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はてなキーワード: leadとは

2020-08-13

anond:20200512102843

AMIDA-KUJIってなんだ?って思って検索

Ghost Leg (Chinese: 畫鬼腳), known in Japan as Amidakuji (阿弥陀籤, "Amida lottery", so named because the paper was folded into a fan shape resembling Amida's halo[1]) or in Korea as Sadaritagi (사다리타기, literally "ladder climbing")

ついでに1つ賢くなった

The 1981 arcade game Amidar programmed by Konami and published by Stern used the same lattice as a maze. The game even took its name from Amidakuji and most of the enemy movement conformed to the lot drawing game's rules

An early Sega Master System game called Psycho Fox uses the mechanics of an Amidakuji board as a means to bet a bag of coins on a chance at a prize at the top of the screen. Later Sega Genesis games based on the same game concept DecapAttack and its Japanese predecessor "Magical Hat no Buttobi Tabo! Daibōken" follow the same game mechanics, including the Amidakuji bonus levels.

Super Mario Land 2: 6 Golden Coins features an Amidakuji-style bonus game that rewards the player with a power-up. New Super Mario Bros. and Wario: Master of Disguise feature an Amidakuji-style minigame in which the player uses the stylus to trace lines that will lead the character down the right path.

In Mario Party there is a mini game where one of the four players pours money into an Amidakuji made out of pipes. The goal is to try to choose the path leading to the character controlled by the player.

The BoSpider in Mega Man X and Maverick Hunter X descends onto the player via an Amidakuji path.

In Super Monkey Ball 2, there is a level in the Advanced-Extra difficulty named "Amida Lot" (Advanced-EX 7) that features a floor resembling an Amidakuji board, which bumper travels around the way and may knock off the player if they happen to hit them. The goal only travels through one of the vertical lines and the player must reach the goal using the ghost legs while avoiding the bumpers to not fall out.

In WarioWare, Inc.: Mega Microgames!, the microgame "Noodle Cup" features Amidakuji-style gameplay.

Azalea Gym in Pokémon HeartGold and SoulSilver was redesigned with an Amidakuji-based system of carts to cross. The correct choices lead to the gym leader; the wrong ones lead to other trainers to fight.

Phantasy Star Online 2 uses the principle of Amidakuji for a randomly appearing bomb-defusing minigame. One must trace an Amidakuji path around each bomb to determine which button defuses it; incorrect selections knock players away for a few seconds, wasting time.

In the manga Liar Game (vol 17), an Amidakuji is used for determinate the rank of each participant to the penultimate stage of the game.

In the Japanese drama Don Quixote (episode 10), the character Shirota (Shota Matsuda) uses Amidakuji to help decide between candidate families for an adoption.

In the anime Cardcaptor Sakura (episode 41), the character Kaho Mizuki, Sakura's teacher, uses Amidakuji in order to choose which student will play each role in a certain school play.

In the anime Magic Kyun Renassiance (episode 10), the characters used Amidakuji to determine which rooms they'd get while at the villa after the Art Session.

The Japanese band "SCANDAL" released "A.M.D.K.J." (January 2020) and music video— https://www.scandal-heaven.com/t14860-a-m-d-k-j-lyrics

日本阿弥陀婆好きすぎ問題

2020-07-10

anond:20200710153345

4月頭段階でこれじゃよ

臨床結果のページは増田においてなかったので適当にググってくれ

貼ったClinicaltrialsarena内にもあったはず

なお、アビカン有用とする中国論文撤回された模様

WITHDRAWN: Experimental Treatment with Favipiravir for COVID-19: An Open-Label Control Study

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2095809920300631


ついでに、論文の変更措置は「訂正」「懸念表明」「撤回」 があって、「撤回」が最も重い

不正証拠が決定的でない場合は、懸念表明にとどまり

撤回される論文とは、有害無益な「世にないほうがよい論文



ただ、こっちではアービドール比較して好ましい治療と考えることができるとなってるね

Favipiravir versus Arbidol for COVID-19: A Randomized Clinical Trial

https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.03.17.20037432v2


でもまぁいずれにしてもさらなる大規模臨床試験結果待ちってとこかな?

However, the small sample size of 340 participants, the comparison with lopinavir/ritonavir, whose efficacy to treat SARS-CoV-2 is questionable as reported in a separate clinical trial, as well as the addition of interferon-alpha without controlling for its efficacy separately, should lead to caution about the results until more data are available.

(Clinicaltrialsarena.comより)

あとレムデシビル推し米国中国フェーズ3に入ったってさ。そりゃ催奇性強い薬でたぶん有効は避けたいよね

As for other Covid-19 treatment options being investigated, Gilead’s remdesivir, currently in Phase III in the US and China, is arguably the most promising drug and led to such strong demand for compassionate use that Gilead had to restrict access to pregnant women and children. Additionally, due to increasing pressure building up from non-profit public interest groups worrying about high prices and a long-term monopoly, Gilead asked the FDA to pull remdesivir’s orphan drug designation.

(Clinicaltrialsarena.comより)

アビカンは服用する際に危険性について認識しているというサインがいるよ↓

https://www.pmda.go.jp/RMP/www/400022/29a587a6-7cdb-4f19-913b-e2cbf9ae54e0/400022_625004XF1022_01_002RMPm.pdf

2020-04-20

もう平成には戻れない

There will be no 'back to normal'

New modes of collaboration between the public and private sectors will emerge for future surge capacity - e.g. hotels designed, and part-funded, to act as hospital overspill.

病室に収容されることが上級国民の証になるかも 一般国民アパホテル収容してくれるってよ

The crisis may exacerbate income inequality, since higher-income workers are, on average, more able to work remotely.

いまリモートワークできている人はこれから勝ち組

Possibly millions of people may suffer permanent health issues (e.g. lung scarring), causing further economic impact.

コロナ感染して今回死ななくても、一生デバフ効果に苛まれることになる=コロナ感染して肺炎になった時点でポンコツB品扱いに

出自粛は他人のためでなく自分のためだよ

This also means that many jobs that disappear during the pandemic will not return.

営業自粛を求められた業種ってそのまま消えるかもよ

We anticipate lasting interest in remote working models (which may lead to a further fall in commercial rent).

金持ち父さん的な大家さん業オワタ

There may be possible acceleration of labour-replacing automation by firms, especially if the cost of borrowing decreases and the minimum wage increases

低賃金では働きたくないでござるなんて甘えている労働者排除されかねないね

The crisis is accelerating major changes in how we live online, many of which will be permanent - e.g. some firms which can function effectively with a remote workforce will close offices to save costs, whilst many commuters will be reluctant to resume that lifestyle.

あれっ REITってもう破綻するんじゃね?

Civil rights and property rights are being suspended as governments declare states of emergency; some fear that these rights may never be restored, leading to a permanent erosion of civil liberties.

自粛じゃ手ぬるいとか言ってるバカ奥州出羽守見てる?

Uneven enforcement, heavy-handed legal sanctions or officiousness by police and authorities may lead to decreased trust and confidence of the public, and diminished notion of ‘policing by consent’.

上級国民ww

The crisis has created a dramatic short-term reduction in air pollution and greenhouse gases, as travel and industry have dropped precipitously.

やべぇ コロナのおかげで空気キレイになり温室効果ガス(?も減りまくり これにはグレタちゃんも大喜び

Although investment in electric vehicles has fallen, if air pollution is shown to be a contributory factor in coronavirus deaths (currently unclear but postulated), this may lead to renewed efforts to remove polluting vehicles and other sources of air pollution.

実は大気汚染がヤバかったところがコロナでもヤバいんじゃね

Restrictions on the trade of exotic animals will increase, possibly also with greater protections for wildlife. (Epidemiologists were warning for decades that "the presence of a large reservoir of SARS-CoV-like viruses in horseshoe bats, together with the culture of eating exotic mammals in southern China, is a time bomb".)

なんだかんだでコウモリなんて食ってる土人はクソ

2020-04-04

[] アビガンについて (4/4 時点)

なお、アビガン有用とする中国論文撤回された模様

WITHDRAWN: Experimental Treatment with Favipiravir for COVID-19: An Open-Label Control Study

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2095809920300631


ついでに、論文の変更措置は「訂正」「懸念表明」「撤回」 があって、「撤回」が最も重い

不正証拠が決定的でない場合は、懸念表明にとどまり

撤回される論文とは、有害無益な「世にないほうがよい論文



ただ、こっちではアービドール比較して好ましい治療と考えることができるとなってるね

Favipiravir versus Arbidol for COVID-19: A Randomized Clinical Trial

https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.03.17.20037432v2


でもまぁいずれにしてもさらなる大規模臨床試験結果待ちってとこかな?

However, the small sample size of 340 participants, the comparison with lopinavir/ritonavir, whose efficacy to treat SARS-CoV-2 is questionable as reported in a separate clinical trial, as well as the addition of interferon-alpha without controlling for its efficacy separately, should lead to caution about the results until more data are available.

(Clinicaltrialsarena.comより)

あとレムデシビル推し米国中国フェーズ3に入ったってさ。そりゃ催奇性強い薬でたぶん有効は避けたいよね

As for other Covid-19 treatment options being investigated, Gilead’s remdesivir, currently in Phase III in the US and China, is arguably the most promising drug and led to such strong demand for compassionate use that Gilead had to restrict access to pregnant women and children. Additionally, due to increasing pressure building up from non-profit public interest groups worrying about high prices and a long-term monopoly, Gilead asked the FDA to pull remdesivir’s orphan drug designation.

(Clinicaltrialsarena.comより)

アビカンは服用する際に危険性について認識しているというサインがいるよ↓

https://www.pmda.go.jp/RMP/www/400022/29a587a6-7cdb-4f19-913b-e2cbf9ae54e0/400022_625004XF1022_01_002RMPm.pdf



参考になりましたか

anond:20200404221843

2020-03-27

楽園こちら側」の「事実に誠意を」をほぼdeepLで翻訳してみた その2

その1https://anond.hatelabo.jp/20200327214055

12 Dr. Hiroshi Nishiura is one of the few professionals of mathematical models of infectious diseases in Japan, and it is well known that his ability is outstanding. However, many people don't understand mathematical models themselves (I must confess that I can't say that I understand all of the findings because I'm not a professional of mathematical models either), so his findings and comments are easily deified. Because the contents of the mathematical model are a complete black box to many people, it makes it seem like the oracle is coming out like a shrine's oracle. Much of Japan's infection control policy relies on the Nishiura theory. So there is nothing wrong with that, but one of the problems in Japan is that there is no plan B in case plan A goes bust. Dr. Nishiura is an excellent scholar. It is not God. Hence the need to have that Plan B with the possibility of making a mistake. I am greatly concerned that bureaucrats and politicians who are prone to infallibilism will mistake science for an oracle. It is only when falsifiability is assured that science can continue to be scientific.

感想おみくじ神託が同じoracleだったので変な文章になったが直していない。

13 数理モデル演繹法活用産物である演繹法帰納法アブダクションで補完するのが、学問の基本であり、臨床医学常識である演繹法的にどんなに正しく見えても実はそれは違っていた、ということはこの業界ではよくあることなのだ。ヘーゲルマルクスのような巨大な知性でも演繹法オンリーでは間違うのである

Mathematical models are the product of deductive methods. The deductive method is complemented by the inductive or abduction method, which is the basis of scholarship and the common sense of clinical medicine. It's a common occurrence in this industry that no matter how deducibly correct it may seem, it's actually not true. Even a huge intellect like Hegel or Marx can make a mistake by deduction alone.

感想:「蓋を開けてみれば」を「実はそれは」に変更した。

14 モデルを使うな、といっているのでは決してない。ぼく自身モデルを用いて論文を書く。しかし、モデル無謬ではなく、そこには前提である仮定があり、仮定はしばしば間違っている。グラム染色活用するとは、グラム染色にできないこと、分からないことを知悉していることであり、グラム染色万能論者にグラム染色は使えない。同じことだ。英国でも数理モデル活用されているが、だからこそ英国人はその結語には非常に懐疑的で、常に反論異論が起きている。健全科学的な態度である

 I'm not saying don't use the model at all. I myself write a paper using a model. However, the model is not infallible, there are assumptions that are assumptions, and the assumptions are often wrong. Making use of Gram's stain means having full knowledge of what Gram's stain cannot do and does not understand, and Gram's stain cannot be used by Gram's stain universalists. It's the same thing. Mathematical models are also utilized in the UK, which is why Brits are very sceptical of their conclusions, and there are always counter-arguments and objections. It is a sound and scientific attitude.

感想:「前提たる仮定」がうまく訳せていなかったので「前提である仮定」にしたが、assumptions that are assumptionsになってしまった。

英国人は」がないと主語がIになってしまったので追加した。しかBritsじゃ意味違うよ。もっと正しく訳してくれない?

15 Japan's "now" is a well-controlled state of infection, which is much better than Wuhan at its worst, or Italy, Spain, France, England, or New York at the present time. The problem is that it doesn't guarantee that it will "always work".

感想特にない。便利だなあ。

16 懸念されるのは東京だ。感染報告が増えたことだけが問題なのではない。クラスター形成できない、トレースできない感染者が増えているのが問題である。そして、その陽性患者数に比べて検査数がずっと少ない。47人の感染者を捕捉するために100人未満(陽性者の検査日が不明だが、おそらくこのへんだろう)しか検査していないのは少なすぎる。

It is Tokyo that is of concern. The increase in reports of infection is not the only problem. The problem is that more and more infected people are unable to form clusters and cannot be traced. And the number of tests is much lower than that number of positive cases; it's too little that they only tested less than 100 people (the date of testing for the positives is unknown, but it's probably around here) to capture 47 infected people.

Again, it's not necessary to figure out all the infected people. However, it is troubling that the flow of infection, movement and clusters are out of sight. Therefore, the threshold for testing must be lowered in Tokyo. The threshold for testing varies with the circumstances. That's what I explained with the Korean example. Sticking to the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare's "standards" will lead to a misunderstanding of the phenomenon itself. Already in the Kansai region, infected people have been found with taste and smell abnormalities, and clusters have been detected from there. I would like to make more use of the athletic sensibilities of these clinicians. I'm not sure "where" in Tokyo is the barrier to lowering the number of inspections, but that barrier needs to be removed immediately.

感想:「捕捉するのに」を「捕捉するために」に変更した。多分これでいいと思う。思いたい。

アスチュートathleticになっているのはどう反応したらいいかからない。

17 This conceptual diagram that everyone is looking at - lowering the peak of the infection and shifting it to the side. This is all a product of deduction, and I don't know if it's really true. As mentioned above, the UK estimates already suggest that this is not enough. It is possible that the damage that was shifted to the side could simply be "extra-long damage".

感想特に言うことはない。便利だなあ。

18  そして、ここが肝心なのだが、ピークを下げるという理念が、「ピークを下げなければいけない」という観念になり、「ピークは下がっているはずだ」という確信になり、「ピークは起きていないんだ」という自己暗示に転じてはいけないということだ。プランAに固執する日本あるあるの失敗のパターンで、ダイヤモンドプリンセスでは「二次感染が起きてはいけない」が「起きているはずがない」に転じてノーガード下船を許してしまった。「ピークが起きてはいけない」が「ピークなんて見たくない」にならないように現実を見据える必要がある。たとえ、それが我々の見たくない不都合な真実であったとしても。

And this is the key point: the idea of lowering the peak should not become the notion that the peak must be lowered, or the belief that the peak must be lowered, or the self-implication that the peak is not happening. In a pattern of Japanese failure to stick to Plan A, Diamond Princess allowed no-guard disembarkation by changing "secondary infection should not occur" to "it can't have happened". We need to keep our eyes on reality so that "peak shouldn't happen" doesn't become "I don't want to see a peak. Even if it is an inconvenient truth that we don't want to see.

感想:mustが違う文脈で二回出てきている。よくわかるように変更したいものだ。

カギカッコがないとうまく訳せなかったので追加しているが、なぜかカッコ閉じるがいくつか抜けている。この箇所以外にも抜けがある。

19 Repeatedly. It's common knowledge in this industry that deductive methods are complemented by inductive methods. Nevertheless, PCR is often false-negative and has little power to determine the status of infection. That's why "testing everything" is so wrong. However, a serum test measuring immunoglobulin IgM and IgG would provide a more accurate picture of the "status of infection in the population. This, however, is not infallible. It is difficult to use for individual cases because it misses early infection, which is why it misses early HIV infection.Whether antibody testing is useful in individual cases remains to be tested, but it is well suited for epidemiological studies on a population basis. Roughly speaking, we can confirm whether the "infection is rampant" in Tokyo right now, or whether it's just an unfounded fear.

前例としては、ロンドンの血清検査で09年パンデミックインフルエンザが従来予測10倍起きていたことが血清検査でわかっている。抗体検査アウトブレイクのあとで事後的に行うことが多いが、慢性的パンデミックになりつつあるCOVID-19については、「今」こそが検証ポイントといって良い。

As a precedent, serology tests in London showed that the 2009 pandemic flu was 10 times more likely than previously predicted. Antibody testing is often performed after an outbreak, but now is a good time to examine COVID-19, which is becoming a chronic pandemic.

感想:「前例はあって」を「前例としては」に変えた。「前例はある。なおかつロンドンで〜10倍起きていた」になってしまたからだ。

20 英国さらアグレッシブだ。家庭で抗体検査を行い、「感染である」とわかればそれを自宅での自己隔離根拠に使おうというのだ。ロックダウンが起きている中で、検査陰性は「自己隔離不要」を意味しないため、その戦略に欠陥はある。が、考え方としては「感染全体を抑え込みたい」というもので、検討価値はあると思う。

The UK is even more aggressive. The idea is to test for antibodies at home, and if they are found to be infected, they will use it as a basis for self-isolation at home. That strategy is flawed because with the lockdown in place, a negative test does not mean "no self-sequestration". However, the idea is that we want to control the infection as a whole, and I think it is worth considering.

感想:「戦略に穴はある」を「戦略に欠陥はある」に変えた。

21 東京でどのくらいの感染が起きているか帰納法確認必要であり、有用だ。その結果がどうなるかは預言者ではないぼくには分からない。が、どんな結果が出てきても、それを受け入れ、場合によっては自説を変えて、プランBに移行することにも躊躇しない態度が科学者には必要だ。科学者は、首尾一貫していないことにかけて、首尾一貫していなければならないのだ。形式においては首尾一貫していなくても、プリンシプルプロフェッショナリズムにおいて一貫しなければならないのだ。事実に誠意を。 

Inductive legal confirmation of how many infections are occurring in Tokyo is necessary and useful. I'm not a prophet, so I don't know what the outcome will be.However, no matter what the outcome, scientists need to accept it and not hesitate to change their thesis and move on to Plan B in some cases. Scientists have to be coherent in their inconsistencies.They may not be coherent in form, but they must be coherent in principles and professionalism. Good faith in the facts. 

感想:首尾一貫という言葉を使いすぎて文章をアホっぽくしてしまったが他にいい方法が思いつかない。朝三暮四理解してくれなかった。「自説を曲げ」は「自説を変えて」に変更した。

文章はもう少し整形できると思うがとりあえずこれで。

岩田健太郎先生とDeepLに敬意を。

2020-03-25

re complex in subsequent seasons (including CGI creatures, fire, and water), German-based Pixomondo became the lead visual-effects producer; nine of its twelve facilities contributed to the project for season two, with Stuttgart the lead.[132][133] Scenes were also produced by British-based Peanut FX, Canadian-based Spin VFX, and US-based Gradient Effects. "Valar Morghulis" and "Valar Dohaeris" earned

https://oomnitza.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042134653--Доктор-Вера-13-серия-26-03-2020-смотреть-в-хорошем-качестве-

https://oomnitza.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360041971434-26-03-2020-Проспект-обороны-11-серия-НТВ-все-серии-сезона-от-26-марта

https://oomnitza.zendesk.com/hc/tam/community/posts/360042145733-26-03-2020-Корни-14-серия-на-канале-СТС-смотреть-качество-HD-от-26-марта-

https://oomnitza.zendesk.com/hc/tut/community/posts/360042145273-26-03-2020-Заступники-3-серия-смотреть-качество-HD-

https://oomnitza.zendesk.com/hc/tut/community/posts/360041963754-26-03-2020-Корни-12-серия-СТС-качество-HD-от-26-марта-

https://oomnitza.zendesk.com/hc/tam/community/posts/360041963554-26-03-2020-Отречение-21-серия-украина-ТРК-онлайн-сериал-смотреть-

https://oomnitza.zendesk.com/hc/tut/community/posts/360041971974--Жизнь-после-жизни-11-серия-26-03-2020-в-хорошем-качестве-

https://oomnitza.zendesk.com/hc/tut/community/posts/360042134653--Доктор-Вера-13-серия-26-03-2020-смотреть-в-хорошем-качестве-

https://oomnitza.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042134453-26-03-2020-Патриот-12-серия-тнт-смотреть-качество-HD-

2020-02-24

日本版CDC必要もの

岩田さんがCCJ記者会見で主張していたCDC必要ものと、日本官僚組織との差異を書く。まずは下記が記者会見における記者から質問岩田さんの答えである

質問: Do you think of the problem that you saw on the ship originated from was it because of the bad examples of a scientific decision making in terms of the crisis management that was happening on the ship?

答え: The simple answer is the lack of CDC as I said before. Why the situation inside that cruise ship had an inadequate infection prevention? I think (this) is because of the lack of principle. The infection prevention is a principle, and the principle will lead to the procedure not the other way around.

The principle will never be given by the bureaucrats, because they never had infection prevention training, they don't have an experience, and they don't have a system. CDC has should have all of these.

質問You have argued Japan need something like a CDC. Could you elaborate more about your argument? What shortcoming do you see in the current system in Japan?

答え:For CDC, you need to have a concrete, separate, independent system among experts who can make a dicision in responding to these infectious disease epidemics. This has to be proffesional, they need to have an authority, they need to have an autonomy, and they need to have a clear independence. There should not be any cross-cutting from anybody from the backyard, because I've seen many things that are decided behind the scene.

この会見から、いまの官僚組織問題点は下記が含まれ可能性がある。

なぜ官僚組織がだめなのか

CDC官僚が入ると何がダメなのか。官僚の持つ悪い特徴は下記のとおりである

上記の特徴から官僚組織に入った瞬間に非科学的な、空気を読んだ、防御的な、ただしもっともらしい類の行動が実施される。今回のクルーズ対応はまさにその通りである。下記にいくつか非科学的な判断官僚によってなされた例をあげる。

2019-09-24

MITメディアラボ フード・コンピュータ 性能偽装環境汚染隠蔽疑惑

フード・コンピューター (food computer) のプレゼン配信していたTEDが、2点の批判についてページを公開した。

フード・コンピュータープレゼンのようには動かない

汚染水排出MITメディアラボオープン農業構想を州の環境保護局が調査

フード・コンピューター疑惑検証メディアラボ所長(当時)がうやむやにした疑いなど機能偽装について

Hype vs. Reality at the MIT Media Lab (The Chronicle of Higher Education)

オープン農業構想のプロジェクトリーダー Caleb Harper が建築を学んだ後この構想に至った経緯や、プレゼン偽装するよう指示された研究員が、開発していない機器無関係プロジェクト写真入りで紹介されたこと(プロジェクト担当者の水増し)も説明されている。

フード・コンピューター検証問題提起MITメディアラボ所長(当時)伊藤穣一氏がうやむやにして問題放置

As research lead, Babakinejad felt it was his responsibility to raise these issues with Harper and other members of the team, and he did so in an email. He also raised his concerns with Ito. In an email, he told the director that the Open Agriculture Initiative had not been able to create a controlled environment in the food computers, and that the devices had been sent to schools and a refugee camp without being tested to ensure that they worked. He worried that Harper was misleading funders. Ito responded by asking if he could raise these issues with Harper. Babakinejad agreed to let Ito share his general concerns. (Ito did not respond to a request for comment. A Media Lab spokeswoman declined to comment.)

プロジェクトにおけるresearch leadとして、Babakinejadはフード・コンピューター問題光合成のためのLEDによる熱で温度が安定しない、二酸化炭素酸素湿度を調整できない)を提起する責任があると感じ、その問題メールでHarperや他の研究員に提起した。その心配伊藤穣一MITメディアラボ所長(当時)にも提起した。「オープン農業構想はフード・コンピューターの中で制御された環境をつくることができていません。その装置はきちんと動作するか検証されないまま学校難民キャンプに送付されました。」Harperが資金提供者を誤解させていることが心配だった。伊藤所長は、その問題をHarperとともに提起できる(その問題をHarperに話していい)か、彼に質問しました。Babakinejadは自分懸念伊藤所長から他に伝えることを了解しました。(伊藤穣一氏にコメントを依頼したが、返答なし。メディアラボ広報担当コメント拒否

プロジェクトリーダー Caleb Harper への取材

Harper's optimism helps raise money, and without money he won’t be able to see this dream of an international network of food computers come true. His critics, he said, “are basically jealous because I raise a lot of funding while giving away knowledge for free.” Harper also said that he doesn’t mislead the public. He’s explained his progress in great detail in a series of Medium posts, he said. Some may have misinterpreted his vision as current reality, he said, but if they listened closely they would not be mistaken. “Can you email a tomato to someone today? No,” he said. “Did I say that in my TED talk? Yes. Did I say it was today? No. I said, you will be able to email a tomato.”

Harperの楽観主義資金集めに役立ちました。その資金がなければ、フード・コンピューター国際的ネットワークが実現しませんでした。Harperによれば、自分への批判基本的には嫉妬、なぜなら知識無料提供しているのに多くの資金を集めているから。Harperは、自分一般の人を誤解させていない、Medium に詳細を書いた進捗状況の記事をずっと書いているから、とも言いました。自分展望を今の現実と誤解している人がいるかも知れないが、もししっかり聞いていたなら、誤解は決してしない。「トマトメール今日送れますか?いいえ」「TEDトークで私は言ったでしょうか。ええ。それが今日だと私は言いましたか?いいえ。私は、トマトメールを将来送れるようになる、と言ったんです。」

It's true that Harper didn’t quite say that food computers can email tomatoes or apples, though you could be forgiven for thinking exactly that. He frequently leaves the impression that the project has achieved, or is on the brink of achieving, an enormous breakthrough. It’s a style that has attracted the sort of high-profile attention, not to mention corporate funding, that fuels projects at the MIT Media Lab, and his willingness to showcase food computers beset with problems feels consistent with Ito’s “deploy or die” philosophy.

かにHarperは、フード・コンピュータートマトリンゴメールできるとは言っていない。しかし今できると考えてしまうのもしかたない。彼は、自分プロジェクトがすでに大きなブレークスルーを達成したか、今すぐにも達成しそうだという印象を頻繁に残している。その方法で、いわゆる有名人やもちろん企業投資の注目を集め、MITメディアラボプロジェクト資金が集まる。問題が山積している食料コンピューターをHarperが展示し続けるというのは、伊藤穣一氏の「実装なくば死を」の考えに一致しているようだ。

M.I.T. Media Lab, Already Rattled by the Epstein Scandal, Has a New Worry (The New York Times)

You seem to think endlessly reiterating untrue claims will lend them credibility, but it won’t,” Dr. Babakinejad wrote to Mr. Harper. “By persisting in this course of action, you have been putting M.I.T. and everyone associated with you at risk and I think it’s time that you were made to face up to that and take responsibility for it.”

正しくない主張を終わることなく繰り返していればその主張に真実味が出てくると考えているようですが、ありえません」とBarakinejadは(雇用契約更新がされなかった後)Harperに書いた。「そういった行動を続けることで、MITあなた関係している全員を危険さらし続けています。それ(正しくない主張を繰り返すこと)に向き合って、責任を取るときだと思います。」

大事デモ自動のはずの光の量を人手で調節

The food computers, which researchers have envisioned selling to the public, are supposed to provide plants with just the right amount of light. But when the light function was not working, another member of the OpenAg team said, speaking on the condition of anonymity to describe sensitive events, an engineer manually rigged the device so that light would shine at the correct level during an important demonstration.

フード・コンピューターは、一般に売り込むために研究者想像したものですが、適切な光の量をちょうど植物供給すると思われていますしかし、光の装置機能しないとき匿名を条件にしたあるオープン農業構想チームの研究員によれば、大事デモとき技術者装置不正操作して、適正レベルに光らせていました

専門家によるフード・コンピューター評価

コーネル大学教授植物学)Thomas Bjorkman によると、オープン農業構想の論文が書いているような機能を持つ箱はあるが、操作するのに費用が掛かり、24キロワット240個の100ワット電球を同時に光らせる)エネルギー必要になる。

論文学術価値について、「制御環境を使った農業工場の現状はとても進んでいるので、植物栽培研究実践について影響はほとんどない。」とBjorkman教授コメントした。

MITメディアラボ伊藤穣一所長(当時)がフード・コンピューターについての訴えをうやむやに(The Chronicle of Higher Education 記事と同じ出来事

In an email exchange with Mr. Ito, Dr. Babakinejad expressed his concern about what he said were Mr. Harper’s false claims in a draft of the academic paper, the “60 Minutes” interview and lectures.
“Up to now,” Dr. Babakinejad wrote, “we have not been able to achieve a ‘controlled environment’ nor been able to create an atmosphere (Climate control) as he leads people to believe in his talks. His claims about developments such as implementations of image processing, microbiome dosing, creating different climates and collecting credible data from bots across the world are not true.”
Mr. Ito wrote in his reply: “Can I say that you have concerns about whether the food computers have been able to create a controlled environment which would put into questions some of the claims we make about the data and outcomes?”
Dr. Babakinejad replied in the affirmative, and the exchange ended.

MITメディアラボ伊藤穣一所長(当時)とやりとししたメールで、Barakinejadは論文ドラフトドキュメンタリー番組インタビュー講義でのHarperの誤った主張に関する心配を書いていました。

現在まで、Harperが講演で人々を信じさせているような、制御された環境も出来ていないし、天候の制御も出来ていない。画像処理実装マイクロバイオーム、異なる気候を作ること、世界中ボットから信頼できるデータを集めること、といった開発についての主張は正しくありません。」伊藤穣一氏の返事は「フード・コンピューター制御された環境を作れるかどうかによって、データや結果に関しての主張のいくつかに疑問が生まれる、という懸念を持っているということでしょうか」

Babakinejadは肯定的な返事を返したが、そこでやりとりは終わった。

根拠のない統計を周りが止めても、Harperは講演で使った

他に「リンゴは収穫してから店頭に並ぶまで平均11か月(最近は14か月)掛かっている」の11か月という統計根拠がないと指摘しても、Harperは止めなかった。アメリカ農務省の答え「その統計不正確」

郊外研究施設周辺の環境汚染MITによる組織隠蔽

MIT Media Lab Kept Regulators in the Dark, Dumped Chemicals in Excess of Legal Limit (Propublica and WBUR)

以下では、MITメディアラボオープン農業構想をメディアラボMIT環境健康安全オフィスMITマサチューセッツ州環境保護局を州と略記。

報道における汚染水隠蔽時系列

2015年 オープン農業構想 (Open Agriculture Initiative) がCaleb HarperによりMITメディアラボで開始

2016年8月 コンサルタントMITメディアラボ施設ディレクターメール水耕栽培用の水の窒素量を10ppm以下に抑えるなら、排水用の貯水池が最適」

2017年6月ごろ Babak BabakinejadがHarperのグループに参加

2017年10月 Babakinejadがresearch leadに昇進し、汚染水排出した施設での勤務を開始

2017年12月 マサチューセッツ州監査員が貯水池の利用に制限付き許可を出す。

2018年3月22日 ラボノートの記録によると、廃棄濃度を報告義務の限度を大幅に超える(水の量が多く、許可制限内では希釈できない)。

2018年4月研究員メディアラボ)BabakinejadがHarperにメール汚染水窒素量が制限を大幅に超えているとHarperに報告(1度目)

2018年4月16日 (研究員メディアラボMIT)Babakinejadがメール汚染水窒素量が大幅に超えているとHarperとMITに報告。HarperはBabakinejadにMITへの直接報告を禁止

2018年4月17日 MITのPhyllis CarterがHarper, Babakinejad, ほかのメンバーメール「先週のサンプルにおける窒素量は140ppm。このレベル排水許可されない。」(MITはこの時点で州の規則違反となる環境汚染を把握

時期不明 HarperはBabakinejadに勤務時間中の作業内容を30分ごとに記録するよう指示(Babakinejadは報復だと感じた)

2018年中旬 BabakinejadがHarperのグループから去る。

2019年1月 (州→MITマサチューセッツ州担当者 Joseph CeruttiがMIT環境健康安全オフィスPhyllis Carterにメールで、貯水池排出された汚染水窒素量の月例報告を催促。

MIT→州)Carterは4月から6月まで何も貯水池排出していないと返答(1-3月、7-12月の報告を送らず、無視

2019年2月(州→MITメディアラボ) 報告が届かないので、CeruttiはCarterとHarperに、2週間以内に回答がなければ、違反通知、罰金許可取り消しを警告

メディアラボ→州)HarperはCeruttiへ即座に返答「農業廃液は野外に捨てて、米国環境保護庁の地下注入管プログラム (UIC) のシステムには入れていない。これはMIT合意した手続き」(貯水池のみの利用という

2018-08-17

「山で迷ったら降りるのではなく登れ」

インターネッツにわか知識マン荻上チキ(同一人物かもしれない)がよく口走る台詞であるが、どうも正しくはないらしい。

今ワイが手に取ってる書籍『山岳遭難の構図』によると、

欧米の道迷いに関する書籍「mountain navigation」には以下の記述がある。「

work your way slowly downhill folowing streams, as these tend to lead eventually to havitation」とあるように、川筋に下っていけば、やがて居住地にたどり着くという考え方もある。

とあり、川が必ず人間領域に接しているのであるから川を回避するのは必ずしも得策とは言えないということだ。

但し、日本の山である場合には川は必ずしもslowlyではなく急で滝もあるというのはその通りだが、反対の登る時を考えると、「登ったからといって必ずしも登山道に復帰できるとも限らず、寧ろ悪路により滑落するリスクもある」のであり、そもそも山の中腹以上であるなら登山道に復帰するまでは短いが、山裾である尾根であってもヤブが多いためそのもの移動に危険性とコストが掛かり、道なき登山無意味であると考えられる。

これらのことにより、本書では「登るのが良いとも下るのが良いとも言えない」と結論付けている。

増田のゆる登山家供も、試しに山で迷った時などに荻上チキだったりインターネッツにわか仕込み知識で二重に遭難しないようにしろよ。

2018-08-08

anond:20180804152511

歴史人口学で見た日本』はともかく、『ユーゴ紛争』って、体系的な読書入り口になるか……?

いや、ユーゴ紛争とか国際政治かについて関心を持つ糸口にはなると思うけど、良くも悪くもルポルタージュなので、体系的な読書入り口になるかっつーと微妙では。

ルポルタージュルポルタージュとして興味深いものだけど、往々にして「入り口」というか「とっかかり」であることが多い。本当に相手に体系的にものごとを知ってほしいなら、導入は別の本がいいんじゃないの。

もし国際政治とかそういった話に興味を持ってほしいなら、ナイ&ウェルチ国際紛争』(http://www.yuhikaku.co.jp/books/detail/9784641149175)とか、あるいは有斐閣政治学入門のやつ(http://www.yuhikaku.co.jp/books/detail/9784641150256)とか。

東大出版会最近政治学の入門シリーズ出してるな>http://www.utp.or.jp/book/b297525.html政治学の入門としてはお手頃かなと。

民族問題とかそういうテーマにいざないたいなら、『民族ネイション』(https://www.iwanami.co.jp/book/b225944.html)とか、『民族紛争』(https://www.iwanami.co.jp/book/b226218.html)とか。『ナショナリズム論・入門』(http://www.yuhikaku.co.jp/books/detail/9784641123359)はちょっと初心者にはとっつきにくいかな。

ユーゴ紛争に興味を持ってほしいなら、『ユーゴスラヴィア現代史』(https://www.iwanami.co.jp/book/b268264.html)とか、最近出たやつだとマゾワーの『バルカン』(http://www.chuko.co.jp/shinsho/2017/06/102440.html)なんかがいいんじゃないの。

国際紛争』はレベル的にも大学新入生がちょっと背伸びして読んでみるくらいだから青二才さんにちょうどいいと思うんだよね。色々おもしろエピソードが紹介されてたりするし。やっぱり英米教科書はおもろいわ。

あるいはどんな入門書が適切かわからん問題もあるのかもなー。青二才さんが何かの入門書を探したい、となったときには、だいたい、

この辺をチェックして入門書探して、そこから参考文献を芋蔓式にたどっていくのがいいと思うんだよね。

ただまあ最終的には青二才さんに興味がないとどうにもならんところはあるので。You can lead a horse to water, but you cannot make him drinkですよやっぱ。

2018-07-23

A dream without end must lead to somebody's future.

Even if you fall you will stand up again.

I drew some strength from your profile that only gazes ahead.

From the line of "Kimi no Hikari".

2018-07-01

Your Smile

When I met you there was spring light

And breeze in the street

My childish heart cheered

In the distant summer night of that day

I neglected loneliness

As I passed through the autumn day

A warm winter street

Reassured me of your warmth

At all times you have

A sincere look in your eyes

Even if you fall you will stand up again

I drew some strength

From your profile

That only gazes ahead .

Your smile

And your voice

Created my future

The time

That began to move

Carved out slowly changing days.

I should be able to overcome

Difficulty at any time

Because I have a dream

Now I have found

Something precious

Something that I want to protect.


I don't know the reason

for your tears that day

Beyond the upset I saw

A path leading to a dream.

I'm not afraid of mistakes

If I take a step forwards

Then I can have more faith in myself.

People look towards

The other side of sadness

This is what the sight of your back has told me

At my side

By your side

I could cry with longing to live in the moment

A dream

Without end

Must lead to somebody's future.

Don't give up

Whenever

I heard your voice

I found

Something precious

Something that I want to protect

I am not alone

I am always by your side

Because I want to see your smile

From the line of "Asagao to Kase-san"

2018-06-04

anond:20180604161621

Although what causes pedophilia is not yet known, researchers began reporting a series of findings linking pedophilia with brain structure and function, beginning in 2002. Testing individuals from a variety of referral sources inside and outside the criminal justice system as well as controls, these studies found associations between pedophilia and lower IQs,[48][49][50] poorer scores on memory tests,[49] greater rates of non-right-handedness,[48][49][51][52] greater rates of school grade failure over and above the IQ differences,[53] lesser physical height,[54][55] greater probability of having suffered childhood head injuries resulting in unconsciousness,[56][57] and several differences in MRI-detected brain structures.[58][59][60]

Such studies suggest that there are one or more neurological characteristics present at birth that cause or increase the likelihood of being pedophilic. Some studies have found that pedophiles are less cognitively impaired than non-pedophilic child molesters.[61] A 2011 study reported that pedophilic child molesters had deficits in response inhibition, but no deficits in memory or cognitive flexibility.[62] Evidence of familial transmittability "suggests, but does not prove that genetic factors are responsible" for the development of pedophilia.[63] A 2015 study indicated that pedophilic offenders have a normal IQ.[64]

Another study, using structural MRI, indicated that male pedophiles have a lower volume of white matter than a control group.[58] Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has indicated that child molesters diagnosed with pedophilia have reduced activation of the hypothalamus as compared with non-pedophilic persons when viewing sexually arousing pictures of adults.[65] A 2008 functional neuroimaging study notes that central processing of sexual stimuli in heterosexual "paedophile forensic inpatients" may be altered by a disturbance in the prefrontal networks, which "may be associated with stimulus-controlled behaviours, such as sexual compulsive behaviours". The findings may also suggest "a dysfunction at the cognitive stage of sexual arousal processing".[66]

Blanchard, Cantor, and Robichaud (2006) reviewed the research that attempted to identify hormonal aspects of pedophiles.[67] They concluded that there is some evidence that pedophilic men have less testosterone than controls, but that the research is of poor quality and that it is difficult to draw any firm conclusion from it.

While not causes of pedophilia themselves, childhood abuse by adults or comorbid psychiatric illnesses—such as personality disorders and substance abuse—are risk factors for acting on pedophilic urges.[6] Blanchard, Cantor, and Robichaud addressed comorbid psychiatric illnesses that, "The theoretical implications are not so clear. Do particular genes or noxious factors in the prenatal environment predispose a male to develop both affective disorders and pedophilia, or do the frustration, danger, and isolation engendered by unacceptable sexual desires—or their occasional furtive satisfactionlead to anxiety and despair?"[67] They indicated that, because they previously found mothers of pedophiles to be more likely to have undergone psychiatric treatment,[56] the genetic possibility is more likely.

A study analyzing the sexual fantasies of 200 heterosexual men by using the Wilson Sex Fantasy Questionnaire exam determined that males with a pronounced degree of paraphilic interest (including pedophilia) had a greater number of older brothers, a high 2D:4D digit ratio (which would indicate low prenatal androgen exposure), and an elevated probability of being left-handed, suggesting that disturbed hemispheric brain lateralization may play a role in deviant attractions.[68]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pedophilia

2018-03-03

会社についてのメモ

いろいろ働いていて思ったことのメモ

まず職位名だが本国と出先では同じ職位名でも実際の機能結構違う。これは出先機関基本的本国の指示を実行することがまず求められるのと、大抵は営業拠点であるので売上・利益というゴールが最大の関心事になるためと思われる。

Assistant - 契約社員 / Associate - 新入りレベル / Senior - 新入りレベルではない人、または、何年かはいる人 / Lead - 現場リーダー / Manager - とりまとめ担当者、または係長課長 / Director - 課長部長 / Vice President - 部長本部長 / Executive Vice President - 本部長〜執行役員 / Senior Executive Vice President - 取締役(CXO) / President - 社長CEO

Specialist - 担当者専門家という意味特に含まない / Architect - 作業担当者設計という意味特に含まない / Engineer - 作業担当者。開発という意味特に含まない

Sales - 営業段階で動く人 / Services - 利用段階で動く人 / Engineering - 開発段階で動く人

なので、たとえばService Architectは「サービス設計をする人」ではなく「導入支援担当者」で、Engineering Architectは「開発物の設計をするアーキテクト」となる。

面倒なのがManagerで、一般名詞として使うときは「管理者」だが、Product ManagerなどXXX Managerと使うとき管理者ではなく「XXXまわりのとりまとめ担当者」といった意味役職になる。

これらは一例で、会社によってどういう修飾語を付けるかは結構違う。ただ言えるのは、日本会社に比べてインフレした名前をつけるというか、実際の役務以上にカッコイイ響きにしている感がある。「Senior Architect」とか言われたらおおっと思ってしまうが、「新入りではない作業担当者」と読み替えたら普通である

意思決定については、VP-Director-Managerのラインでは、VP意思決定を行い、Director部門間調整を行いながらManagerを支援し、Managerがスタッフ管理をする形になる。日本でも同じではと思うかもしれないが、中央集権度が違う。

Managerが一番現場上層部意思決定板ばさみとなっているのは洋の東西を問わないようで、しか中央集権度が高いため中間では判断できずメール転送リレーになってしまうこともしばしば。実務上の判断よりも、メッセージルーティングが最大の機能になる。これを「オープン組織コミュニケーションスタイル」と呼ぶのか「ヒラメ族による調整」というのかは地域によって違うようだ。

このあたりは本国出先機関かがおそらく影響しており、叩き上げが多かったりコミュニケーション密度が高くなる本国内であればManagerへも権限委譲やすいが、人の出入りが激しい出先機関では難しいと思われる。

また、これは組織構造に加えて組織の大きさが影響していると思われるが、数値での目標管理がしっかりしている。全く異なる地域文化社員管理比較しなくてはならないので、個別状況を勘案することは基本的に無理。したがって数量換算できる指標管理するのが原則となる。これは成果主義ではなく、数値主義と言える。例えばSalesであれば獲得顧客数・売上・利益、Serviceであれば売上稼働時間といった指標になる。

再び本国出先機関の違いに戻ると、出先機関基本的に在籍年数が少ない。いわゆる日本での典型的外資系イメージがこれであろう。これは出先機関はとにかく売上・利益本国にもたらすことが最優先なのが理由と見ている。先の数値管理に加えて現場での自由度の低さもあり、プレッシャーの大きさだけでなくストレスレベルも高い。

そしてそんな短期間で回転してゆく社員個別の非数値的状況を勘案しつつ管理することは難しいので、数値管理ますますなされてゆくという傾向がある。ここはかつて流行った数値的経営管理の影響も大きそうであるKPIをどんどん定義して、その数値によって判断するのが論理的に正しい、という傾向がある。

一応、数値だけではまずいということで、それを補うために数値外の評価制度がある。しかしこれも360評価が主流となり上長が指揮下のスタッフを自らの責任評価するものではなくなっているため、全員がある意味世間による評価」を意識する必要があり、これはこれで大変である日本の「空気」みたいなものだが、結局管理せずに管理したいと処理を分散していくと同じ様なものになるのが面白い

そんな状況のため出先機関では常時人が不足している。しかし育成機能はなく、本国要求は現地状況と関係なくどんどん出てくる。そうなると短期間でやめるにしても給与レベルは高いですよ、という形にして集めざるを得ない。備兵みたいなものであるしかしそうなると会社としても元は取らなくてはいけないので目標管理が更に厳しくなる。

この構造では商売軟調になると、社員ストレスばかり大きくなるので一気に離散する。また、社員としても元々長年居られると思っていないので、軟調以前に他社のでもより強い商材が登場すればそれに乗って転職してしまう。こうして転職が激しい構造が生まれ、維持される。

企業の興亡が激しいのもこういう人的資本の急激な集散が要因になっていると思うが、こういうダイナミックな状況で法人が滅ぶのはいいとしても個人死ぬわけにはいかないので大変である。この構造を「状況に適応し迅速に新しいバランスに至るよい仕組み」とみなすか「過敏に状況を揺らし個人社会不安定化させる仕組み」とみなすか、難しいところだ。「経済効率の追求が世界人類総体ではより豊かにした」vs「経済効率の追求が個人生活破壊した」みたいな話。

何が言いたいわけでもないが、結局どの組織も置かれた状況に適応しているだけで、どちらがいいというものでもない。地の利と時の運に恵まれ業績のいい企業産業地域では余裕があるため、その余裕が反映して「理想的なワークスタイル例」としてもてはやされるが、それが自社・自分に適しているか全然別の話になる。

2016-12-30

規則動詞の分類別一覧

英語の不規則動詞はおおまかに,過去分詞がtかdで終わるもの(以下dtタイプ)とnで終わるもの(以下nタイプ)に分けられる。ほとんどのdtタイプ動詞過去形過去分詞形が同じ形で,A-B-B(一部はA-A-A)のように変化する。また,原形の末尾がdかtの不規則動詞ほとんどがdtタイプに属する。(例外eat,get,bid等)一方,ほとんどのnタイプの不規則動詞は原形,過去形過去分詞形がすべて異なり,A-B-Cのように変化する。

原形から過去過去分詞形になるときに起こる変化は基本的母音が変化するか末尾にdtnが加わるかの2種類,あるいはその両方で,原形にあった子音がなくなることは原則としてない。(例外:-ught型,went,had,made

表の説明

分類は以下の通り

  • dtタイプ
  • nタイプ
    • 【A-B-An】型
    • 【A-Aed-An】型
    • 【A-B-Bn】型
    • 【-dden,-tten】型
    • 【A-B-Cn】型
  • その他
    • 【i-a-u】型
    • 【A-B-B(その他)】型
    • 【その他】

become,forgetなど末尾にほかの不規則動詞を含むものは省いた。

表中の*は規則変化もし得ることを,#は他の不規則変化もし得ることを,!は意味によって変化が異なる単語であることを示す。

【A-A-A】型

すべてdかtで終わる。特に末尾tで短母音のものが多い。get,sitが含まれないことに注意。形が1種類で覚えやすいが,英文中の「have put」「is put」等を見てもビビらない心構えが必要

bet * bust * cast cost cut
hit knit! let put quit *
set shit *# shut sweat * thrust
wet* burst * hurt beat # bid #
clad glid * rid* shed spread
wed*
Ad-Bd-Bd】型

原形がdで終わる動詞母音を変化させて過去形過去分詞形になる型。最後のplead,read発音のみ変化する。

breedbred
feedfed
leadled
plead *#pled
speed !sped
tread #trod
bindbound
find found
grind ground
wind wound
chide *#chid
slide #slid
hold held
stand stood
abide *abode
plead *#plead
readread
Ad-At-At】型

原形の末尾のdがtに置き換わり,それ以外は綴り発音も変わらない。endで終わる動詞が多いが,end自体規則動詞。原形のほうが過去形っぽく見えたりするので注意が必要。逆パターン(At-Ad-Ad)は存在しない。

bend bent
lend lent
rend rent
send sent
spend spent
build built
geld *gelt
gird *girt
At-Bt-Bt】型

Ad-Bd-Bd】の末尾tバージョンget,sitはこちらに含まれる。

fightfought
light *lit
meet met
shoot shot
get #got
shit *#shat
sitsat
【A-Bd-Bd】型

末尾にdが加わるという点で規則動詞に近いが,付き方が特殊母音も変化する。

lay laid
pay paid
say said
sell sold
tell told
hear heard
flee fled
shoe *shod
baa *baa'd
makemade
have had
【A-Bt-Bt】型

末尾にtが加わる。原形の/iː/が/e/に変化するものが多い。

feelfelt
keep kept
sleep slept
weep wept
creep crept
kneel *knelt
sweep swept
leave left
bereave !bereft
cleave *#cleft
deal dealt
mean meant
dream *dreamt
lean *leant
leap *leapt
lose lost
spoil *spoilt
burn *burnt
learn *learnt
dwell dwelt
smell *smelt
spell *spelt
spill *spilt
drip *dript
grip *gript
wrap *wrapt
pen *pent
【-(o/a)ught】型

末尾が-oughtか-aughtに変化する。どちらも発音は/ɔːt/。wentを除けばもっとも原型をとどめない変化が起こるので過去形から原形を思い出せるようにしておく必要がある。

beseech *besought
bringbrought
buy bought
overwork *overwrought
seek sought
think thought
catchcaught
teach taught
【A-B-An】型

過去分詞形が原形+nとなるもの過去形では母音が変化している。fall,eatにはenが,do,goにはneが付くことに注意。

blowblewblown
grow grewgrown
know knewknown
throw threwthrown
drawdrewdrawn
shakeshookshaken
taketooktaken
drivedrovedriven
riseroserisen
strive strovestriven
thrive *throvethriven
see sawseen
give gavegiven
eatateeaten
fall fellfallen
do diddone
gowentgone
【A-Aed-An】型

【A-B-An】の亜種で,showに代表される過去形規則変化(-ed)になっているもの

grave *gravedgraven
hew *hewedhewn
mow *mowedmown
prove *provedproven
saw *sawedsawn
sew *sewedsewn
shave *shavedshaven
show *showedshown
sow *sowedsown
strew *strewedstrewn
【A-B-Bn】型

過去分詞形が過去形+nとなるもの。eが脱落するtear-tore-tornのパターンに注意。wakeはtake,makeと異なり,この型に属する。

break brokebroken
cleave *#clovecloven
freeze frozefrozen
speak spokespoken
steal stolestolen
weave !wovewoven
shrink #shrunkshrunken
wake wokewoken
bear !boreborn
swearsworesworn
tear toretorn
wearworeworn
bear !boreborne
【-dden,-tten】型

原型にd,tを含み,過去分詞形でそれが重なるものget以外は【A-B-An】に近いがgetは【A-B-Bn】に近い。

smite #smotesmitten
ride roderidden
writewrotewritten
bite bitbitten
chide *#chidchidden
hidehidhidden
slideslidslidden
bid #badebidden
forbid #forbadeforbidden
forbid #forbadforbidden
get #gotgotten
【A-B-Cn】型

過去分詞形にnが付くが,【A-B-An】でも【A-B-Bn】でもないもの

flyflewflown
lielaylain
slay slewslain
shear *shearedshorn
swell *swelledswollen
tread #treadedtrodden
【i-a-u】型

原型にiを含み,それがi-a-uと変化していくもの。わかりやすい変化だが数は少ない。

beginbeganbegun
drink drankdrunk
ringrangrung
shrink #shrankshrunk
singsangsung
sinksanksunk
spring #sprangsprung
stink #stankstunk
swim swamswum
【A-B-B(その他)】

dt型でないが,A-B-CではなくA-B-Bと変化するもの。末尾が-ingのものが多いが,bringring,singが含まれないことに注意。

clingclung
flingflung
slingslung
slink slunk
spling #splung
stingstung
stink stunk
stringstrung
swingswung
wringwrung
hang !hung
dig dug
stickstuck
strike struck
heave !hove
reeve *rove
stave *stove
shine !shone
winwon
【その他】
[A-B-C]
dive *dovedived
smite #smotesmit
[A-A-B]
beat #beatbeaten
[A-B-A]
come camecome
runranrun

2016-12-01

マスダとマスダ

着替え

マンガとかでさ、ヒロインが奇抜な衣装や、エロイ水着とか着させられる場面があるよな」

「うん、よくあるよね」

「それを着て『なによこれえ!?』とか言うんだけど、あれって着替え終わる前に気づかないもんなの?」

「確かに、少なくとも私だったら気づくと思う」

「……そっか」

「あれ、もしかして下手なこと言ってたら私が実験台にされてた?」

The balance distinguishes not between gold and lead

「『天びんは金も鉛も区別しない』といいましてね」

「まあ、区別しないというより、できないというか」

「要は平等主義的な諺ですね」

「なるほど、人間は天びんではないから、差別してしまうということですか」

「ほぉ、そうきましたか

The rich man has his ice in the summer and the poor man gets his in the winter

「『金持ちは夏に氷を手に入れるが、貧乏人は冬に手に入れる』といいましてね」

平等主義的な言葉ではないんですね」

「長い目で見れば、平等な結果を得ているという意味です」

「ああ、なるほど! 確かに平等だ」

「いえ、皮肉的な表現です」

「うわあ、引っかかったあ」

別に引っかけ問題を出したつもりでもないのですが……」

2016-10-11

[]よくある質問

真面目に答えず、出来る限り嘘と虚構を織り交ぜて答えていきたい。

ボツネタの詰め合わせ。

Q.年間、平均収入を稼げる仕事があるとして、それが世界一長い芝を刈り続ける場合、その仕事をやりますか?

答えはYESだ。

もちろん、思考する権利幻想を見る権利くらいは欲しいがね。

Q.ヴァイオリンは泣きますか。

個人差はあるが、まあ多少は。

直に泣かなくなるさ。

Q.オリンピックなどの競技では、男女別に分かれているのが主です。これを差別としないのは何故ですか。

性差には、大まかに分けて「身体」と「心理」がある。で、オリンピックで男女別なのは身体性差考慮しているからだ。

……それを差別というんじゃないかって?

君は世間提唱している「平等」をちょっと誤解している。男女の差別問題解消において、女性スポットライトが当たることが多いのは、女性のほうが社会で不当に扱われてきた歴史がある、とされているからだ。

学ぶべき教訓は、「偏った天秤に同じ重りをそれぞれ乗せても偏ったまま」ということだ。現状を踏まえない平等論は平等ではない。これは身体性差においてもいえる。私たちは同じ人間だが、どうしても性差による身体の違いや個人差はあるわけだ。これを一切考慮しないで作られたルールは、ある意味では平等かもしれないけれど、人間の作り出した“平等”という概念とは違うわけだ。

別に皮肉ではない。人間は多様で、かつそれらが社会で混在することが基本的に“認められている”(妥当表現がパッと思いつかない)。その時点で、真の意味での平等物理的に不可能なのさ。だから、彼ら人間の作り出す平等には「機会の平等」などといったように、社会に伴った限定条件がつけられる。広義的には「ジェンダー」といわれているやつで、平等にすべきはそこだとされているようだな。そんな平等でいいのかだとか、現在そういう理想的平等に近づいていっているのかなんてこと私は知らんよ。

英語には“The balance distinguishes not between gold and lead”という諺がある。日本語で「天びんは金も鉛も区別しない」といったところかな。つまり人間は天秤ではないので、物事を公平に判断することはできない」という意味さ。

……真に受けるなよ。本当は「人間平等である」という意味の諺だ。人間は天秤ではないが、天秤を作ったのは人間からな。

Q.ドラえもん孫悟空なら、どちらが勝ちますか。

答えは「成立しない」だ。

前提が甘い状態で作られた論は、私からいわせればナンセンスだ。

せめて「不自然にトラブった場合に、出るとこ出れば勝てるのか、過剰防衛にはなってしまわないか」くらいのレベルにしてくれないと、答えようがない。

Q.MMORPGなどのインフレはなぜ起こるのですか。

ザックリいえば「足し算は簡単なのに、引き算は簡単にできない」からだ。

解決方法は、割り切るか、開き直るか、いっそ全部なかったことにするか、あたりかな。

2016-04-14

detox

Toxins are everywhere. Car exhaust, secondhand smoke, flame retardants, plastic packaging, heavy metals, pesticides, BPA-coated receipts… Unless you’re living in virgin forest, you’re going to come into contact with some less-than-optimal chemicals pretty much every day.

That’s definitely no reason to panic. In fact, small doses of toxins may be good for you because of a phenomenon called hormesis – mild stress makes your cells work more efficiently. However, your body can have trouble clearing certain toxins. You eliminate most of the bisphenol-A (BPA) and other plastics you ingest, but a small percentage hides away in your fat cells, messing with your hormones and accumulating over time. It’s the same deal with several mold toxins, heavy metals like lead, nickel, cadmium, mercury, and aluminum, and with certain pharmaceuticals and drugs like THC.

A good detox protocol can help you eliminate these more stubborn toxins. The trouble is that many common detoxes don’t work. Juice and water cleanses, for example, are often actually counterproductive because they deprive your body of essential nutrients it needs to function. That said, there are a few genuine ways to detox.

Because so many toxins stay in your fat cells, one way to detox is through lipolysis – breaking down your fat cells and releasing the hard-to-reach toxins stored within them. Lipolysis is especially effective when you combine it with liver and kidney support or adsorbents that can suck up the released toxins. This article focuses on all of the above. Let’s start with saunas.

1) Sauna sessions

Sweating does more than cool you off. It also helps you get rid of both heavy metals and xenobiotics – foreign compounds like plastics and petrochemicals – in small but significant amounts. A 2012 review of 50 studies found that sweating removes lead, cadmium, arsenic, and mercury, especially in people with high heavy metal toxicity [1]. Another study put participants in both traditional and infrared saunas and found similar results [2]. Sweating also eliminates hormone-disrupting BPA, which accumulates in your fat cells [3].

There’s debate about the best kind of sauna for detoxification. A couple studies have shown that infrared saunas are the most effective for detoxing, but the research was funded by infrared sauna companies, so the results are questionable. Both traditional and infrared saunas are effective for detoxing [2]. That said, I prefer infrared saunas for a few reasons:

They don’t get as hot. Traditional saunas heat the air around you, while infrared light penetrates and heats your tissue directly. You sweat in an infrared sauna at around 130-150 degrees instead of at 180-200 degrees, so you can stay in for longer without feeling like you’re going to pass out. I’ve done 2-hour infrared sauna sessions (drinking salt water the whole time to replenish electrolytes and fluids, of course).

They’re easier on your electric bill. Again, infrared saunas require less energy, especially if you get a sauna that reflects infrared light back on you. This one, for example, costs about 15 cents an hour to run.

Infrared saunas are often cheaper.

I personally use a Sunlighten infrared sauna and love it. If you don’t want to buy an infrared sauna and there isn’t one around you, a standard sauna will work perfectly well [2]. There’s probably one in your local gym.

Keep in mind that sweating pulls electrolytes and trace minerals from your body, so it’s important to drink a lot of fluids and get plenty of salt (preferably Himalayan pink salt or another mineral-rich natural salt) if you’re going to use a sauna to detox [2].

2) Exercise

Exercise is another way to flush toxins from your body, and through more than just making you sweat. Exercise increases lipolysis (the breakdown of fat tissue), releasing toxins stored in your fat tissue. Studies show that people who exercise and lose body fat end up with higher levels of circulating hormone disruptors [4]. Increasing lipolysis through diet does the same thing [5].

Mobilizing toxins isn’t necessarily a good thing, particularly if you’re unequipped to get rid of them. You want to be sure you’re getting rid of toxins, not just moving them to a different part of your body. Working out addresses the issue to a degree: it improves circulation, providing more oxygen to your liver and kidneys so they can better filter out toxins. You can also give your system even more support and pull out bad stuff with the next two detox tools: activated charcoal and glutathione.

3) Activated charcoal

Activated charcoal is a form of carbon that has massive surface area and a strong negative charge. It’s been around for thousands of years and it’s still used in emergency rooms today to treat poisoning.

Charcoal binds to chemicals whose molecules have positive charges, including aflatoxin and other polar mycotoxins [6], BPA [7], and common pesticides [8]. Once the chemicals attach to the charcoal you can pass them normally (i.e. poop them out).

Charcoal can bind to the good stuff, too, so I don’t recommend taking it within an hour of other supplements. Try taking a couple charcoal pills along with exercise or have a sauna session. They should adsorb many of the toxins you release into your gut and GI tract.

4) Glutathione

Glutathione is a powerful antioxidant that protects you from heavy metal damage, according to studies in both human and rat cells [9,10,11,12]. Glutathione also supports liver enzymes that break down mold toxins and heavy metals. Your digestion will destroy normal glutathione, so opt for a liposomal glutathione supplement that makes it through your stomach. You can also supplement with N-acetylcysteine and alpha-lipoic acid, which your body can use to build glutathione on its own [13]. If you have severe heavy metal or mycotoxin poisoning, talk to a naturopath or functional medicine doctor about intravenous (IV) glutathione. It’s expensive and less convenient than an oral supplement, but it works very well.

5) Cryolipolysis

We’ve talked about how heat and exercise can increase fat burning to detox your fat cells. It turns out cold can do the same. Cryochambers are gaining popularity with professional athletes and other high performers for their ability to quell inflammation. It turns out they can help you burn fat – and release the toxins stored in itas well.

A cryochamber uses liquid nitrogen to supercool your body, stimulating mitochondrial function and decreasing inflammation. Intense cold also destroys fat cells, which has led to cryolipolysis therapy as a way to slim down [14,15]. You can use it to detox, too.

Can’t get your hands on a cryochamber? Try traditional cold thermogenesis instead.

6) Ketosis

Quick disclaimer: I haven’t found studies specifically looking at ketosis and toxin load, so you may want to take this section with a grain of (Himalayan) salt. That said, ketosis is a very effective way to induce lipolysis, particularly if you’re fasting.

When you’re in ketosis and you haven’t eaten recently, your body breaks down your fat stores into free fatty acids, which it then converts to ketones for fuel. That means that, in theory, you should be able to supercharge your detox (and fat loss) by dropping into nutritional ketosis.

The Bulletproof Diet puts you into mild ketosis, which curbs your hunger and sharpens your brain without forcing you to forego carbs entirely. If you want to try nutritional ketosis for detoxing, youll have to modify the Bulletproof Diet slightly. Skip carb reefed days for a couple weeks and limit carbs to ~30-50 grams per day. You can use keto urine strips or – even better – a blood ketone meter to test and make sure you’re becoming fat-adapted. Once your levels read around 1.5 mg/dL, you’re comfortably in nutritional ketosis. At that point, fasting will attack your fat stores and mobilize toxins, which you can mop up with activated charcoal or sweat out (or both).

7) Chelation therapy for heavy metals

Chelation therapy is the strongest way to detox heavy metals. It can also be dangerous, so many doctors don’t recommend it unless you have moderate to severe heavy metal poisoning. Chelation therapy uses compounds called chelators that form strong bonds with heavy metals, leaving them unable to further poison your body. You can then pass them normally. Chelation therapy is very effective for removing lead, mercury, aluminum, arsenic, iron, and copper.

If you’ve been exposed to a lot of heavy metals, talk to a functional medicine doctor about chelation therapy. You really want to go to a medical professional for this one, because it’s so effective that if your liver and kidneys aren’t able to process the metals (a common problem in people with heavy metal poisoning) you can get seriously ill.

Combining detox methods for maximum effect

Each of these 7 methods works well on its own, and you can stack methods for an even greater effect. Exercise and sauna sessions are a good example. Preliminary evidence suggests that exercising and then hitting the sauna afterward will detoxify you better than either one alone does [16]. With that in mind, here’s a sample detox protocol:

Take 2-3 mL liposomal glutathione and 2-3 g vitamin C an hour before exercising.

Exercise for at least 20-30 minutes (HIIT is a good option).

Take 3-4 activated charcoal pills.

Spend 45-60 minutes in a sauna. Remember to get plenty of water and salt/electrolytes.

If you have a lot of fat and you’re burning it off quickly, you’re probably getting rid of a lot of toxins in one fell swoop, and you may get a headache, digestive problems, brain fog, etc. If that happens try taking more glutathione, vitamin C, and charcoal. Be sure you take charcoal at least an hour away from other supplements, as it binds to vitamin C.

Toxins are a fact of modern life, especially if you live in a city or somewhere with poor air quality, mold, and/or a lot of petrochemical byproducts. These detox methods can give your body a little extra support dealing with pollutants and help you perform your best.

Subscribe below if you want more info about how to upgrade your body and brain. Thanks for reading and have a great week!

2015-06-10

[] 動線と導線

一般には

 動線-建物などで人や物の動きの量をしめす線のこと。

 導線-電流を通すための導体の針金。銅、アルミニウム、鉄などの電線

  

IT広告業界では

 動線-ユーザーWebサイトを実際に見てまわった"動き"(=flow

 導線-ユーザーWebサイトの中で"誘導"するための仕掛けが(=lead

2014-07-10

http://anond.hatelabo.jp/20140710001453

時代遅れは置いといても、日本の伝統的な企業っていろんな部門をローテーションさせて育てる、みたいな慣習があるのかな? 以前N○T系列の知り合いからUS企業への転職相談を受けたんだけど、色々な分野のプロジェクトに色々な職責名で関わってるもんだからレジュメ見て何ができるのか良くわからないのがかなり不利だなあと思った。

海外いいかな、と思いつつとりあえず日本で働いてるなら、英文レジュメの例や書き方、それから目指す分野の求人job descriptionを見て、後々キャリアとして主張できるようなパスを考えとくといいかもね。今いる企業名は売りにならないと思った方がいい。分野ごとに職責にはある程度共通の名前がついてて、募集特定分野、特定職責について行われるから、その職責に明確につながる経歴がないと苦しい。

あくまで一例だけど、無印のチームメンバーに対し、senior (メンタリング無しで自律的に業務を遂行したり、ジュニアメンバーメンタリングができる)とか、lead (チームにおいて技術的な決断責任を持ったり、方向性をまとめたりする)とか、manager (非技術メンバーも含め人事に関わる話だとか、技術以外の管理責任も担う)とかあって、leadポジションに応募しようと思ったらlead経験かせめてseniorで何年かやりました、っていうのが必要だったり。これがいろんな分野をつまみ食い的に無印ポジション経験してました、となるとjuniorで取るには妙に経験ありすぎるし、かといって特定分野のseniorとして自律的に動けるかが不明だし、使い方がわからないから採用見送り、なんてことになりかねない。

2012-02-02

The way to Take the place of a fabulous Personal computer Computer keyboard

Changing a new laptop computer keyboard will be difficult regarding someone considering that it is without a doubt defined to become tech function though really isn't. Just by subsequent a number of easy steps one could replace the actual laptop key pad comfortably.

1st step is actually to ensure that you will have powered down the vitality and taken off the particular battery. Equally you might want to unplug this from switchboard to prevent just about any hassle. An individual will be through with the software, you ought to start all the laptop computer along with remove lots of the screws behind that. Even if various mobile computer models possess different screws but it is simple to choose the anchoring screws in order to them all.

Typically, all the keyboards are generally devote a plastic material sheet which happens to be screwed throughout the equipment. For that reason right here anyone must also get rid of the screws in an effort to get rid of those plastic-type sheets. Any time one can find absolutely no plastic-type material sheets after that probably right now there may be some clamps which is often deleted readily.

An individual will be through with the actual taking away the plastic material sheets right now there may be some cosmetic outstanding on the computer keys. All of these plastic material bits has to be removed cautious and it could be completed any help in various cosmetic choose and tooth find. It is actually highly recommended will not use almost any needle which is able to really problems another aspects of machines.

At this time you might be through with just about all screws inside the back, you need to take away the screws towards the top because in some laptop or pc units often times there are anchoring screws beginning which should end up being deleted before you really replace all the computer keys. When most of anchoring screws really are eliminated, you will see the laptop computer keyboard is something related to any thin knowledge lead that is straightaway that come with the actual motherboard best in the bottoom. To eliminate any laptop correctly, feel free to use the equivalent enamel pick to enable you to raise the plastic-type connectors which you'll find storing with this knowledge lead. You will see of the fact that entirely computer keyboard can be free professionals who log in very easily lift that up.

You will have successfully carried out the most important part and it's the moment you are able to replace that classic laptop or pc computer keyboard while using unique 1. Very first thing earliest, take the popular computer hp laptop keyboard out from the plastic page and remedy a repair anywhere between that cosmetic fittings that are existing for the chief panel. You will need to ensure that your comprehensive brand new keyboard set is set. These days include the info line very carefully. You need to use similar choose anyone used formerly to try the equivalent. Be sure that the entire openings as well as clamps are straight aligned along with the mess space as a result for all those securing that screws repeatedly, it is possible to finished the software as necessary. Lastly refasten your current laptop computer keyboard within the top and also if you wish to remove any specific cosmetic articles replicate the equivalent option a person achieved it up to now.

Now restricted most of the screws from again and get that laptop's solar battery funding the area to enable you to observe regardless if your own laptop have been replaced instead systematically or even in no way. An individual will be through with tensing all the screws, start up your current laptop considering the fact that a person hear numerous beeps in the beginning then very likely you might want to eradicate all of the procedures once again. See a BIOS through important F2 or DEL button to be sure of whether or not keyboard is actually tracked down to be had and not even.

Tags:

HP DV7-2020x Keyboard

HP DV7-2022tx Keyboard

HP DV7-2040us Keyboard

HP DV7-2043cl Keyboard

HP DV7-2100 Keyboard

HP DV7-2103tx Keyboard

HP DV7-2104tx Keyboard

HP DV7-2105tx Keyboard

HP DV7-2108tx Keyboard

2012-01-16

Digital video camera batteries matters need attention

Now, a digital camera is mainly rely on battery with power. Use the battery also has a lot of attention to the place, so that they can make a battery "prolong life".

Battery cleaning

In order to avoid the loss of the power problem, you want to keep the battery on both ends of the contact points and the battery cover internal clean. If the surface is very dirty words to use soft, clean dry cloth FuShi gently, can never use clean sex or the chemical has the solubility cleaner, such as diluent or contain alcohol solvent composition of the clean your digital camera, battery or charger.

Canon NB-8L Battery

For charging time, depends on the charger and battery, and whether the use of voltage stability, and other factors. Usually the first time to use the battery (or several months used battery) charging, li-ion batteries must more than six hours, the nimh batteries must be more than 14 hours, or future battery life will be short. And the battery and residual power, try not to repeat charging, to ensure the battery life.

Canon NB-6L Battery

Use process to avoid a discharge. A discharge is a power consumption over limit. Otherwise even recharge and its capacity cannot fully recover, for the battery is a kind of damage. Due to a discharge can lead to bad battery charging efficiency, reduce capacity, therefore camcorders are equipped with battery alarm function. So in similar circumstances should appear to replace the battery, try not to let the batteries run out and make the camcorders automatic shutdown.

The preservation of the battery

If you plan to use a long time without digital camera, must want the battery from a digital camera or remove the charger, and the discharge completely, and then stored in a dry, cool and environment, and try to avoid the battery and general metal items stored in together. In order to avoid short-circuited batteries, in batteries need not when, should cover to protect its preservation.

What kind of batteries belong to the green environmental protection battery?

The green environmental protection battery is to point to in recent years has been put into use or are development, the development of kind of high performance, no pollution batteries. At present already use large nickel metal hydride battery, the lithium ion battery and is expanded use of mercury free alkaline battery manganese zinc and rechargeable batteries and is research and development of lithium or lithium ion plastic pack and fuel cells belong to this category. In addition, it is widely used and use of solar energy for photoelectric convert solar cell (also called photovoltaic power generation), can also be included in this category.

Nickel metal hydride battery (Ni-MH) and nickel cadmium battery (Ni-Cd) have the same working voltage (1.2 V), due to the adoption of rare earth alloy or TiNi alloy anode materials for the activity of hydrogen storage material, replacing the carcinogen cadmium, which not only makes this battery became a kind of green environmental protection battery, and make a battery of energy than increased nearly 40%, to 80-60 Wh/kg and 210-240 Wh/L. The battery is 90 s gradually realize industrialization PANASONIC VW-VBK360 Battery , and the first to use in the cell phone battery. At present although it on their dominance of the gradually be lithium ion battery replaced, but mobile phone applications in Europe and America, and its market share is still at about 50%.

The lithium ion battery (Li-ion) is by can make the lithium ion embedding and take off the carbon embedded as negative, reversible intercalated-li metal oxide as the positive (LiCoO2, LiNiO2 or LiMn2O4) and organic electrolyte constitute, the working voltage of 3.6 V, so a lithium-ion battery is equivalent to three cadmium nickel metal hydride battery or nickel. Thus the batteries than energy is the over 100 Wh/kg and 280 Wh/L, and considerably more than the nickel metal hydride battery than energy. In view of the above advantages, since the 1993-2000 in just a few years, its production and usage with extremely high speed growth.

Alkaline manganese zinc dry (alkaline) compared with ordinary dry cell size has higher capacity PANASONIC CGA-S005E Battery, and have high discharge current ability. In recent years has been used on mercury zinc powder, therefore make the battery become a green battery, and become the mainstream battery products, at present the alkaline xinmeng dry cell is still BP machine use most power supply. At the same time, the world is the battery charged on the sex, an American company has launched a charged battery alkali manganese, product and application of slow growth. Such batteries keep the battery discharge characteristics, but also can be recharged using a dozen times to hundreds of times (deep recharge cycles life of about 25 times).

Lithium plastic battery (LIP) is for lithium metal anode, conductive polymers of electrolyte for new battery, the energy than has reached 170 Wh/kg and 350 Wh/L. The lithium ion battery is will present plastic of organic lithium ion battery electrolyte stored in a polymer membrane, or use conductive polymer as electrolyte, make a battery in no free the electrolyte. Such batteries can use aluminum plastic composite membrane realize hot pressing encapsulation, with light weight, shape can be arbitrary change, safety better characteristics.

Fuel cells (FC) is a kind of use of fuel (such as hydrogen or contain fuel) and antioxidant (such as pure oxygen or the oxygen in air) for power generation device directly, because avoided the carnot cycle limit, this power unit is not only high efficiency (electrochemical reactions conversion efficiency can be as high as 40% or more), and no pollution discharge gas, so is the future of efficient and clean power generation method. Many companies at home and abroad are engaged in development for mobile phones, notebook computers, the PEM fuel cell, once put into application, and its economy benefit greatly.

Seal lead-acid battery is a kind of lead-acid batteries.

The following new green battery technology and related industry development is rapid.

1. Hydrogen storage material and nickel metal hydride Battery-the nimh batteries (PANASONIC CGA-S101E/1B Battery)

2. Lithium ion embedded material and liquid electrolyte of lithium ion battery

3. Polymer electrolyte of lithium battery or lithium ion battery

4. Zinc air battery and PEM fuel cell

In addition to the above, in view of the communication industry growth, China's battery industry is with extremely high speed to promote environmental protection mercury-free alkali manganese zinc original pool and rechargeable batteries and seal lead-acid battery technology development and application expansion market.

2012-01-09

Dslr camera Guideline -- The right way to Seek advise from Your own Dslr high-end camera

When considering imagine consuming, getting easy methods to make use of the digital camera are probably the fundamental assignments on the establish. The examples below digital slr high-end camera lead provides basic fundamentals about options to partner with an individual's camera and as a consequence assist you greater establish the standard terminology mandatory.

Whereby Consumers Start out... A Security dslr camera

Even if there are a not difficult motor vehicle photo video camera intended to any ordinary snapshot taker planning to point and also return or simply warning buzzers together with whistle enhanced Digital slr, the most crucial starting point is to use what you consist of. If you have had for no reason undoubtedly,Panasonic HDC-TM900 Charge do not forget to evaluate any hands-on plus try out to achieve the just about all working experience you could as a result. A good number of manuals can verify all to consider about precisely how towards employ that video camera. Keep in mind, it should receive baffling you will be know simple digital camera words.

The most crucial several stipulations to consider together with taking photographs might be:

1. Shutter Full speed

step 2. Aperture

3. ISO

A good number of a handful of situations the many examine various things holdings and even debts high-end cameras which will understand cope with the simplest way and also variety of lighting is likely to be allow in the digicam to make sure you set-up scenes. Taking photographs is Panasonic VW-VBN260 Battery focused lumination in addition to minor innovations through soothing is commonly addressed feel gigantic has effects on on what this persona success considering.

Classified ads by just The search engines

Aperture

Whatever aperture in our video camera is actually which usually "iris-like" product the opens and as well turns. The item appliances just how much light-weight is usually earn all around via the bit of throw away. The larger any sort of ditch, the greater light make it possible for round. This really is fantastic with F-Stops the moment f5. 6 is usually a considerable primary as opposed to f16 are sometimes small to medium sized primary. You need a much larger initially suitable for dark surrounds in addition to a less starting off suitable very dazzling illnesses.

Shutter Pace

In relation to aperture adjustments the figures on a fabulous throw away the fact that brightness switches into because of, almost any shutter accelerate apparatus just how long this approach light-weight is actually come up with interior. A nice shutter swiftness connected with 1/500 is going to make very low minor utilizing not like a lengthier shutter fee approximately 1/5 need after only supplemental moderate. It's fantastic with secs. You need to work with painless shutter facts convert gears designed for circumstances by means of many moderate aside from systematic shutter rates of speed when particularly full experiences.

ISO

Any sort of ISO adjustments a fabulous tenderness of the "film". Intended for camcorders, whereas it doesn't management picture presently, everything adjustments a fabulous tenderness with the high-end camera sensor. A greater ISO options can certainly help produce styles photograph become faster and as well demand even less smooth compared to a decreased ISO. Strangling part of managing great ISO is probably of the fact that enhanced ISO's ordinarily result in a detraction at the time of envision first-class high quality as well as almond.

Applying it on whe whole

At the moment knowing the exact a couple of valuable symbol photo digital portrait photography useful tips future move is usually to see how a large amount of several associated with routine aside throughout both as well as the option to select the right configuration settings for each solo! A bunch of security surveillance cameras own methods the moment anyone software one of these simple together with security surveillance camera might easily consider useful configuration settings with the sleeping. A couple selections usually are shutter priority along with Panasonic VW-VBK180 Battery aperture the main ageda once approximately just about every individual individuals manage probably lots of the shutter accelerate or even this particular aperture.

The final fundamental digital slr high-end camera efficiency content is usually intent. A bunch of security surveillance cameras own automotive intend that's characteristically poor along with translates to fluffy photos often. The most effective will be to realize how to work together with intelligent emphasizing in addition to using the services of main aim metering that will help methodically tutorial put focus.

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