The evolution of a misquotation | Darwin Correspondence Project には、この誤った引用の由来が解き明かされている。これをうけた日本語の記事もある。
When many of the inhabitants of any area have become modified and improved, we can understand, on the principle of competition, and from the all-important relations of organism to organism in the struggle for life, that any form which did not become in some degree modified and improved, would be liable to extermination. Hence we see why all the species in the same region do at last, if we look to long enough intervals of time, become modified, for otherwise they would become extinct. （強調引用者）
The eruption sent a tall plume of water vapor into the stratosphere, which is located between 8 and 33 miles (12 and 53 kilometers) above the Earth's surface. It was enough water to fill 58,000 Olympic-sized swimming pools, according to detections from a NASA satellite.
An Olympic-size swimming pool is used as a colloquial unit of volume, to make approximate comparisons to similarly sized objects or volumes. It is not a specific definition, as there is no official limit on the depth of an Olympic pool. The value has an order of magnitude of 1 megaliter (ML).
An Olympic Size Swimming Pool is the type of pool used in the Olympic Games. The size of the pool is commonly used to define the size of other objects, or to explain how much water is in a particular location.
Overall, the estimates suggest that about 3.2 % of the total number of rapes and 2.5 % of the total number of sex crimes and child sex abuses that occurred between 2000 and 2008 would have been avoided if broadband internet had not been introduced.
we admittedly cannot rule out matching effects
"Most people began to hate Russians by default. But this war was started by our government, not by us. Of course, we don't want this war, nobody wants it. And I assure you, our people have repeatedly gone to rallies against the government. But always people who participate in such events are sent to prison. Even people on the Internet who express a point of view that the government does not like are jailed for misinformation.
And I will not deny that some Russians have succumbed to the propaganda of our government and are expressing support for this "military operation". But many people in other countries are actually the same. They hypocritically pretend that they are concerned about the fate of Ukraine, although in fact they have only recently learned that this country even exists. In reality, if you ask them "What do they think about the DNR and LNR?", they will have absolutely no idea what are you talking about.
It's good if you sincerely worry about Uraina. But the majority worry about Ukrina and hate Russians only and only because it's a trend that their government has set. In other words, this is the same propaganda.
•what do you think about zelenskii
•What do you think about ukranians language law
О своем будущем скажу только одно, что после войны усыноввлю и удочерю детей которые потеряли своих родителей
1. Что ты думаешь на счёт Зеленского?
Моё мнение, что Зеленский является лучшим президентом, который не бросил Украину и народ во время войны, как сделал это Янукович. Зеленский, его команда и наш народ делают всё возможное и невозможное для сохранения нашей страны.
2. Знаешь ли ты других политиков кроме Зеленского?
3. Какое будущее ты видишь для своей страны?
Хотелось бы чтобы территории Украины вернулись в полном составе, так как это было признано международным правом.
4. Что ты думаешь о законе про украинский язык?
Я поддерживаю этот закон, хотя в нашей стране люди общаются на разных языках, в том числе и на русском, но я ни разу не слышал информации о преследовании или конфликтах на этой почве.
5. Видишь ли ты как люди сменились после начала войны?
Наш народ очень сплотился, каждый старается помочь друг другу, война наложила отпечаток на всех, это бесконечные переживания и боль.
6. Что ты думаешь по поводу того, что российская армия похищает украинцев?
Это является ужасным преступлениям.
7. Что ты думаешь о том, что русские для любой страны говорят "в", но в случае с Украиной говорят "на"?
Я считаю что это очень не красиво по отношению к украинскому государству и людям которые там живут.
8. Что ты хочешь сказать японцам?
Хочу поблагодарить за поддержку нашей страны, пожелать мира, добра и процветания.
9. Что ты хочешь меня спросить?
Почему тебя так детально интересует ситуация в моей стране?
Надеюсь всё правильно понял
•what do you think about zelenskii?
•What do you think about ukranians language law?
増 "Ah, turkestan ban Russian language?"
D "Not really "ban" but "limitation". This sounds more suitable in this case. it is the natural phenomenon for the mononational states. And multinational, actually. Using the one language as official. To strengthen the statehood. Same thing with Ukraine. More separation from the "big brother". That is the point, I guess.
By the way, they strengthened much more after these 8 years. I think it is too late to start an invasion now than these 8 years ago back then in any case. That does not mean that I support it, of course. You knew my point. We talked about it earlier. 🙂 I think that it is just "balls to the wall" (like the title from the one of Accept's albums). Recklessly in a word. It is naive to believe that they have stagnated all this time and have not developed or strengthened.
2) Yes I do.
3) I predict OK future for Ukraine, bad future for Russia. Russia lost any trust and contacts that it made for over 30 years. Dark decades ahead. I want good future, with no wars and with everyone helping each other.
4) Ukrainian language law? Well, it's their country. Let them speak what they want to speak. Besides, most Ukrainians speak Russian, and they even have mostly Russian cities, like Khar'kiv. I saw no oppression of Russian.
6) Had no information about that, but I had info about killing civilians and looting their homes. It's horrible. Those soldiers are monsters and they do not represent Russia. I don't count themselves as my fellow Russians. They're monsters. Barbarians. Putin's orcs. Not Russians.
8) I love Japan and its people. I wish we could achieve peace and could work together. Please don't think bad of Russian people, we don't support this war. We're the same victims, like Ukrainians. Victims of Putin and his police state.
“Yukkuri videos" are a style of video based on the shyness and high context of Japanese culture, in which Internet memes with the appearance of video game characters' heads are made to speak with a machine voice “AquesTalk” and explain various topics. The following channels upload Yukkuri videos, for example
This style of videos have gained core popularity in Japan. Recently, however, a number of my favorite Yukkuri video channels have been forced to cease their activities or change course due to the suspension of monetization.
I have heard that if the uploader uses "AquesTalk" machine audio software in the video, YouTube's algorithm may determine that the video has been unfairly mass-copied. AquesTalk's machine voice technology is essential for Yukkuri videos, but many good videos have been subjected to deletion because of it.
Some people may think, "Why don't the uploaders just use their voice for themselves?” but the characters of the Yukkuri Video and the voice of AquesTalk are inseparably linked and have become a part of the culture of a corner of the Japanese Internet.
Many Yukkuri videos made using AquesTalk are by no means spam, worthless, or mass-produced. And most of all, I like the intellectual culture of Yukkuri videos. I don't want this culture to disappear because of a video deletion bot's mistake. I sincerely hope that this opinion reaches dear YouTube team.
Someone who goes on numerous pointless excursions during the aforementioned pandemic, often against local ruling, because they are hollow inside, utterly selfish, and, most probably, lick hand railings.
People that have no brain cells and can’t understand what social distancing means. People that make others life miserable in lockdown by continually mixing with others, therefore making the lockdown last longer because it fails .
A person who advocates for lockdowns, mandatory masks, school shutdowns, and other infringements on liberty based on unsettled science. This kind of person has nothing going on in their life except the sweet dopamine rush they get from self-righteously judging everyone else and tattling on people who don't trust the "experts." Usually talks about "science" a lot but has no background in math or science.
Someone who believes everything they hear on TV and other mainstream media, yet chooses to ignore official CDC numbers, such as how Covid has a 99.9997% recovery rate for those under 30, and 99.92% recovery rate for those 70+. They also ignore the fact that health "experts" on TV have told us that hospitals mark just about any death as a Covid death, no matter how they died, simply because they tested positive for Covid or were merely suspected of such.
· state of the purpose of the essay/writing
· establishing the desirability of the research
· listing the research questions or hypotheses
· providing a synopsis of the research method(s)
· defining certain key terms
X is a fundamental property of ….
X plays an important role in the maintenance of ….
So you research the mode of attack, and you are being told that it’s just a hypothetical and not to stress on the details, so you understand the report is only intended as a checkbox for some bureaucrat, and the conclusions of the analysis must be positive for Russia,
otherwise you basically get interrogated for not doing good work. So, you have to write that we have all necessary measures available to nullify the effects of a given type of attack. We are completely overworked.
一方、ロシア語の原文 https://www.facebook.com/vladimir.osechkin/posts/4811633942268327 の中で、これに相当する箇所はこちら。
И вот Вам пример: Вас просят (условно) рассчитать возможность правозащиты в разных условиях, включая атаку тюрем метеоритами. Вы уточняете про метеориты, Вам говорят - это так, перестраховка для расчетов, ничего такого не будет. Вы понимаете, что отчет будет только для галочки, но написать надо в победоносном стиле, чтобы не было вопросов, мол, почему у Вас столько проблем, неужели Вы плохо работали. В общем, пишется отчет, что при падении метеорита у нас есть все, чтобы устранить последствия, мы молодцы, все хорошо. И концентрируетесь на задачах, которые реальные - у нас ведь сил и так не хватает.
And here's an example for you: you are asked (conditionally) to calculate the possibility of human rights protection in different conditions, including the attack of prisons by meteorites. You specify about meteorites, they tell you - this is so, reinsurance for calculations, nothing like this will happen. You understand that the report will be just for show, but you need to write in a victorious style so that there are no questions, they say, why do you have so many problems, did you really work badly. In general, a report is being written that when a meteorite falls, we have everything to eliminate the consequences, we are great, everything is fine. And you concentrate on tasks that are real - we don’t have enough strength anyway.
友達 " "Customers with Russian passport are not welcomed in our restaurant. We do understand that "normal" Russians are not responsible for criminal decisions of their government, but we have to do something already. By prohibiting the Russians to come in, we're making our contribution into the free Europe for our children." "
I'm so disappointed...
友達 "60% of our people is fucking stupid. they're lazy. they were taught that war is good. that nazis are everywhere around them. that stealing is good. they're corrupted. most of those people was born in USSR"
友達 "those West fuck just love to write hate messages knowing that we can't do anything in return. that they are in comfort. they scream "NO TO WAR", and after that they go to a happy dinner with their families"
友達 "when they wrote it, it was OK. but now Putin does everything he can to stay in power. they're frantically making new laws. so they can stay in power for a little longer. what happens now is the blackest page in Russia's history. since Russia-Japan war"
友達 "USA always hated Russia. They are using every chance they get to destroy us. if instead of Russia it was Finland or China, attacking Ukraine, they wouldn't do shit about it. we several times tried to have friendly relationships with USA and each time they basically said "Fuck off, Russians". I didn't have any illusions about them before. but now I plainly fucking hate them. Japanese are the best"
友達 "when that happened, Russian premier Primakov was on the flight to USA. there was gonna be a deal that could help Russia greatly. when Primakov heard about Yugoslavia, he asked his pilot to turn around, back to Moscow, and cancelled that deal. in Russia, it's known as "Primakov's turn" "
The narrative seems to have grown of late that the only reason the Russian forces aren't pushing forward faster and further is because of a lack of fuel for vehicles and food for its troops. This is exemplified by the discussion around "the column" north of Kyiv.
But that does a disservice in some respects to the thousands of Ukrainian troops fighting a bitter battle in front of the Russians. Yes, the supply problems are not helping Russia, but it's simply not the case that if they just had fuel they would be able to advance unhindered
There are many brigades holding the line around and inside Kyiv, providing a blocking force that is putting up a determined resistance to the Russian advances. This is not just scattered handfuls of SF and near partisan forces, this is several brigades of regular troops
Similarly, to the east of Kyiv there is something on the order of at least 8, and as many as 12-13 brigades, regular and reserve, holding a line that runs roughly to Kharkiv, down to the Donbas front, to Mariupol and back towards Zaporizhzhia.
That, arguably more so than logistic issues, is what has been holding the Russian tide back this long. Strung out their elements may be, but they're still providing a determined resistance across the majority of the front. The problem is for how long?
As much as they've been taking a toll on the Russians, they've been suffering casualties of their own, expending stocks of ammunition and losing critical equipment like tanks, artillery, and other armoured vehicles.
Even the Ukrainian defence ministry seems worried about the build up of Russian forces occuring in front of these positions and the fraility of their defensive line. Despite the stream of images of burning or captured Russian kit they've been advancing steadily this whole time
And while everyone focuses on Kyiv and the idea that the Russians are planning to storm the city block by block (which seems highly unlikely when they can just shell it to pieces from the outside), a lot of people have been missing the real danger in the east and south.
One area of interest is the Russian build up to the west of Kharkiv, which seems likely to result in a push towards Poltava and behind it, Kremenchuk, home to one of the few bridges across the Dnieper from there all the way south to Zaporizhzhia.
To the east of that, there is serious concern about a possible Russian thrust in the region around Izyum-Slovyansk-Severodonetsk, with the real risk of some Ukrainian forces being pocketed in the later
Equally as concerning, Russian forces have moved up to the area around Vasylivka-Orikhiv and are poised to move on Zaporizhzhia, which possesses the southern most bridge across the Dnieper available to the Ukrainians.
Not that this bridge doesn't need to be captured, nor even the city. The Russians merely have to get close enough to deny its use through artillery and direct fire as a supply route to their forces in the east.
This leaves the many brigades operating east of Kharkiv (possibly as many as 8) in a dire situation, where the only line of communication to the west of the Dnieper for all the brigades would be in the Dnipro/Kamianske region.
If they wait too late to try and make a break for the bridges, this will involve a running battle with the Russians across some pretty good tank country, with multiple Ukrainian brigades having to bunch together and cram themselves across four or five bridges in the region
To make matters worse, Mariupol is not expected to be able to hold for more than another four or five days, after which the forces surrounding it will be free to join the offensive north. In short, things are getting a bit dicey in the east.
They're not much better in the south, with Russian forces closing around Mykolaiv. The defenders are putting up a brave resistance, but inexorably being pushed back. Russian forces have already pushed on to the north and reached the area around Voznesens'k.
The latter course actually seems more likely as a force attacking Odesa more directly would be left miles from friendly forces and dependent on over the beach supply lines, whereas an attack just behind Mykolaiv would help support the assault there and be closer to friendlies
And again, herein lies part of the problem with the Kyiv narrative, and the idea that victory will be defined by the capture or not of the capital. If Odesa falls and the Russians secure the entire southern coast line, that is a major problem for Ukraine and its economy
Obviously, I mean outside of the war itself, thinking ahead to the potential peace. If Russia maintains control of all these areas in a negotiation then they basically have Ukraine by the balls, so to speak. This in many ways is far more important than Kyiv
Thus I think we need to temper our expectations. The Ukrainians have done brilliantly, better than almost anyone expected, but we're gradually creeping towards the decisive moment and none of that has much to do with what's happening around the capital.
Slow Russian progress there is encouraging and that's helping to keep aid corridors open to the east, but I fear people are putting far too much emphasis on it just because it's the biggest city and the centre of government. Russia doesn't need to seize Kyiv to "win"
The fights in the south and east are far more important in the grand scheme of things, and unfortunately those seem to be the ones the Russians are winning, albeit it slowly. If the east in particular collapses, that frees up an enormous number of Russian men and equipment
Men and guns that can be shifted west and south, to Kyiv and/or Odesa as required. It's a grim outlook I'm afraid, but I wish the Ukrainian defenders the very best of luck. It's possible they can still carry the day, but it looks like it might take some kind of miracle 😞 /end
ありがとうございました。皆さん、このところ、どう挨拶したらいいかわからないんです。 なぜなら、"おはようございます"、"こんにちは"、"こんばんは "が言えないのです。 できないんです、これは絶対にそうです、毎日、その日は絶対ダメな人もいるし、その日の夕方が最後な人もいるんです、毎日。 私は今日、今、ウクライナの市民について話しているのですが、彼らは命をかけて私たちの壁と自由を守っています。 私はここで見たものが、この団結したムードであることをとても嬉しく思っています。 今日、皆さん、つまりEU諸国を団結させたことは喜ばしいことですが、それがこのような代償を払うことになるとは思いもよりませんでした。 これは私にとっての悲劇であり、すべてのウクライナ人にとっての悲劇であり、すべての国家にとっての悲劇です。 私は新聞の話をしませんし、新聞を読みません。なぜなら、新聞は私の国の生活から消えてしまったからです。 この死体も含めて、すべてが現実の出来事なのです。 そして、今日、我々は、価値、権利、自由のために犠牲を払っているのだと思います。 そして、私たちはよく「私たちは皆、勝つ」と言いますが、皆さんがそれを話すだけでなく、見てくれていることがとてもうれしいです。 そして、私たちは必ずや勝利する、私はそう確信しています。 このような表現があります。"ウクライナはヨーロッパを選んでいる" 私たちが目指してきたもの、目指してきたもの、そして今も目指しているものです。 そして、私たちに向けた言葉をぜひ聞いてみたいのです。"今こそヨーロッパがウクライナを選ぶ時だ" 小さな攻撃やミサイル攻撃があるので、2分ほどお話をさせていただきます。 今朝は私たち全員にとって悲劇的な出来事でした。巡航ミサイルが2発、ハリコフを直撃しました。 ロシアとの国境に近いこの街は、昔からロシア人が多く、友好的で、かつてはとても温かい関係にあり、 20以上の大学があり、昔も今も我が国で最も多くの大学を抱える拠点となっています。 若者たちは明るく、スマートで、休日にはいつも我が国最大の広場に集まっています。 自由広場。また、ここはヨーロッパで一番大きな広場でもあります。 そして、これは本当です、想像してみてください、午前中2発の巡航ミサイルが自由広場を直撃しました。 何十人もの死傷者が出ました。 これが自由の代償というわけです。 我々は単に我々の土地と「自由のために」戦っているのです。 信じてほしい、我々の国家のすべての大都市が封鎖されているという事実にもかかわらず、 誰も我々の自由と国家に侵入することはできない。 私を信じてください。今日のすべての広場は、それが何と呼ばれようとも、自由広場と呼ばれることになるだろう。 我々の州のすべての都市で。誰も我々を破ることはできない、 我々は強く立ち上がる、我々はウクライナ人だ。 我々は子供たちが生き続けることを望んでいる。これは公平なことだと思う。 昨日、16人の子供が死んだ。そしてまた、プーチン大統領は、これはある種の「作戦」であり、我々の軍事インフラだけを爆撃しているのだと言うだろう。 我々の子供たちはどこにいるのか？彼らはどの軍事工場で働いているのでしょうか？どのロケット弾を操作しているのか？戦車を運転しているのだろうか？ あなたは16人の子どもを殺した！ 私たちには、とてもやる気のある人たちがいます。私たちは、自由と生命という私たちの権利のために戦っています。 そして今、私たちは生存のために戦っています。これは私たちの主な動機ですが、ヨーロッパの平等な一員になるためにも戦っています。 そして、今日、私たちは皆、そうであることを示したと思います。私たちが参加することで、EUは間違いなく強くなります。 あなた方がいなければ、ウクライナは孤独になるでしょう。私たちは自分たちの強さ、少なくともあなたたちと同じであることを証明したのです。 私たちと共にいることを証明してください。私たちを見捨てないことを証明し、あなた方が本当にヨーロッパ人であることを証明し、 そうすれば、生は死を、光は闇を打ち負かすだろう。 ウクライナに栄光あれ www.DeepL.com/Translator（無料版）で翻訳しました。
Thank you very much! Ladies and gentlemen, you know, in recent days I don’t know how to greet anyone. Because I can't say "Good morning," or "Good afternoon," or "Good evening." I can't, and this is absolutely true because every day, that day is definitely not good for some, that evening is the last one for some, every day. I’m talking today, now, about my citizens of Ukraine, who are defending our walls and freedom at the cost of their lives.
I’m very glad that what I saw here is this unifying mood. I’m glad that we have united all of you today – the EU countries, but I didn’t know that it would be at such a price. And this is a tragedy for me, a tragedy for every Ukrainian, a tragedy for every state.
You know, I don’t speak from, I don’t read from papers because the papers are gone from my country’s life. All of this is real, including these dead bodies, this is real life. And you know, I believe that today we sacrifice for values, for rights, for freedom, just for our desire to be close, just like you, like everyone else, we sacrifice our best people: the strongest, mightiest, most extraordinary Ukrainians.
And we very often like to say that we will all win, and I’m very glad that you are not only talking about it, but also seeing it. And we will all win for sure, I'm positive. There is such an expression: "Ukraine is choosing Europe." That’s what we’ve been aspiring to, what we’ve been going, and still going toward. And I would very much to hear from you something addressed to us: "Now it’s Europe choosing Ukraine."
I have a couple of minutes to talk to you because there are small strikes and missile attacks. This morning was tragic to all of us. Two cruise missiles hit Kharkiv. The city, which is near the border with Russia, where there have always been a lot of Russians and they have always been friends, there used to be very warm relations, there are more than 20 universities there, it was and is the hub hosting the largest number of universities in our country. The youths there are bright, smart, always gathering for all holidays in our country’s largest square. Freedom Square. Also, this is the largest square in Europe. And this is true, it’s Freedom Square. Imagine this: in the morning, two cruise missiles hit Freedom Square. Dozens of casualties. So this is the price of freedom.
We are simply fighting for our land and our freedom, and believe me, despite the fact that all the big cities of our state are now under blockade, no one will penetrate our freedom and state. Believe me. Every square today, whatever it is called, will be referred to as Freedom Square. In every city of our state. Nobody will break us, we stand strong, we are Ukrainians.
We want our children to live on. It seems to me that this is fair. Yesterday, 16 children died. And again, President Putin will say that this is some kind of an “operation,” and that they are bombing only our military infrastructure. Where are our children? At what military plants do they work? Which rockets do they operate? Maybe they drive our tanks? You killed 16 children!
We have very motivated people, very much. We are fighting for our rights – freedom and life. And now we are fighting for survival, and this is our main motivation, but we are also fighting to be equal members of Europe. And I think today we are all showing that we are. With us on board, the EU will definitely be stronger. Without you, Ukraine will be lonely. We have proven our strength, that we are at least the same as you. Prove that you’re with us. Prove that you are not giving up on us, prove that you’re truly Europeans, and then life will beat death, and light will beat darkness.
My argument regarding Russia's behavior:
Ukraine currently lacks a strong long-range fires capability. If they acquire that, they will have stronger conventional deterrence vis-à-vis Russia and could strike Russian cities. So a military escalation would be more costly for Moscow in the future than now.
If they use force, Russia will use it to achieve political goals and inflict pain on Ukraine to alter their incentives. This could be done by destroying military units, inflicting casualties, taking PoWs, and degrading their ability to defend against future escalations.
Russia could possibly achieve this by using its standoff fires capability or conducting a limited ground offensive, which would either involve a planned withdrawal (possibly with POWs) or with Russian forces outside Kyiv. A large-scale, long-term occupation is unlikely.
These military options would be less costly and risky for Russia than a large-scale occupation, which could also affect their view of the costs and benefits. In addition, deliveries of Javelins and Stingers are unlikely to affect the outcome or serve as a strong deterrent.
A key question is how much pain does Putin believe he has to inflict on Ukraine to sufficiently alter Zelensky's perception of the cost and benefits of agreeing to Russia's demands? I think Putin accepted that he may have to use force when he authorized the buildup in the fall.
Even if NATO agrees to some of Russia's concessions, that won't solve Russia's most pressing problem: a hostile Ukraine that is rearming. Ukraine is developing longer-range missiles domestically, which is still a red line for Moscow even if they aren't provided by NATO.
I think a military escalation is more likely than not at this point. Russia was hoping it could compel the US to force Kyiv to make concessions. That hasn't happened, so Russia will likely use military force to compel Ukraine to make concessions.
"You have stolen my dreams and my childhood with your empty words. And yet I'm one of the lucky ones. People are suffering. People are dying. Entire ecosystems are collapsing. We are in the beginning of a mass extinction, and all you can talk about is money and fairy tales of eternal economic growth. How dare you!
"For more than 30 years, the science has been crystal clear. How dare you continue to look away and come here saying that you're doing enough, when the politics and solutions needed are still nowhere in sight.
"You say you hear us and that you understand the urgency. But no matter how sad and angry I am, I do not want to believe that. Because if you really understood the situation and still kept on failing to act, then you would be evil. And that I refuse to believe.
"The popular idea of cutting our emissions in half in 10 years only gives us a 50% chance of staying below 1.5 degrees [Celsius], and the risk of setting off irreversible chain reactions beyond human control.
"Fifty percent may be acceptable to you. But those numbers do not include tipping points, most feedback loops, additional warming hidden by toxic air pollution or the aspects of equity and climate justice. They also rely on my generation sucking hundreds of billions of tons of your CO2 out of the air with technologies that barely exist.
"To have a 67% chance of staying below a 1.5 degrees global temperature rise – the best odds given by the [Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change] – the world had 420 gigatons of CO2 left to emit back on Jan. 1st, 2018. Today that figure is already down to less than 350 gigatons.
"How dare you pretend that this can be solved with just 'business as usual' and some technical solutions? With today's emissions levels, that remaining CO2 budget will be entirely gone within less than 8 1/2 years.