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2020-06-03

Black Lives Matter と All Lives Matter

昨今の米国でのプロテスト世界刮目する中、"Black Lives Matter" というフレーズをご存知の方も増えてきたことと思う。

文字通り訳せば、"黒人の命は大切である"ということなのだが、これに対し"黒人だけじゃなくて、白人も、アジア人も、みんなの命が大切なのでは?"と純粋に思われる方もいるだろう。

その通りである

米国では、"Black Lives Matter"に対し"All Lives Matter" (="みんなの命は大切である") という発言を様々な場所で読む、又は耳にする機会が多数存在する。

日本でも、この運動やその根底にある人種差別問題への関心が少しずつ高まっている中で、"All Lives Matter"という、(恐らく多くの日本人にとって)一見自明で無害のように見える一文の意味するところを、とあるRedditでの投稿引用する形で紹介しようと思う。



以下引用及び拙訳 (r/explainlikeimfive/comments/3du1qm/eli5_why_is_it_so_controversial_when_someone_says/ より)

Imagine that you're sitting down to dinner with your family, and while everyone else gets a serving of the meal, you don't get any. So you say "I should get my fair share." And as a direct response to this, your dad corrects you, saying, "everyone should get their fair share." Now, that's a wonderful sentiment -- indeed, everyone should, and that was kinda your point in the first place: that you should be a part of everyone, and you should get your fair share also. However, dad's smart-ass comment just dismissed you and didn't solve the problem that you still haven't gotten any!

以下のような状況を想像してみてください。あなたは今、家族とディナーの席にいますあなた以外には食事が配膳されていく中、あなたの前には何もありません。そこであなたは、”フェアな分量の食事が私に配膳されるべきだ”、と父親に伝えたところ、彼は以下のように応えました。”家族みんながそれぞれのフェアな分量を配膳されるべきだね”、と。確かに、彼の発言のものは、当然のことであり、素晴らしいですが、この返答には齟齬があります。というのも、ディナーを取り囲んでいる家族メンバー各自が、(彼の言う様に)フェアな分量を配膳されるべきだからこそ、その一員であるあなた自分の分量を主張しているのです。従って、彼の返事はあなたの前に食事がないという現実問題に対して無関心であり、何の解決策も提示していません。そして何より、依然としてあなたの前には食事がありません。

The problem is that the statement "I should get my fair share" had an implicit "too" at the end: "I should get my fair share, too, just like everyone else." But your dad's response treated your statement as though you meant "only I should get my fair share", which clearly was not your intention. As a result, his statement that "everyone should get their fair share," while true, only served to ignore the problem you were trying to point out.

ここでの問題は、あなたの”フェアな分量の食事が私に配膳されるべきだ”という発言真意が、"(他のみんなと同じように、私にも)フェアな分量の食事が配膳されるべきだ"という括弧内の部分を前提に含んでいるにもかかわらず、”フェアな分量の食事が私(だけに)配膳されるべきだ”とあなた発言たかのように、父親が(あなた意図に反して)受け取った、という点にあります。従って、彼の発言のもの真実であることに変わりはないものの、あなたには食事がないという問題は看過されてしまっているのです。

That's the situation of the "black lives matter" movement. Culture, laws, the arts, religion, and everyone else repeatedly suggest that all lives should matter. Clearly, that message already abounds in our society.

これこそが、"Black Lives Matter" 運動対峙している状況なのです。文化法律芸術作品宗教、その他全てが繰り返し、みんなの命が大切であるべきだ、と主張しています米国社会においては、このメッセージは至る所で目にすることでしょう。

The problem is that, in practice, the world doesn't work the way. You see the film Nightcrawler? You know the part where Renee Russo tells Jake Gyllenhal that she doesn't want footage of a black or latino person dying, she wants news stories about affluent white people being killed? That's not made up out of whole cloth -- there is a news bias toward stories that the majority of the audience (who are white) can identify with. So when a young black man gets killed (prior to the recent police shootings), it's generally not considered "news", while a middle-aged white woman being killed is treated as news. And to a large degree, that is accurate -- young black men are killed in significantly disproportionate numbers, which is why we don't treat it as anything new. But the result is that, societally, we don't pay as much attention to certain people's deaths as we do to others. So, currently, we don't treat all lives as though they matter equally.

しかしながら、現実社会においては決してその通りではなく、命の重みは平等ではありません。あなたは、Nightcrawlerという映画を見ましたか?その映画の中で、Renee RussoがJake Gyllenhalに対して、黒人もしくはラテン系アメリカ人が命を落とすような映像ではなく、裕福な白人殺害されたといったようなニュースが欲しい、と伝えるシーンがあります。実はこのシーンは、ニュースの大部分の受け手である白人層が共感できるような報道を重視するというような、現実に即したメディアバイアス如実に反映しています現実として、若い黒人男性殺害されることはニュースにならない一方で、中年女性殺害事件はニュースとして世間に扱われますさらに言えば、統計有意に多数の若い黒人男性が日々命を落としてしまっているという現状において、そういった死のニュース性が少ないということは単なるバイアスとして存在するわけではなく、ほとんどの場合事実なのです。その結果、一部のグループの人々の死に対しては他のグループの人々の死ほどに、私たち社会全体として注目しません。人の命は本来全て平等であるにも関わらず、現実として私たちはそれらを平等に扱っていないのです。

Just like asking dad for your fair share, the phrase "black lives matter" also has an implicit "too" at the end: it's saying that black lives should also matter. But responding to this by saying "all lives matter" is willfully going back to ignoring the problem. It's a way of dismissing the statement by falsely suggesting that it means "only black lives matter," when that is obviously not the case. And so saying "all lives matter" as a direct response to "black lives matter" is essentially saying that we should just go back to ignoring the problem.

あなた父親自分の分の食事を求めた時のように、"Black Lives Matter"というフレーズにも"too"、すなわち黒人の命”も”大切であるという前提があります。他の人種の人々の命と同様、黒人の命も大切に扱われるべきだ、というメッセージがそこにはあるのです。これに対して"All Lives Matter"と応えることは、その根底にある(黒人の命が他の命と同様に大切に扱われていないという)問題恣意的無視していることになるのです。そのような問題共通認識が前提として明らかに存在しているにも関わらず、さも"黒人の命だけが大切だ"という主張である曲解することで、"Black Lives Matter"という本来の主張を退けてしまっています。"Black Lives Matter"というメッセージに対して、"All Lives Matter"と応えることは、黒人の日々対峙するそのような問題無視し、そのままの現状を維持しよう、と主張する事と本質的に変わりはないのです。

I have a girlfriend who is living with me.

I have a girlfriend who is living with me. Yesterday, I picked up some food on the way home from work. My girlfriend saw it and told me "PLEASE, NOT TO BUY SWEETS" . Because she has been working at home recently due to the COVID19, she feels guilty because she eats all the sweets in the house. It made me sad. I just wanted to give her a break while she was working at home.こんちくしょーが She too was tired from the end of the workday. I was also exhausted at the end of the work day. That's just the way it is. But that doesn't change the fact that I felt sad. I'm writing this because I wanted to look back on the situation at that time and put a stop to my feelings so that I could say "I'm home" with her when I get home today.

2020-05-29

how parents were you born under

how family environment have you grown

when did you start such activity

how were attitude you in school

what did you in school

what color is the color of sky

have you felt your parent's love

what was in your mind when you threated me killing

how pleasure did it give your mind

one day policemen came and can you have been straight to them

did you see your parents face

did you know your parents mourning

what did you feel in the night you were lonely

what did you feel on the reproof from a lawyer protecting you

what do you think now

can you know your parents feelings

can you kill your parents

can man be happy while injuring man

now what you see

what color is the sky

man can't be without loving man

you have to realize your parents love

now it's time to begin your life

how will you grow up

I want you to be a man helping man instead of a man injuring man

I'm looking forward to you 20 years later

2020-05-20

翻訳サービス比較

原文

The Tokugawa Shogunate was established by Tokugawa Ieyasu after victory at the Battle of Sekigahara, ending the civil wars of the Sengoku period following the collapse of the Ashikaga Shogunate. Ieyasu became the Shōgun and the Tokugawa clan governed Japan from Edo Castle in the eastern city of Edo (Tokyo) along with the daimyō lords of the samurai class. The Tokugawa Shogunate organized Japanese society under the strict Tokugawa class system and banned most foreigners under the isolationist policies of Sakoku to promote political stability. The Tokugawa and daimyō de facto administered Japan through their system of han (feudal domains) alongside the de jure Imperial provinces. The Tokugawa Shogunate saw rapid economic growth and urbanization in Japan which led to the rise of the merchant class and Ukiyo culture. The Tokugawa Shogunate declined during the Bakumatsu ("Opening of Japan") period from 1853 and was overthrown by supporters of the Imperial Court in the Meiji Restoration in 1868. The Empire of Japan was established under the Meiji government and Tokugawa loyalists continued to fight in the Boshin War until the defeat of the Republic of Ezo at the Battle of Hakodate in June 1869.

Google翻訳

徳川幕府は、関ヶ原の戦いでの勝利後に徳川家康によって設立され、足利幕府崩壊に続く戦国時代内戦を終わらせました。家康将軍になり、徳川藩は江戸の東の都市東京)にある江戸から武士大名領主とともに日本統治しました。徳川幕府は厳格な徳川階級制度の下で日本社会組織し、政治的安定を促進するために、サコクの孤立主義政策の下でほとんどの外国人禁止しました。徳川と大明の事実上日本は、ジュール帝国領土とともに、藩(藩)のシステムを通じて管理されました。徳川幕府は、日本の急速な経済成長都市化を見て、商人階級と浮世文化の台頭をもたらしました。幕末には幕末に幕を下ろし、明治維新により皇室の支持者たちにより打倒されました。明治政府のもと日本帝国樹立され、徳川忠誠は1869年6月函館の戦いでのエゾ共和国の敗北までのぼしん戦争

Excite翻訳

徳川幕府関ヶ原の戦い勝利の後に徳川家康により設立されて、足利幕府崩壊に続いている戦国時代内戦を終えた。家康は、サムライクラスのdaimyō君主とともに江戸東京)の東の都市江戸からShōgun徳川一族管理日本になった。徳川幕府は、厳密な徳川クラスシステムの下の日本社会組織し、政治的な安定性を促進するために、Sakokuの孤立主義方針の下のほとんどの外国人禁止した。徳川とdaimyō事実上は、正当な帝国地方そばのhan(封建制度ドメイン)のそれらのシステムを通して日本管理した。徳川幕府は、マーチャントのクラスとUkiyo文化の上昇に通じていた日本の急速な経済成長都市化を見た。徳川幕府は、Bakumatsu(「日本の冒頭」)期間の間に1853から傾き、1868年明治維新宮中サポーターにより倒された。大日本帝国は、1869年6月に忠臣が函館戦争でエゾウの共和国の失敗までボシン戦争において戦い続けた明治政府徳川の下で設立された。

DeepL翻訳

徳川幕府は、足利幕府崩壊に伴う戦国時代内乱終結させ、関ヶ原の戦い勝利した徳川家康によって成立しました。家康将軍となり、徳川家は江戸城を拠点武家大名とともに日本統治しました。徳川幕府は、厳格な徳川階級制度の下で日本社会組織し、佐国の鎖国政策の下で外国人入国禁止して政治の安定を図りました。徳川大名は、事実上日本行政を、事実上皇国と並んで藩制度で行っていた。徳川幕府は急速な経済成長都市化を遂げ、商人階級や浮世文化の台頭をもたらしました。徳川幕府1853年から幕末開国時代に衰退し、1868年明治維新朝廷の支持者によって倒されました。明治政府の下で大日本帝国樹立され、戊辰戦争では、1869年6月函館の戦いで蝦夷共和国が敗北するまで徳川家臣たちが戦い続けました。

みらい翻訳

関ヶ原の戦い勝利した徳川家康によって徳川幕府が成立し、足利幕府崩壊に伴う戦国時代内乱終結した。家康将軍となり、徳川氏は武家大名とともに江戸 (東京) 東部江戸から日本を治めた。徳川幕府は、政治の安定を図るため、厳格な徳川階級の下で日本社会組織し、鎖国政策の下ではほとんどの外国人禁止しました。徳川事実上大名は、日本を藩制(藩)で実質的支配した。日本徳川幕府による高度経済成長都市化が進み、町人階級や浮世文化が興った。1853年から幕末(「日本開国」)の間に徳川幕府は衰退し、1868年明治維新で勤皇志士たちによって倒され、明治政府のもとに大日本帝国が成立し、1869年6月箱館戦争蝦夷共和国が敗れるまで戊辰戦争を戦った。

2020-05-10

Shouldn't "whites" be correctly discriminated against in corona?

Shouldn't "white people" be correctly discriminated against in corona?

-

Discrimination and persecution related to coronaviruses is now widespread worldwide.

There is a concrete and wide-ranging summary of the situation.

―――

"List of Incidents of Foreign Fear and Racism Related to the COVID-19 Pandemic"

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_incidents_of_xenophobia_and_racism_related_to_the_COVID-19_pandemic

―――

That is the English version of Wikipedia article.

With Google Chrome, right-click → Translate to Japanese, but the translation is a bit rough, but anyone can read it in Japanese.

The contents are like this.

―――

>> In France, after the new coronavirus was confirmed on January 24, 2020, a lot of harassment and discrimination against Asians occurred [41]. It is aimed at Asians such as Chinese, Korean, Japanese, Vietnamese, Filipino [42], and taxis and trains that refuse to board Chinese, Korean, Japanese have appeared [41] [43] ].

>> French newspaper Le Courrier Picard featured an Asian woman in a mask on the top page on January 26, 2020 with the heading "Yellow Alert".

>> On March 8, 2020, a Japanese restaurant in Rivoli, Turin, Piedmont, was targeted for arson by a teenager who teased his owner and called him an epidemic carrier. [191]

―――

Not limited to the above, Wuhan and Africans in China, Chinese and infected people in Japan.

Discrimination, whether in the United States, Egypt, Africa or anywhere in the world, exists at all.

In a sense, it's almost equal. Under extreme circumstances, it is not uncommon for "weak" people to be able to keep themselves without creating enemies.

-

However, what I want to say is not a used phrase such as "Let's live kindly with philanthropy."

There is no objection to it. If the world can eliminate discrimination and prejudice, I naturally want it.

But what I felt was a big question before that. It can be called academic interest.

-

Chinese discriminate against Wuhan natives, Japanese discriminate against Chinese, and Europeans discriminate against Asians.

I see, there is a reason to that, considering the spread of coronavirus infection. "From what you see, what's dangerous is that area".

Roughly, it may be the result of thinking about "weak" people.

-

But here's the strange thing. Asians, Africans, yellows and blacks, they are discriminated against in many places around the world.

Frankly speaking, it's safe to say that blacks have little to do with the coronavirus. It's just that the original sense of discrimination has surfaced.

These ethnic groups and regions are equally discriminated against. It is a sense of discrimination that is based on fear but is incorrect but makes sense.

-

However. Then why isn't "white people" discriminated against?

-

From April to May, the coronavirus showed an explosive spread in the West.

In the ranking of the number of infected people in the world, the United States is alone, with 1.34 million people, accounting for more than a quarter of the total infected people of 402 million people as of May 10.

After the second place, Spain, Italy, the United Kingdom, Russia, Germany, Brazil and France are followed, and each has more than 100,000 domestic cases.

Excluding Brazil, everything from 2nd to 7th is Europe. The word "Western Europe" is clearly the most dangerous coronavirus-contaminated area / infectious zone in the world.

-

However. Strangely enough, there is little talk that "white people, Europeans, and Americans are discriminated against in the world."

Of course it is not zero, but while looking for one "white discrimination", it is possible to find "Asian discrimination", "Black discrimination" and "Yellow discrimination".

It is said that what is currently expanding in the world is not the first wave from China, but the second wave from Europe, which is the pandemic.

-

With this, it is still understandable that the "white man" continues to do the right thing cleanly and correctly and has succeeded in corona countermeasures.

However, white people have continued to discriminate among Asians since the beginning of the spread.

In January and February, it was not uncommon to hear that Asians were already walking around in the country, calling them "Corona Corona."

By all means, white people are the incarnation of evil. It's not a good thing.

-

Regardless of the early stages of the epidemic, now that the "hotbed of corona infection" has moved there, it should be possible for white people to hate it.

Otherwise, it cannot be called "equal discrimination". As a result, it is wrong.

-

-

If you think about the reason here, after all, "targets are races / objects that originally had hostility",

The hypothesis may be that "there are restrictions on mobility and there are white Asian societies, but few non-white societies are white."

It must be interesting to study the area academically.

-

However, historically, I've seen that "white people" crusade various places with the Crusades and do all they can to the contrary.

I think that the trilingual diplomacy of Britain has created the situation in the Middle East, where terrorism is frequent nowadays, and has repeatedly carried out wrongdoing by repeatedly discriminating against blacks, Indians, and yellow races.

So, isn't it right here to try to discriminate against white people correctly?

-

Non-white society is a little too kind to "white people".

It was around this time today when I was thinking about that.

2020-05-05

chicken curry

Today,I made and eat chicken curry for lunch.

It was good but not very good.

I want to be good at making curry better.

So,I will search and study how to make more delicious curry.I will do it!

2020-05-04

Fish

In this morning, I ate a fish.

It was a very good fish.

But I do not know whether it was swimming in the river nor sea.

2020-04-14

新型コロナウイルス医師 Sandro Giannini の発見から見えた希望の光(英訳

こちらの記事英訳です。

Coronavirus: speranze dalla scoperta di Sandro Giannini, 10 Aprile, 2020

https://buongiornonews.it/coronavirus-una-speranza-dalla-scoperta-del-prof-giannini/

1) 英訳Google translate を利用させて頂きました)

Coronavirus: hopes from the discovery of Sandro Giannini

10 April, 2020

Bologna - From social media comes good news about the Coronavirus, perhaps decisive, which has scientific foundations and is disseminated by an authoritative doctor from Rizzoli of Bologna, Sandro Giannini. His is a highly qualified curriculum: Full Professor of Orthopedics and Traumatology and of Physical Medicine at the University of Bologna since 1989, director of Clinic I at the Rizzoli Orthopedic Institute and of the Gait Analysis Laboratory, partner in European projects and in national and international research programs, author of more than 600 presentations at national and international conferences and more than 400 articles in Science Citation Index journals. His message gives great hope. Let's read:

“I don't want to seem overwhelming to you, but I think I've demonstrated the cause of coronavirus lethality. Only at Blessed Matthew are there 2 cardiologists who turn over 150 beds to do echocardium with enormous effort and one is me. Terrible fatigue! However, of what some supposed, but could not be sure, we now have the first data. People go to resuscitation for generalized venous thromboembolism, especially pulmonary. If this were the case, resuscitations and intubations are of no use because first of all you have to dissolve, indeed prevent these thromboembolisms. If you ventilate a lung where blood does not reach, it is not needed! In fact 9 out of 10 die. Because the problem is cardiovascular, not respiratory! It is venous microthrombosis, not pneumonia that determines fatality!

And why are thrombi formed? Because inflammation, as per school text, induces thrombosis through a complex but well-known pathophysiological mechanism. Then? Contrary to what scientific literature, especially Chinese, said until mid-March, it was that anti-inflammatories should not be used. Now in Italy anti-inflammatories and antibiotics are used (as in the influences) and the number of inpatients collapses. Many deaths, even 40 years old, had a history of high fever for 10-15 days that was not treated properly. Here inflammation has destroyed everything and prepared the ground for thrombi formation. Because the main problem is not the virus, but the immune reaction that destroys the cells where the virus enters. In fact, our COVID departments have never entered patients with rheumatoid arthritis! Because they make cortisone, a powerful anti-inflammatory!

Therefore, hospitalizations in Italy are decreasing and it is becoming a disease that is treated at home. By taking care of it well at home, you avoid not only hospitalization, but also the thrombotic risk. It was not easy to understand it because the signs of microembolism have faded, even at the echocardium. But this weekend I compared the data of the first 50 patients between those who breathe badly and those who don't and the situation appeared very clear. For me you can go back to playing and reopen the business. Quarantine street. Not now. But time to publish this data. Vaccine can arrive calmly. In America and other states that follow the scientific literature that calls for NOT to use anti-inflammatories is a disaster! Worse than in Italy. And they are old and cheap drugs. " (Associated Medias - Red / Giut)

———

2) 原文:イタリア語

Coronavirus: speranze dalla scoperta di Sandro Giannini

10 Aprile, 2020

Bologna – Dai social arriva una buona notizia sul Coronavirus, forse risolutiva, che ha fondamenta scientifiche ed è diffusa da un medico autorevole del Rizzoli di Bologna, Sandro Giannini. Il suo è un curriculum molto qualificato: Professore ordinario di Ortopedia e Traumatologia e di Medicina Fisica presso l’Universidi Bologna dal 1989, direttore della Clinica I presso l’Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli e del Laboratorio di Gait Analysis, partner in progetti europei e in programmi di ricerca nazionali e internazionali, autore di più di 600 presentazioni a congressi nazionali ed internazionali e più di 400 articoli in riviste Science Citation Index. Il suo messaggio dà grande speranza. Leggiamolo:

“Non vorrei sembrarvi eccessivo ma credo di aver dimostrato la causa della letalità del coronavirus. Solo al Beato Matteo ci sono 2 cardiologi che girano su 150 letti a fare ecocardio con enorme fatica e uno sono io. Fatica terribile! Però, di quello che alcuni supponevano, ma non ne riuscivano a essere sicuri, ora abbiamo i primi dati. La gente va in rianimazione per tromboembolia venosa generalizzata, soprattutto polmonare. Se così fosse, non servono a niente le rianimazioni e le intubazioni perché innanzitutto devi sciogliere, anzi prevenire queste tromboembolie. Se ventili un polmone dove il sangue non arriva, non serve! Infatti muoiono 9 su 10. Perche il problema è cardiovascolare, non respiratorio! Sono le microtrombosi venose, non la polmonite a determinare la fatalità!

E perché si formano trombi? Perche l’infiammazione come da testo scolastico, induce trombosi attraverso un meccanismo fisiopatologico complesso ma ben noto. Allora? Contrariamente a quello che la letteratura scientifica, soprattutto cinese, diceva fino a metà marzo era che non bisognava usare antinfiammatori. Ora in Italia si usano antinfiammatori e antibiotici (come nelle influenze) e il numero dei ricoverati crolla. Molti morti, anche di 40 anni, avevano una storia di febbre alta per 10-15 giorni non curata adeguatamente. Qui l’infiammazione ha distrutto tutto e preparato il terreno alla formazione dei trombi.  Perche il problema principale non è il virus, ma la reazione immunitaria che distrugge le cellule dove il virus entra. Infatti nei nostri reparti COVID non sono mai entrati malati di artrite reumatoide! Perche fanno il cortisone, un potente antinfiammatorio!

Pertanto, in Italia ospedalizzazioni si riducono e sta diventando una malattia che si cura a casa. Curandola bene a casa eviti non solo ospedalizzazione, ma anche il rischio trombotico.  Non era facile capirlo perché i segni della microembolia sono sfumati, anche all’ecocardio. Ma questo week end ho confrontato i dati dei primi 50 pazienti tra chi respira male e chi no e la situazione è apparsa molto chiara. Per me si può tornare a giocare e riaprire l’attività commerciali. Via quarantena. Non subito. Ma il tempo di pubblicare questi dati. Vaccino può arrivare con calma. In America e altri stati che seguono la letteratura scientifica che invita a NON usare antinfiammatori e’ un disastro! Peggio che in Italia. E sono farmaci vecchi e che costano pochi euro.”

(Associated MediasRed/Giut)

———

3) 追記

これ↓はどうも違う、ということのようです。

FDAが、COVID-19への非ステロイド性抗炎症薬(NSAIDs)使用について助言, 2020年4月1日

https://www.cancerit.jp/65020.html

2020-04-03

anond:20200403181801

“I think it is safe to say that there has not been much change in the community opinion since 2018,” says Kiran Kedlaya, a number theorist at the University of California, San Diego, who was among the experts who put considerable effort over several years trying to verify the proof.

2020-04-01

英語の時制がわからん

かつてからある時期までそれは家にあった、を表現するのに It had been at home. でいいんだろうか?

It has been at home.はかつてから今まで家にあり続けている、になる?

It was at home.との違いは?

わからん

2020-03-31

Briss, a PDF cropper and rearranger: 1/N-up layouts

I've been working on Briss2,

a PDF cropper (and a fork of the original Briss project) that can rearrange two-column documents, trim excessive margins and other similar feats. The classic use case is converting two-column to single-column documents; this is a "1/2-up" conversion, i.e. the opposite of the familiar "two pages per sheet" (or 2-up) layout for printing. Cutting up columns, however, yields tall and narrow portrait documents that are even harder than normal portrains on many devices. That's why I favour a 1/4-up conversion (tear apart the columns, and also divide each column vertically), possibly followed by 2-up multiplexing (the end result being a landscape document with a single original column per page — the top half of the original on the left and the bottom half on the right). Another good layout is cutting a portrait document's pages into 3 landscape strips (e.g. for devices with low resolution).

The original Briss is unmaintained,

so I created a fork on Github called briss2. Besides fixing a few annoying problems, this version adds tools for partitioning the page into crop rectangles more easily (with optional overlap — to handle split lines), as well as creating reproducible layouts. The current version scratches most of my itches (I also had an undo/redo implementation that was unfortunately lost in a crash) — which is why patches (or pull requests) are welcome.

2020-03-30

She had a small role in The Grand Maneuver (1955) for director René Clair, supporting Gérard Philipe and Michelle Morgan. The part was bigger in The Light Across the Street (1956) for director Georges Lacombe. She did another with Hollywood film, Helen of Troy, playing Helen's handmaiden.

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/ru-tu/community/posts/360060280272--Холостяк-10-сезон-5-серия-31-03-2020-последние-серии-смотреть-

https://hultfinance.zendesk.com/hc/ua-tu/community/posts/360042362154-1-04-2020-Тайная-любовь-4-серия-смотреть-качество-HD-от-31-марта

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/ru-tu/community/posts/360060280472--Колл-центр-5-серия-31-03-2020-хорошее-качество-смотреть-от-31-марта-

https://hultfinance.zendesk.com/hc/ru-tu/community/posts/360042559133--Колл-центр-5-серия-1-04-2020-хорошее-качество-смотреть-от-31-марта-

https://hultfinance.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042362574-1-04-2020-Заступники-6-серия-в-хорошем-качестве-

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/ru-tu/community/posts/360060280992-31-03-2020-Холостяк-7-сезон-6-серия-все-серии-сезона-от-31-марта-

https://hultfinance.zendesk.com/hc/ru-tu/community/posts/360042361874--Холостяк-10-сезон-5-серия-1-04-2020-последние-серии-смотреть-

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360060281152-31-03-2020-Три-капитана-6-серия-все-серии-сезона-от-31-марта

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360060280312--Доктор-Вера-20-серия-31-03-2020-последние-серии-смотреть-от-31-марта-

site Jean Marais, for director Marc Allégret. Bardot played her first sizeable English-language role in Doctor at Sea (1955), as the love interest for Dirk Bogarde. The film was the third-most popular mo

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360060280372-31-03-2020-257-причин-чтобы-жить-3-серия-смотреть-бесплатно-в-хорошем-качестве-от-31-марта-

https://hultfinance.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042361914--Доктор-Вера-20-серия-1-04-2020-последние-серии-смотреть-от-31-марта-

https://hultfinance.zendesk.com/hc/ua-tu/community/posts/360042361254-1-04-2020-Колл-центр-9-серия-смотреть-в-хорошем-качестве-от-31-марта-

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/ru-tu/community/posts/360060281152-31-03-2020-Три-капитана-6-серия-все-серии-сезона-от-31-марта

https://hultfinance.zendesk.com/hc/ru-tu/community/posts/360042558173-1-04-2020-Карпатский-рейнджер-24-серия-все-серии-сезона-от-31-марта-

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/ua-tu/community/posts/360060280332-31-03-2020-Карпатский-рейнджер-19-серия-смотреть-онлайн-в-хорошем-качестве-от-31-марта

https://hultfinance.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042559013-1-04-2020-Карпатский-рейнджер-19-серия-смотреть-онлайн-в-хорошем-качестве-от-31-марта

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/ua-tu/community/posts/360060280272--Холостяк-10-сезон-5-серия-31-03-2020-последние-серии-смотреть-

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360060280992-31-03-2020-Холостяк-7-сезон-6-серия-все-серии-сезона-от-31-марта-

an Boyer.[28] She was paid 200,000 francs (€4,700 in 2019 euros) for the small role portraying a cousin of the main character.[28] On 21 December 1952, Bardot (then 18 years old) married Vadim, under the consent of her parents. The wedding was held at the Notre-Dame-de-Grâce Church of Passy in the 16t

https://hultfinance.zendesk.com/hc/ua-tu/community/posts/360042361914--Доктор-Вера-20-серия-1-04-2020-последние-серии-смотреть-от-31-марта-

https://hultfinance.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042361234-1-04-2020-Тайная-любовь-3-серия-хорошее-качество-смотреть-от-31-марта

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360060186211-31-03-2020-Место-под-солнцем-35-серия-смотреть-качество-HD-от-31-марта

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360060186731-31-03-2020-Женский-Стендап-12-серия-тнт-смотреть-в-хорошем-качестве-от-31-марта-

https://hultfinance.zendesk.com/hc/ru-tu/community/posts/360042362274--Тайная-любовь-9-серия-1-04-2020-смотреть-онлайн-в-хорошем-качестве-

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/ru-tu/community/posts/360060186131--Тайная-любовь-2-серия-31-03-2020-смотреть-бесплатно-в-хорошем-качестве-от-31-марта-

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/ua-tu/community/posts/360060280912--Паромщица-2-серия-31-03-2020-смотреть-бесплатно-в-хорошем-качестве-

https://hultfinance.zendesk.com/hc/ua-tu/community/posts/360042559433-1-04-2020-Женский-Стендап-12-серия-тнт-смотреть-в-хорошем-качестве-от-31-марта-

https://hultfinance.zendesk.com/hc/ua-tu/community/posts/360042559133--Колл-центр-5-серия-1-04-2020-хорошее-качество-смотреть-от-31-марта-

ginnings: 1952–1955 Bardot appeared on the cover of Elle again in 1952, which landed her a movie offer for the comedy Crazy for Love (1952), starring Bourvil and directed by Jean Boyer.[28] She was paid 200,000 francs (€4,700 in 2019 euros) for the small role portraying a cousin o

https://hultfinance.zendesk.com/hc/ua-tu/community/posts/360042361774--Место-под-солнцем-32-серия-1-04-2020-смотреть-онлайн-в-хорошем-качестве-

https://hultfinance.zendesk.com/hc/ua-tu/community/posts/360042559793--Колл-центр-9-серия-1-04-2020-смотреть-онлайн-в-хорошем-качестве-

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/ru-tu/community/posts/360060281272-31-03-2020-Карпатский-рейнджер-20-серия-онлайн-сериал-смотреть-от-31-марта-

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360060187311--Тайная-любовь-8-серия-31-03-2020-смотреть-онлайн-в-хорошем-качестве-

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/ru-tu/community/posts/360060280372-31-03-2020-257-причин-чтобы-жить-3-серия-смотреть-бесплатно-в-хорошем-качестве-от-31-марта-

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360060280472--Колл-центр-5-серия-31-03-2020-хорошее-качество-смотреть-от-31-марта-

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360060186431--Колл-центр-5-серия-31-03-2020-хорошее-качество-смотреть-от-31-марта-

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/ua-tu/community/posts/360060187051-31-03-2020-Паромщица-4-серия-смотреть-онлайн-в-хорошем-качестве-от-31-марта

https://hultfinance.zendesk.com/hc/ru-tu/community/posts/360042558413-1-04-2020-Место-под-солнцем-31-серия-в-хорошем-качестве-

s opposed her becoming an actress, but her grandfather was supportive, saying that "If this little girl is to become a whore, cinema will not be the cause."[A] At the audition, Bardot met Roger Vadim, who later notified her that she did not get the role.[24] They subsequently fell in love.[25] Her parents fiercely opposed th

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/ru-tu/community/posts/360060187211-31-03-2020-Карпатский-рейнджер-22-серия-онлайн-сериал-смотреть-от-31-марта-

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360060186391-31-03-2020-Карпатский-рейнджер-19-серия-смотреть-онлайн-в-хорошем-качестве-от-31-марта

https://hultfinance.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042361874--Холостяк-10-сезон-5-серия-1-04-2020-последние-серии-смотреть-

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/ua-tu/community/posts/360060280192--Место-под-солнцем-32-серия-31-03-2020-смотреть-онлайн-в-хорошем-качестве-

https://hultfinance.zendesk.com/hc/ua-tu/community/posts/360042362094--Корни-19-серия-1-04-2020-все-серии-сезона-

https://hultfinance.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042362154-1-04-2020-Тайная-любовь-4-серия-смотреть-качество-HD-от-31-марта

https://hultfinance.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042558193--Место-под-солнцем-31-серия-1-04-2020-все-серии-сезона-от-31-марта-

https://hultfinance.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042361254-1-04-2020-Колл-центр-9-серия-смотреть-в-хорошем-качестве-от-31-марта-

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/ru-tu/community/posts/360060281252-31-03-2020-Тайная-любовь-5-серия-хорошее-качество-смотреть-от-31-марта

azines Elle and Le Jardin des Modes, hired Bardot in 1949 as a "junior" fashion model.[21] On 8 March 1950, Bardot (aged 15 at the time) appeared on the cover of Elle, which brought her an acting offer for the film Les Lauriers sont coupés from director Marc Allégret.[22] Her parents opposed her becoming an actress, but her grandfather was supportive, saying that "If this little girl is to bec

https://hultfinance.zendesk.com/hc/ua-tu/community/posts/360042362194-1-04-2020-Карпатский-рейнджер-21-серия-в-хорошем-качестве-

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360060279872-31-03-2020-Карпатский-рейнджер-24-серия-все-серии-сезона-от-31-марта-

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360060280272--Холостяк-10-сезон-5-серия-31-03-2020-последние-серии-смотреть-

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/ua-tu/community/posts/360060280372-31-03-2020-257-причин-чтобы-жить-3-серия-смотреть-бесплатно-в-хорошем-качестве-от-31-марта-

https://hultfinance.zendesk.com/hc/ru-tu/community/posts/360042362034-1-04-2020-Патриот-16-серия-смотреть-качество-HD-

https://hultfinance.zendesk.com/hc/ua-tu/community/posts/360042361334-1-04-2020-Солдатки-3-серия-смотреть-в-хорошем-качестве-от-31-марта

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360060185931-31-03-2020-Корни-19-серия-смотреть-качество-HD-

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/ua-tu/community/posts/360060186951-31-03-2020-Любовь-на-выживание-10-серия-смотреть-качество-HD-

https://hultfinance.zendesk.com/hc/ua-tu/community/posts/360042361314-1-04-2020-Патриот-17-серия-хорошее-качество-смотреть-от-31-марта-

ate school Cours Hattemer.[18] She went to school three days a week, which gave her ample time to take dance lessons at a local studio, under her mother's arrangements.[15] In 1949, Bardot was accepted at the Conservatoire de Paris. For three years she attended ballet classes held by Russian choreographer Bo

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/ua-tu/community/posts/360060280312--Доктор-Вера-20-серия-31-03-2020-последние-серии-смотреть-от-31-марта-

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https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/ru-tu/community/posts/360060280952-31-03-2020-Карпатский-рейнджер-21-серия-смотреть-в-хорошем-качестве-от-31-марта-

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/ua-tu/community/posts/360060280812--Паромщица-4-серия-31-03-2020-хорошее-качество-смотреть-

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/ru-tu/community/posts/360060186291--Доктор-Вера-20-серия-31-03-2020-последние-серии-смотреть-от-31-марта-

https://hultfinance.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042559793--Колл-центр-9-серия-1-04-2020-смотреть-онлайн-в-хорошем-качестве-

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/ua-tu/community/posts/360060280452--Корни-19-серия-31-03-2020-все-серии-сезона-

https://hultfinance.zendesk.com/hc/ua-tu/community/posts/360042361974-1-04-2020-257-причин-чтобы-жить-3-серия-смотреть-бесплатно-в-хорошем-качестве-от-31-марта-

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360060185891--Место-под-солнцем-31-серия-31-03-2020-все-серии-сезона-от-31-марта-

s, and to her future rebellious lifestyle.[17] During World War II, when Paris was occupied by Nazi Germany, Bardot spent more time at home due to increasingly strict civilian surveillance.[12] She became engrossed in dancing to phonograph records, which her mother saw as a potential for a ballet career.[12] Bardot

https://hultfinance.zendesk.com/hc/ru-tu/community/posts/360042558253-1-04-2020-Колл-центр-8-серия-онлайн-сериал-смотреть-

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/ua-tu/community/posts/360060186691-31-03-2020-Три-капитана-4-серия-качество-HD-

https://hultfinance.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042362634--Паромщица-4-серия-1-04-2020-хорошее-качество-смотреть-

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360060186271-31-03-2020-257-причин-чтобы-жить-3-серия-смотреть-бесплатно-в-хорошем-качестве-от-31-марта-

https://hultfinance.zendesk.com/hc/ru-tu/community/posts/360042362154-1-04-2020-Тайная-любовь-4-серия-смотреть-качество-HD-от-31-марта

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/ua-tu/community/posts/360060281252-31-03-2020-Тайная-любовь-5-серия-хорошее-качество-смотреть-от-31-марта

https://hultfinance.zendesk.com/hc/ru-tu/community/posts/360042558193--Место-под-солнцем-31-серия-1-04-2020-все-серии-сезона-от-31-марта-

https://hultfinance.zendesk.com/hc/ru-tu/community/posts/360042559353-1-04-2020-Три-капитана-4-серия-качество-HD-

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/ua-tu/community/posts/360060186671--Корни-18-серия-31-03-2020-смотреть-онлайн-в-хорошем-качестве-

decreased vision of her left eye.[10] She has one younger sister, Mijanou.[11] Bardot's childhood was prosperous; she lived in her family's seven-bedroom apartment in the luxurious 16th arrondissement.[9][12] However, she recalled feeling resentful in her early years.[13] Her father demanded she follow strict behavioural standards, including good table

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/ru-tu/community/posts/360060186891--Заступники-5-серия-31-03-2020-все-серии-сезона-

https://apprisspmpclearinghouse.zendesk.com/hc/ua-tu/community/posts/360060187271-31-03-2020-Паромщица-5-серия-онлайн-сериал-смотреть-от-31-марта

https://hultfinance.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042559133--Колл-центр-5-серия-1-04-2020-хорошее-качество-смотреть-от-31-марта-

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nd Anne-Marie Mucel (1912–1978).[4] Bardot's father, originated from Ligny-en-Barrois, was an engineer and the proprietor of several industrial factories in Paris.[5][6] Her mother was the daughter of an insurance company director.[7] She grew up in a conservative Catholic family, as had her father.[8][9] She suffered from amblyopia as a child, which resulted in decreased vision of her left eye.[10] She has one younger sister, Mijanou.[11]

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life: 1934–1951 Brigitte Anne-Marie Bardot was born on 28 September 1934 in the 15th arrondissement of Paris, to Louis Bardot (1896–1975) and Anne-Marie Mucel (1912–1978).[4] Bardot's father, originated from Ligny-en-Barrois, was an engineer and the proprietor of several indust

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She was awarded the Legion of Honour in 1985 but refused to accept it. After retiring, she became an animal rights activist. During the 2000s she generated controversy by criticizing immigration and Islam in France, and she has been fined five times for inciting racial hatred.

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