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2020-06-03

Black Lives Matter と All Lives Matter

昨今の米国でのプロテスト世界刮目する中、"Black Lives Matter" というフレーズをご存知の方も増えてきたことと思う。

文字通り訳せば、"黒人の命は大切である"ということなのだが、これに対し"黒人だけじゃなくて、白人も、アジア人も、みんなの命が大切なのでは?"と純粋に思われる方もいるだろう。

その通りである

米国では、"Black Lives Matter"に対し"All Lives Matter" (="みんなの命は大切である") という発言を様々な場所で読む、又は耳にする機会が多数存在する。

日本でも、この運動やその根底にある人種差別問題への関心が少しずつ高まっている中で、"All Lives Matter"という、(恐らく多くの日本人にとって)一見自明で無害のように見える一文の意味するところを、とあるRedditでの投稿引用する形で紹介しようと思う。



以下引用及び拙訳 (r/explainlikeimfive/comments/3du1qm/eli5_why_is_it_so_controversial_when_someone_says/ より)

Imagine that you're sitting down to dinner with your family, and while everyone else gets a serving of the meal, you don't get any. So you say "I should get my fair share." And as a direct response to this, your dad corrects you, saying, "everyone should get their fair share." Now, that's a wonderful sentiment -- indeed, everyone should, and that was kinda your point in the first place: that you should be a part of everyone, and you should get your fair share also. However, dad's smart-ass comment just dismissed you and didn't solve the problem that you still haven't gotten any!

以下のような状況を想像してみてください。あなたは今、家族とディナーの席にいますあなた以外には食事が配膳されていく中、あなたの前には何もありません。そこであなたは、”フェアな分量の食事が私に配膳されるべきだ”、と父親に伝えたところ、彼は以下のように応えました。”家族みんながそれぞれのフェアな分量を配膳されるべきだね”、と。確かに、彼の発言のものは、当然のことであり、素晴らしいですが、この返答には齟齬があります。というのも、ディナーを取り囲んでいる家族メンバー各自が、(彼の言う様に)フェアな分量を配膳されるべきだからこそ、その一員であるあなた自分の分量を主張しているのです。従って、彼の返事はあなたの前に食事がないという現実問題に対して無関心であり、何の解決策も提示していません。そして何より、依然としてあなたの前には食事がありません。

The problem is that the statement "I should get my fair share" had an implicit "too" at the end: "I should get my fair share, too, just like everyone else." But your dad's response treated your statement as though you meant "only I should get my fair share", which clearly was not your intention. As a result, his statement that "everyone should get their fair share," while true, only served to ignore the problem you were trying to point out.

ここでの問題は、あなたの”フェアな分量の食事が私に配膳されるべきだ”という発言真意が、"(他のみんなと同じように、私にも)フェアな分量の食事が配膳されるべきだ"という括弧内の部分を前提に含んでいるにもかかわらず、”フェアな分量の食事が私(だけに)配膳されるべきだ”とあなた発言たかのように、父親が(あなた意図に反して)受け取った、という点にあります。従って、彼の発言のもの真実であることに変わりはないものの、あなたには食事がないという問題は看過されてしまっているのです。

That's the situation of the "black lives matter" movement. Culture, laws, the arts, religion, and everyone else repeatedly suggest that all lives should matter. Clearly, that message already abounds in our society.

これこそが、"Black Lives Matter" 運動対峙している状況なのです。文化法律芸術作品宗教、その他全てが繰り返し、みんなの命が大切であるべきだ、と主張しています米国社会においては、このメッセージは至る所で目にすることでしょう。

The problem is that, in practice, the world doesn't work the way. You see the film Nightcrawler? You know the part where Renee Russo tells Jake Gyllenhal that she doesn't want footage of a black or latino person dying, she wants news stories about affluent white people being killed? That's not made up out of whole cloth -- there is a news bias toward stories that the majority of the audience (who are white) can identify with. So when a young black man gets killed (prior to the recent police shootings), it's generally not considered "news", while a middle-aged white woman being killed is treated as news. And to a large degree, that is accurate -- young black men are killed in significantly disproportionate numbers, which is why we don't treat it as anything new. But the result is that, societally, we don't pay as much attention to certain people's deaths as we do to others. So, currently, we don't treat all lives as though they matter equally.

しかしながら、現実社会においては決してその通りではなく、命の重みは平等ではありません。あなたは、Nightcrawlerという映画を見ましたか?その映画の中で、Renee RussoがJake Gyllenhalに対して、黒人もしくはラテン系アメリカ人が命を落とすような映像ではなく、裕福な白人殺害されたといったようなニュースが欲しい、と伝えるシーンがあります。実はこのシーンは、ニュースの大部分の受け手である白人層が共感できるような報道を重視するというような、現実に即したメディアバイアス如実に反映しています現実として、若い黒人男性殺害されることはニュースにならない一方で、中年女性殺害事件はニュースとして世間に扱われますさらに言えば、統計有意に多数の若い黒人男性が日々命を落としてしまっているという現状において、そういった死のニュース性が少ないということは単なるバイアスとして存在するわけではなく、ほとんどの場合事実なのです。その結果、一部のグループの人々の死に対しては他のグループの人々の死ほどに、私たち社会全体として注目しません。人の命は本来全て平等であるにも関わらず、現実として私たちはそれらを平等に扱っていないのです。

Just like asking dad for your fair share, the phrase "black lives matter" also has an implicit "too" at the end: it's saying that black lives should also matter. But responding to this by saying "all lives matter" is willfully going back to ignoring the problem. It's a way of dismissing the statement by falsely suggesting that it means "only black lives matter," when that is obviously not the case. And so saying "all lives matter" as a direct response to "black lives matter" is essentially saying that we should just go back to ignoring the problem.

あなた父親自分の分の食事を求めた時のように、"Black Lives Matter"というフレーズにも"too"、すなわち黒人の命”も”大切であるという前提があります。他の人種の人々の命と同様、黒人の命も大切に扱われるべきだ、というメッセージがそこにはあるのです。これに対して"All Lives Matter"と応えることは、その根底にある(黒人の命が他の命と同様に大切に扱われていないという)問題恣意的無視していることになるのです。そのような問題共通認識が前提として明らかに存在しているにも関わらず、さも"黒人の命だけが大切だ"という主張である曲解することで、"Black Lives Matter"という本来の主張を退けてしまっています。"Black Lives Matter"というメッセージに対して、"All Lives Matter"と応えることは、黒人の日々対峙するそのような問題無視し、そのままの現状を維持しよう、と主張する事と本質的に変わりはないのです。

2020-05-29

how parents were you born under

how family environment have you grown

when did you start such activity

how were attitude you in school

what did you in school

what color is the color of sky

have you felt your parent's love

what was in your mind when you threated me killing

how pleasure did it give your mind

one day policemen came and can you have been straight to them

did you see your parents face

did you know your parents mourning

what did you feel in the night you were lonely

what did you feel on the reproof from a lawyer protecting you

what do you think now

can you know your parents feelings

can you kill your parents

can man be happy while injuring man

now what you see

what color is the sky

man can't be without loving man

you have to realize your parents love

now it's time to begin your life

how will you grow up

I want you to be a man helping man instead of a man injuring man

I'm looking forward to you 20 years later

2020-05-25

民主党が日民主党と同様の悪いスパイラルに陥り始めている。

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2020/may/20/andrew-cuomo-new-york-coronavirus-catastrophe


There’s something disturbing about Cuomo being hailed as the hero of the pandemic when he should rightly be one of the villains. As Business Insider notes, he is now only able to attain praise for his actions because his earlier failures made those actions necessary. He’s lauded for addressing a problem that he himself partly caused. Of course, part of this is because Donald Trump has bungled the coronavirus response even more badly, so that Cuomo – by not being a complete buffoon – looks like a capable statesman by contrast. But this is the problem: for too long, Democrats have measured their politicians by “whether they are better than Republicans”. This sets the bar very low indeed, and means that Democrats end up settling for incompetent and amoral leaders who betray progressive values again and again.


彼は当然悪役の一人であるべきなのに、クオモがパンデミック英雄として歓迎されているという不穏な何かがある。Business Insiderが指摘するように、彼は今、彼の行動のための賞賛を得ることができるだけである、なぜなら彼の以前の失敗がそれらの行動を必要としたかである。彼自身部分的引き起こし問題対処したこと賞賛されている。もちろん、その一部は、ドナルド・トランプ氏がコロナウイルスへの対応さらにひどく失敗させてしまったためで、クオモ氏は-完全な大馬鹿者ではないことによって-対照的に、有能な政治家のように見えるのだ。しかし、これが問題なのだ。あまりにも長い間、民主党は「彼らが共和党よりも優れているかどうか」で政治家評価してきた。これは、バーを非常に低く設定しており、民主党は、進歩的価値観を何度も何度も裏切る無能不道徳指導者に落ち着くことになることを意味しています

※DeepLによる機械翻訳


これは米ガーディアン紙のNY知事クオモを批判する記事だ。

詳細はリンク先で読んでほしいが、最終段落はまるで日本野党を見ているようにしか見えない。

自分たちが何を目標としているかを示さずに、対立相手の悪い部分を指摘したり、比較して自分は良いと言っているだけの状態に陥ってしまい結局何がしたいのか見えなくなりつつあるということだ。

主導権を完全にトランプ及び共和党に握られている。

2020-05-22

マッチングアプリでいきなり

free now

hard now

s*x now

とか送られても困るんだよなあ

2020-05-19

国宝級イケメンランキングで一位を取る為に必要な物は「顔」ではない

viviの恒例企画である国宝級イケメンランキング、その2020年度上半期版が発表された。結果を見て嬉しかった人、悔しかった人、納得いかなかった人、様々な人がいるのではないだろうか。これは、どこかのグループ応援しているジャニオタによるちょっとした独り言なので、あまり構えずに読んで頂きたい。尚、私は今年のランキングランクインした方々については順位に関わらず全員「国宝級イケメン」と称されるに見合った魅力を備えていると感じていることは先に明記しておく。

では早速本題。このランキングで高順位を獲得する為に必要なのは何なのかをどういった層が投票しているのかと併せて考えてみた。

まず一つ、その人本人のファンからの票。

これは言うまでもないだろう。自分推し担当イケメンだと思っている人は当然イケメンランキング推し担当を入れたいと考えるだろう。例え客観的に見ればもっと容姿の整った人が他にいたとしても、自担が誰よりもかっこよく見えるのは当たり前だと思う。それに、世間とは案外単純なもので、これが国宝級イケメンだと言われれば「ああなるほど、これが今時のイケメンなんだな」と納得してしまものである。その為、ランキングを通して世間に「彼こそがが今旬のイケメンだぞ!」とアピールですることに成功すれば、そこから彼の今後の仕事や人気に繋がることは大いに期待できるだろう。

まりオタク推し投票しようという結論に至るのは至極当然のことなである。つまりオタクの数が多いほど票数が集まるのもまた当然のことであり、ランキングに人気度がかなり色濃く反映されてしまうのは仕方ないことなである

次に二つ目、その人の属するグループファンによる投票

これは今回のランキングでは特に顕著だったのではないだろうか。自分推し別にいるが、推しのいるグループの中で一番可能性の高そうな人に投票する、といった種の票である。これはグループファンの母数は勿論、それ以上にファンコミュニティ内での意思疎通がどのくらいとれているかが表れているように感じる。例えば、平野殿堂入りしたことでKP担の中では次は永瀬という風潮が生まれたり、スト担の中でnow松村next京本という風潮が生まれたりしたのではないだろうか。また、詳しくないので見当違いなことを言っていたら申し訳ないが、ジャニーズと比べてあまりTV露出の多くないJO1がnownextに一人ずつランクインしたのはファン内での結束、票固め作戦が功を奏したからではないか勝手に考えている。

そして三つ目、一般票。

特に誰を応援したいという強い気持ちはなく、何となく目についたから、はたまた毎回楽しみにしているからなどといった理由投票している層である。まず、2つ目の票があまり期待できない俳優陣はこの票が占めるウェイトがジャニーズやJO1より大きいことが予想できる。恐らくこの層が最も純粋容姿評価を下しているだろう。だが、容姿のみで判断されているかと問われるとそれもまた違うと思う。この層を取り込むためには「知名度」と「話題性」が不可欠だ。恐らく「国宝級イケメンは誰ですか?」と聞かれて知っているイケメン全員の顔を見比べた上で「この人だ!」と結論をだす人はいない。大抵がそのワードを聞いて一番最初に思いついた人の名前を挙げるはずだ。つまり記憶の新しい部分にいることが必須なのである。そうなると、やはり最近TV露出が多かったりよく話題にのぼる人ほど票を集めやすくなるのだ。

まり結局は「容姿だけ」を見て投票している人はどの層にもいないのである。なので、この結果を見て不満に感じる人もいて当然だと思う。だって容姿のみが反映されたランキングではないのだから。(そもそも容姿の好みなど千差万別なので、純粋容姿のみを反映させたランキングを作ることは不可能だと思う。)

どれだけ熱心なファンがついているか、どれだけ知名度があるか、話題性があるか、これらを全て総合した結果生まれたのが国宝級イケメンランキングなのだろう。

勿論、このランキングに入ることができるのは非常に素晴らしいことだと思っている。熱量のあるファンが多いことも、話題性が強いことも芸能人にとっては素晴らしいことだ。しかし同時にこのランキングに入るか入らないか順位が高いかいかあなた推し容姿が認められたか認められていないかを考えるのはナンセンスだと思うし、あなた推しよりも上位の人の方が容姿が上であると決めつけられたわけではない。

ランキングにかこつけて容姿批判をするオタクが目に余った、ただそれだけです。

2020-05-10

Shouldn't "whites" be correctly discriminated against in corona?

Shouldn't "white people" be correctly discriminated against in corona?

-

Discrimination and persecution related to coronaviruses is now widespread worldwide.

There is a concrete and wide-ranging summary of the situation.

―――

"List of Incidents of Foreign Fear and Racism Related to the COVID-19 Pandemic"

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_incidents_of_xenophobia_and_racism_related_to_the_COVID-19_pandemic

―――

That is the English version of Wikipedia article.

With Google Chrome, right-click → Translate to Japanese, but the translation is a bit rough, but anyone can read it in Japanese.

The contents are like this.

―――

>> In France, after the new coronavirus was confirmed on January 24, 2020, a lot of harassment and discrimination against Asians occurred [41]. It is aimed at Asians such as Chinese, Korean, Japanese, Vietnamese, Filipino [42], and taxis and trains that refuse to board Chinese, Korean, Japanese have appeared [41] [43] ].

>> French newspaper Le Courrier Picard featured an Asian woman in a mask on the top page on January 26, 2020 with the heading "Yellow Alert".

>> On March 8, 2020, a Japanese restaurant in Rivoli, Turin, Piedmont, was targeted for arson by a teenager who teased his owner and called him an epidemic carrier. [191]

―――

Not limited to the above, Wuhan and Africans in China, Chinese and infected people in Japan.

Discrimination, whether in the United States, Egypt, Africa or anywhere in the world, exists at all.

In a sense, it's almost equal. Under extreme circumstances, it is not uncommon for "weak" people to be able to keep themselves without creating enemies.

-

However, what I want to say is not a used phrase such as "Let's live kindly with philanthropy."

There is no objection to it. If the world can eliminate discrimination and prejudice, I naturally want it.

But what I felt was a big question before that. It can be called academic interest.

-

Chinese discriminate against Wuhan natives, Japanese discriminate against Chinese, and Europeans discriminate against Asians.

I see, there is a reason to that, considering the spread of coronavirus infection. "From what you see, what's dangerous is that area".

Roughly, it may be the result of thinking about "weak" people.

-

But here's the strange thing. Asians, Africans, yellows and blacks, they are discriminated against in many places around the world.

Frankly speaking, it's safe to say that blacks have little to do with the coronavirus. It's just that the original sense of discrimination has surfaced.

These ethnic groups and regions are equally discriminated against. It is a sense of discrimination that is based on fear but is incorrect but makes sense.

-

However. Then why isn't "white people" discriminated against?

-

From April to May, the coronavirus showed an explosive spread in the West.

In the ranking of the number of infected people in the world, the United States is alone, with 1.34 million people, accounting for more than a quarter of the total infected people of 402 million people as of May 10.

After the second place, Spain, Italy, the United Kingdom, Russia, Germany, Brazil and France are followed, and each has more than 100,000 domestic cases.

Excluding Brazil, everything from 2nd to 7th is Europe. The word "Western Europe" is clearly the most dangerous coronavirus-contaminated area / infectious zone in the world.

-

However. Strangely enough, there is little talk that "white people, Europeans, and Americans are discriminated against in the world."

Of course it is not zero, but while looking for one "white discrimination", it is possible to find "Asian discrimination", "Black discrimination" and "Yellow discrimination".

It is said that what is currently expanding in the world is not the first wave from China, but the second wave from Europe, which is the pandemic.

-

With this, it is still understandable that the "white man" continues to do the right thing cleanly and correctly and has succeeded in corona countermeasures.

However, white people have continued to discriminate among Asians since the beginning of the spread.

In January and February, it was not uncommon to hear that Asians were already walking around in the country, calling them "Corona Corona."

By all means, white people are the incarnation of evil. It's not a good thing.

-

Regardless of the early stages of the epidemic, now that the "hotbed of corona infection" has moved there, it should be possible for white people to hate it.

Otherwise, it cannot be called "equal discrimination". As a result, it is wrong.

-

-

If you think about the reason here, after all, "targets are races / objects that originally had hostility",

The hypothesis may be that "there are restrictions on mobility and there are white Asian societies, but few non-white societies are white."

It must be interesting to study the area academically.

-

However, historically, I've seen that "white people" crusade various places with the Crusades and do all they can to the contrary.

I think that the trilingual diplomacy of Britain has created the situation in the Middle East, where terrorism is frequent nowadays, and has repeatedly carried out wrongdoing by repeatedly discriminating against blacks, Indians, and yellow races.

So, isn't it right here to try to discriminate against white people correctly?

-

Non-white society is a little too kind to "white people".

It was around this time today when I was thinking about that.

2020-04-15

GitHub無料枠拡大?

We introduced a few changes to make all of the core GitHub features free for everyone. Private repositories with unlimited collaborators are now available for all GitHub accounts.

The details

We introduced a new GitHub Free plan for teams with unlimited collaborators in private repositories, 2,000 GitHub Actions minutes/month, and GitHub Community Support.

You now have unlimited collaborators in private repositories as part of your GitHub Free plan.

Actions minutes and Packages storage will continue to be free for all public repositories.

"Actions minutes"ってのが分からない。とにもかくにも訳すと

GitHubのコア機能をすべて無料で利用できるように、いくつかの変更を加えました。 無制限の協力者がいるプライベートリポジトリが、すべてのGitHubアカウントで利用できるようになりました。

詳細

プライベートリポジトリに無制限の協力者がいるチーム向けの新しいGitHub Freeプラン、2,000 GitHubアクション分/月、およびGitHubコミュニティサポートを導入しました。

GitHub Freeプランの一部として、プライベートリポジトリに無制限の共同作業者がいます

Actions minutesとPackages storageは、すべてのパブリックリポジトリで引き続き無料です。

プライベートなのに無制限の協力者?!本当かしら?関係者みんなインバイトできるよ!一年生になったら友達100人できるかなレベルだな

😍

「遅れておりすみません作業の現状についてはプライベートリモートリポジトリアクセスの上把握ください。push大歓迎(いっそのことそちらで完成させちゃって)です」ってけつまくれるね

2020-04-14

新型コロナウイルス医師 Sandro Giannini の発見から見えた希望の光(英訳

こちらの記事英訳です。

Coronavirus: speranze dalla scoperta di Sandro Giannini, 10 Aprile, 2020

https://buongiornonews.it/coronavirus-una-speranza-dalla-scoperta-del-prof-giannini/

1) 英訳Google translate を利用させて頂きました)

Coronavirus: hopes from the discovery of Sandro Giannini

10 April, 2020

Bologna - From social media comes good news about the Coronavirus, perhaps decisive, which has scientific foundations and is disseminated by an authoritative doctor from Rizzoli of Bologna, Sandro Giannini. His is a highly qualified curriculum: Full Professor of Orthopedics and Traumatology and of Physical Medicine at the University of Bologna since 1989, director of Clinic I at the Rizzoli Orthopedic Institute and of the Gait Analysis Laboratory, partner in European projects and in national and international research programs, author of more than 600 presentations at national and international conferences and more than 400 articles in Science Citation Index journals. His message gives great hope. Let's read:

“I don't want to seem overwhelming to you, but I think I've demonstrated the cause of coronavirus lethality. Only at Blessed Matthew are there 2 cardiologists who turn over 150 beds to do echocardium with enormous effort and one is me. Terrible fatigue! However, of what some supposed, but could not be sure, we now have the first data. People go to resuscitation for generalized venous thromboembolism, especially pulmonary. If this were the case, resuscitations and intubations are of no use because first of all you have to dissolve, indeed prevent these thromboembolisms. If you ventilate a lung where blood does not reach, it is not needed! In fact 9 out of 10 die. Because the problem is cardiovascular, not respiratory! It is venous microthrombosis, not pneumonia that determines fatality!

And why are thrombi formed? Because inflammation, as per school text, induces thrombosis through a complex but well-known pathophysiological mechanism. Then? Contrary to what scientific literature, especially Chinese, said until mid-March, it was that anti-inflammatories should not be used. Now in Italy anti-inflammatories and antibiotics are used (as in the influences) and the number of inpatients collapses. Many deaths, even 40 years old, had a history of high fever for 10-15 days that was not treated properly. Here inflammation has destroyed everything and prepared the ground for thrombi formation. Because the main problem is not the virus, but the immune reaction that destroys the cells where the virus enters. In fact, our COVID departments have never entered patients with rheumatoid arthritis! Because they make cortisone, a powerful anti-inflammatory!

Therefore, hospitalizations in Italy are decreasing and it is becoming a disease that is treated at home. By taking care of it well at home, you avoid not only hospitalization, but also the thrombotic risk. It was not easy to understand it because the signs of microembolism have faded, even at the echocardium. But this weekend I compared the data of the first 50 patients between those who breathe badly and those who don't and the situation appeared very clear. For me you can go back to playing and reopen the business. Quarantine street. Not now. But time to publish this data. Vaccine can arrive calmly. In America and other states that follow the scientific literature that calls for NOT to use anti-inflammatories is a disaster! Worse than in Italy. And they are old and cheap drugs. " (Associated Medias - Red / Giut)

———

2) 原文:イタリア語

Coronavirus: speranze dalla scoperta di Sandro Giannini

10 Aprile, 2020

Bologna – Dai social arriva una buona notizia sul Coronavirus, forse risolutiva, che ha fondamenta scientifiche ed è diffusa da un medico autorevole del Rizzoli di Bologna, Sandro Giannini. Il suo è un curriculum molto qualificato: Professore ordinario di Ortopedia e Traumatologia e di Medicina Fisica presso l’Universidi Bologna dal 1989, direttore della Clinica I presso l’Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli e del Laboratorio di Gait Analysis, partner in progetti europei e in programmi di ricerca nazionali e internazionali, autore di più di 600 presentazioni a congressi nazionali ed internazionali e più di 400 articoli in riviste Science Citation Index. Il suo messaggio dà grande speranza. Leggiamolo:

“Non vorrei sembrarvi eccessivo ma credo di aver dimostrato la causa della letalità del coronavirus. Solo al Beato Matteo ci sono 2 cardiologi che girano su 150 letti a fare ecocardio con enorme fatica e uno sono io. Fatica terribile! Però, di quello che alcuni supponevano, ma non ne riuscivano a essere sicuri, ora abbiamo i primi dati. La gente va in rianimazione per tromboembolia venosa generalizzata, soprattutto polmonare. Se così fosse, non servono a niente le rianimazioni e le intubazioni perché innanzitutto devi sciogliere, anzi prevenire queste tromboembolie. Se ventili un polmone dove il sangue non arriva, non serve! Infatti muoiono 9 su 10. Perche il problema è cardiovascolare, non respiratorio! Sono le microtrombosi venose, non la polmonite a determinare la fatalità!

E perché si formano trombi? Perche l’infiammazione come da testo scolastico, induce trombosi attraverso un meccanismo fisiopatologico complesso ma ben noto. Allora? Contrariamente a quello che la letteratura scientifica, soprattutto cinese, diceva fino a metà marzo era che non bisognava usare antinfiammatori. Ora in Italia si usano antinfiammatori e antibiotici (come nelle influenze) e il numero dei ricoverati crolla. Molti morti, anche di 40 anni, avevano una storia di febbre alta per 10-15 giorni non curata adeguatamente. Qui l’infiammazione ha distrutto tutto e preparato il terreno alla formazione dei trombi.  Perche il problema principale non è il virus, ma la reazione immunitaria che distrugge le cellule dove il virus entra. Infatti nei nostri reparti COVID non sono mai entrati malati di artrite reumatoide! Perche fanno il cortisone, un potente antinfiammatorio!

Pertanto, in Italia ospedalizzazioni si riducono e sta diventando una malattia che si cura a casa. Curandola bene a casa eviti non solo ospedalizzazione, ma anche il rischio trombotico.  Non era facile capirlo perché i segni della microembolia sono sfumati, anche all’ecocardio. Ma questo week end ho confrontato i dati dei primi 50 pazienti tra chi respira male e chi no e la situazione è apparsa molto chiara. Per me si può tornare a giocare e riaprire l’attività commerciali. Via quarantena. Non subito. Ma il tempo di pubblicare questi dati. Vaccino può arrivare con calma. In America e altri stati che seguono la letteratura scientifica che invita a NON usare antinfiammatori e’ un disastro! Peggio che in Italia. E sono farmaci vecchi e che costano pochi euro.”

(Associated MediasRed/Giut)

———

3) 追記

これ↓はどうも違う、ということのようです。

FDAが、COVID-19への非ステロイド性抗炎症薬(NSAIDs)使用について助言, 2020年4月1日

https://www.cancerit.jp/65020.html

2020-04-07

SkypeのMeet Nowは金にならないユーザーをTeamsから遠ざける策

リモートワークのためにO365の無償ユーザーを無策で受け入れ続けると金払いのいい客が割を食うけど

受け入れ拒否するわけにもいかない。

から、Meet Nowで利用開始のハードルを下げるというメリット提供して金払いの悪いユーザーをそっちにオフロード

金払いのいい客の利便性を守りつつ企業ブランドの向上も果たせる。

最近MSホントに威勢の良かったころのGoogle猿真似が上手いな。

案外、人材がそのままスライドしてんのかもな。

2020-04-06

the Korean peninsula possible, while another connection, via what are now the Sōya and Tsugaru

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042563674--Солдатки-4-серия-01-04-2020-качество-HD-от-1-апреля-

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042771633--Колл-центр-8-серия-01-04-2020-качество-HD-от-1-апреля-

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042774993-01-04-2020-Паромщица-9-серия-хорошее-качество-смотреть-

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042765593--Место-под-солнцем-34-серия-01-04-2020-смотреть-онлайн-в-хорошем-качестве-

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042773593-01-04-2020-Три-капитана-9-серия-качество-HD-от-1-апреля-

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042566054--Патриот-16-серия-01-04-2020-все-серии-сезона-от-1-апреля-

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042770553--Солдатки-3-серия-01-04-2020-в-хорошем-качестве-

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042770653--Ничто-не-случается-дважды-2-сезон-5-серия-01-04-2020-хорошее-качество-смотреть-

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042565774--Ничто-не-случается-дважды-2-сезон-7-серия-01-04-2020-качество-HD-

the Korean peninsula possible, while another connection, via what are now the Sōya and Tsugaru

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042776613-01-04-2020-Паромщица-9-серия-смотреть-онлайн-в-хорошем-качестве-от-1-апреля

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042559814--Заступники-7-серия-01-04-2020-онлайн-сериал-смотреть-

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042566834-01-04-2020-Патриот-15-серия-смотреть-онлайн-в-хорошем-качестве-

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042776713--Паромщица-9-серия-01-04-2020-качество-HD-

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042564374-01-04-2020-Корни-21-серия-в-хорошем-качестве-от-1-апреля

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042566634--257-причин-чтобы-жить-3-серия-01-04-2020-смотреть-бесплатно-в-хорошем-качестве-от-1-апреля-

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042568614-01-04-2020-Паромщица-5-серия-смотреть-бесплатно-в-хорошем-качестве-

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042559674-01-04-2020-Доктор-Вера-21-серия-смотреть-в-хорошем-качестве-от-1-апреля-

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042772193-01-04-2020-Последний-герой-Зрители-против-звезд-2-сезон-9-серия-смотреть-в-хорошем-качестве-

the Korean peninsula possible, while another connection, via what are now the Sōya and Tsugaru

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042776333--Паромщица-7-серия-01-04-2020-качество-HD-от-1-апреля-

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042764773-01-04-2020-Доктор-Вера-23-серия-хорошее-качество-смотреть-от-1-апреля

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042569934-01-04-2020-Паромщица-5-серия-смотреть-онлайн-в-хорошем-качестве-

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042777833-01-04-2020-Ничто-не-случается-дважды-2-сезон-5-серия-хорошее-качество-смотреть-от-1-апреля-

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042772753-01-04-2020-Корни-21-серия-смотреть-в-хорошем-качестве-от-1-апреля-

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042770493-01-04-2020-Колл-центр-7-серия-смотреть-в-хорошем-качестве-от-1-апреля

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042571134-01-04-2020-Паромщица-3-серия-хорошее-качество-смотреть-от-1-апреля-

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042564334--Паромщица-5-серия-01-04-2020-хорошее-качество-смотреть-

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042562074-01-04-2020-Доктор-Вера-21-серия-смотреть-в-хорошем-качестве-от-1-апреля

2020-03-30

As the coronavirus—the infection that causes the illness COVID-19—has quickly spread across the world, global industries have struggled to adjust as businesses shut down and international travel slows to a trickle. Airlines are in free fall, cruise lines have suspended operation and retailers are closing stores, while ad agencies are now working remotely.

https://rufilms.zendesk.com/hc/ru/articles/360007157278

https://rufilms.zendesk.com/hc/ua/articles/360007157278

2020-03-29

As the coronavirus—the infection that causes the illness COVID-19—has quickly spread across the world, global industries have struggled to adjust as businesses shut down and international travel slows to a trickle. Airlines are in free fall, cruise lines have suspended operation and retailers are closing stores, while ad agencies are now working remotely.

https://www.pinterest.com/pin/592082682250706920

https://nl.pinterest.com/pin/592082682250706920

https://www.pinterest.ru/pin/592082682250706920

https://www.pinterest.ch/pin/592082682250706920

2020-03-28

anond:20200328210157 anond:20200328205615

物も人も動かんしどうにもならんやで

家賃に対しては差押えとか待ってとかニューク市が出しとるよ


What if I Can’t Pay My Rent Now?

https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.nytimes.com/article/rent-payment-coronavirus.amp.html

2020-03-27

楽園こちら側」の「事実に誠意を」をほぼdeepLで翻訳してみた その2

その1https://anond.hatelabo.jp/20200327214055

12 Dr. Hiroshi Nishiura is one of the few professionals of mathematical models of infectious diseases in Japan, and it is well known that his ability is outstanding. However, many people don't understand mathematical models themselves (I must confess that I can't say that I understand all of the findings because I'm not a professional of mathematical models either), so his findings and comments are easily deified. Because the contents of the mathematical model are a complete black box to many people, it makes it seem like the oracle is coming out like a shrine's oracle. Much of Japan's infection control policy relies on the Nishiura theory. So there is nothing wrong with that, but one of the problems in Japan is that there is no plan B in case plan A goes bust. Dr. Nishiura is an excellent scholar. It is not God. Hence the need to have that Plan B with the possibility of making a mistake. I am greatly concerned that bureaucrats and politicians who are prone to infallibilism will mistake science for an oracle. It is only when falsifiability is assured that science can continue to be scientific.

感想おみくじ神託が同じoracleだったので変な文章になったが直していない。

13 数理モデル演繹法活用産物である演繹法帰納法アブダクションで補完するのが、学問の基本であり、臨床医学常識である演繹法的にどんなに正しく見えても実はそれは違っていた、ということはこの業界ではよくあることなのだ。ヘーゲルマルクスのような巨大な知性でも演繹法オンリーでは間違うのである

Mathematical models are the product of deductive methods. The deductive method is complemented by the inductive or abduction method, which is the basis of scholarship and the common sense of clinical medicine. It's a common occurrence in this industry that no matter how deducibly correct it may seem, it's actually not true. Even a huge intellect like Hegel or Marx can make a mistake by deduction alone.

感想:「蓋を開けてみれば」を「実はそれは」に変更した。

14 モデルを使うな、といっているのでは決してない。ぼく自身モデルを用いて論文を書く。しかし、モデル無謬ではなく、そこには前提である仮定があり、仮定はしばしば間違っている。グラム染色活用するとは、グラム染色にできないこと、分からないことを知悉していることであり、グラム染色万能論者にグラム染色は使えない。同じことだ。英国でも数理モデル活用されているが、だからこそ英国人はその結語には非常に懐疑的で、常に反論異論が起きている。健全科学的な態度である

 I'm not saying don't use the model at all. I myself write a paper using a model. However, the model is not infallible, there are assumptions that are assumptions, and the assumptions are often wrong. Making use of Gram's stain means having full knowledge of what Gram's stain cannot do and does not understand, and Gram's stain cannot be used by Gram's stain universalists. It's the same thing. Mathematical models are also utilized in the UK, which is why Brits are very sceptical of their conclusions, and there are always counter-arguments and objections. It is a sound and scientific attitude.

感想:「前提たる仮定」がうまく訳せていなかったので「前提である仮定」にしたが、assumptions that are assumptionsになってしまった。

英国人は」がないと主語がIになってしまったので追加した。しかBritsじゃ意味違うよ。もっと正しく訳してくれない?

15 Japan's "now" is a well-controlled state of infection, which is much better than Wuhan at its worst, or Italy, Spain, France, England, or New York at the present time. The problem is that it doesn't guarantee that it will "always work".

感想特にない。便利だなあ。

16 懸念されるのは東京だ。感染報告が増えたことだけが問題なのではない。クラスター形成できない、トレースできない感染者が増えているのが問題である。そして、その陽性患者数に比べて検査数がずっと少ない。47人の感染者を捕捉するために100人未満(陽性者の検査日が不明だが、おそらくこのへんだろう)しか検査していないのは少なすぎる。

It is Tokyo that is of concern. The increase in reports of infection is not the only problem. The problem is that more and more infected people are unable to form clusters and cannot be traced. And the number of tests is much lower than that number of positive cases; it's too little that they only tested less than 100 people (the date of testing for the positives is unknown, but it's probably around here) to capture 47 infected people.

Again, it's not necessary to figure out all the infected people. However, it is troubling that the flow of infection, movement and clusters are out of sight. Therefore, the threshold for testing must be lowered in Tokyo. The threshold for testing varies with the circumstances. That's what I explained with the Korean example. Sticking to the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare's "standards" will lead to a misunderstanding of the phenomenon itself. Already in the Kansai region, infected people have been found with taste and smell abnormalities, and clusters have been detected from there. I would like to make more use of the athletic sensibilities of these clinicians. I'm not sure "where" in Tokyo is the barrier to lowering the number of inspections, but that barrier needs to be removed immediately.

感想:「捕捉するのに」を「捕捉するために」に変更した。多分これでいいと思う。思いたい。

アスチュートathleticになっているのはどう反応したらいいかからない。

17 This conceptual diagram that everyone is looking at - lowering the peak of the infection and shifting it to the side. This is all a product of deduction, and I don't know if it's really true. As mentioned above, the UK estimates already suggest that this is not enough. It is possible that the damage that was shifted to the side could simply be "extra-long damage".

感想特に言うことはない。便利だなあ。

18  そして、ここが肝心なのだが、ピークを下げるという理念が、「ピークを下げなければいけない」という観念になり、「ピークは下がっているはずだ」という確信になり、「ピークは起きていないんだ」という自己暗示に転じてはいけないということだ。プランAに固執する日本あるあるの失敗のパターンで、ダイヤモンドプリンセスでは「二次感染が起きてはいけない」が「起きているはずがない」に転じてノーガード下船を許してしまった。「ピークが起きてはいけない」が「ピークなんて見たくない」にならないように現実を見据える必要がある。たとえ、それが我々の見たくない不都合な真実であったとしても。

And this is the key point: the idea of lowering the peak should not become the notion that the peak must be lowered, or the belief that the peak must be lowered, or the self-implication that the peak is not happening. In a pattern of Japanese failure to stick to Plan A, Diamond Princess allowed no-guard disembarkation by changing "secondary infection should not occur" to "it can't have happened". We need to keep our eyes on reality so that "peak shouldn't happen" doesn't become "I don't want to see a peak. Even if it is an inconvenient truth that we don't want to see.

感想:mustが違う文脈で二回出てきている。よくわかるように変更したいものだ。

カギカッコがないとうまく訳せなかったので追加しているが、なぜかカッコ閉じるがいくつか抜けている。この箇所以外にも抜けがある。

19 Repeatedly. It's common knowledge in this industry that deductive methods are complemented by inductive methods. Nevertheless, PCR is often false-negative and has little power to determine the status of infection. That's why "testing everything" is so wrong. However, a serum test measuring immunoglobulin IgM and IgG would provide a more accurate picture of the "status of infection in the population. This, however, is not infallible. It is difficult to use for individual cases because it misses early infection, which is why it misses early HIV infection.Whether antibody testing is useful in individual cases remains to be tested, but it is well suited for epidemiological studies on a population basis. Roughly speaking, we can confirm whether the "infection is rampant" in Tokyo right now, or whether it's just an unfounded fear.

前例としては、ロンドンの血清検査で09年パンデミックインフルエンザが従来予測10倍起きていたことが血清検査でわかっている。抗体検査アウトブレイクのあとで事後的に行うことが多いが、慢性的パンデミックになりつつあるCOVID-19については、「今」こそが検証ポイントといって良い。

As a precedent, serology tests in London showed that the 2009 pandemic flu was 10 times more likely than previously predicted. Antibody testing is often performed after an outbreak, but now is a good time to examine COVID-19, which is becoming a chronic pandemic.

感想:「前例はあって」を「前例としては」に変えた。「前例はある。なおかつロンドンで〜10倍起きていた」になってしまたからだ。

20 英国さらアグレッシブだ。家庭で抗体検査を行い、「感染である」とわかればそれを自宅での自己隔離根拠に使おうというのだ。ロックダウンが起きている中で、検査陰性は「自己隔離不要」を意味しないため、その戦略に欠陥はある。が、考え方としては「感染全体を抑え込みたい」というもので、検討価値はあると思う。

The UK is even more aggressive. The idea is to test for antibodies at home, and if they are found to be infected, they will use it as a basis for self-isolation at home. That strategy is flawed because with the lockdown in place, a negative test does not mean "no self-sequestration". However, the idea is that we want to control the infection as a whole, and I think it is worth considering.

感想:「戦略に穴はある」を「戦略に欠陥はある」に変えた。

21 東京でどのくらいの感染が起きているか帰納法確認必要であり、有用だ。その結果がどうなるかは預言者ではないぼくには分からない。が、どんな結果が出てきても、それを受け入れ、場合によっては自説を変えて、プランBに移行することにも躊躇しない態度が科学者には必要だ。科学者は、首尾一貫していないことにかけて、首尾一貫していなければならないのだ。形式においては首尾一貫していなくても、プリンシプルプロフェッショナリズムにおいて一貫しなければならないのだ。事実に誠意を。 

Inductive legal confirmation of how many infections are occurring in Tokyo is necessary and useful. I'm not a prophet, so I don't know what the outcome will be.However, no matter what the outcome, scientists need to accept it and not hesitate to change their thesis and move on to Plan B in some cases. Scientists have to be coherent in their inconsistencies.They may not be coherent in form, but they must be coherent in principles and professionalism. Good faith in the facts. 

感想:首尾一貫という言葉を使いすぎて文章をアホっぽくしてしまったが他にいい方法が思いつかない。朝三暮四理解してくれなかった。「自説を曲げ」は「自説を変えて」に変更した。

文章はもう少し整形できると思うがとりあえずこれで。

岩田健太郎先生とDeepLに敬意を。

2020-03-25

of the US premiere (including HBO Go).[185] In 2015, the fifth season was simulcast to 170 countries and to HBO Now users.[171] On April 11, the day before the season premiere, screener copies of the first four episodes of the fifth season leaked to a number of file-sharing websites.[186] Within a day of the leak, the files were downloaded over 800,000 times;[187] in one week the illegal downloads reached 32 million, with the season-five premiere alone ("The Wars to Come") pirated 13 mill

https://oomnitza.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360041964194--Жизнь-после-жизни-10-серия-26-03-2020-онлайн-сериал-смотреть-

https://oomnitza.zendesk.com/hc/tam/community/posts/360041952454-26-03-2020-Корни-13-серия-стс-в-хорошем-качестве-

https://oomnitza.zendesk.com/hc/tut/community/posts/360041953694--Холостяк-7-сезон-5-серия-тнт-26-03-2020-в-хорошем-качестве-от-26-марта-

https://oomnitza.zendesk.com/hc/tam/community/posts/360042129513--Доктор-Вера-15-серия-26-03-2020-качество-HD-

https://oomnitza.zendesk.com/hc/tam/community/posts/360042134313-26-03-2020-Место-под-солнцем-27-серия-в-хорошем-качестве-

https://oomnitza.zendesk.com/hc/tam/community/posts/360041964034--В-шаге-от-рая-13-серия-Россия-1-26-03-2020-в-хорошем-качестве-

https://oomnitza.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360041964954-26-03-2020-Заступники-5-серия-смотреть-качество-HD-от-26-марта

https://oomnitza.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360041952954--Патриот-11-серия-канал-ТНТ-26-03-2020-в-хорошем-качестве-

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For "combating piracy", HBO said in 2013 that it intended to make its content more widely available within a week of the US premiere (including HBO Go).[185] In 2015, the fifth season was simulcast to 170 countries and to HBO Now users.[171] On April 11, the day before the season premiere

https://oomnitza.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042133093--Любовь-на-выживание-9-серия-канал-пятница-26-03-2020-смотреть-в-хорошем-качестве-

https://oomnitza.zendesk.com/hc/tut/community/posts/360041971834--В-шаге-от-рая-15-серия-Россия-1-26-03-2020-смотреть-онлайн-в-хорошем-качестве-от-26-марта-

https://oomnitza.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042146433--Отражение-радуги-13-серия-26-03-2020-смотреть-качество-HD-от-26-марта-

https://oomnitza.zendesk.com/hc/tam/community/posts/360042134653--Доктор-Вера-13-серия-26-03-2020-смотреть-в-хорошем-качестве-

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https://oomnitza.zendesk.com/hc/tam/community/posts/360041963734-26-03-2020-Доктор-Вера-17-серия-смотреть-качество-HD-от-26-марта

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https://oomnitza.zendesk.com/hc/tut/community/posts/360042128133-26-03-2020-Отречение-23-серия-украина-хорошее-качество-смотреть-от-26-марта-

https://oomnitza.zendesk.com/hc/tam/community/posts/360041963194--Патриот-13-серия-Тнт-26-03-2020-последние-серии-смотреть-от-26-марта-

2020-03-23

anond:20191220073648

I am currently working at a factory in a department where I work day shift and night shift. My workplace is in the countryside, where the nearest station is a station where only regular trains stop, and I live in a cheap apartment near a station where only regular trains stop. If I work the night shift, I have to wait for the train for 30 minutes no matter when it ends.

I once hated these 30 minutes.

Factory work is boring. It just repeats the same process. The only way I can cope with boredom is to think while working, or to take advantage of the noisy environment and sing at a decent volume. I didn't want to spend 30 minutes of idle time after such boredom was over, I wanted to go home early, eat, drink and go to bed, and I had no other feelings.

About this time last year, I started writing down things I'd been thinking about in my workday when I was bored, as a 30-minute reprieve from boredom. I am not a smart man, as many factory workers probably are. The longest I've ever written is perhaps a two-page, one-line book report.I struggled to come up with the best way to express myself while I was on shift, and I wrote it down while smoking a cigarette in the smoking area near the station. I can write about 1,000 or 2,000 words, more than three times the length of two pages and one line, without any difficulty.

Thus, I started to use these 30 minutes only for writing. Since then, I've spent my days finding something to write about for those 30 minutes, figuring out how to write it during my shift, and actually writing it while waiting the train.

I got a glimpse of the joy of writing freely, writing words that no one else will ever know.

And now, for the first time, I'm writing with the intention of getting others to read it.

On the first day of December, it was decided that I would be reassigned to a department that did not have a night shift, starting in April. It's a full-time day job that I've been waiting for for the last year, but after April I might be away from writing. When I thought about this, I felt the urge to have someone else read my writing.

I started this writing on December 2, 9 night shifts = 4.5 hours, so far about 800 words. Oddly enough, it's close to two pages and one line. The moment I want someone to read my writing, I find it very difficult to write. However, I'm proud to say that this text makes a lot more sense than the two pages and one line I once wrote, and above all, I was never bored while writing it.

I wonder if I will still be writing since April. We won't know that until the time is right. However, I will say this.

I now love to wait 30 minutes for the train after my night shift.

anond:20191220073648

I am currently working at a factory in a department where I work day shift and night shift. My workplace is in the countryside, where the nearest station is a station where only regular trains stop, and I live in a cheap apartment near a station where only regular trains stop. If I work the night shift, I have to wait for the train for 30 minutes no matter when it ends.

I once hated these 30 minutes.

Factory work is boring. It just repeats the same process. The only way I can cope with boredom is to think while working, or to take advantage of the noisy environment and sing at a decent volume. I didn't want to spend 30 minutes of idle time after such boredom was over, I wanted to go home early, eat, drink and go to bed, and I had no other feelings.

About this time last year, I started writing down things I'd been thinking about in my workday when I was bored, as a 30-minute reprieve from boredom. I am not a smart man, as many factory workers probably are. The longest I've ever written is perhaps a two-page, one-line book report.I struggled to come up with the best way to express myself while I was on shift, and I wrote it down while smoking a cigarette in the smoking area near the station. I can write about 1,000 or 2,000 words, more than three times the length of two pages and one line, without any difficulty.

Thus, I started to use these 30 minutes only for writing. Since then, I've spent my days finding something to write about for those 30 minutes, figuring out how to write it during my shift, and actually writing it while waiting the train.

I got a glimpse of the joy of writing freely, writing words that no one else will ever know.

And now, for the first time, I'm writing with the intention of getting others to read it.

On the first day of December, it was decided that I would be reassigned to a department that did not have a night shift, starting in April. It's a full-time day job that I've been waiting for for the last year, but after April I might be away from writing. When I thought about this, I felt the urge to have someone else read my writing.

I started this writing on December 2, 9 night shifts = 4.5 hours, so far about 800 words. Oddly enough, it's close to two pages and one line. The moment I want someone to read my writing, I find it very difficult to write. However, I'm proud to say that this text makes a lot more sense than the two pages and one line I once wrote, and above all, I was never bored while writing it.

I wonder if I will still be writing since April. We won't know that until the time is right. However, I will say this.

I now love to wait 30 minutes for the train after my night shift.

2020-03-17

テド爺のあいさつ

https://www.who.int/dg/speeches/detail/who-director-general-s-opening-remarks-at-the-media-briefing-on-covid-19---16-march-2020

COVID-19-2020年3月16日に関するメディアブリーフィングでのWHO事務局長の開会挨拶

2020年3月16日

みなさんこんにちは

過去1週間で、COVID-19のケースが急速にエスカレートしました。

現在中国よりも他の地域で多くの症例と死亡が報告されています

また、学校を閉鎖したり、スポーツイベントやその他の集会キャンセルしたりするなど、社会的距離の測定が急速に拡大していることも確認しています

しかし、テスト隔離、および連絡先の追跡における緊急の十分なエスカレーション確認されていません。これは、応答のバックボーンです。

社会的距離測定は、伝播を減らし、医療システム対処できるようにするのに役立ちます

ひじに手を洗って咳をすることで、あなた自身や他の人のリスクを減らすことができます

しかし、彼らだけでは、このパンデミックを消すのに十分ではありません。違いを生むのは組み合わせです。

私が言い続けているように、すべての国は包括的アプローチをとらなければなりません。

しかし、感染を防ぎ、命を救う最も効果的な方法は、感染連鎖を断ち切ることです。そして、それを行うには、テストして分離する必要があります

目隠しされた火と戦うことはできません。そして、誰が感染しているかからなければ、このパンデミックを止めることはできません。

テストテストテスト:すべての国に簡単メッセージがあります

疑わしいすべてのケースをテストします。

検査結果が陽性の場合、それらを隔離し、症状が発現する2日前までに密接に接触していた人を見つけ、それらの人も検査します。[注:WHOは、COVID-19の症状を示す場合にのみ、確認されたケースの連絡先をテストすることを推奨しています]

毎日世界的な需要を満たすために、より多くのテスト作成されています

WHOは120か国にほぼ150万のテストを出荷しています私たち企業と協力して、最も困っている人のためにテストの可用性を高めています

WHOは、感染を予防し、適切なケア提供するために、確認されたすべての症例は、軽度の症例であっても、医療施設隔離されるべきだと助言しています

しかし、多くの国がすでに専用の医療施設で軽度の症例ケアする能力を超えていることを認識しています

そのような状況では、国々は高齢患者と基礎疾患のある患者を優先すべきです。

いくつかの国では、スタジアムジム使用して軽度の症例ケアし、重症で重大な症例病院ケアすることで能力を拡大しています

別の選択肢は、軽度の病気患者を自宅で隔離して世話をすることです。

感染した人を自宅でケアすることは、他の人を同じ家庭に危険さら可能性があります。そのため、できる限り安全ケア提供する方法について、介護者がWHOガイダンスに従うことが重要です。

たとえば、患者介護者の両方が同じ部屋にいるときは、医療マスクを着用する必要があります

患者は、他の人とは別の寝室で寝て、別の浴室を使用する必要があります

一人の患者理想的には健康で基礎疾患のない人をケア​​する人を割り当てます

介護者は、患者またはその身近な環境に触れた後、手を洗う必要があります

COVID-19に感染した人は、気分が悪くなった後でも他の人に感染する可能性があるため、これらの対策は症状が消えてから少なくとも2週間は継続する必要があります

訪問者は、この期間の終わりまで許可されません。

WHOガイダンスには詳細があります

===

繰り返しますが、重要メッセージは、テストテストテストです。

これは深刻な病気です。私たちが持っている証拠は、60歳以上の人が最も危険さらされていることを示唆していますが、子供を含む若者は死にました。

WHOは、子供高齢者、妊婦ケア方法に関する具体的な詳細を含む新しい臨床ガイダンスを発行しました。

これまでのところ、先進的な医療システムを備えた国で流行が見られました。しかし、彼らも対処するのに苦労しています

ウイルス低所得国に移動するにつれて、HIV感染率の高い人口栄養失調の子供たちにウイルスが与える影響について深く懸念しています

からこそ、私たちはすべての国とすべての人に、感染を止めるためにできる限りのことをするよう呼びかけています

手を洗うことは、感染リスクを減らすのに役立ちますしかし、それは連帯行為でもあります。なぜなら、あなたコミュニティ世界中の人々に感染するリスクを減らすからです。自分のために、他の人のために。

また、医薬品などの不可欠なアイテムを買いだめすることを控えることにより、連帯表現するよう人々に求めます

買いだめは薬や他の必須製品の不足を引き起こし苦痛悪化させる可能性があります

COVID-19連帯対応基金に貢献したすべての人に感謝します。

金曜日ローンチして以来、110,000人を超える人々が約1,900万米ドル寄付しました。

これらの資金は、診断テスト医療従事者向けの消耗品の購入、研究開発の支援に役立ちます

貢献したい場合は、who.intにアクセスして、ページ上部のオレンジ色の「寄付ボタンクリックしてください。

また、社会のさまざまな部門が集まっていることにも感謝しています

これはSafeHands Challengeからまりました。このチャレンジは、有名人世界リーダー、そしてあらゆる場所で手を洗う方法を示す人々を魅了しました。

今日の午後、WHOと国際商工会議所は、グローバルなビジネスコミュニティに共同で行動を呼びかけました。ICCは、従業員顧客地域社会保護し、不可欠な物資生産流通サポートするために、4500万を超える企業ネットワークに定期的なアドバイス送信します。

ポールルマンアジャイバンガ、ジョンデントンのサポートコラボレーション感謝します。

また、WHOはGlobal Citizenと協力して、世界中の主要なミュージシャンとの一連のバーチャルコンサートであるSolidarity Sessionsを立ち上げています

===

これは私たち時代の決定的な世界的な健康危機です。

今後数日、数週間、数か月は、私たちの決意のテスト科学への信頼のテスト、そして連帯テストになります

このような危機は、人類に最高と最悪をもたらす傾向があります

私と同じように、バルコニーから医療従事者を称賛する人々のビデオや、地域高齢者のために食料品の買い物をすることを申し出ている人々の物語に感動したと確信しています

人間連帯というこの驚くべき精神は、ウイルス自体よりもさら感染力を高めなければなりません。しばらくは物理的に離れていなければならないかもしれませんが、これまでにない方法で一緒に集まることができます

私たちは皆一緒にいます。そして、私たちは一緒にしか成功できません。

したがって、ゲームルールは次のとおりです。

ありがとうございました。

WHO Director-General's opening remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19 - 16 March 2020

16 March 2020

Good afternoon everyone.

In the past week, we have seen a rapid escalation of cases of COVID-19.

More cases and deaths have now been reported in the rest of the world than in China.

We have also seen a rapid escalation in social distancing measures, like closing schools and cancelling sporting events and other gatherings.

But we have not seen an urgent enough escalation in testing, isolation and contact tracing – which is the backbone of the response.

Social distancing measures can help to reduce transmission and enable health systems to cope.

Handwashing and coughing into your elbow can reduce the risk for yourself and others.

But on their own, they are not enough to extinguish this pandemic. It’s the combination that makes the difference.

As I keep saying, all countries must take a comprehensive approach.

But the most effective way to prevent infections and save lives is breaking the chains of transmission. And to do that, you must test and isolate.

You cannot fight a fire blindfolded. And we cannot stop this pandemic if we don’t know who is infected.

We have a simple message for all countries: test, test, test.

Test every suspected case.

If they test positive, isolate them and find out who they have been in close contact with up to 2 days before they developed symptoms, and test those people too. [NOTE: WHO recommends testing contacts of confirmed cases only if they show symptoms of COVID-19]

Every day, more tests are being produced to meet the global demand.

WHO has shipped almost 1.5 million tests to 120 countries. We’re working with companies to increase the availability of tests for those most in need.

WHO advises that all confirmed cases, even mild cases, should be isolated in health facilities, to prevent transmission and provide adequate care.

But we recognize that many countries have already exceeded their capacity to care for mild cases in dedicated health facilities.

In that situation, countries should prioritize older patients and those with underlying conditions.

Some countries have expanded their capacity by using stadiums and gyms to care for mild cases, with severe and critical cases cared for in hospitals.

Another option is for patients with mild disease to be isolated and cared for at home.

Caring for infected people at home may put others in the same household at risk, so it’s critical that care-givers follow WHO’s guidance on how to provide care as safely as possible.

For example, both the patient and their care-giver should wear a medical mask when they are together in the same room.

The patient should sleep in a separate bedroom to others and use a different bathroom.

Assign one person to care for the patient, ideally someone who is in good health and has no underlying conditions.

The care-giver should wash their hands after any contact with the patient or their immediate environment.

People infected with COVID-19 can still infect others after they stop feeling sick, so these measures should continue for at least two weeks after symptoms disappear.

Visitors should not be allowed until the end of this period.

There are more details in WHO’s guidance.

===

Once again, our key message is: test, test, test.

This is a serious disease. Although the evidence we have suggests that those over 60 are at highest risk, young people, including children, have died.

WHO has issued new clinical guidance, with specific details on how to care for children, older people and pregnant women.

So far, we have seen epidemics in countries with advanced health systems. But even they have struggled to cope.

As the virus moves to low-income countries, we're deeply concerned about the impact it could have among populations with high HIV prevalence, or among malnourished children.

That’s why we’re calling on every country and every individual to do everything they can to stop transmission.

Washing your hands will help to reduce your risk of infection. But it’s also an act of solidarity because it reduces the risk you will infect others in your community and around the world. Do it for yourself, do it for others.

We also ask people to express their solidarity by refraining from hoarding essential items, including medicines.

Hoarding can create shortages of medicines and other essential products, which can exacerbate suffering.

We’re grateful to everyone who has contributed to the COVID-19 Solidarity Response Fund.

Since we launched it on Friday, more than 110,000 people have contributed almost 19 million U.S. dollars.

These funds will help to buy diagnostic tests, supplies for health workers and support research and development.

If you would like to contribute, please go to who.int and click on the orangeDonate” button at the top of the page.

We’re also grateful for the way different sectors of society are coming together.

This started with the SafeHands Challenge, which has attracted celebrities, world leaders and people everywhere demonstrating how to wash their hands.

This afternoon WHO and the International Chamber of Commerce issued a joint call to action to the global business community. The ICC will send regular advice to its network of more than 45 million businesses, to protect their workers, customers and local communities, and to support the production and distribution of essential supplies.

I’d like to thank Paul Polman, Ajay Banga and John Denton for their support and collaboration.

WHO is also working with Global Citizen to launch the Solidarity Sessions, a series of virtual concerts with leading musicians from around the world.

===

This is the defining global health crisis of our time.

The days, weeks and months ahead will be a test of our resolve, a test of our trust in science, and a test of solidarity.

Crises like this tend to bring out the best and worst in humanity.

Like me, I’m sure you have been touched by the videos of people applauding health workers from their balconies, or the stories of people offering to do grocery shopping for older people in their community.

This amazing spirit of human solidarity must become even more infectious than the virus itself. Although we may have to be physically apart from each other for a while, we can come together in ways we never have before.

We’re all in this together. And we can only succeed together.

So the rule of the game is: together.

Thank you.

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