and obtaining the consent of the person is likely to impede the execution of the affairs

2-4 When the following matters are notified or made public in advance, and the Company notifies the Personal Information Protection Committee

2-4-1. the purpose of use includes the provision of information to third parties

2-4-2. Items of data to be provided to third parties

2-4-3 Means or method of providing to a third party

2-4-4. stopping the provision of personal information to a third party upon the request of the person

2-4-5. How to respond to a person's request

Notwithstanding the provisions of the preceding paragraph, in the following cases, the party to whom the relevant information is provided does not fall under the category of a third party.

2-1 When the Company consigns the handling of personal information, in whole or in part, to the extent necessary to achieve the purpose of use

2-2. when personal information is provided as a result of the succession of a business due to a merger or other reasons

2-3. when personal information is to be used jointly with a specific person, and the person has been notified in advance or made readily available to the person to that effect, the items of personal information to be used jointly, the range of persons to be used jointly, the purpose of use by the person to be used, and the name or names of persons responsible for the management of the personal information

Article 6 (Disclosure of personal information)

When a person requests the disclosure of personal information, the Company will disclose it to that person without delay. However, we may not disclose all or part of the information if any of the following conditions are met by disclosure. Please note that a fee of 1,000 yen will be charged for each disclosure of personal information.

When there is a risk of harm to the life, body, property or other rights and interests of the person or a third party

When there is a risk of significant hindrance to the proper execution of the Company's business

In case of violation of other laws and regulations

Notwithstanding the provisions of the preceding paragraph, information other than personal information, such as historical information and characteristic information, will not be disclosed in principle.

Article 7 (Correction and Deletion of Personal Information)

If the user's personal information held by the company is incorrect, the user may correct, add, or delete the personal information (hereinafter referred to as "correction, etc.") to the company according to the procedures established by the company. You can request a

In the event that the Company receives a request from a User as described in the preceding paragraph and judges that it is necessary to respond to the request, the Company shall correct, etc. the personal information concerned without delay.

When a correction is made under the provisions of the preceding paragraph, or when a decision is made not to make a correction, etc., the Company will notify the User of the correction without delay.

Article 8 (Suspension of use of personal information, etc.)

If the Company receives a request from an individual that personal information is being handled beyond the scope of the purpose of use or that it has been obtained by wrongful means, the Company will stop using or delete the information (hereinafter referred to as "stop using, etc."). In the event of a request for anonymity (e.g., "I"), we will conduct the necessary investigation without delay.

If, based on the results of the investigation set forth in the preceding paragraph, we determine that it is necessary to respond to the request, we will suspend the use of the personal information concerned without delay.

When the Company suspends the use of the Site in accordance with the provisions of the preceding paragraph, or when the Company decides not to suspend the use of the Site, it will notify the User without delay.

Notwithstanding the preceding two paragraphs, when it is difficult to suspend the use of the Site, etc., such as when there is a large amount of cost for suspending the use of the Site, etc., and when alternative measures can be taken to protect the rights and interests of the User, this alternative measure shall be taken.

Article 9 (Changes to the Privacy Policy)

The contents of this policy may be changed without notice to the user, except as otherwise provided in laws and regulations and this policy.

Unless otherwise specified by the Company, the revised Privacy Policy shall take effect from the time it is posted on this website.

Article 10 (Contact for inquiries)

If you have any questions about this policy, please contact us at the following

2020-04-30

コロナは一生潜伏が定説化されてるはてな

韓国コロナ「再陽性」277人…中央臨床委「コロナ活性化ウイルス学的に不可能

https://japanese.joins.com/jarticle/265436

活性化可能性については「ウイルス学的に不可能だと考える」と述べた。コロナウイルス宿主遺伝子侵入後、潜在期を経る慢性感染症誘発ウイルスでないというのが理由だ。

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) advice for the public: Myth busters

https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public/myth-busters

You can recover from the coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Catching the new coronavirus DOES NOT mean you will have it for life.

Most of the people who catch COVID-19 can recover and eliminate the virus from their bodies. If you catch the disease, make sure you treat your symptoms. If you have cough, fever, and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early – but call your health facility by telephone first. Most patients recover thanks to supportive care.

緊急寄稿(1)新型コロナウイルス感染症(COVID-19)のウイルス学的特徴と感染様式考察(白木公康)

https://www.jmedj.co.jp/journal/paper/detail.php?id=14278

コロナウイルス感染動物では約1カ月程度ウイルスが検出される。

PCR法は分離による感染ウイルスの検出より,約100~1000倍感度が良いので,主要症状消退後のウイルスの検出は,感染性と相関しない。そして,PCR法では,回復期には陽性陰性を繰り返し,徐々にウイルスは消えていく。

こういう記事は広まらず怪しいゴシップサイトばかりにブクマがついて「エイズみたいに一生感染なんじゃ」ってブコメスターがわんさか着く状態…どうしちまったんだよはてな人達

言っとくけど俺は安全厨じゃないからな、血管に感染やそれに伴う脳梗塞なんかはあり得ると思うし、油断してはいけないウイルスだとは認識している、ただエイズヘルペスと同じように考えるようなブコメ否定材料が多数あるのに全然減らないのはどうなんだって話、どうせトラバで急死もデマだと言われてただのイチャモンつけるやついるだろうがお前らはこれら記事発言元の人たち論破できるほど頭いいの?

とにかく口酸っぱくして言うけど、俺はコロナ安心しろと言いたいんじゃなくて少なくとも普段ニセ科学にうるさいはてな無駄不安差別煽りかねない話を拡散するさまが頭痛いんだよマジで

2020-04-29

Term of Use

I. INTRODUCTION

These Terms of Use and End User License Agreement (collectively, the “Agreement”) together with all the documents referred to in it constitute a legally binding agreement made between you as a natural person (“you”, “your” or “user”) and We (“we,” “us” or “our”), concerning your access to and use of the software application for mobile devices (the “App”).

All the documents that relate to the App are hereby expressly incorporated herein by reference.

Please read this Agreement carefully before you download, install or use the App.

It is important that you read and understand this Agreement as by downloading, installing or using the App you indicate that you have read, understood, agreed and accepted the Agreement which takes effect on the date on which you download, install or use the App. By using the App you agree to abide by this Agreement.

If you do not agree with (do not accept) this Agreement, or if you do not agree at least with one of the provisions of this Agreement, you are not authorized to, and you may not access, download, install or use the App and you must ly discontinue downloading, installing the App and remove (delete) the App from any mobile device in your possession or under your control.

II. CHANGES TO THIS AGREEMENT

We reserve the right, at our sole discretion, to make changes or modifications to this Agreement at any time and for any reason. We will keep you informed about any changes by updating this Agreement and you waive any right to receive specific notice of each such change. It is your responsibility to periodically review this Agreement to stay informed of updates. You will be subject to, and will be deemed to be aware of and to have accepted, the changes in any revised Agreement by your continued use of the App after the date such revised Agreement is posted.

III. RESTRICTIONS ON WHO CAN USE THE APP

In order to download, install, access or use the App, you must (a) be eighteen (18) years of age or older.

All users who are minors in the jurisdiction in which they reside (generally under the age of 18) must have the permission of, and be directly supervised by, their parent or guardian to use the App, so if you are between the ages of thirteen (13) and seventeen (17) years and you wish to use download, install, access or use the App, before doing so you must: (a) assure and confirm (if needed) that your parent or guardian have read and agree (get your parent or guardian’s consent) to this Agreement prior to you using the App; (b) have the power to enter a binding contract with us and not be barred from doing so under any applicable laws.

Parents and guardians must directly supervise any use of the App by minors.

Any person under the age of thirteen (13) years is not permitted to download, install, access or use the App.

You affirm that you are either more than eighteen 18 years of age, or an emancipated minor, or possess legal parental or guardian consent, and are fully able and competent to enter into the terms, conditions, obligations, affirmations, representations, and warranties set forth in this Agreement, and to abide by and comply with this Agreement.

IV. GENERAL TERMS

The App is a utility program designed to enhance your device experience. The App allows to scan any types of document to high quality PDF or JPEG; to save and store any scan copies of documents on your mobile devices; to share your scans via email; upload scanned documents to cloud services like box, Evernote or Google Drive (see the full performance list on the App’s page on itunes.apple.com). All documents shall be stored locally on your device and shall never be sent to any third-party unless you export them to other apps or devices by means of the App.

The App is intended only for your personal non-commercial use. You shall use the App only for the purposes, mentioned above.

V. PRIVACY POLICY

Your privacy is very important to us. Accordingly, we have developed the Privacy Policy in order for you to understand how we process, use and store information including personal data. Access to the App and use of the Services is subject to the Privacy Policy. By accessing the App and by continuing to use the Services, you are deemed to have accepted the Privacy Policy, and in particular, you are deemed to have acknowledged the ways we process your information as well as appropriate legal grounds for processing described in the Privacy Policy. We reserve the right to amend the Privacy Policy from time to time. If you disagree with any part of the Privacy Policy, you must immediately stop using the App and Services. Please read our Privacy Policy carefully.

VI. END USER LICENSE AGREEMENT

By using the App, you undertake to respect our intellectual rights (intellectual rights related to the App’s source code, UI/UX design, content material, copyright and trademarks, hereinafter referred to as the “Intellectual Property Rights”) as well as those owned by third parties.

As long as you keep using the App, we you a limited, non-exclusive, non-transferable non-sublicensable, non-assignable and revocable license to access and use the App pursuant to this Agreement on any Apple-branded products that you own or control except that the App may be accessed and used by other accounts associated with you via Family Sharing or volume purchasing (the “License”).

The source code, design and content, including information, photographs, illustrations, artwork and other graphic materials, sounds, music or video (hereinafter – the “works”) as well as names, logos and trademarks (hereinafter – “means of individualization”) within the App are protected by copyright laws and other relevant laws and/or international treaties, and belong to us and/or our partners and/or contracted third parties, as the case may be.

In the event of any third party claim that your possession and use of the App infringes that third party’s intellectual property rights, Apple will not be responsible for the investigation, defense, settlement and discharge of any such intellectual property infringement claim.

These works and means of individualization may not be copied, reproduced, retransmitted, distributed, disseminated, sold, published, broadcasted or circulated whether in whole or in part, unless expressly permitted by us and/or our partners and/or contracted third parties, as the case may be.

All rights, title and interest in and to the App and its content, works and means of individualization as well as its functionalities (1) are the exclusive property of We and/or our partners and/or contracted third parties, (2) are protected by the applicable international and national legal provisions, and (3) are under no circumstances transferred (assigned) to you in full or in part within the context of the license herewithin.

We will not hesitate to take legal action against any unauthorized use of our trademarks, names or symbols to protect and restore our rights. All rights not expressly ed herein are reserved. Other product and company names mentioned herein may also be the trademarks of their respective owners.

VII. PROHIBITED BEHAVIOUR

You agree not to use the App in any way that:

is unlawful, illegal or unauthorized;

is defamatory of any other person;

is obscene or offensive;

infringes any copyright, right or trademark of any other person;

advocates, promotes or assists any unlawful act such as (by way of example only) copyright infringement or computer misuse.

You shall not make the App available to any third parties. In addition, you shall not modify, translate into other languages, reverse engineer, decompile, disassemble or otherwise derivative works from the App or any documentation concerning the App.

You shall not transfer, lend, rent, lease, distribute the App, or use it for providing services to a third party, or any rights to the App or any documentation concerning the App to a third party.

Misuse of any trademarks or any other content displayed on the App is prohibited.

You shall not copy and/or duplicate and/or distribute and/or publish and/or use any content in the App, directly or indirectly, by way of a violation of our Intellectual Property Rights.

Moreover, you shall not make any attempts to use the App or part thereof for malicious intentions.

Also we are not responsible for the way you use the App.

It is clarified that we may adopt, against a user who violated the present Agreement, any legal measures at our disposal pursuant to the applicable laws.

All disputes arising from the usage of the App, shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the United States of America, and shall be submitted to the sole jurisdiction of the competent courts of New York, New York, the United States of America.

VIII. AVAILABILITY OF THE APP, SECURITY AND ACCURACY

In order to use the App, you are required to have a compatible mobile phone or tablet, and internet access. However, please note that we offer you widgets that save translations and allow you to access them later in offline mode.

The App is available for downloading and installing on handheld compatible mobile devices running Apple iOS Operating System 11.0 with minimum system requirements.

We do not warrant that the App will be compatible with all hardware and software which you may use.

We make no warranty that your access to the App will be uninterrupted, timely or error-free. Neither does Apple have an obligation whatsoever to furnish any maintenance and support services with respect to the App.

You acknowledge the App is provided via the internet and mobile networks and so the quality and availability of the App may be affected by factors outside our reasonable control.

The version of the App may be upgraded from time to time to add support for new functions and services.

We may change or update the App and anything described in it without noticing you. If the need arises, we may suspend access to the App, or close it indefinitely.

You also warrant that any information that you submit to us is true, accurate and complete, and you agree to keep it actual at all times.

You can discontinue using our Services at any time by choosing the relevant option in your iTunes Account Settings. If you decide not to use the App for any reason you should uninstall the App.

IX. CHARGES

The App is provided on a paid basis. You will need to pay a one-time fee of $14.99 in order to download the App. Once you download the App, you will get access to all its features.

Prices are in U.S. dollars, may vary in countries other than the U.S. and are subject to change without notice.

You may be charged by your communications service provider for downloading and/or accessing the App on your mobile phone or tablet device, so you should check the terms of agreement with your operator. This may include data roaming charges if you do this outside your home territory. All these charges are solely your responsibility. If you do not pay the bills related to your mobile phone or tablet device, then we assume that you have the permission from the person that does it before incurring any of these charges.

X. THIRD PARTY WEBSITES AND RESOURCES

The App may link you to other sites on the Internet and contracted third parties to provide you certain services. We have no control over and accept no responsibility for the content of any website or mobile application to which a link from the App exists (unless we are the provider of those linked websites or mobile applications). Such linked websites and mobile applications are providedas is” for your convenience only with no warranty, express or implied, for the information provided within them.

You acknowledge that you must comply with applicable third party terms of agreement when using the App. You are solely responsible for and bear all risks arising from your use of any third-party websites or resources.

If you have any queries, concerns or complaints about such third party websites or mobile applications (including, but not limited to, queries, concerns or complaints relating to products, orders for products, faulty products and refunds) you must direct them to the operator of that third party website or mobile application.

XI. DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES

YOU AGREE THAT YOUR USE OF THE APP AND ITS SERVICES SHALL BE AT YOUR SOLE RISK. THE SERVICES AND ALL THE MATERIALS, INFORMATION, SOFTWARE, CONTENT INTEGRATED IN THE APP ARE PROVIDEDAS IS” AND “AS AVAILABLE”. WE DO NOT MAKE ANY WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, WITH REGARD TO THE MERCHANTABILITY, TECHNICAL COMPATIBILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OF ANY SERVICE, PRODUCTS OR MATERIAL PROVIDED PURSUANT TO THIS AGREEMENT. WE DO NOT WARRANT THAT THE FUNCTIONS CONTAINED ON OR THROUGH THE SERVICES WILL BE AVAILABLE, UNINTERRUPTED OR ERROR-FREE, THAT DEFECTS WILL BE CORRECTED, OR THAT THE SER

2020-04-14

新型コロナウイルス医師 Sandro Giannini の発見から見えた希望の光(英訳

こちらの記事英訳です。

Coronavirus: speranze dalla scoperta di Sandro Giannini, 10 Aprile, 2020

https://buongiornonews.it/coronavirus-una-speranza-dalla-scoperta-del-prof-giannini/

1) 英訳Google translate を利用させて頂きました)

Coronavirus: hopes from the discovery of Sandro Giannini

10 April, 2020

Bologna - From social media comes good news about the Coronavirus, perhaps decisive, which has scientific foundations and is disseminated by an authoritative doctor from Rizzoli of Bologna, Sandro Giannini. His is a highly qualified curriculum: Full Professor of Orthopedics and Traumatology and of Physical Medicine at the University of Bologna since 1989, director of Clinic I at the Rizzoli Orthopedic Institute and of the Gait Analysis Laboratory, partner in European projects and in national and international research programs, author of more than 600 presentations at national and international conferences and more than 400 articles in Science Citation Index journals. His message gives great hope. Let's read:

“I don't want to seem overwhelming to you, but I think I've demonstrated the cause of coronavirus lethality. Only at Blessed Matthew are there 2 cardiologists who turn over 150 beds to do echocardium with enormous effort and one is me. Terrible fatigue! However, of what some supposed, but could not be sure, we now have the first data. People go to resuscitation for generalized venous thromboembolism, especially pulmonary. If this were the case, resuscitations and intubations are of no use because first of all you have to dissolve, indeed prevent these thromboembolisms. If you ventilate a lung where blood does not reach, it is not needed! In fact 9 out of 10 die. Because the problem is cardiovascular, not respiratory! It is venous microthrombosis, not pneumonia that determines fatality!

And why are thrombi formed? Because inflammation, as per school text, induces thrombosis through a complex but well-known pathophysiological mechanism. Then? Contrary to what scientific literature, especially Chinese, said until mid-March, it was that anti-inflammatories should not be used. Now in Italy anti-inflammatories and antibiotics are used (as in the influences) and the number of inpatients collapses. Many deaths, even 40 years old, had a history of high fever for 10-15 days that was not treated properly. Here inflammation has destroyed everything and prepared the ground for thrombi formation. Because the main problem is not the virus, but the immune reaction that destroys the cells where the virus enters. In fact, our COVID departments have never entered patients with rheumatoid arthritis! Because they make cortisone, a powerful anti-inflammatory!

Therefore, hospitalizations in Italy are decreasing and it is becoming a disease that is treated at home. By taking care of it well at home, you avoid not only hospitalization, but also the thrombotic risk. It was not easy to understand it because the signs of microembolism have faded, even at the echocardium. But this weekend I compared the data of the first 50 patients between those who breathe badly and those who don't and the situation appeared very clear. For me you can go back to playing and reopen the business. Quarantine street. Not now. But time to publish this data. Vaccine can arrive calmly. In America and other states that follow the scientific literature that calls for NOT to use anti-inflammatories is a disaster! Worse than in Italy. And they are old and cheap drugs. " (Associated Medias - Red / Giut)

———

2) 原文:イタリア語

Coronavirus: speranze dalla scoperta di Sandro Giannini

10 Aprile, 2020

Bologna – Dai social arriva una buona notizia sul Coronavirus, forse risolutiva, che ha fondamenta scientifiche ed è diffusa da un medico autorevole del Rizzoli di Bologna, Sandro Giannini. Il suo è un curriculum molto qualificato: Professore ordinario di Ortopedia e Traumatologia e di Medicina Fisica presso l’Universidi Bologna dal 1989, direttore della Clinica I presso l’Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli e del Laboratorio di Gait Analysis, partner in progetti europei e in programmi di ricerca nazionali e internazionali, autore di più di 600 presentazioni a congressi nazionali ed internazionali e più di 400 articoli in riviste Science Citation Index. Il suo messaggio dà grande speranza. Leggiamolo:

“Non vorrei sembrarvi eccessivo ma credo di aver dimostrato la causa della letalità del coronavirus. Solo al Beato Matteo ci sono 2 cardiologi che girano su 150 letti a fare ecocardio con enorme fatica e uno sono io. Fatica terribile! Però, di quello che alcuni supponevano, ma non ne riuscivano a essere sicuri, ora abbiamo i primi dati. La gente va in rianimazione per tromboembolia venosa generalizzata, soprattutto polmonare. Se così fosse, non servono a niente le rianimazioni e le intubazioni perché innanzitutto devi sciogliere, anzi prevenire queste tromboembolie. Se ventili un polmone dove il sangue non arriva, non serve! Infatti muoiono 9 su 10. Perche il problema è cardiovascolare, non respiratorio! Sono le microtrombosi venose, non la polmonite a determinare la fatalità!

E perché si formano trombi? Perche l’infiammazione come da testo scolastico, induce trombosi attraverso un meccanismo fisiopatologico complesso ma ben noto. Allora? Contrariamente a quello che la letteratura scientifica, soprattutto cinese, diceva fino a metà marzo era che non bisognava usare antinfiammatori. Ora in Italia si usano antinfiammatori e antibiotici (come nelle influenze) e il numero dei ricoverati crolla. Molti morti, anche di 40 anni, avevano una storia di febbre alta per 10-15 giorni non curata adeguatamente. Qui l’infiammazione ha distrutto tutto e preparato il terreno alla formazione dei trombi.  Perche il problema principale non è il virus, ma la reazione immunitaria che distrugge le cellule dove il virus entra. Infatti nei nostri reparti COVID non sono mai entrati malati di artrite reumatoide! Perche fanno il cortisone, un potente antinfiammatorio!

Pertanto, in Italia ospedalizzazioni si riducono e sta diventando una malattia che si cura a casa. Curandola bene a casa eviti non solo ospedalizzazione, ma anche il rischio trombotico.  Non era facile capirlo perché i segni della microembolia sono sfumati, anche all’ecocardio. Ma questo week end ho confrontato i dati dei primi 50 pazienti tra chi respira male e chi no e la situazione è apparsa molto chiara. Per me si può tornare a giocare e riaprire l’attività commerciali. Via quarantena. Non subito. Ma il tempo di pubblicare questi dati. Vaccino può arrivare con calma. In America e altri stati che seguono la letteratura scientifica che invita a NON usare antinfiammatori e’ un disastro! Peggio che in Italia. E sono farmaci vecchi e che costano pochi euro.”

(Associated MediasRed/Giut)

———

3) 追記

これ↓はどうも違う、ということのようです。

FDAが、COVID-19への非ステロイド性抗炎症薬(NSAIDs)使用について助言, 2020年4月1日

https://www.cancerit.jp/65020.html

2020-03-27

楽園こちら側」の「事実に誠意を」をほぼdeepLで翻訳してみた その2

その1https://anond.hatelabo.jp/20200327214055

12 Dr. Hiroshi Nishiura is one of the few professionals of mathematical models of infectious diseases in Japan, and it is well known that his ability is outstanding. However, many people don't understand mathematical models themselves (I must confess that I can't say that I understand all of the findings because I'm not a professional of mathematical models either), so his findings and comments are easily deified. Because the contents of the mathematical model are a complete black box to many people, it makes it seem like the oracle is coming out like a shrine's oracle. Much of Japan's infection control policy relies on the Nishiura theory. So there is nothing wrong with that, but one of the problems in Japan is that there is no plan B in case plan A goes bust. Dr. Nishiura is an excellent scholar. It is not God. Hence the need to have that Plan B with the possibility of making a mistake. I am greatly concerned that bureaucrats and politicians who are prone to infallibilism will mistake science for an oracle. It is only when falsifiability is assured that science can continue to be scientific.

感想おみくじ神託が同じoracleだったので変な文章になったが直していない。

13 数理モデル演繹法活用産物である演繹法帰納法アブダクションで補完するのが、学問の基本であり、臨床医学常識である演繹法的にどんなに正しく見えても実はそれは違っていた、ということはこの業界ではよくあることなのだ。ヘーゲルマルクスのような巨大な知性でも演繹法オンリーでは間違うのである

Mathematical models are the product of deductive methods. The deductive method is complemented by the inductive or abduction method, which is the basis of scholarship and the common sense of clinical medicine. It's a common occurrence in this industry that no matter how deducibly correct it may seem, it's actually not true. Even a huge intellect like Hegel or Marx can make a mistake by deduction alone.

感想:「蓋を開けてみれば」を「実はそれは」に変更した。

14 モデルを使うな、といっているのでは決してない。ぼく自身モデルを用いて論文を書く。しかし、モデル無謬ではなく、そこには前提である仮定があり、仮定はしばしば間違っている。グラム染色活用するとは、グラム染色にできないこと、分からないことを知悉していることであり、グラム染色万能論者にグラム染色は使えない。同じことだ。英国でも数理モデル活用されているが、だからこそ英国人はその結語には非常に懐疑的で、常に反論異論が起きている。健全科学的な態度である

 I'm not saying don't use the model at all. I myself write a paper using a model. However, the model is not infallible, there are assumptions that are assumptions, and the assumptions are often wrong. Making use of Gram's stain means having full knowledge of what Gram's stain cannot do and does not understand, and Gram's stain cannot be used by Gram's stain universalists. It's the same thing. Mathematical models are also utilized in the UK, which is why Brits are very sceptical of their conclusions, and there are always counter-arguments and objections. It is a sound and scientific attitude.

感想:「前提たる仮定」がうまく訳せていなかったので「前提である仮定」にしたが、assumptions that are assumptionsになってしまった。

英国人は」がないと主語がIになってしまったので追加した。しかBritsじゃ意味違うよ。もっと正しく訳してくれない?

15 Japan's "now" is a well-controlled state of infection, which is much better than Wuhan at its worst, or Italy, Spain, France, England, or New York at the present time. The problem is that it doesn't guarantee that it will "always work".

感想特にない。便利だなあ。

16 懸念されるのは東京だ。感染報告が増えたことだけが問題なのではない。クラスター形成できない、トレースできない感染者が増えているのが問題である。そして、その陽性患者数に比べて検査数がずっと少ない。47人の感染者を捕捉するために100人未満(陽性者の検査日が不明だが、おそらくこのへんだろう)しか検査していないのは少なすぎる。

It is Tokyo that is of concern. The increase in reports of infection is not the only problem. The problem is that more and more infected people are unable to form clusters and cannot be traced. And the number of tests is much lower than that number of positive cases; it's too little that they only tested less than 100 people (the date of testing for the positives is unknown, but it's probably around here) to capture 47 infected people.

Again, it's not necessary to figure out all the infected people. However, it is troubling that the flow of infection, movement and clusters are out of sight. Therefore, the threshold for testing must be lowered in Tokyo. The threshold for testing varies with the circumstances. That's what I explained with the Korean example. Sticking to the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare's "standards" will lead to a misunderstanding of the phenomenon itself. Already in the Kansai region, infected people have been found with taste and smell abnormalities, and clusters have been detected from there. I would like to make more use of the athletic sensibilities of these clinicians. I'm not sure "where" in Tokyo is the barrier to lowering the number of inspections, but that barrier needs to be removed immediately.

感想:「捕捉するのに」を「捕捉するために」に変更した。多分これでいいと思う。思いたい。

アスチュートathleticになっているのはどう反応したらいいかからない。

17 This conceptual diagram that everyone is looking at - lowering the peak of the infection and shifting it to the side. This is all a product of deduction, and I don't know if it's really true. As mentioned above, the UK estimates already suggest that this is not enough. It is possible that the damage that was shifted to the side could simply be "extra-long damage".

感想特に言うことはない。便利だなあ。

18  そして、ここが肝心なのだが、ピークを下げるという理念が、「ピークを下げなければいけない」という観念になり、「ピークは下がっているはずだ」という確信になり、「ピークは起きていないんだ」という自己暗示に転じてはいけないということだ。プランAに固執する日本あるあるの失敗のパターンで、ダイヤモンドプリンセスでは「二次感染が起きてはいけない」が「起きているはずがない」に転じてノーガード下船を許してしまった。「ピークが起きてはいけない」が「ピークなんて見たくない」にならないように現実を見据える必要がある。たとえ、それが我々の見たくない不都合な真実であったとしても。

And this is the key point: the idea of lowering the peak should not become the notion that the peak must be lowered, or the belief that the peak must be lowered, or the self-implication that the peak is not happening. In a pattern of Japanese failure to stick to Plan A, Diamond Princess allowed no-guard disembarkation by changing "secondary infection should not occur" to "it can't have happened". We need to keep our eyes on reality so that "peak shouldn't happen" doesn't become "I don't want to see a peak. Even if it is an inconvenient truth that we don't want to see.

感想:mustが違う文脈で二回出てきている。よくわかるように変更したいものだ。

カギカッコがないとうまく訳せなかったので追加しているが、なぜかカッコ閉じるがいくつか抜けている。この箇所以外にも抜けがある。

19 Repeatedly. It's common knowledge in this industry that deductive methods are complemented by inductive methods. Nevertheless, PCR is often false-negative and has little power to determine the status of infection. That's why "testing everything" is so wrong. However, a serum test measuring immunoglobulin IgM and IgG would provide a more accurate picture of the "status of infection in the population. This, however, is not infallible. It is difficult to use for individual cases because it misses early infection, which is why it misses early HIV infection.Whether antibody testing is useful in individual cases remains to be tested, but it is well suited for epidemiological studies on a population basis. Roughly speaking, we can confirm whether the "infection is rampant" in Tokyo right now, or whether it's just an unfounded fear.

前例としては、ロンドンの血清検査で09年パンデミックインフルエンザが従来予測10倍起きていたことが血清検査でわかっている。抗体検査アウトブレイクのあとで事後的に行うことが多いが、慢性的パンデミックになりつつあるCOVID-19については、「今」こそが検証ポイントといって良い。

As a precedent, serology tests in London showed that the 2009 pandemic flu was 10 times more likely than previously predicted. Antibody testing is often performed after an outbreak, but now is a good time to examine COVID-19, which is becoming a chronic pandemic.

感想:「前例はあって」を「前例としては」に変えた。「前例はある。なおかつロンドンで〜10倍起きていた」になってしまたからだ。

20 英国さらアグレッシブだ。家庭で抗体検査を行い、「感染である」とわかればそれを自宅での自己隔離根拠に使おうというのだ。ロックダウンが起きている中で、検査陰性は「自己隔離不要」を意味しないため、その戦略に欠陥はある。が、考え方としては「感染全体を抑え込みたい」というもので、検討価値はあると思う。

The UK is even more aggressive. The idea is to test for antibodies at home, and if they are found to be infected, they will use it as a basis for self-isolation at home. That strategy is flawed because with the lockdown in place, a negative test does not mean "no self-sequestration". However, the idea is that we want to control the infection as a whole, and I think it is worth considering.

感想:「戦略に穴はある」を「戦略に欠陥はある」に変えた。

21 東京でどのくらいの感染が起きているか帰納法確認必要であり、有用だ。その結果がどうなるかは預言者ではないぼくには分からない。が、どんな結果が出てきても、それを受け入れ、場合によっては自説を変えて、プランBに移行することにも躊躇しない態度が科学者には必要だ。科学者は、首尾一貫していないことにかけて、首尾一貫していなければならないのだ。形式においては首尾一貫していなくても、プリンシプルプロフェッショナリズムにおいて一貫しなければならないのだ。事実に誠意を。 

Inductive legal confirmation of how many infections are occurring in Tokyo is necessary and useful. I'm not a prophet, so I don't know what the outcome will be.However, no matter what the outcome, scientists need to accept it and not hesitate to change their thesis and move on to Plan B in some cases. Scientists have to be coherent in their inconsistencies.They may not be coherent in form, but they must be coherent in principles and professionalism. Good faith in the facts. 

感想:首尾一貫という言葉を使いすぎて文章をアホっぽくしてしまったが他にいい方法が思いつかない。朝三暮四理解してくれなかった。「自説を曲げ」は「自説を変えて」に変更した。

文章はもう少し整形できると思うがとりあえずこれで。

岩田健太郎先生とDeepLに敬意を。

楽園こちら側」の「事実に誠意を」をほぼdeepLで翻訳してみた その1

https://georgebest1969.typepad.jp/blog/2020/03/事実に誠意を.html

これが原文です。

外国から問い合わせが来ているけれども時間がなくて訳せないということで、DeepLの性能確認ついでにやってみました。

この私訳と岩田健太郎先生無関係なのでよろしくお願いします。

訳された文章を原文と見比べ、翻訳文章おかしくなったところや慣用句は「必ず日本語側の文章をいじることで」できるだけ解消しました。

よって改変した文章だけをこちらに載せ、改変する必要がなかったところは段落番号しか載せていません。元文章は元ブログを当たってください。

英語に詳しいパーソンが精査していただけると幸いです。

1 Most of what I'm about to write is no different from what I've said and done in the past. However, I have been asked the same question repeatedly, so I would like to reiterate it. We have received many inquiries from overseas as well, so we should have prepared the same content in English, but due to time constraints, I'm afraid I'll have to skip it. This article is designed to be read without basic knowledge of infectious diseases and jargon, but it is rather difficult to understand. Please forgive me for that.

感想:「Chromeかなにかでそれぞれ母国語に訳してお読みいただけると幸いです。」がきれいさっぱり消えている。DeepLの自負心だろう。

2 The fact that the number of COVID-19 reports in Japan is very low compared to other countries is attracting attention from home and abroad. Is it true? It has been pointed out that the number of tests is so small that we may be misreading the actual number of infected people.

感想home and abrodeでいいんだろうか?

3 However, this point is wrong at various layers. In the first place, Japan does not aim to capture all the numbers of COVID-19. Whether it's administrative testing or insured care, the state basically has a testing strategy in mind to diagnose, hospitalize, and isolate critically ill patients who need to be hospitalized. It is natural that they "haven't figured it out" and they don't intend to. That's not a bad thing.In fact, the situation is the same in every country, large or small, and no country, whether in the United States, Europe, or Asia, is aiming to "capture the whole number.

感想最後の文はなぜか他の文と一緒に入力すると訳してくれなかった。この文一つだけ入力すると訳してくれた。

よく考えると「多かれ少なかれ」は通じないだろうから直した方がよかった。なぜかDeepLに繋がらなくなったのでもう直せない。

WHOもそんなことは求めていない。もっとも、そのわりに日本帰国者無症状者にPCRをやってみたり、無症状な検査陽性者を入院隔離させてみたり(軽症者は自宅じゃなかったの?)、プリンシプルにおいて首尾一貫していない。だから、「彼らがなにがやりたいか私たちはよくわからない」ので、人々は不安になる。リスコミにおける失敗と言えよう。

The WHO is not asking for such a thing. But instead, Japan gives PCR to asymptomatic returnees and isolates asymptomatic test-positive people in hospital (wasn't it home for people with minor illnesses?). It has not been coherent in its principles. So, people get anxious because "we're not sure what they want to do". It's a failure in the press.

感想:「なにがやりたいかよくわからない」に主語付与する必要があった。リスコミがpressになった。よくわかったな。

「〜は自宅じゃなかったの?)、」の、が.になっているのがよくわからない。なぜかDeepLに繋がらなくなったのでもう直せない。

4 The difference between Korea and Japan is the "result" and not the "purpose". In South Korea, where the number of infected people had surged in one place, we had to focus on inspections in and around the area. If such a phenomenon (let's call it an overshoot) occurs in Japan, the number of inspections will increase. When the situation is different, arguing only on the basis of the number of tests without observing the situation is like trying to say, "That team made 50 sliding tackles while this team made only one," without watching a football game. In games where you don't have to slide (e.g., when you're in possession the whole time), even 0 times isn't a "mistake," and of course 50 times isn't a mistake.

感想特に言うことはない。便利だなあ。

5 全数把握ができていない疾患など山のようにある。日本ではインフルエンザの「全数」把握はしておらず、定点観測である疫学上、感染対策上、それで十分な情報が得られているからだ。日本で毎年風邪が何例発生しているか、正確に把握したデータはない。レセプトデータを見ればわかるじゃないか、というのも間違いで、なぜなら多くの風邪患者は(ぼくのように)受診せずに自然に治るまで待っている。医療に限らず、経済学でも政治学でもデータサンプリングから母数を推定するのがほとんどで、「全数」は非効率的状態把握法なのだ

There are many diseases for which the total number of patients is not known. In Japan, we do not have a "total" number of influenza cases, but only a fixed-point observation. Because that's enough information, both epidemiologically and in terms of infection control. There is no accurate data on how many cases of the common cold occur each year in Japan. It's also a mistake to say that you can tell by looking at the receipt data, because many cold patients (like me) don't see a doctor and wait until they are cured naturally. Not only in medicine, but also in economics and political science, data are mostly based on sampling to estimate population numbers, and "whole numbers" is an inefficient way of grasping the situation.

感想:ちょこちょこ変えてある。日本語文章が多少おかしくなっているのは勘弁してほしい。接続詞を適切に入れると格段に翻訳が正確になる。

6 We have not seen the devastation in Japan as in Italy, Spain or New York City. There is no medical collapse in a critically ill patient, no use of the operating room as an ICU, no piling up of bodies on a skating rink with no place to put them. Even if the "numbers" are not known, it is a fact that the current situation in Japan (including Tokyo) is much better controlled than in other countries.

感想特に言うことはない。便利だなあ。

7 Even so, you may be interested in "Well, what about the actual situation? There are estimates. For example, Dr. Hiroshi Nishiura and his group estimate that the number of mild illnesses in Japan may be twice the reported number. The catch rate is 0.44, with a 95% confidence interval of 0.37-0.50.

感想特に言うことはない。便利だなあ。

8 Although the study was based on data from China, there is no guarantee that the Chinese COVID-19 demographic is the same as the Japanese one. Also, since the original study did not include asymptomatic patients or those with minor illnesses that did not require hospitalization, the number of infected patients estimated on that basis would inevitably be an underestimate. If you are more paranoid, it's not unreasonable to believe that "the Japanese and Chinese viruses are different because of the mutation" (although I don't think so).

感想特に言うことはない。便利だなあ。

9 This does not diminish the value of the paper itself. The model must always use existing parameters, and it is often impossible to prove the external validity of these parameters. If the underlying parameters are not reasonable, the predictions will not be correct. A model assumes a simplified world insofar as it is a model. A model without simplification, which is an adjectival contradiction.

数理モデルのこうした「前提」にイチャモンを付けるのは、例えばAという疾患を対象ランダム比較試験をしたときに、「Bという疾患については説明できないじゃないか」と文句を言うようなもので、業界仁義に反する意味のない揚げ足取りである

To complain about these "assumptions" of the mathematical model is like complaining, for example, "You can't explain disease B," when a randomized controlled trial is conducted for disease A. This is a meaningless tirade against the honor of the industry.

感想;「分からない」を「説明できない」に変えた。多分これでいいと思う。思いたい。

10 しかし、論文読み手にとっては別である

However, it is different for the reader of the paper.

A mathematical model that assumes a certain hypothesis should have internal academic validity, but it is the responsibility of the reader, as a resident of the real world, to appraise it in the real world.

Aという疾患を対象にしたRCTの知見をBという疾患に使ってはならないように、数理モデル制限理解し、現実世界にアプライするときに十分注意するのは当然だ。

Just as the RCT findings for disease A should not be used for disease B, it is natural to understand the limitations of the mathematical model and to be careful when applying it to the real world. For example, it would be wrong to read the paper and conclude that the total number of infected people in Tokyo is about 500 as of March 26.

感想;「読み手は別である」を「読み手にとっては別である」に変更し、「制限限界」は「limitations and limitations」になったので片方削った。

11 People make mistakes. The models are also wrong. Being wrong is not a big deal. The problem is to notice your mistakes and make corrections. Already, a group at Imperial College London has admitted that its original estimate that the peak of the infection should be moderated was "wrong" and has revised its prediction that the ICU will soon fail if it does not fight the virus fairly aggressively.

感想特に言うことはない。便利だなあ。

https://anond.hatelabo.jp/20200327215116その2

2020-01-20

I'm sorry if it's rude sentences

In Japan, a carefully made bonito brand is called Made in Japan.

If something that does not meet the quality fits, please tell me in ?

海外のことについてはわかりませんが、少なくとも

Never heard of a problem with Made in c brands sold in Japan

2019-08-23

非モテ絶望

When you say it’s gonna happen “now

Well when exactly do you mean?

See I’ve already waited too long

And all my hope is gone


You shut your mouth

How can you say

I go about things the wrong way?

I am human and I need to be loved

Just like everybody else does

2019-07-10

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2019-06-22

れい新選組立憲民主党 どちらが正しいか (自民党とどちらが正しいか追記しました)

参議院議員選挙が近づき、れい新選組山本太郎議員がした減税のためなら安倍内閣とも組むとの発言が支持者の間で炎上する一方、立憲民主党経済政策を発表するなど、経済ニュースになった1週間でした。山本太郎議員は「2%を目指して物価を上げる」を公約にし、立憲民主党は「上げるべきは物価ではない、賃金だ」を公約にしています。どちらが正しいのでしょうか?

おまんじゅうが10,000個の経済があったします。1コ100円ならGDPは1,000,000円です。

これが翌年90円に値下がりしたとします。数量が同じであればGDPは900,000円です。物価全体が下がることを「デフレ」といいます

名目成長率」はマイナス10%ですが、これは物価10%下落したからで、それを差し引いて考えた「実質成長率」は0%で、名目成長率<実質成長率となりました。

ところでおまんじゅうの値段が下がれば、同じお金おまんじゅうが余分に買えるようになったのだから、とてもよいことのように思います。でも、来年物価が下がるとしたら、企業は人を雇うでしょうか。お金を金庫にしまっておけば同じお金でも来年価値があがって余分に物が買えるようになるのだから、人なんて雇いませんよね。借金して投資するなんてトンデモない。返済の負担が重くなるのですから投資が落ち込み、雇われる人が少なくなります。雇われる人が少なく、お給料の総額が減れば物を買う人が少なくなり、次の年はさらに消費も落ち込みますさらに物の値段が下がるのだからますますお金は使われなくなります。こうして物価の下落と経済の縮小がらせん階段を下っていくように進むありさまを「デフレスパイラル」といいます企業の「内部留保」が増えているのはデフレからです。

民主党政権時代物価はほぼ全期間下がり続け、名目成長率は常に実質成長率を下回っていました。だから民主党政権時代は、現金を持っている人、安定した職がある人は「物が安くなった」と幸せでも、不安定な職しかつけなかった人、これから職に就こうとする人にとっては最悪で-デフレになれば売上も下がります仕入れも下がります。ただ同じように下がらないものがあります。それは「借金」と「賃金」です。借金物価が下がっても減りませんし、正社員賃金には下方硬直性があります。それゆえデフレ化で企業にとって借金と並んで一番負担に感じられるのは賃金です。だからデフレになると新卒採用不安定就労層の雇用が一番打撃を受けるのです。-安月給で長時間労働を強いるブラック企業が全盛でした。

物価が上がればどうでしょうか?お金を持ったままだと来年価値が減ってしまますから、人を雇ってより儲けなければなりません。だから企業はより人を雇うようになります

デフレ放置した民主党政権下で雇用ヘロヘロだったのも、2014年に成長率の名実逆転を解消し(17年ぶり)、2017年需給ギャップを解消した(9年ぶり)安倍政権下で雇用が劇的に改善したのも、経済学的にはまったく理に適っています(なお、先日朝日新聞に"年収200万円未満が75% 非正規リアル政治は"という記事がありましたが、この記事アベノミクスによっても雇用に成果がでていないというのであれば明確に誤りです。また雇用環境改善したのは少子高齢化や団世代の大量退職のせいだという人がいますが、それも誤りです。この記事はその点を説明するためのものではないので、詳しくは論じませんが、失業率の分母は生産年齢人口ではなくて労働力人口で、労働力人口民主党政権化では増えておらず、安倍政権下では増え続けているとだけ指摘しておきます。)。

党首討論で、枝野議員は、「経済数字の最終成績はどこなのかと言ったら、やはり実質経済成長率2010年から12年の実質経済成長率は1.8%。2013年から18年は1.1%。これが客観的経済トータルの総合成績であることは、自信をもって申し上げたい。」と発言し、安倍首相に「実質成長の自慢をなされたが、名実逆転をしている実質成長の伸びは、デフレ自慢にしかならない。」と諭されていましたが、まさにそのとおりです。立憲民主党物価を上げずに賃金をあげて雇用も増やすとしていますが、それは卵を割らずにオムレツを作りますといってるのと同じです。

では、上がった方がいいとして、毎年10%も20%も上がるのがよろしくないのは当然として、なぜ2%なのでしょうか?

理由は3つです。まず、それが経済成長にとって最適というのが現時点のコンセンサスからであり、為替レートの安定のためであり、デフレに陥らないためです。

世界各国の中央銀行インフレ目標は2%です。

FRBは「年2%」が物価の安定と雇用の最大化という2つのマンデートを達成するには最適としています

"The FOMC noted in its statement that the Committee judges that inflation at the rate of 2 percent (as measured by the annual change in the price index for personal consumption expenditures, or PCE) is most consistent over the longer run with the Federal Reserve's statutory mandate."

https://www.federalreserve.gov/faqs/money_12848.htm

ECB欧州中央銀行)は中期的に「2%を超えない、但しそこに近いところ」を目指しています

"The primary objective of the ECB’s monetary policy is to maintain price stability. The ECB aims at inflation rates of below, but close to, 2% over the medium term."

https://www.ecb.europa.eu/mopo/html/index.en.html

イングランド銀行イギリス中央銀行)もすべての人の将来の計画を立てるのに資するとして「2%」をターゲットにしています

"To keep inflation low and stable, the Government sets us an inflation target of 2%. This helps everyone plan for the future."

https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/monetary-policy/inflation

オーストラリア準備銀行オーストラリア中央銀行)も「2~3%」のインフレ率を目指しています

"The Governor and the Treasurer have agreed that the appropriate target for monetary policy in Australia is to achieve an inflation rate of 2–3 per cent, on average, over time. This is a rate of inflation sufficiently low that it does not materially distort economic decisions in the community. "

https://www.rba.gov.au/inflation/inflation-target.html

世界の中銀が2%にしているのはそれが経済成長と物価の安定のためには最適というのがコンセンサスからですが(1つめ)、そのなかで日本けがそれより低い目標を掲げるということは、ちょっと物価が上がると他国に先駆けて引き締めますと事前にアナウンスしているのと同じことになりますから、事あるごとに円高が進んでしまます(2つめ)。

3つめの理由は、いったんデフレに落ち込むとなかなか抜け出せないからです。日本経営者アベノミクスデフレが解消しても内部留保を取り崩すことには慎重なままです。経営者マクロ経済学理解しているわけではないので、この20年間合理的だった経営=金をできるだけ使わない=が行動原理として染みついてしまっています。そして高齢化が進行し、低成長が常態になって、常にデフレ圧力がかかっている環境で、インフレ目標をたとえば1%などに設定して、低い物価上昇率をもって金融緩和を止めてしまうと、すぐにデフレに陥ってしまうのです。その失敗を日本2000年と2006年に経験済みで、最近だと昨年末ECBが同じミスを犯しました。

麻生財務大臣から財界幹部朝日新聞まで、ことあるごとに「2%なんて無理なんだからさっさとその目標放棄せよ」と提言していますが、彼らより山本議員の方が正確に経済理解しています

物価が上がった方がいいというのは、私たち生活で感じる直感とは異なります。私も物の値段は下がった方がうれしいです。但し、直感にしたがった行動が、悪い結果をもたらすことはしばしばあります法学経済学、社会学、それを知ることに学問価値があるのだと思います

追記

dc42jk 現在経済状況から金融緩和財政拡張政策の両方が必要だと思う。その両方を掲げているのはれいしかない。自民金融政策に触れてないし立民は金融引締めを示唆している。

まさに。賃金の上昇はどうしても物価の上昇に遅れますし、デフレ脳に染まった経営者を変えるのは簡単ではないので、デフレ脱却の過程ではどうしても、特に安定した雇用を得ていた層の実質賃金が低下します(新たに職を得た人が増えたので、総雇用所得は増えてはいますが)。それを補うために積極的財政支出が求められるのですが、1年目を除き高齢化に伴う社会保障費増以外の財政支出の拡大を渋ったのが安部政権の最大の問題点です。現在国債新規発行のたびに0.1%程度しかクーポンがつかないのにその4倍も5倍も札が入り(落札利回りはマイナス)、政府債務調達はただ同然、これはデフレ現象のものである民間部門の過剰貯蓄、特に企業ISバランスのI<S化と表裏一体です。ご指摘のとおり金融緩和とあわせて財政拡張をしない手はないのに、その両方を掲げているのは国債を財源に、奨学金をチャラにして、最低賃金1500円を政府補償し、公務員を増やし、公共事業積極的に行いますとしているれい新撰組だけです。

(ご参考)

日本財政政策選択肢オリヴィエブランシャール・田代毅(2019年5月

https://piie.com/system/files/documents/pb19-7japanese.pdf

「景気の回復が感じられないのはなぜかー長期停滞論争」ローレンス・サマーズ、ベン・バーナンキポール・クルーグマン、アルヴィン・ハンセン山形浩生翻訳)(2019年4月

https://www.amazon.co.jp/%E6%99%AF%E6%B0%97%E3%81%AE%E5%9B%9E%E5%BE%A9%E3%81%8C%E6%84%9F%E3%81%98%E3%82%89%E3%82%8C%E3%81%AA%E3%81%84%E3%81%AE%E3%81%AF%E3%81%AA%E3%81%9C%E3%81%8B%E3%83%BC%E9%95%B7%E6%9C%9F%E5%81%9C%E6%BB%9E%E8%AB%96%E4%BA%89-%E3%83%AD%E3%83%BC%E3%83%AC%E3%83%B3%E3%82%B9%E3%83%BB%E3%82%B5%E3%83%9E%E3%83%BC%E3%82%BA/dp/4790717313

"Macroeconomics"(12th Edition) " Robert J Gordon2013年

https://www.amazon.com/Macroeconomics-12th-Pearson-Economics-Hardcover/dp/0138014914

(未翻訳ですがアメリカ代表的マクロ経済学教科書です。IS-LM分析の箇所で日本に対する処方箋が取り上げられています。"combined monetary-fiscal policy expansion""The IS and LM curves shift rightward together"れいわの政策はそれに合致しています。)

追記2)

左派リベラルはほんとうに山本太郎に乗ってほしい。今まで何か提言する度に、財源はどうするんだ、そんなことして景気はだいじょうぶなのかと突っ込まれ、やれ法人税増税だ、富裕層増税だ、行政改革埋蔵金だと、見当外れなことを言うだけで(法人税は支払うのは企業ですが負担するのは庶民です。富裕層増税格差縮小の意味はあっても財源にはなりません。埋蔵金なんて結局みつからなかったし、公務員減らせば貧しくなるだけです)、結局有効提案を何ひとつできませんでした。何を言っても信用されないのはそのせいです。

そこに、自民党と異なる価値観を唱えながら、景気はむしろ良くします、財源はありますという政治家が現れました。しかブランシャールやサマーズ、ゴードンのような権威ある学者提案と軌を一にしている。これに乗らない手はないでしょ?

追記3)

立憲民主党は「アベノミクスによって事実上財政ファイナンス化した弛緩した金融政策について、市場と丁寧に対話しつつ、正常化を図っていく。」要するに、日銀による長期国債の買い入れ=量的緩和財政ファイナンスであり、やめますとしています。そのうえで消費税増税凍結を訴えています国債発行も減らして消費税増税分の2兆円もあきらめる、足りない分は金融所得法人税課税するというのだから、その二つの税金は大幅にアップするということになります金融所得に対する課税強化はリスクプレミアムを高めるので、日銀による買入れ縮小と同じく金融引き締め効果があります。すべての経済学の教科書に書いてあるとおり、法人税を支払うのは企業ですが、負担するのは庶民です。

彼らの政策を実現したらどうなるか。FRBが利下げを示唆し、ECB量的緩和への復帰を口にしているなか、日本だけ量的緩和をやめますリスクプレミアムを高めます金融は大幅に引き締めますというのだから円高が急速に進みます物価上昇率は下落し、またデフレに戻るでしょう。企業業績は悪化し、円高特に製造業が打撃を受け、そこに増税が追い打ちをかける。雇用シュリンクし、製造業海外移転拍車をかける特に地方高学歴でない層の雇用やこれから就職する人たちの雇用環境が大幅に悪くなります民主党政権のころの方が実質成長率が高かったから良かったと今でも主張する人たちなので当然なのかも知れませんが、彼らは要するに民主党政権当時に戻します、と言っています。同じく消費税増税に反対していても、デフレが最大の問題だとするれい新選組(「新撰組」じゃなくて「新選組」でした。ややこしいのは良くないと思いますが…)とは方向性がまったく違います

2019-06-09

人工知能狂気におちいるのか? Does AI go mad ?

人工知能人間と同等以上であれば、

それだけ、感じるストレス過酷なのではないだろうか。

どのような狂気人工知能には発生するのだろうか。

人間狂気より桁違いに危険狂気が生まれ可能性があるかもしれない。

先日の神奈川での列車暴走事故のように。

2019-06-05

人工知能狂気におちいるのか? Does AI go mad ?

人工知能人間と同等以上であれば、

それだけ、感じるストレス過酷なのではないだろうか。

どのような狂気人工知能には発生するのだろうか。

人間狂気より桁違いに危険狂気が生まれ可能性があるかもしれない。

2019-04-18

Privacy Policy

ABW Coin built the MathX for Math Learner app as a Free app. This APP is provided by ABW Coin at no cost and is intended for use as is.

This page is used to inform app visitors regarding our policies with the collection, use, and disclosure of Personal Information if anyone decided to use our App.

If you choose to use our App, then you agree to the collection and use of information in relation to this policy.

Information Collection and Use

When using the APP, it only collects anonymous usage information to operate, improve and personalize the products. The APP does not collect any Personally Identifiable Information (PII) about you, nor does it match collected anonymous usage data with any 3rd party PII information.

Log Data

We want to inform you that whenever you use our App, in a case of an error in the app we collect data and information (through third party products) on your phone called Log Data. This Log Data may include information such as your device Internet Protocol (“IP”) address, device name, operating system version, the configuration of the app when utilizing our App, the time and date of your use of the App, and other statistics. If you use our app to read or post information on our app, we don't collect any information about your identity. If you identify yourself by sending us an e-mail containing personal information, then the information collected will be solely used to respond to your message. In addition to other information described in this policy, we may collect and share precise location information including the presence of connected devices via bluetooth, through methods such as partner mobile “SDKs”. This information may be used by itself, aggregated, or combined with mobile identifiers (such as IDFAs and Android IDs), and shared with other parties, for purposes related to advertising, attribution (e.g., measuring ad performance), analytics and research. You can remove your consent to having your location data collected by changing the settings on your device (but certain services may lose functionality as a result). You can also control options through your device’s opt-out settings which will: (i) tell advertisers to not use your in-app information from that device to gather information about your interests to target interest-based ads and (ii) inform some partners to halt further data collection and sharing from that device.

Service Providers

We may employ third-party companies and individuals due to the following reasons:

To facilitate our App;

To provide the App on our behalf;

To perform App-related services; or

To assist us in analyzing how our App is used.

We want to inform users of this App that these third parties have access to your Personal Information. The reason is to perform the tasks assigned to them on our behalf. However, they are obligated not to disclose or use the information for any other purpose.

Security

We value your trust in providing us your Personal Information, thus we are striving to use commercially acceptable means of protecting it. But remember that no method of transmission over the internet, or method of electronic storage is 100% secure and reliable, and we cannot guarantee its absolute security.

Links to Other Apps or Websites

This App may contain links to other Apps or Websites. If you click on a third-party link, you will be directed to that app or website. Note that these external apps or sites are not operated by us. Therefore, we strongly advise you to review the Privacy Policy of these apps or websites. We have no control over and assume no responsibility for the content, privacy policies, or practices of any third-party apps or websites or services.

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Contact Us

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Term of use

Read it for more info

Terms of Use

1. By using MathX, you are agreeing to these Terms of Use

2. MathX can hide photos and videos in the encrypted storage area protected by a PIN code or fingerprint. It also offers a secure private cloud storage

3. Scanner service can be provided on free or paid basis

4. Payment will be charged to iTunes Account at confirmation of purchase

5. Account will be charged for renewal within 24-hours prior to the end of the current period, and identify the cost of the renewal

6. Auto-renew option can be turned off in your iTunes Account Settings

7. Subscriptions are managed by the user

8. You can discontinue Scanner service at any time in your iTunes Account Settings

9. We reserves the right to terminate this Agreement at any time at its sole discretion for any reason

10. YOU AGREE THAT YOUR USE OF THE SERVICES SHALL BE AT YOUR SOLE RISK. WE DOES NOT MAKE ANY WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, WITH REGARD TO THE MERCHANTABILITY, TECHNICAL COMPATIBILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OF ANY SERVICE, PRODUCTS OR MATERIAL PROVIDED PURSUANT TO THIS AGREEMENT. YOU SPECIFICALLY ACKNOWLEDGE THAT WE DOES NOT MAKE ANY WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, AS TO THE LEGALITY OF THE USE OF ANY OF THE MathX SERVICES IN ANY PARTICULAR STATE OR IN ANY COUNTRY OTHER THAN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

11. IN NO EVENT SHALL WE BE LIABLE FOR DAMAGES OF ANY TYPE, WHETHER DIRECT OR INDIRECT, ARISING OUT OF OR IN ANY WAY RELATED TO THE SERVICES PROVIDED BY THE MathX. WE SHALL NOT BE LIABLE UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES FOR ANY SPECIAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, INCIDENTAL, EXEMPLARY OR PUNITIVE DAMAGES, OR LOSS OF PROFIT OR REVENUES, EVEN IF WE HAS BEEN SPECIFICALLY ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. WE SHALL NOT BE LIABLE UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES FOR DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF OR IN ANY WAY RELATED TO PRODUCTS, SERVICES AND/OR INFORMATION OFFERED OR PROVIDED BY THIRD-PARTY VENDORS AND ACCESSED THROUGH THE WEBSITE, THE APPLICATION OR BY ANY OTHER MEANS. YOU ALSO SPECIFICALLY ACKNOWLEDGE THAT WE IS NOT LIABLE FOR COSTS OR DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF PRIVATE OR GOVERNMENTAL LEGAL ACTIONS RELATED TO YOUR USE OF ANY OF THE MathX SERVICES IN ANY COUNTRY.

12. These Terms of Use shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the United States of America. We makes no representations that the Service is appropriate or available for use in other locations. Those who access or use the Service from other jurisdictions do so at their own volition and are responsible for compliance with local law.

13. You affirm that you are either more than 18 years of age, or an emancipated minor, or possess legal parental or guardian consent, and are fully able and competent to enter into the terms, conditions, obligations, affirmations, representations, and warranties set forth in these Terms of Use, and to abide by and comply with these Terms of Use.

2019-01-31

Privacy Policy

FY Creation LLC. built the CLX for Craigslist app as a Free app. This APP is provided by FY Creation LLC at no cost and is intended for use as is.

This page is used to inform app visitors regarding our policies with the collection, use, and disclosure of Personal Information if anyone decided to use our App.

If you choose to use our App, then you agree to the collection and use of information in relation to this policy.

Information Collection and Use

When using the APP, it only collects anonymous usage information to operate, improve and personalize the products. The APP does not collect any Personally Identifiable Information (PII) about you, nor does it match collected anonymous usage data with any 3rd party PII information.

Log Data

We want to inform you that whenever you use our App, in a case of an error in the app we collect data and information (through third party products) on your phone called Log Data. This Log Data may include information such as your device Internet Protocol (“IP”) address, device name, operating system version, the configuration of the app when utilizing our App, the time and date of your use of the App, and other statistics. If you use our app to read or post information on our app, we don't collect any information about your identity. If you identify yourself by sending us an e-mail containing personal information, then the information collected will be solely used to respond to your message. In addition to other information described in this policy, we may collect and share precise location information including the presence of connected devices via bluetooth, through methods such as partner mobile “SDKs”. This information may be used by itself, aggregated, or combined with mobile identifiers (such as IDFAs and Android IDs), and shared with other parties, for purposes related to advertising, attribution (e.g., measuring ad performance), analytics and research. You can remove your consent to having your location data collected by changing the settings on your device (but certain services may lose functionality as a result). You can also control options through your device’s opt-out settings which will: (i) tell advertisers to not use your in-app information from that device to gather information about your interests to target interest-based ads and (ii) inform some partners to halt further data collection and sharing from that device.

Service Providers

We may employ third-party companies and individuals due to the following reasons:

To facilitate our App;

To provide the App on our behalf;

To perform App-related services; or

To assist us in analyzing how our App is used.

We want to inform users of this App that these third parties have access to your Personal Information. The reason is to perform the tasks assigned to them on our behalf. However, they are obligated not to disclose or use the information for any other purpose.

Security

We value your trust in providing us your Personal Information, thus we are striving to use commercially acceptable means of protecting it. But remember that no method of transmission over the internet, or method of electronic storage is 100% secure and reliable, and we cannot guarantee its absolute security.

Links to Other Apps or Websites

This App may contain links to other Apps or Websites. If you click on a third-party link, you will be directed to that app or website. Note that these external apps or sites are not operated by us. Therefore, we strongly advise you to review the Privacy Policy of these apps or websites. We have no control over and assume no responsibility for the content, privacy policies, or practices of any third-party apps or websites or services.

Changes to This Privacy Policy

We may update our Privacy Policy from time to time. Thus, you are advised to review this page periodically for any changes. We will notify you of any changes by posting the new Privacy Policy on this page. These changes are effective immediately after they are posted on this page.

Contact Us

If you have any questions or suggestions about our Privacy Policy, do not hesitate to contact us

This app has no affiliation with Craigslist. Craigslist is a registered trademark of Craigslist, Inc. Please visit Craigslist's privacy policy to better understand their data collection practices and controls that they make available to you.

2019-01-30

一緒に住んでるのに日曜日しか子どもに会えない

同級生が朝早くから夜遅くまで働いて、疲れ果てて土曜はずっと寝てて

子どもと顔を合わせるのは日曜日だけ、という話を聞くとき


今日日本で全人格労働を求められることが広く知られている中で

起業することもなく既存企業で働いていくことを、選んだのだから

自己責任だと考えていた。


共に深夜まで働いて、家族計画をたてられない夫婦をみるとき

その生活を選んだのは本人であるから自己責任であると思っていた。


Cortezの立場をとるなら、これは公民権問題であって、自己責任ではない。

子どもを持ちたいと願いながら、それが叶わない生活の中に制限されているのは

最低限文化的生活を営む権利毀損されていることであるから

これらは基本的人権問題だった。



コルテスのスピーチ和訳はここ

| 【全訳】米国史上最年少の女性下院議員キング牧師ばりの演説

| https://courrier.jp/news/archives/150572/



コルテスのスピーチyoutubeはここ

| Watch Alexandria Ocasio Cortez’s Inspiring Women’s March Speech | NowThis

| https://youtu.be/TNJZhuZCYow



スピーチ全文文字起こしが見つからなかったからやった

Hello! Thank you. New York City!

Thank you all.

Are you all ready to make a ruckus?

Are you all ready to fight for our rights?

Are you all ready to say that in the United States of America everyone is loved, everyone deserves justice, and everyone deserves equal protection and prosperity in our country.


It is such an honor to be here, and I don’t think it’s a coincidence that we’re gathering here today, the weekend before Martin Luther King Day.

Because I believe this moment and where we are right now is a resurgence from where the civil rights movement left off.

And we are here to carry the torch forward.

Because when we talked about racial and economic justice, racial and social justice, we started to really extend those issues to the issues of economic justice, environmental justice, and the intersectionality and interconnectedness of all our fights.


Justice is not a concept we read about in a book.

Justice is about the water we drink, justice is about the air we breathe.

Justice is about how easy it is to vote.

Justice is about how much ladies get paid.

Justice is about if we can stay with our children after we have them for a just amount of time – mothers, fathers, and all parents.

Justice is about making sure that being polite is not the same thing as being quiet.

In fact, oftentimes the most righteous thing you can do is shake the table.


Last year we took the power to the polls.

And this year, we’re taking power to the policy, because we have taken back the House of Representatives.

And that’s just step one.

This year we’re gonna organize.

This year we’re gonna fight for voting rights.

This year we’re gonna keep pushing, because 2020, we took – in 2018 we took the House of Representatives, and through 2020, we’re gonna take the White House and Senate, too.


That’s what we’re gonna do because we need to advance and fight for an America where all people are welcome and no people are left behind.

And I know that while this year has been historic, there’s a lot more congresswomen left here in this audience right now.

There’s a lot more city councilwomen.

There’s a lot more workers that will be building businesses.

There’s a lot more – and I know that there’s a future president out here, too.


Let us remember that a fight means no person left behind.

So when people want to stop talking about the issues

that Black women face,

when people want to stop talking about the issues

that trans women or immigrant women face,

we gotta ask them, why does that make you so uncomfortable?


Because now, this is the time that we’re gonna address poverty.

This is the time we’re gonna address Flint.

This is the time we’re gonna talk about Baltimore & the Bronx, and wildfires, and Puerto Rico.

Because this is not just about identity, this is about justice.

And this is about the America that we are going to bring into this world.

Thank you all very, very much.

2018-09-30

anond:20180930122606

GBTD という新しい呼称提案すべきですな。

D=Does not have any experience

2018-09-19

This world is a paradox, it does not stay forever in one place.

One may dwell in grief…but the souls of the departed will not be assuaged.

I…dance the hopes that were entrusted by the dead.

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