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はてなキーワード: Chinaとは

2020-06-03

恐ろしいこと

wikipedia にCannibalism in Chinaという項目があるのを見つけた。

この項目は英語中国語ベトナム語しか存在しない。

英語版の出だしを日本語に訳すと「人肉食の習慣は中国において特に豊かな歴史を持つ」

(The practice of cannibalism has a peculiarly rich history in China.)

アメリカ警官に絞め殺されたのが日本人だったら

・殺される様子の動画は200RTくらいで終わる

・死んだのが中国人だと勘違いした白人が「チンチャンチョン」と言いながら真似た動画ツイートして5万RT炎上

・会見でアジア人警官に絞め殺されたことについて聞かれたトランプWho cares? It's CHINA

アメリカtwitterでは「#中国に裁きを」的なハッシュタグトレンド入り

フランス新聞が「吊り目でマスクをしたアジア人自分の首を締める風刺絵」を掲載中国ネット炎上

Apple Music「そんなことより今日は今までで最もエモーショナルLGBTソングをお届け」

・某官房長官「現地の警察は適切に対処したと米国から伺っている。一般差別といったことには全く当たらないのではないか

アメリカtwitterは早くも次のトレンドに「NYマリア様に見える雲が現れた!」40万RT

・周回遅れで動画を見たtwitter民の反応

「またアホな日本人アメリカで恥さらし。大好きなアメリカ死ねて良かったな」

「こんな時期にアメリカに行った奴の自己責任だろ」

さらに周回遅れで動画を見たブクマカの反応

「でも職質されるようなことしたのは事実だよね?なんでそこ無視する論調なの?」★105

「渡米したことない奴は分からないと思うけど、平和ボケした日本と違ってあっちの警官命令絶対からねえ。。」★94

2020-05-24

COVID-19と東アジア(やり直し)

なんかやってしまった

wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/lukes/ISO-3166-Countries-with-Regional-Codes/master/all/all.csv
wget https://github.com/owid/covid-19-data/raw/master/public/data/owid-covid-data.csv

SELECT
 country.name as '国名',
 covid.population AS '人口',
 covid.population_density as '密度',
 covid.gdp_per_capita as '一人あたりのGDP?',
 MAX(covid.total_cases) as '報告件数',
 ROUND(1.0 * MAX(covid.total_cases) / MAX(covid.population), 7) as '人口あたりの報告件数',
MAX(covid.total_deaths) as '死者',
 ROUND(1.0 * MAX(covid.total_deaths) / MAX(covid.population), 9) as '人口あたりの死者件数',
 ROUND(1.0 * MAX(covid.total_deaths) / MAX(covid.total_cases) , 3) as '感染者死亡率'
from all.csv as country
inner join owid-covid-data.csv as covid on covid.iso_code = country.\"alpha-3\"
WHERE country.\"sub-region\" = 'Eastern Asia' 
GROUP BY covid.iso_code
ORDER BY 6 DESC"

国名人口密度 一人あたりのGDP? 報告件数人口あたりの報告件数 死者 人口あたりの死者件数感染者死亡率
Korea, Republic of 51269183.0 527.967 35938.374 11165 0.0002178 266 5.188e-06 0.024
Japan126476458.0 347.778 39002.223 16536 0.0001307 808 6.389e-06 0.049
China 1439323774.0 147.674 15308.712 84081 5.84e-05 4638 3.222e-06 0.055
Mongolia 3278292.0 1.98 11840.846 141 4.3e-05 0 0.0 0.0
Taiwan, Province of China23816775.0 441 1.85e-05 7 2.94e-07 0.016
Hong Kong 7496988.0 7039.714 56054.92 0 0.0 00.0

まぁ、北朝鮮の数え忘れは・・・

ちなみに他のアジアコミコミでは

国名人口密度 一人あたりのGDP? 報告件数人口あたりの報告件数 死者 人口あたりの死者件数感染者死亡率
Turkey 84339067.0 104.914 25129.341 154500 0.0018319 4276 5.07e-05 0.028
Iran (Islamic Republic of) 83992953.0 49.831 19082.62 131652 0.0015674 7300 8.6912e-05 0.055
India 1380004385.0 450.419 6426.674 125101 9.07e-05 3720 2.696e-06 0.03
China 1439323774.0 147.674 15308.712 84081 5.84e-05 4638 3.222e-06 0.055
Saudi Arabia 34813867.0 15.322 49045.411 67719 0.0019452 364 1.0456e-05 0.005
Pakistan 220892331.0 255.573 5034.708 52437 0.0002374 1101 4.984e-06 0.021
Qatar 2881060.0 227.322 116935.6 40481 0.0140507 19 6.595e-06 0.0
Singapore 5850343.0 7915.731 85535.383 30426 0.005200723 3.931e-06 0.001
Bangladesh 164689383.0 1265.036 3523.984 30205 0.0001834 432 2.623e-06 0.014
United Arab Emirates 9890400.0 112.442 67293.483 27892 0.0028201 241 2.4367e-05 0.009
Indonesia 273523621.0 145.725 11188.744 20796 7.6e-05 1326 4.848e-06 0.064
Kuwait 4270563.0 232.128 65530.537 19564 0.0045811 138 3.2314e-05 0.007
Israel 8655541.0 402.606 33132.32 16690 0.0019282 279 3.2234e-05 0.017
Japan126476458.0 347.778 39002.223 16536 0.0001307 808 6.389e-06 0.049
Philippines 109581085.0 351.873 7599.188 13597 0.0001241 857 7.821e-06 0.063
Korea, Republic of 51269183.0 527.967 35938.374 11165 0.0002178 266 5.188e-06 0.024
Afghanistan 38928341.0 54.422 1803.987 9216 0.0002367 205 5.266e-06 0.022
Bahrain1701583.0 1935.907 43290.705 8414 0.0049448 12 7.052e-06 0.001
Kazakhstan 18776707.0 6.681 24055.588 7919 0.0004217 35 1.864e-06 0.004
Malaysia 32365998.0 96.254 26808.164 7137 0.0002205 115 3.553e-06 0.016
Oman 5106622.0 14.98 37960.709 6794 0.0013304 32 6.266e-06 0.005
Armenia 2963234.0 102.931 8787.58 5928 0.0020005 74 2.4973e-05 0.012
Iraq 40222503.0 88.125 15663.986 3964 9.86e-05 147 3.655e-06 0.037
Azerbaijan 10139175.0 119.309 15847.419 3855 0.0003802 46 4.537e-06 0.012
Uzbekistan33469199.0 76.134 6253.104 3078 9.2e-05 13 3.88e-07 0.004
Thailand 69799978.0 135.132 16277.671 3040 4.36e-05 56 8.02e-07 0.018
Tajikistan 9537642.0 64.281 2896.913 2350 0.0002464 44 4.613e-06 0.019
Kyrgyzstan 6524191.0 32.3333393.474 1364 0.0002091 14 2.146e-06 0.01
Maldives 540542.0 1454.433 15183.616 1274 0.0023569 4 7.4e-06 0.003
Lebanon 6825442.0 594.561 13367.565 1086 0.0001591 26 3.809e-06 0.024
Sri Lanka 21413250.0 341.955 11669.077 1068 4.99e-05 9 4.2e-07 0.008
Cyprus 875899.0 127.657 32415.132 927 0.0010583 17 1.9409e-05 0.018
Georgia 3989175.0 65.032 9745.079 723 0.000181212 3.008e-06 0.017
Jordan 10203140.0 109.285 8337.49 700 6.86e-05 9 8.82e-07 0.013
Palestine, State of 5101416.0 778.202 4449.898 608 0.0001192 4 7.84e-07 0.007
Nepal 29136808.0 204.43 2442.804 548 1.88e-05 3 1.03e-07 0.005
Taiwan, Province of China23816775.0 441 1.85e-05 7 2.94e-07 0.016
Viet Nam 97338583.0 308.127 6171.884 324 3.3e-06 0 0.0 0.0
Yemen 29825968.0 53.508 1479.147 205 6.9e-06 33 1.106e-06 0.161
Myanmar 54409794.0 81.721 5591.597 201 3.7e-06 6 1.1e-07 0.03
Brunei Darussalam 437483.0 81.347 71809.251 141 0.0003223 1 2.286e-06 0.007
Mongolia 3278292.0 1.98 11840.846 141 4.3e-05 0 0.0 0.0
Cambodia 16718971.0 90.672 3645.07 124 7.4e-06 0 0.0 0.0
Syrian Arab Republic 17500657.0 59 3.4e-06 4 2.29e-07 0.068
Bhutan 771612.0 21.188 8708.597 243.11e-05 0 0.0 0.0
Timor-Leste 1318442.0 87.176 6570.102 24 1.82e-05 0 0.0 0.0
Lao People's Democratic Republic 7275556.0 29.715 6397.36 19 2.6e-06 0 0.0 0.0
Hong Kong 7496988.0 7039.714 56054.92 0 0.0 0 0.0

あってんのかなあ?

2020-05-10

Shouldn't "whites" be correctly discriminated against in corona?

Shouldn't "white people" be correctly discriminated against in corona?

-

Discrimination and persecution related to coronaviruses is now widespread worldwide.

There is a concrete and wide-ranging summary of the situation.

―――

"List of Incidents of Foreign Fear and Racism Related to the COVID-19 Pandemic"

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_incidents_of_xenophobia_and_racism_related_to_the_COVID-19_pandemic

―――

That is the English version of Wikipedia article.

With Google Chrome, right-click → Translate to Japanese, but the translation is a bit rough, but anyone can read it in Japanese.

The contents are like this.

―――

>> In France, after the new coronavirus was confirmed on January 24, 2020, a lot of harassment and discrimination against Asians occurred [41]. It is aimed at Asians such as Chinese, Korean, Japanese, Vietnamese, Filipino [42], and taxis and trains that refuse to board Chinese, Korean, Japanese have appeared [41] [43] ].

>> French newspaper Le Courrier Picard featured an Asian woman in a mask on the top page on January 26, 2020 with the heading "Yellow Alert".

>> On March 8, 2020, a Japanese restaurant in Rivoli, Turin, Piedmont, was targeted for arson by a teenager who teased his owner and called him an epidemic carrier. [191]

―――

Not limited to the above, Wuhan and Africans in China, Chinese and infected people in Japan.

Discrimination, whether in the United States, Egypt, Africa or anywhere in the world, exists at all.

In a sense, it's almost equal. Under extreme circumstances, it is not uncommon for "weak" people to be able to keep themselves without creating enemies.

-

However, what I want to say is not a used phrase such as "Let's live kindly with philanthropy."

There is no objection to it. If the world can eliminate discrimination and prejudice, I naturally want it.

But what I felt was a big question before that. It can be called academic interest.

-

Chinese discriminate against Wuhan natives, Japanese discriminate against Chinese, and Europeans discriminate against Asians.

I see, there is a reason to that, considering the spread of coronavirus infection. "From what you see, what's dangerous is that area".

Roughly, it may be the result of thinking about "weak" people.

-

But here's the strange thing. Asians, Africans, yellows and blacks, they are discriminated against in many places around the world.

Frankly speaking, it's safe to say that blacks have little to do with the coronavirus. It's just that the original sense of discrimination has surfaced.

These ethnic groups and regions are equally discriminated against. It is a sense of discrimination that is based on fear but is incorrect but makes sense.

-

However. Then why isn't "white people" discriminated against?

-

From April to May, the coronavirus showed an explosive spread in the West.

In the ranking of the number of infected people in the world, the United States is alone, with 1.34 million people, accounting for more than a quarter of the total infected people of 402 million people as of May 10.

After the second place, Spain, Italy, the United Kingdom, Russia, Germany, Brazil and France are followed, and each has more than 100,000 domestic cases.

Excluding Brazil, everything from 2nd to 7th is Europe. The word "Western Europe" is clearly the most dangerous coronavirus-contaminated area / infectious zone in the world.

-

However. Strangely enough, there is little talk that "white people, Europeans, and Americans are discriminated against in the world."

Of course it is not zero, but while looking for one "white discrimination", it is possible to find "Asian discrimination", "Black discrimination" and "Yellow discrimination".

It is said that what is currently expanding in the world is not the first wave from China, but the second wave from Europe, which is the pandemic.

-

With this, it is still understandable that the "white man" continues to do the right thing cleanly and correctly and has succeeded in corona countermeasures.

However, white people have continued to discriminate among Asians since the beginning of the spread.

In January and February, it was not uncommon to hear that Asians were already walking around in the country, calling them "Corona Corona."

By all means, white people are the incarnation of evil. It's not a good thing.

-

Regardless of the early stages of the epidemic, now that the "hotbed of corona infection" has moved there, it should be possible for white people to hate it.

Otherwise, it cannot be called "equal discrimination". As a result, it is wrong.

-

-

If you think about the reason here, after all, "targets are races / objects that originally had hostility",

The hypothesis may be that "there are restrictions on mobility and there are white Asian societies, but few non-white societies are white."

It must be interesting to study the area academically.

-

However, historically, I've seen that "white people" crusade various places with the Crusades and do all they can to the contrary.

I think that the trilingual diplomacy of Britain has created the situation in the Middle East, where terrorism is frequent nowadays, and has repeatedly carried out wrongdoing by repeatedly discriminating against blacks, Indians, and yellow races.

So, isn't it right here to try to discriminate against white people correctly?

-

Non-white society is a little too kind to "white people".

It was around this time today when I was thinking about that.

2020-05-06

37.5度4日以上の内部告発

これすごいな。

3月の時点で専門家会議の嘘をばらしてる。

内部の人か?

公表していないというか、論文を読めば書いてあるにも関わらず、専門家政府スルーしている単純な真実があります

新型コロナの初期患者は6割、重症患者でも5割は体温37.5度未満という事実です。

Clinical Characteristics of Coronavirus Disease 2019 in China | NEJM

発症初期37・5度以上4割のみ…米で論文感染見落とす可能性 : 医療健康

まり専門家会議の「37.5℃以上4日間待機」という基準デタラメだということです。

これが知られると専門家会議無能がばれるので、彼らは隠し続けることでしょう。

まったくひどい話ですね。

https://jp.quora.com/%E6%97%A5%E6%9C%AC%E3%81%8C%E5%85%AC%E8%A1%A8%E3%81%97%E3%81%A6%E3%81%84%E3%81%AA%E3%81%84-%E3%82%B3%E3%83%AD%E3%83%8A%E3%82%A6%E3%82%A4%E3%83%AB%E3%82%B9%E3%81%AE%E7%9C%9F%E5%AE%9F%E3%81%AF%E3%81%AA%E3%82%93/answers/205859826?

2020-05-02

在宅勤務 & GW自粛で暇すぎてネトウヨ化が激しい

Fox News とか China Uncensoredとかちょろちょろ見てるんだけど

かになにかおすすめ右翼コンテンツない?

2020-04-20

もう平成には戻れない

There will be no 'back to normal'

New modes of collaboration between the public and private sectors will emerge for future surge capacity - e.g. hotels designed, and part-funded, to act as hospital overspill.

病室に収容されることが上級国民の証になるかも 一般国民アパホテル収容してくれるってよ

The crisis may exacerbate income inequality, since higher-income workers are, on average, more able to work remotely.

いまリモートワークできている人はこれから勝ち組

Possibly millions of people may suffer permanent health issues (e.g. lung scarring), causing further economic impact.

コロナ感染して今回死ななくても、一生デバフ効果に苛まれることになる=コロナ感染して肺炎になった時点でポンコツB品扱いに

出自粛は他人のためでなく自分のためだよ

This also means that many jobs that disappear during the pandemic will not return.

営業自粛を求められた業種ってそのまま消えるかもよ

We anticipate lasting interest in remote working models (which may lead to a further fall in commercial rent).

金持ち父さん的な大家さん業オワタ

There may be possible acceleration of labour-replacing automation by firms, especially if the cost of borrowing decreases and the minimum wage increases

低賃金では働きたくないでござるなんて甘えている労働者排除されかねないね

The crisis is accelerating major changes in how we live online, many of which will be permanent - e.g. some firms which can function effectively with a remote workforce will close offices to save costs, whilst many commuters will be reluctant to resume that lifestyle.

あれっ REITってもう破綻するんじゃね?

Civil rights and property rights are being suspended as governments declare states of emergency; some fear that these rights may never be restored, leading to a permanent erosion of civil liberties.

自粛じゃ手ぬるいとか言ってるバカ奥州出羽守見てる?

Uneven enforcement, heavy-handed legal sanctions or officiousness by police and authorities may lead to decreased trust and confidence of the public, and diminished notion of ‘policing by consent’.

上級国民ww

The crisis has created a dramatic short-term reduction in air pollution and greenhouse gases, as travel and industry have dropped precipitously.

やべぇ コロナのおかげで空気キレイになり温室効果ガス(?も減りまくり これにはグレタちゃんも大喜び

Although investment in electric vehicles has fallen, if air pollution is shown to be a contributory factor in coronavirus deaths (currently unclear but postulated), this may lead to renewed efforts to remove polluting vehicles and other sources of air pollution.

実は大気汚染がヤバかったところがコロナでもヤバいんじゃね

Restrictions on the trade of exotic animals will increase, possibly also with greater protections for wildlife. (Epidemiologists were warning for decades that "the presence of a large reservoir of SARS-CoV-like viruses in horseshoe bats, together with the culture of eating exotic mammals in southern China, is a time bomb".)

なんだかんだでコウモリなんて食ってる土人はクソ

2020-04-06

Report: China says it will ship France a billion face masks -- but only if they buy their 5G equipment from Huawei:

マジ?外交ネタになってきたね

2020-04-04

アビカンについて (4/4 時点)

なお、アビカン有用とする中国論文撤回された模様

WITHDRAWN: Experimental Treatment with Favipiravir for COVID-19: An Open-Label Control Study

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2095809920300631


ついでに、論文の変更措置は「訂正」「懸念表明」「撤回」 があって、「撤回」が最も重い

不正証拠が決定的でない場合は、懸念表明にとどまり

撤回される論文とは、有害無益な「世にないほうがよい論文



ただ、こっちではアービドール比較して好ましい治療と考えることができるとなってるね

Favipiravir versus Arbidol for COVID-19: A Randomized Clinical Trial

https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.03.17.20037432v2


でもまぁいずれにしてもさらなる大規模臨床試験結果待ちってとこかな?

However, the small sample size of 340 participants, the comparison with lopinavir/ritonavir, whose efficacy to treat SARS-CoV-2 is questionable as reported in a separate clinical trial, as well as the addition of interferon-alpha without controlling for its efficacy separately, should lead to caution about the results until more data are available.

(Clinicaltrialsarena.comより)

あとレムデシビル推し米国中国フェーズ3に入ったってさ。そりゃ催奇性強い薬でたぶん有効は避けたいよね

As for other Covid-19 treatment options being investigated, Gilead’s remdesivir, currently in Phase III in the US and China, is arguably the most promising drug and led to such strong demand for compassionate use that Gilead had to restrict access to pregnant women and children. Additionally, due to increasing pressure building up from non-profit public interest groups worrying about high prices and a long-term monopoly, Gilead asked the FDA to pull remdesivir’s orphan drug designation.

(Clinicaltrialsarena.comより)

アビカンは服用する際に危険性について認識しているというサインがいるよ↓

https://www.pmda.go.jp/RMP/www/400022/29a587a6-7cdb-4f19-913b-e2cbf9ae54e0/400022_625004XF1022_01_002RMPm.pdf

参考になりましたか

anond:20200404221843

2020-03-31

anond:20200329202344

詳しくはわからないけれど、この論文は参考になりそうだから読んだら解説お願い

Possible Transmission of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in a Public Bath Center in Huai’an, Jiangsu Province, China

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2763473

2020-03-27

楽園こちら側」の「事実に誠意を」をほぼdeepLで翻訳してみた その1

https://georgebest1969.typepad.jp/blog/2020/03/事実に誠意を.html

これが原文です。

外国から問い合わせが来ているけれども時間がなくて訳せないということで、DeepLの性能確認ついでにやってみました。

この私訳と岩田健太郎先生無関係なのでよろしくお願いします。

訳された文章を原文と見比べ、翻訳文章おかしくなったところや慣用句は「必ず日本語側の文章をいじることで」できるだけ解消しました。

よって改変した文章だけをこちらに載せ、改変する必要がなかったところは段落番号しか載せていません。元文章は元ブログを当たってください。

英語に詳しいパーソンが精査していただけると幸いです。

1 Most of what I'm about to write is no different from what I've said and done in the past. However, I have been asked the same question repeatedly, so I would like to reiterate it. We have received many inquiries from overseas as well, so we should have prepared the same content in English, but due to time constraints, I'm afraid I'll have to skip it. This article is designed to be read without basic knowledge of infectious diseases and jargon, but it is rather difficult to understand. Please forgive me for that.

感想:「Chromeかなにかでそれぞれ母国語に訳してお読みいただけると幸いです。」がきれいさっぱり消えている。DeepLの自負心だろう。

2 The fact that the number of COVID-19 reports in Japan is very low compared to other countries is attracting attention from home and abroad. Is it true? It has been pointed out that the number of tests is so small that we may be misreading the actual number of infected people.

感想home and abrodeでいいんだろうか?

3 However, this point is wrong at various layers. In the first place, Japan does not aim to capture all the numbers of COVID-19. Whether it's administrative testing or insured care, the state basically has a testing strategy in mind to diagnose, hospitalize, and isolate critically ill patients who need to be hospitalized. It is natural that they "haven't figured it out" and they don't intend to. That's not a bad thing.In fact, the situation is the same in every country, large or small, and no country, whether in the United States, Europe, or Asia, is aiming to "capture the whole number.

感想最後の文はなぜか他の文と一緒に入力すると訳してくれなかった。この文一つだけ入力すると訳してくれた。

よく考えると「多かれ少なかれ」は通じないだろうから直した方がよかった。なぜかDeepLに繋がらなくなったのでもう直せない。

WHOもそんなことは求めていない。もっとも、そのわりに日本帰国者無症状者にPCRをやってみたり、無症状な検査陽性者を入院隔離させてみたり(軽症者は自宅じゃなかったの?)、プリンシプルにおいて首尾一貫していない。だから、「彼らがなにがやりたいか私たちはよくわからない」ので、人々は不安になる。リスコミにおける失敗と言えよう。

The WHO is not asking for such a thing. But instead, Japan gives PCR to asymptomatic returnees and isolates asymptomatic test-positive people in hospital (wasn't it home for people with minor illnesses?). It has not been coherent in its principles. So, people get anxious because "we're not sure what they want to do". It's a failure in the press.

感想:「なにがやりたいかよくわからない」に主語付与する必要があった。リスコミがpressになった。よくわかったな。

「〜は自宅じゃなかったの?)、」の、が.になっているのがよくわからない。なぜかDeepLに繋がらなくなったのでもう直せない。

4 The difference between Korea and Japan is the "result" and not the "purpose". In South Korea, where the number of infected people had surged in one place, we had to focus on inspections in and around the area. If such a phenomenon (let's call it an overshoot) occurs in Japan, the number of inspections will increase. When the situation is different, arguing only on the basis of the number of tests without observing the situation is like trying to say, "That team made 50 sliding tackles while this team made only one," without watching a football game. In games where you don't have to slide (e.g., when you're in possession the whole time), even 0 times isn't a "mistake," and of course 50 times isn't a mistake.

感想特に言うことはない。便利だなあ。

5 全数把握ができていない疾患など山のようにある。日本ではインフルエンザの「全数」把握はしておらず、定点観測である疫学上、感染対策上、それで十分な情報が得られているからだ。日本で毎年風邪が何例発生しているか、正確に把握したデータはない。レセプトデータを見ればわかるじゃないか、というのも間違いで、なぜなら多くの風邪患者は(ぼくのように)受診せずに自然に治るまで待っている。医療に限らず、経済学でも政治学でもデータサンプリングから母数を推定するのがほとんどで、「全数」は非効率的状態把握法なのだ

There are many diseases for which the total number of patients is not known. In Japan, we do not have a "total" number of influenza cases, but only a fixed-point observation. Because that's enough information, both epidemiologically and in terms of infection control. There is no accurate data on how many cases of the common cold occur each year in Japan. It's also a mistake to say that you can tell by looking at the receipt data, because many cold patients (like me) don't see a doctor and wait until they are cured naturally. Not only in medicine, but also in economics and political science, data are mostly based on sampling to estimate population numbers, and "whole numbers" is an inefficient way of grasping the situation.

感想:ちょこちょこ変えてある。日本語文章が多少おかしくなっているのは勘弁してほしい。接続詞を適切に入れると格段に翻訳が正確になる。

6 We have not seen the devastation in Japan as in Italy, Spain or New York City. There is no medical collapse in a critically ill patient, no use of the operating room as an ICU, no piling up of bodies on a skating rink with no place to put them. Even if the "numbers" are not known, it is a fact that the current situation in Japan (including Tokyo) is much better controlled than in other countries.

感想特に言うことはない。便利だなあ。

7 Even so, you may be interested in "Well, what about the actual situation? There are estimates. For example, Dr. Hiroshi Nishiura and his group estimate that the number of mild illnesses in Japan may be twice the reported number. The catch rate is 0.44, with a 95% confidence interval of 0.37-0.50.

感想特に言うことはない。便利だなあ。

8 Although the study was based on data from China, there is no guarantee that the Chinese COVID-19 demographic is the same as the Japanese one. Also, since the original study did not include asymptomatic patients or those with minor illnesses that did not require hospitalization, the number of infected patients estimated on that basis would inevitably be an underestimate. If you are more paranoid, it's not unreasonable to believe that "the Japanese and Chinese viruses are different because of the mutation" (although I don't think so).

感想特に言うことはない。便利だなあ。

9 This does not diminish the value of the paper itself. The model must always use existing parameters, and it is often impossible to prove the external validity of these parameters. If the underlying parameters are not reasonable, the predictions will not be correct. A model assumes a simplified world insofar as it is a model. A model without simplification, which is an adjectival contradiction.

数理モデルのこうした「前提」にイチャモンを付けるのは、例えばAという疾患を対象ランダム比較試験をしたときに、「Bという疾患については説明できないじゃないか」と文句を言うようなもので、業界仁義に反する意味のない揚げ足取りである

To complain about these "assumptions" of the mathematical model is like complaining, for example, "You can't explain disease B," when a randomized controlled trial is conducted for disease A. This is a meaningless tirade against the honor of the industry.

感想;「分からない」を「説明できない」に変えた。多分これでいいと思う。思いたい。

10 しかし、論文読み手にとっては別である

However, it is different for the reader of the paper.

A mathematical model that assumes a certain hypothesis should have internal academic validity, but it is the responsibility of the reader, as a resident of the real world, to appraise it in the real world.

Aという疾患を対象にしたRCTの知見をBという疾患に使ってはならないように、数理モデル制限理解し、現実世界にアプライするときに十分注意するのは当然だ。

Just as the RCT findings for disease A should not be used for disease B, it is natural to understand the limitations of the mathematical model and to be careful when applying it to the real world. For example, it would be wrong to read the paper and conclude that the total number of infected people in Tokyo is about 500 as of March 26.

感想;「読み手は別である」を「読み手にとっては別である」に変更し、「制限限界」は「limitations and limitations」になったので片方削った。

11 People make mistakes. The models are also wrong. Being wrong is not a big deal. The problem is to notice your mistakes and make corrections. Already, a group at Imperial College London has admitted that its original estimate that the peak of the infection should be moderated was "wrong" and has revised its prediction that the ICU will soon fail if it does not fight the virus fairly aggressively.

感想特に言うことはない。便利だなあ。

https://anond.hatelabo.jp/20200327215116その2

コロナ基礎疾患のない若年層の死亡及び重症症例メモ

新型コロナ10代死亡、米国の子もの死者「発症前の健康状態は良好」(3/24)

https://www.afpbb.com/articles/-/3275162?cx_amp=all&act=all

肺炎症状で17歳の高校生が死亡…「新型コロナサイトカインストーム」の可能性(3/19)

https://www.google.co.jp/amp/www.chosunonline.com/m/svc/article.amp.html%3fcontid=2020031980001

イギリスで21歳女性が死亡、「基礎疾患なかった」 新型コロナウイルス

https://www.google.co.jp/amp/s/www.bbc.com/japanese/amp/52044834

仏16歳少女、せきの始まりから1週間でウイルス犠牲苦悶の遺族 - 既往症がなかった

https://www.afpbb.com/articles/-/3275707?cx_amp=all&act=all

ブラジルコロナ禍=南、北部でも死者、計57人に=26歳で検査さえ受けず死亡の例も

https://www.google.co.jp/amp/s/www.nikkeyshimbun.jp/2020/200326-23brasil.html/amp


[G1]'Jovens, fiquem em casa', pede mãe de homem de 26 anos morto com suspeita do novo coronavírus no Rio

https://g1.globo.com/rj/rio-de-janeiro/noticia/2020/03/24/jovens-fiquem-em-casa-pede-mae-de-homem-de-26-anos-morto-com-suspeita-do-novo-coronavirus-no-rio.ghtml

重症症例割合は、


  • 1歳未満 10.6%
  • 1〜5歳 7.3%
  • 6〜10歳 4.2%
  • 11〜15歳 4.1%
  • および16歳以上の年齢層3.0%


Epidemiological Characteristics of 2143 Pediatric Patients With 2019 Coronavirus Disease in China

http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2020/03/16/peds.2020-0702

anond:20200328192430

anond:20200328211950

anond:20200329135857

2020-03-26

hough European demand for Chinese commodities like tea, silk, and porcelain was high, Chinese interest in European manufactured goods was insignificant, so that Chinese goods could only be bought with precious metals. To reduce the trade imbalance, the British sold large amounts of Indian opium to China. Faced with a drug crisis, Qing officials pursued ever-more-aggressive actions to halt the opium trade.[56]

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a trading post called Tamão in Hong Kong waters, and began regular trade with southern China. Although the traders were expelled after military clashes in the 1520s,[52] Portuguese-Chinese trade relations were re-established by 1549. Portugal acquired a permanent lease for Macau in 1557.[53]

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Ming dynasty.[49] The earliest European visitor was Portuguese explorer Jorge Álvares, who arrived in 1513.[50][51] Portuguese merchants established a trading post called Tamão in Hong Kong waters, and began regular trade with southern China. Although the trader

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the first time in 214 BCE, after conquering the indigenous Baiyue.[45] The region was consolidated under the Nanyue kingdom (a predecessor state of Vietnam) after the Qin collapse,[46] and recaptured by China after the Han conquest.[47] During the Mongol conquest of China in the 13th century, the Southern Song court was briefl

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in articles: History of Hong Kong and History of China The region is first known to have been occupied by humans during the Neolithic period, about 6,000 years ago.[43] Early Hong Kong settlers were a semi-coastal people[43] who migrated from inland and brought knowledge of rice cultivation.[44] The Qin dynasty incorporated the Hong Kong area into China for the first time in 214

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ended when Britain obtained a 99-year lease of the New Territories in 1898.[17][18] The territory was returned to China in 1997.[19] As a special administrative region, Hong Kong maintains separate governing and economic systems from that of mainland Ch

eople's Republic of China (HKSAR), is a city and special administrative region of China in the eastern Pearl River Delta by the South China Sea. With over 7.4 million people of various nationalities[d] in a 1,104-square-kilometre (426 sq mi) territory, Hong Kong is one of the

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Kong (/ˌhɒŋˈkɒŋ/ (About this soundlisten); Chinese: 香港, Cantonese: [hœ́ːŋ.kɔ̌ːŋ] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR), is a city and special administrative region of China in

https://youtubecomhelp.zendesk.com/hc/en/community/posts/360007744899-26-03-2020-Женский-Стендап-11-серия-Женский-Stand-Up-смотреть-онлайн-в-хорошем-качестве-от-26-марта

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2020-03-25

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2020-03-17

テド爺のあいさつ

https://www.who.int/dg/speeches/detail/who-director-general-s-opening-remarks-at-the-media-briefing-on-covid-19---16-march-2020

COVID-19-2020年3月16日に関するメディアブリーフィングでのWHO事務局長の開会挨拶

2020年3月16日

みなさんこんにちは

過去1週間で、COVID-19のケースが急速にエスカレートしました。

現在中国よりも他の地域で多くの症例と死亡が報告されています

また、学校を閉鎖したり、スポーツイベントやその他の集会キャンセルしたりするなど、社会的距離の測定が急速に拡大していることも確認しています

しかし、テスト隔離、および連絡先の追跡における緊急の十分なエスカレーション確認されていません。これは、応答のバックボーンです。

社会的距離測定は、伝播を減らし、医療システム対処できるようにするのに役立ちます

ひじに手を洗って咳をすることで、あなた自身や他の人のリスクを減らすことができます

しかし、彼らだけでは、このパンデミックを消すのに十分ではありません。違いを生むのは組み合わせです。

私が言い続けているように、すべての国は包括的アプローチをとらなければなりません。

しかし、感染を防ぎ、命を救う最も効果的な方法は、感染連鎖を断ち切ることです。そして、それを行うには、テストして分離する必要があります

目隠しされた火と戦うことはできません。そして、誰が感染しているかからなければ、このパンデミックを止めることはできません。

テストテストテスト:すべての国に簡単メッセージがあります

疑わしいすべてのケースをテストします。

検査結果が陽性の場合、それらを隔離し、症状が発現する2日前までに密接に接触していた人を見つけ、それらの人も検査します。[注:WHOは、COVID-19の症状を示す場合にのみ、確認されたケースの連絡先をテストすることを推奨しています]

毎日世界的な需要を満たすために、より多くのテスト作成されています

WHOは120か国にほぼ150万のテストを出荷しています私たち企業と協力して、最も困っている人のためにテストの可用性を高めています

WHOは、感染を予防し、適切なケア提供するために、確認されたすべての症例は、軽度の症例であっても、医療施設隔離されるべきだと助言しています

しかし、多くの国がすでに専用の医療施設で軽度の症例ケアする能力を超えていることを認識しています

そのような状況では、国々は高齢患者と基礎疾患のある患者を優先すべきです。

いくつかの国では、スタジアムジム使用して軽度の症例ケアし、重症で重大な症例病院ケアすることで能力を拡大しています

別の選択肢は、軽度の病気患者を自宅で隔離して世話をすることです。

感染した人を自宅でケアすることは、他の人を同じ家庭に危険さら可能性があります。そのため、できる限り安全ケア提供する方法について、介護者がWHOガイダンスに従うことが重要です。

たとえば、患者介護者の両方が同じ部屋にいるときは、医療マスクを着用する必要があります

患者は、他の人とは別の寝室で寝て、別の浴室を使用する必要があります

一人の患者理想的には健康で基礎疾患のない人をケア​​する人を割り当てます

介護者は、患者またはその身近な環境に触れた後、手を洗う必要があります

COVID-19に感染した人は、気分が悪くなった後でも他の人に感染する可能性があるため、これらの対策は症状が消えてから少なくとも2週間は継続する必要があります

訪問者は、この期間の終わりまで許可されません。

WHOガイダンスには詳細があります

===

繰り返しますが、重要メッセージは、テストテストテストです。

これは深刻な病気です。私たちが持っている証拠は、60歳以上の人が最も危険さらされていることを示唆していますが、子供を含む若者は死にました。

WHOは、子供高齢者、妊婦ケア方法に関する具体的な詳細を含む新しい臨床ガイダンスを発行しました。

これまでのところ、先進的な医療システムを備えた国で流行が見られました。しかし、彼らも対処するのに苦労しています

ウイルス低所得国に移動するにつれて、HIV感染率の高い人口栄養失調の子供たちにウイルスが与える影響について深く懸念しています

からこそ、私たちはすべての国とすべての人に、感染を止めるためにできる限りのことをするよう呼びかけています

手を洗うことは、感染リスクを減らすのに役立ちますしかし、それは連帯行為でもあります。なぜなら、あなたコミュニティ世界中の人々に感染するリスクを減らすからです。自分のために、他の人のために。

また、医薬品などの不可欠なアイテムを買いだめすることを控えることにより、連帯表現するよう人々に求めます

買いだめは薬や他の必須製品の不足を引き起こし苦痛悪化させる可能性があります

COVID-19連帯対応基金に貢献したすべての人に感謝します。

金曜日ローンチして以来、110,000人を超える人々が約1,900万米ドル寄付しました。

これらの資金は、診断テスト医療従事者向けの消耗品の購入、研究開発の支援に役立ちます

貢献したい場合は、who.intにアクセスして、ページ上部のオレンジ色の「寄付ボタンクリックしてください。

また、社会のさまざまな部門が集まっていることにも感謝しています

これはSafeHands Challengeからまりました。このチャレンジは、有名人世界リーダー、そしてあらゆる場所で手を洗う方法を示す人々を魅了しました。

今日の午後、WHOと国際商工会議所は、グローバルなビジネスコミュニティに共同で行動を呼びかけました。ICCは、従業員顧客地域社会保護し、不可欠な物資生産流通サポートするために、4500万を超える企業ネットワークに定期的なアドバイス送信します。

ポールルマンアジャイバンガ、ジョンデントンのサポートコラボレーション感謝します。

また、WHOはGlobal Citizenと協力して、世界中の主要なミュージシャンとの一連のバーチャルコンサートであるSolidarity Sessionsを立ち上げています

===

これは私たち時代の決定的な世界的な健康危機です。

今後数日、数週間、数か月は、私たちの決意のテスト科学への信頼のテスト、そして連帯テストになります

このような危機は、人類に最高と最悪をもたらす傾向があります

私と同じように、バルコニーから医療従事者を称賛する人々のビデオや、地域高齢者のために食料品の買い物をすることを申し出ている人々の物語に感動したと確信しています

人間連帯というこの驚くべき精神は、ウイルス自体よりもさら感染力を高めなければなりません。しばらくは物理的に離れていなければならないかもしれませんが、これまでにない方法で一緒に集まることができます

私たちは皆一緒にいます。そして、私たちは一緒にしか成功できません。

したがって、ゲームルールは次のとおりです。

ありがとうございました。

WHO Director-General's opening remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19 - 16 March 2020

16 March 2020

Good afternoon everyone.

In the past week, we have seen a rapid escalation of cases of COVID-19.

More cases and deaths have now been reported in the rest of the world than in China.

We have also seen a rapid escalation in social distancing measures, like closing schools and cancelling sporting events and other gatherings.

But we have not seen an urgent enough escalation in testing, isolation and contact tracing – which is the backbone of the response.

Social distancing measures can help to reduce transmission and enable health systems to cope.

Handwashing and coughing into your elbow can reduce the risk for yourself and others.

But on their own, they are not enough to extinguish this pandemic. It’s the combination that makes the difference.

As I keep saying, all countries must take a comprehensive approach.

But the most effective way to prevent infections and save lives is breaking the chains of transmission. And to do that, you must test and isolate.

You cannot fight a fire blindfolded. And we cannot stop this pandemic if we don’t know who is infected.

We have a simple message for all countries: test, test, test.

Test every suspected case.

If they test positive, isolate them and find out who they have been in close contact with up to 2 days before they developed symptoms, and test those people too. [NOTE: WHO recommends testing contacts of confirmed cases only if they show symptoms of COVID-19]

Every day, more tests are being produced to meet the global demand.

WHO has shipped almost 1.5 million tests to 120 countries. We’re working with companies to increase the availability of tests for those most in need.

WHO advises that all confirmed cases, even mild cases, should be isolated in health facilities, to prevent transmission and provide adequate care.

But we recognize that many countries have already exceeded their capacity to care for mild cases in dedicated health facilities.

In that situation, countries should prioritize older patients and those with underlying conditions.

Some countries have expanded their capacity by using stadiums and gyms to care for mild cases, with severe and critical cases cared for in hospitals.

Another option is for patients with mild disease to be isolated and cared for at home.

Caring for infected people at home may put others in the same household at risk, so it’s critical that care-givers follow WHO’s guidance on how to provide care as safely as possible.

For example, both the patient and their care-giver should wear a medical mask when they are together in the same room.

The patient should sleep in a separate bedroom to others and use a different bathroom.

Assign one person to care for the patient, ideally someone who is in good health and has no underlying conditions.

The care-giver should wash their hands after any contact with the patient or their immediate environment.

People infected with COVID-19 can still infect others after they stop feeling sick, so these measures should continue for at least two weeks after symptoms disappear.

Visitors should not be allowed until the end of this period.

There are more details in WHO’s guidance.

===

Once again, our key message is: test, test, test.

This is a serious disease. Although the evidence we have suggests that those over 60 are at highest risk, young people, including children, have died.

WHO has issued new clinical guidance, with specific details on how to care for children, older people and pregnant women.

So far, we have seen epidemics in countries with advanced health systems. But even they have struggled to cope.

As the virus moves to low-income countries, we're deeply concerned about the impact it could have among populations with high HIV prevalence, or among malnourished children.

That’s why we’re calling on every country and every individual to do everything they can to stop transmission.

Washing your hands will help to reduce your risk of infection. But it’s also an act of solidarity because it reduces the risk you will infect others in your community and around the world. Do it for yourself, do it for others.

We also ask people to express their solidarity by refraining from hoarding essential items, including medicines.

Hoarding can create shortages of medicines and other essential products, which can exacerbate suffering.

We’re grateful to everyone who has contributed to the COVID-19 Solidarity Response Fund.

Since we launched it on Friday, more than 110,000 people have contributed almost 19 million U.S. dollars.

These funds will help to buy diagnostic tests, supplies for health workers and support research and development.

If you would like to contribute, please go to who.int and click on the orangeDonate” button at the top of the page.

We’re also grateful for the way different sectors of society are coming together.

This started with the SafeHands Challenge, which has attracted celebrities, world leaders and people everywhere demonstrating how to wash their hands.

This afternoon WHO and the International Chamber of Commerce issued a joint call to action to the global business community. The ICC will send regular advice to its network of more than 45 million businesses, to protect their workers, customers and local communities, and to support the production and distribution of essential supplies.

I’d like to thank Paul Polman, Ajay Banga and John Denton for their support and collaboration.

WHO is also working with Global Citizen to launch the Solidarity Sessions, a series of virtual concerts with leading musicians from around the world.

===

This is the defining global health crisis of our time.

The days, weeks and months ahead will be a test of our resolve, a test of our trust in science, and a test of solidarity.

Crises like this tend to bring out the best and worst in humanity.

Like me, I’m sure you have been touched by the videos of people applauding health workers from their balconies, or the stories of people offering to do grocery shopping for older people in their community.

This amazing spirit of human solidarity must become even more infectious than the virus itself. Although we may have to be physically apart from each other for a while, we can come together in ways we never have before.

We’re all in this together. And we can only succeed together.

So the rule of the game is: together.

Thank you.

2020-03-14

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新型肺炎コロナウィルス検査キット(猫ちゃん用)

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新型肺炎コロナウィルス検査キット(ワンちゃん用)

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コメント:すべて中国アリババ通販サイトAliexpress上で販売されている検査キットで参考情報として参照のこと(情報に惑わされないように)。また、自分自身への新型肺炎コロナウィルス感染が疑われる場合相談先は下記URL先(都道府県別)。

新型コロナウイルスに関する帰国者接触相談センター厚生労働省

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