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はてなキーワード: d durとは

2020-05-20

翻訳サービス比較

原文

The Tokugawa Shogunate was established by Tokugawa Ieyasu after victory at the Battle of Sekigahara, ending the civil wars of the Sengoku period following the collapse of the Ashikaga Shogunate. Ieyasu became the Shōgun and the Tokugawa clan governed Japan from Edo Castle in the eastern city of Edo (Tokyo) along with the daimyō lords of the samurai class. The Tokugawa Shogunate organized Japanese society under the strict Tokugawa class system and banned most foreigners under the isolationist policies of Sakoku to promote political stability. The Tokugawa and daimyō de facto administered Japan through their system of han (feudal domains) alongside the de jure Imperial provinces. The Tokugawa Shogunate saw rapid economic growth and urbanization in Japan which led to the rise of the merchant class and Ukiyo culture. The Tokugawa Shogunate declined during the Bakumatsu ("Opening of Japan") period from 1853 and was overthrown by supporters of the Imperial Court in the Meiji Restoration in 1868. The Empire of Japan was established under the Meiji government and Tokugawa loyalists continued to fight in the Boshin War until the defeat of the Republic of Ezo at the Battle of Hakodate in June 1869.

Google翻訳

徳川幕府は、関ヶ原の戦いでの勝利後に徳川家康によって設立され、足利幕府崩壊に続く戦国時代内戦を終わらせました。家康将軍になり、徳川藩は江戸の東の都市東京)にある江戸から武士大名領主とともに日本統治しました。徳川幕府は厳格な徳川階級制度の下で日本社会組織し、政治的安定を促進するために、サコクの孤立主義政策の下でほとんどの外国人禁止しました。徳川と大明の事実上日本は、ジュール帝国領土とともに、藩(藩)のシステムを通じて管理されました。徳川幕府は、日本の急速な経済成長都市化を見て、商人階級と浮世文化の台頭をもたらしました。幕末には幕末に幕を下ろし、明治維新により皇室の支持者たちにより打倒されました。明治政府のもと日本帝国樹立され、徳川忠誠は1869年6月函館の戦いでのエゾ共和国の敗北までのぼしん戦争

Excite翻訳

徳川幕府関ヶ原の戦い勝利の後に徳川家康により設立されて、足利幕府崩壊に続いている戦国時代内戦を終えた。家康は、サムライクラスのdaimyō君主とともに江戸東京)の東の都市江戸からShōgun徳川一族管理日本になった。徳川幕府は、厳密な徳川クラスシステムの下の日本社会組織し、政治的な安定性を促進するために、Sakokuの孤立主義方針の下のほとんどの外国人禁止した。徳川とdaimyō事実上は、正当な帝国地方そばのhan(封建制度ドメイン)のそれらのシステムを通して日本管理した。徳川幕府は、マーチャントのクラスとUkiyo文化の上昇に通じていた日本の急速な経済成長都市化を見た。徳川幕府は、Bakumatsu(「日本の冒頭」)期間の間に1853から傾き、1868年明治維新宮中サポーターにより倒された。大日本帝国は、1869年6月に忠臣が函館戦争でエゾウの共和国の失敗までボシン戦争において戦い続けた明治政府徳川の下で設立された。

DeepL翻訳

徳川幕府は、足利幕府崩壊に伴う戦国時代内乱終結させ、関ヶ原の戦い勝利した徳川家康によって成立しました。家康将軍となり、徳川家は江戸城を拠点武家大名とともに日本統治しました。徳川幕府は、厳格な徳川階級制度の下で日本社会組織し、佐国の鎖国政策の下で外国人入国禁止して政治の安定を図りました。徳川大名は、事実上日本行政を、事実上皇国と並んで藩制度で行っていた。徳川幕府は急速な経済成長都市化を遂げ、商人階級や浮世文化の台頭をもたらしました。徳川幕府1853年から幕末開国時代に衰退し、1868年明治維新朝廷の支持者によって倒されました。明治政府の下で大日本帝国樹立され、戊辰戦争では、1869年6月函館の戦いで蝦夷共和国が敗北するまで徳川家臣たちが戦い続けました。

みらい翻訳

関ヶ原の戦い勝利した徳川家康によって徳川幕府が成立し、足利幕府崩壊に伴う戦国時代内乱終結した。家康将軍となり、徳川氏は武家大名とともに江戸 (東京) 東部江戸から日本を治めた。徳川幕府は、政治の安定を図るため、厳格な徳川階級の下で日本社会組織し、鎖国政策の下ではほとんどの外国人禁止しました。徳川事実上大名は、日本を藩制(藩)で実質的支配した。日本徳川幕府による高度経済成長都市化が進み、町人階級や浮世文化が興った。1853年から幕末(「日本開国」)の間に徳川幕府は衰退し、1868年明治維新で勤皇志士たちによって倒され、明治政府のもとに大日本帝国が成立し、1869年6月箱館戦争蝦夷共和国が敗れるまで戊辰戦争を戦った。

2020-03-26

attracting commerce. Conditions on the island improved during the Taiping Rebellion in the 1850s, when many Chinese refugees, including wealthy merchants, fled mainland turbulence and settled in the colony.[16] Further tensions between the British and Qing over the opium trade escalated into

https://youtubecomhelp.zendesk.com/hc/pl/community/posts/360007743759-26-03-2020-Патриот-11-серия-канал-ТНТ-все-серии-сезона-от-26-марта-

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ngkong until 1926, when the government officially adopted the two-word name.[40] Some corporations founded during the early colonial era still keep this name, including Hongkong Land, Hongkong Electric Company, Hongkong and Shanghai Hotels and the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation (HSBC).[41][42] History

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https://youtubecomhelp.zendesk.com/hc/en/community/posts/360007746460--Доктор-Вера-13-серия-26-03-2020-смотреть-онлайн-в-хорошем-качестве-от-26-марта-

2018-05-25

anond:20180525141754

これやな

"I have spoken to South Korea and Japan and they are not only ready should foolish or reckless acts be taken by North Korea, but they are willing to shoulder much of the cost of any financial burden — any of the costs associated by the United States in operations, if such an unfortunate situation is forced upon us," he said during an event at which he signed a bill rolling back bank regulations.


韓国日本との話はついてる。北朝鮮がアホで無謀な行動をとった場合の準備ができているって言ってるし、それだけじゃなくて、カネの面でも負担する用意があると言ってる。もしもそういった不幸な事態が避けられない場合合衆国作戦行動に関連する費用の一切をもつって」

そんなん知らんがな。

2017-02-03

clang: warning: argument unused during compilation: '-e xport-dynamic'

久しぶりにvim更新たらこんなエラーが出たけどなんだこれ

2016-10-17

vimをtinyでmakeするとエラーが大量に出るんだが

インストール出来てるし起動もできてるから無視していいのかな

clang: warning: argument unused during compilation: '-I .'

clang: warning: argument unused during compilation: '-I proto'

clang: warning: argument unused during compilation: '-U _FORTIFY_SOURCE'

screen.c:1513:17: warning: self-comparison always evaluates to true [-Wtautological-compare]

if (curwin == curwin)

^

screen.c:5676:19: warning: self-comparison always evaluates to true [-Wtautological-compare]

&& Columns == Columns)

regexp.c:3790:24: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

regexp.c:3790:24: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~ ^ ~

regexp.c:3790:24: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

^~

=

regexp.c:4052:24: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

regexp.c:4052:24: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~ ^ ~

regexp.c:4052:24: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

^~

=

regexp.c:5276:25: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

regexp.c:5276:25: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~ ^ ~

regexp.c:5276:25: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

^~

=

regexp.c:5337:24: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

{ if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0))) *(&rex.reg_startpos[rp->rs_no]) = (&rp->rs_un.sesave)->se_u.pos; else *(&rex.reg_startp[rp->rs_no]) = (&rp->rs_un.sesave)->se_u.ptr; };

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

regexp.c:5337:24: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

{ if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0))) *(&rex.reg_startpos[rp->rs_no]) = (&rp->rs_un.sesave)->se_u.pos; else *(&rex.reg_startp[rp->rs_no]) = (&rp->rs_un.sesave)->se_u.ptr; };

~ ^ ~

regexp.c:5337:24: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

{ if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0))) *(&rex.reg_startpos[rp->rs_no]) = (&rp->rs_un.sesave)->se_u.pos; else *(&rex.reg_startp[rp->rs_no]) = (&rp->rs_un.sesave)->se_u.ptr; };

^~

=

regexp.c:5355:24: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

{ if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0))) *(&rex.reg_endpos[rp->rs_no]) = (&rp->rs_un.sesave)->se_u.pos; else *(&rex.reg_endp[rp->rs_no]) = (&rp->rs_un.sesave)->se_u.ptr; };

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

regexp.c:5355:24: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

{ if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0))) *(&rex.reg_endpos[rp->rs_no]) = (&rp->rs_un.sesave)->se_u.pos; else *(&rex.reg_endp[rp->rs_no]) = (&rp->rs_un.sesave)->se_u.ptr; };

~ ^ ~

regexp.c:5355:24: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

{ if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0))) *(&rex.reg_endpos[rp->rs_no]) = (&rp->rs_un.sesave)->se_u.pos; else *(&rex.reg_endp[rp->rs_no]) = (&rp->rs_un.sesave)->se_u.ptr; };

^~

=

regexp.c:5516:22: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

regexp.c:5516:22: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~ ^ ~

regexp.c:5516:22: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

^~

=

regexp.c:6213:21: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

regexp.c:6213:21: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~ ^ ~

regexp.c:6213:21: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

^~

=

regexp.c:6266:25: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

regexp.c:6266:25: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~ ^ ~

regexp.c:6266:25: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

^~

=

regexp.c:6294:25: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

regexp.c:6294:25: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~ ^ ~

regexp.c:6294:25: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

^~

=

regexp.c:6325:24: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

regexp.c:6325:24: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~ ^ ~

regexp.c:6325:24: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

^~

=

regexp.c:6341:24: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

regexp.c:6341:24: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~ ^ ~

regexp.c:6341:24: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

^~

=

regexp.c:6363:24: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

regexp.c:6363:24: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~ ^ ~

regexp.c:6363:24: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

^~

=

regexp.c:7711:25: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

regexp.c:7711:25: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~ ^ ~

regexp.c:7711:25: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

^~

=

regexp.c:7740:23: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

regexp.c:7740:23: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~ ^ ~

regexp.c:7740:23: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

^~

=

In file included from regexp.c:8043:

./regexp_nfa.c:3995:24: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

./regexp_nfa.c:3995:24: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~ ^ ~

./regexp_nfa.c:3995:24: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

^~

=

./regexp_nfa.c:4014:21: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

./regexp_nfa.c:4014:21: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~ ^ ~

./regexp_nfa.c:4014:21: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

^~

=

./regexp_nfa.c:4036:21: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

./regexp_nfa.c:4036:21: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~ ^ ~

./regexp_nfa.c:4036:21: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

^~

=

./regexp_nfa.c:4055:21: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

./regexp_nfa.c:4055:21: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~ ^ ~

./regexp_nfa.c:4055:21: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

^~

=

./regexp_nfa.c:4086:24: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

./regexp_nfa.c:4086:24: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~ ^ ~

./regexp_nfa.c:4086:24: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

^~

=

./regexp_nfa.c:4227:24: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

./regexp_nfa.c:4227:24: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~ ^ ~

./regexp_nfa.c:4227:24: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

^~

=

./regexp_nfa.c:4609:25: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

./regexp_nfa.c:4609:25: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~ ^ ~

./regexp_nfa.c:4609:25: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

^~

=

./regexp_nfa.c:4670:22: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

./regexp_nfa.c:4670:22: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~ ^ ~

./regexp_nfa.c:4670:22: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

^~

=

./regexp_nfa.c:4733:25: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

./regexp_nfa.c:4733:25: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~ ^ ~

./regexp_nfa.c:4733:25: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

^~

=

./regexp_nfa.c:4767:25: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

./regexp_nfa.c:4767:25: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~ ^ ~

./regexp_nfa.c:4767:25: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

^~

=

./regexp_nfa.c:4954:24: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

./regexp_nfa.c:4954:24: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~ ^ ~

./regexp_nfa.c:4954:24: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

^~

=

./regexp_nfa.c:5106:21: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

./regexp_nfa.c:5106:21: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~ ^ ~

./regexp_nfa.c:5106:21: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

^~

=

./regexp_nfa.c:5120:21: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

./regexp_nfa.c:5120:21: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~ ^ ~

./regexp_nfa.c:5120:21: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

^~

=

./regexp_nfa.c:5144:25: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

./regexp_nfa.c:5144:25: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~ ^ ~

./regexp_nfa.c:5144:25: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

^~

=

./regexp_nfa.c:5231:24: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

./regexp_nfa.c:5231:24: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~ ^ ~

./regexp_nfa.c:5231:24: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

^~

=

./regexp_nfa.c:5486:25: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

./regexp_nfa.c:5486:25: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~ ^ ~

./regexp_nfa.c:5486:25: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

^~

=

./regexp_nfa.c:5608:21: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

./regexp_nfa.c:5608:21: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~ ^ ~

./regexp_nfa.c:5608:21: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

^~

=

./regexp_nfa.c:5897:23: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

./regexp_nfa.c:5897:23: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~ ^ ~

./regexp_nfa.c:5897:23: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

^~

=

./regexp_nfa.c:5987:26: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

./regexp_nfa.c:5987:26: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~ ^ ~

./regexp_nfa.c:5987:26: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

^~

=

./regexp_nfa.c:6873:26: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

./regexp_nfa.c:6873:26: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~ ^ ~

./regexp_nfa.c:6873:26: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

^~

=

./regexp_nfa.c:6997:24: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

./regexp_nfa.c:6997:24: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~ ^ ~

./regexp_nfa.c:6997:24: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

^~

=

./regexp_nfa.c:7095:24: warning: equality comparison with extraneous parentheses [-Wparentheses-equality]

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~~~~~~~~

./regexp_nfa.c:7095:24: note: remove extraneous parentheses around the comparison to silence this warning

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

~ ^ ~

./regexp_nfa.c:7095:24: note: use '=' to turn this equality comparison into an assignment

if ((rex.reg_match == ((void*)0)))

^~

=

2014-04-28

戦後韓国慰安婦制度の使用」に関する海外研究

韓国訪問したオバマが「慰安婦はとんでもない人権侵害だ」と発言した。

それに対して安倍総理は「筆舌に尽くしがたい思いをされた慰安婦の方々のことを思うと本当に胸が痛む思い」だとし、

「20世紀は女性を始め、多くの人権侵害された世紀であった。人権侵害が起こらない21世紀にするため、日本も大きな貢献をしたい」と述べた。

これはちょっと意外な発言で、日韓メディア右派左派ともにちょっと戸惑った感じがしたように思える。

安部首相の真意がどういうものなのか、これからの行動を見ないと分からないが、

これは、慰安婦に対する人権侵害を認めつつ、「慰安婦制度をやっていたのは日本だけでなかった」という文脈を作ろうとしているのかなと思えた。

それはオバマの発言に対して、「米軍慰安婦はどうなんだ」「朴正煕韓国軍慰安婦管理はどうなんだ」という反応が多く見られたものを反映していると思う。

20世紀」という一般化といい、正直なかなかうまい手というか、慰安婦問題に対して右左をなだめる、これまでにないスタンスになるかもと思った。

そうなってくると、戦後韓国慰安婦制度本当にあったのかという話になってくる。あったなら、慰安婦像海外に建てるキャンペーンが別の意味を持ってくる。

別にあいつらもやってから、俺らは悪くない」という意図ではなく、

実際問題として、日本謝罪もし、アジア女性基金設立した一方で、韓国自身が実は同じ問題を抱えていたのに黙殺するという事態は、事実を明らかにする上でも好ましくないと思う。

まとめサイトではソースあいまいものも含めてよく目にするが、いくら内輪で盛り上がっても意味は皆無で

海外でどのようにどのように研究されているか、というのが重要になると思う。

残念ながら、メディアという点では海外では概して「20万人の韓国人日本性奴隷にされた」「日本はその歴史を否定しようとしている」という文脈で報じられているのがほとんどだ。

しかし、アカデミズムの分野では、ここ最近韓国自身の慰安婦制度に目を向けられているものも増えているように見受けられる。

おおよそ中立的立場であると見受けられるC.Sarah Sohという研究者2009年出版された"The Comfort Women"という本は海外でも評判が高いようなので、色々調べようと思った。

http://www.goodreads.com/book/show/6068978-the-comfort-women

検索すると、Google Readersで一部内容が見ることができ、その部分にちょうど韓国慰安婦制度について記述しているところがあったので、メモ代わりに引用しておく。

もちろん、この本は、日本慰安婦制度、および人権侵害にも厳しい目を向けているが、

この部分の結論としては、韓国慰安婦生存者を日本の抵抗のシンボルとして英雄扱いする一方で、韓国自身の慰安婦制度含む性の人権侵害には目を向けてこなかったということを言っている。

韓国戦後慰安婦制度を使用してきた」という事実は、単なるネット右翼デマではなく、海外研究者にも裏付けられている事実であり、もっと注目されるべきではないかなと思う。

"The Comfort Women: Sexual Violence and Postcolonial Memory in Korea and Japan" by C.Sarah Soh

(p:211~)

After its liberation from Japanese rule in August 1945,the Korean Peninsula was divided into two: Soviet troops occupied the northern half and the US military the southern half. The ongoing US military presence in South Korea led to the formation and maintenance of “Camp towns” (kijich’on, in Korean) around the military bases, a development that has had a striking social impact on Korean communities. Kijich’on (literally, base or camp [kiji] village [ch’on]) refers to the civilian world of commercial establishments and residential buildings that have sprung up around the US military bases and cater to the needs of the American GI’s. It is “ a place where Koreans and Americans- mostly male military personnel- meet in an economic and emotional marriage of convenience”. As of the end of 1996, 37,000 American troops supported the economies of ninety-six kijich’on. The estimated number of kijich’on prostitutes over the first four decades of the American presence ranges between 250,000 and 300,000.

(中略)

The kijich'on sex trade consolidated and expanded during the second phase, which began with the Korean War. In her testimony, Pak Sun-i who had laboured at three different comfort startions in Japan 1944 to the end of the war, recalled:

"At twenty-seven years of age, I was having a hard time making ends meet in Tongduch'on (the largest kijich'on just outside Seoul). I ended up cohabiting with a staff sergeant of the USArmy for about two years... One of my friends from the days at a comfort station in Japan also worked as yang-gonju, but she passed away."

An American veteran who served in Korea in the 1950s after the end of the Korean War recounted that on Friday nights half-ton trucks would bring into the base a few hundred women to stay the night or the weekend with the soldiers. In 1958, five years after the armistice, the majority of about 300,000 prostitutes in Korea reportedly served American soldiers. Some of them, like their earlier Japanese counterparts(RAA), married and emigrated to the United States as wives of servicemen.

The fact that the Korean military also availed themselves of the "special comfort unit" during the Korean War has received little public attention even after the Korean women's movement in support of the "comfort women" began in the 1990s. Only piecemeal anecdotal materials on it had come to light from memoirs written by retired generals and generals and the testimony of soldiers who fought in the war.

(中略)

Characterizing the Korean military comfort system as an "unfortunate offspring" of the Japanese colonial legacy, Kim Kwi-ok called for victimized women, civic organizations, and scholars to come together and confront the unresolved issues of this historical injustice. The media reports of Kim's work, however, have generated little response. There has been no public outcry regarding the Korean military's use of "comfort women" during the Korean War or its violation of women's human rights. Korean silence over these issues is reminiscent of earlier societal indifference toward survivors of imperial Japan's comfort system, It mirrors the reticence of many Japanese to come to terms with the history of their country's wartime comfort system. As in the case of Japan, many in Korea, including retired military leaders, apparently regard the women's sexual labour simply as the performance of gendered customary sex labour in order to meet the needs of fighting men. It is noteworthy that military authorities have acknowledged that the system of special comfort units contradicts the national policy of banning licensed prostitution. Nonetheless, they have insisted that the special units were created to fulfill an important strategic end.

(中略)

(日本人韓国への売春ツアー、及び韓国人東南アジアへの売春ツアーは看過されてきたが、という話の後)

However, when it comes to the issue of Japan's wartime "comfort women" system, which has been redefined by the international community as a prominent case of violence against women in armed conflict, no social critic or public intellectual in Korea would dare to take the customary masculinist position that such a system benefits the economy or promotes national security. This is because the comfort women issue has been redefiend as military sexual slavery and a war crime by the international community owing largely to women's collaborative movement for redress in Japan and Korea.

Still, little critical public discourse has occurred on the legacies of that historical institution or the social structural dimension of Korea'S comfort women tragedy. Few are willing to consider the unsavoury fact that, accustomed to indigenous public institutions that have granted customary sex rights to men, and licensed by the colonial government, many Koreans did not hesitate to collaborate in recruiting and runing comfort stations by trafficking in girls and young women. Rather than deal with the messy and unpleasant complications of the historical record, Korean public discourse has simplistically elevated the survivors to heroic symbols of national suffering under Japanese colonialism and its imperialist war of aggression.

By contrast, Japan, which is unavoidably seen as the perpetrator nation, has been in turmoil over contested representations of the comfort women phenomenon and its responsibility in the matter. Meanwhile, the international - as well as domestic - trade in public sex prospers in capitalist economies of Japan and Korea despite endless incidents of criminal abuse of women so employed by both foreigners and compatriots. The social historical legacies of masculinist sexual culture and political economic realities in the two countries continue to help construct women'S sexual labour as stigmatized yet customary care labour for masculine "need".

2013-02-24

渋い

The publication in France of our book Impostures Intellectuelles [1] appears to have created a small storm in certain intellectual circles. According to Jon Henley in The Guardian, we have shown that ``modern French philosophy is a load of old tosh.''[2] According to Robert Maggiori in Libération, we are humourless scientistic pedants who correct grammatical errors in love letters.[3] We shall try to explain here why neither is the case.

Some commentators go farther, attacking not our arguments but our alleged motivations for writing the book. Julia Kristeva, writing in Le Nouvel Observateur, accuses us of spreading ``disinformation'' as part of an anti-French politico-economic campaign[4]; she was even quoted (we hope misquoted) by the Italian daily Corriere della Sera as saying that we should undergo psychiatric treatment.[5] Vincent Fleury and Yun Sun Limet, again in Libération, accuse us of seeking to divert research funds from the social to the natural sciences.[6] These defences are curious: for even if our motivations were indeed as ascribed (and they most certainly aren't), how would that affect the validity or invalidity of our arguments? We have the modest hope that calmer heads will soon prevail among both our supporters and our critics, so that the debate can focus on the substantive content of our book.

Which is what? The book grew out of the now-famous hoax in which one of us published, in the American cultural-studies journal Social Text, a parody article chock-full of nonsensical, but unfortunately authentic, quotes about physics and mathematics by prominent French and American intellectuals.[7] However, only a small fraction of the ``dossier'' discovered during Sokal's library research could be included in the parody. After showing this larger dossier to scientist and non-scientist friends, we became (slowly) convinced that it might be worth making it available to a wider audience. We wanted to explain, in non-technical terms, why the quotes are absurd or, in many cases, simply meaningless; and we wanted also to discuss the cultural circumstances that enabled these discourses to achieve such prominence and to remain, thus far, unexposed. Hence our book, the noise and the furore.

 
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