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はてなキーワード: japaneseとは

2020-05-26

小学生レベルJapanese

一緒にするんじゃねぇ、くそやろう : 侮蔑

でていけ : 侮蔑

ゆっくりしていってね : 個人ネタ ゆっくりさん

概念がない ← ここ重要 マーク

 

いまから、パパとママ エッチするから

2020-05-20

翻訳サービス比較

原文

The Tokugawa Shogunate was established by Tokugawa Ieyasu after victory at the Battle of Sekigahara, ending the civil wars of the Sengoku period following the collapse of the Ashikaga Shogunate. Ieyasu became the Shōgun and the Tokugawa clan governed Japan from Edo Castle in the eastern city of Edo (Tokyo) along with the daimyō lords of the samurai class. The Tokugawa Shogunate organized Japanese society under the strict Tokugawa class system and banned most foreigners under the isolationist policies of Sakoku to promote political stability. The Tokugawa and daimyō de facto administered Japan through their system of han (feudal domains) alongside the de jure Imperial provinces. The Tokugawa Shogunate saw rapid economic growth and urbanization in Japan which led to the rise of the merchant class and Ukiyo culture. The Tokugawa Shogunate declined during the Bakumatsu ("Opening of Japan") period from 1853 and was overthrown by supporters of the Imperial Court in the Meiji Restoration in 1868. The Empire of Japan was established under the Meiji government and Tokugawa loyalists continued to fight in the Boshin War until the defeat of the Republic of Ezo at the Battle of Hakodate in June 1869.

Google翻訳

徳川幕府は、関ヶ原の戦いでの勝利後に徳川家康によって設立され、足利幕府崩壊に続く戦国時代内戦を終わらせました。家康将軍になり、徳川藩は江戸の東の都市東京)にある江戸から武士大名領主とともに日本統治しました。徳川幕府は厳格な徳川階級制度の下で日本社会組織し、政治的安定を促進するために、サコクの孤立主義政策の下でほとんどの外国人禁止しました。徳川と大明の事実上日本は、ジュール帝国領土とともに、藩(藩)のシステムを通じて管理されました。徳川幕府は、日本の急速な経済成長都市化を見て、商人階級と浮世文化の台頭をもたらしました。幕末には幕末に幕を下ろし、明治維新により皇室の支持者たちにより打倒されました。明治政府のもと日本帝国樹立され、徳川忠誠は1869年6月函館の戦いでのエゾ共和国の敗北までのぼしん戦争

Excite翻訳

徳川幕府関ヶ原の戦い勝利の後に徳川家康により設立されて、足利幕府崩壊に続いている戦国時代内戦を終えた。家康は、サムライクラスのdaimyō君主とともに江戸東京)の東の都市江戸からShōgun徳川一族管理日本になった。徳川幕府は、厳密な徳川クラスシステムの下の日本社会組織し、政治的な安定性を促進するために、Sakokuの孤立主義方針の下のほとんどの外国人禁止した。徳川とdaimyō事実上は、正当な帝国地方そばのhan(封建制度ドメイン)のそれらのシステムを通して日本管理した。徳川幕府は、マーチャントのクラスとUkiyo文化の上昇に通じていた日本の急速な経済成長都市化を見た。徳川幕府は、Bakumatsu(「日本の冒頭」)期間の間に1853から傾き、1868年明治維新宮中サポーターにより倒された。大日本帝国は、1869年6月に忠臣が函館戦争でエゾウの共和国の失敗までボシン戦争において戦い続けた明治政府徳川の下で設立された。

DeepL翻訳

徳川幕府は、足利幕府崩壊に伴う戦国時代内乱終結させ、関ヶ原の戦い勝利した徳川家康によって成立しました。家康将軍となり、徳川家は江戸城を拠点武家大名とともに日本統治しました。徳川幕府は、厳格な徳川階級制度の下で日本社会組織し、佐国の鎖国政策の下で外国人入国禁止して政治の安定を図りました。徳川大名は、事実上日本行政を、事実上皇国と並んで藩制度で行っていた。徳川幕府は急速な経済成長都市化を遂げ、商人階級や浮世文化の台頭をもたらしました。徳川幕府1853年から幕末開国時代に衰退し、1868年明治維新朝廷の支持者によって倒されました。明治政府の下で大日本帝国樹立され、戊辰戦争では、1869年6月函館の戦いで蝦夷共和国が敗北するまで徳川家臣たちが戦い続けました。

みらい翻訳

関ヶ原の戦い勝利した徳川家康によって徳川幕府が成立し、足利幕府崩壊に伴う戦国時代内乱終結した。家康将軍となり、徳川氏は武家大名とともに江戸 (東京) 東部江戸から日本を治めた。徳川幕府は、政治の安定を図るため、厳格な徳川階級の下で日本社会組織し、鎖国政策の下ではほとんどの外国人禁止しました。徳川事実上大名は、日本を藩制(藩)で実質的支配した。日本徳川幕府による高度経済成長都市化が進み、町人階級や浮世文化が興った。1853年から幕末(「日本開国」)の間に徳川幕府は衰退し、1868年明治維新で勤皇志士たちによって倒され、明治政府のもとに大日本帝国が成立し、1869年6月箱館戦争蝦夷共和国が敗れるまで戊辰戦争を戦った。

2020-05-19

プライバシーポリシー : ICカードリーダー

This Privacy Policy explains the information that Seiya Hori ("Seiya Hori" "**we**" "**us**" or "**our**"). collects when you use our app (the "**Services**"), how that information is used, with whom it may be shared, and your privacy choices.

## **1. Introduction**

### **Who we are and what we do**

It's become a timer app for indoor strength training. The app is focused on those who exercise and is easy to use.

### **Acceptance and Changes**

By registering for, downloading, or using our services, you accept this Privacy Policy. We may modify this Privacy Policy from time to time.

## **2. Children's Privacy**

We do not knowingly collect personal information from individuals who are under the minimum required ages specified herein. You must be at least 18 years of age, or the age of majority in your jurisdiction (whichever is greater), to use our services.

## **3. Data We Collect About You**

We collect information about you when you use our services. In addition, third parties may collect information about you when you use our services. Collected information may include or reflect personal information that could identify you, as well as non-personal information. We refer to your information as "**your data**" for short.

### **Content**

Accountholders may create a profile and upload content such as videos. For more details, see **Section 9**. You may allow us to access your camera roll for the purpose of automatically creating videos.

### **Other Information You May Submit**

You may submit data to us for limited purposes such as requesting customer support; answering a questionnaire; participating in a study; entering contests or sweepstakes; or signing up to receive communications from us or another user.

### **Automatically-Collected Information**

We automatically collect certain types of data when you use our services, regardless of whether you have an account. This data includes your IP address, technical information about your device (e.g., browser type, operating system, basic device information), the web page you visited or search query you entered before reaching us, and your activities.

### **Information Collected by Third Parties**

Some third parties may collect data about you when you use our services. This may include data you submit (such as payment information) or automatically-collected information (in the case of third-party analytics providers and advertisers).

We may obtain data from third parties about you. We may combine that data with information that we have collected. For example, some advertisers or advertising platforms may allow us to determine what other online services you might use so that we may place relevant ads on those services.

## **4. How We Use Your Data**

We may use your data for the following purposes:

Identification and authentication:** We use your data to verify you when you access your account.
Operating our services:** We use your data to provide our services, process and fulfill orders, provide customer support, and to otherwise comply with our contractual obligations to you. We (and/or our third-party vendors) use your financial information to process purchases made by you.
Communicating with you:** We use your data when we communicate with you (e.g., when we respond to customer support or other inquiry).
Improving our services:** We use your data to understand how our services are being used and how we can improve them. In general, we analyze aggregated data, rather than specific user data. We may, however, need to analyze a specific case to address a specific problem (e.g., a bug that affects only a few accounts).
Customizing your experience:** We use your data to personalize the service to you. This may include remembering your preferences for language or volume or displaying videos that you might enjoy, based upon your viewing choices.
Marketing and advertising:** We use your data to display ads and send you offers. We may also use your data in delivering third-party advertisements to you. This may include "targeted ads" based upon your activities.
Exercising our rights:** Where reasonably necessary, we use your data to exercise our legal rights and prevent abuse of our service. For example, we may use your data to detect and prevent fraud, spam, or content that violates our Terms of Service.
Legal compliance:** We use your data where we are legally required to do so. For example, we may need to gather your data to respond to a subpoena or court order.
Protecting your information:** Where appropriate, we may anonymize, backup, and delete certain data.

We may use algorithms and other automated means to implement any of the above.

Whenever we process your data for one of these purposes, we have determined that one or more of the following lawful bases apply:

Performance of a contract;

Legitimate commercial interest;

Compliance with a legal obligation; or

Consent

## **5. With Whom We Share Your Data**

We may share data with third parties as follows:

With your consent:** We may share your data with third parties where we have obtained your express consent to do so. You may revoke these consents.
Authorized vendors:** We may share your data with third-party vendors that help us operate our services, process orders, and comply with your instructions and our contractual obligations. This includes payment processors, content delivery networks (CDNs), cloud-based hosting services, monitoring services, email service providers, quality assurance and testing vendors, fraud and abuse prevention vendors, and customer relations management (CRM) vendors.
Advertising:** We may share your data with advertising companies to display relevant ads to you. Unless you expressly agree, we will not share or sell your name, email address, or physical address with such persons.
Analytics:** We may share your data with persons who provide analytics showing how customers are using our services.
Affiliates and advisors:** We may share your data with our parent company, IAC/InterActiveCorp, and our auditors and advisors for planning, financial reporting, accounting, auditing, tax filings, and legal compliance. Unless you expressly agree, we will not share your data with our parent or any affiliate for other purposes, such as direct marketing.
Certain legal situations:** We may share your data where we believe disclosure is necessary to comply with a legal obligation or in connection with a corporate transaction as discussed in **Section 6**.
Aggregated or anonymized information:** We may publicly disclose non-personal aggregated or anonymized information such as our number of visitors and registered users.

We use reasonable efforts to vet vendors for their privacy and data security practices. We require that such vendors agree to protect the data we share.

## **6. Legal and Safety-Related Disclosures**

We may disclose your data in response to official requests (e.g., court orders, subpoenas, search warrants, national security requests, etc.) ("**requests**") that we receive from government authorities or parties to legal proceedings.

We handle Japanese requests in accordance with Japanese law. If the request originates from a foreign jurisdiction, we will typically disclose information where we in good faith believe that disclosure is permitted by Japanese law. In all cases, we may raise or waive any legal objection or right available to us, in our sole discretion.

We may disclose user data where we reasonably believe that someone's life is at risk. For example, if we become aware of a person threatening to commit suicide, we may share that person's data with appropriate entities that may have the ability to help.

We may disclose user data in situations involving legal claims against us or one of our users.

We may share your data with potential transaction partners, advisors, and others in the event our company is, in whole or part, acquired by a third party. In such a case, we will use reasonable efforts to require the acquiring entity to comply with this Privacy Policy.

## **7. Data Retention**

We may retain your data for as long as you have an account. We may retain logs of automatically collected information (for internal analytics); your email address; your tax information; communications with you; and your transactional information (for auditing, tax, and financial purposes). When we no longer have a business reason for retaining data, we will delete or anonymize it.

We may retain deleted videos on our servers for a short period in case you wish to reverse deletion. Once we delete a video, we may not be able to recover it. If you have previously made a video public, the video or its thumbnail may be discoverable in a search engine's cache for a time. We have no control over search engines; however, we will, upon request, send a request for deletion to major search engines.

If we receive legal process pertaining to your account, we will retain your data for as long as we in good faith believe is necessary to comply with the legal process. Similarly, if we believe that your account has been involved in wrongdoing, we may preserve your data to defend or assert our rights.

## **8. Your Privacy Choices**

We enable you to make numerous choices about your data:

You may choose not to provide us with certain information. For example, you may choose not to create an account or not to provide optional account information.

You may change your video privacy settings. See **Section 9** for more details.

You may change or correct information voluntarily submitted to us. We encourage you to keep your data current by viewing your account settings page.

You may opt-out of receiving commercial emails from us. See **Section 10** for more details.

You may limit the use of cookies. See our Cookie Policy for options.

You may backup your videos.

You may close your account (which will delete all videos) or delete certain videos.

Users from certain countries may have additional rights. See **Section 14** for more details.

## **9. Account and Video Privacy Settings**

Our video hosting and sharing tools offer the ability to limit the distribution of your content, including your videos. This section explains some of your choices.

## **10. Communications from Us**

### **Mobile Device Communications**

We may, with your consent, send push notifications in our apps. You may disable these by declining them or changing the app's settings. To the extent provided, we may, with your consent, send SMS messages to your mobile telephone for authentication and security purposes. You may opt out of receiving such messages at any time.

## **11. Protecting Your Information**

We use physical, technical, and organizational security measures to safeguard your data from unauthorized or accidental disclosure. Despite these efforts, no information system can be 100% secure, so we cannot guarantee the absolute security of your information.

## **12. Your Responsibilities**

You may receive other people's data in using our service. If you receive information from other users, you must comply with all laws, including those concerning privacy, data security, and online marketing.

## **13. Third-Party Services**

We may provide links to online services that we do not own or operate. These services fall outside of this Privacy Policy and we have no control over the data they collect. Once on a third-party site, your data may be collected by others. We encourage you to read the privacy policies of such services before using them.

You may use our service through third-party sites. For example, you may watch a video that is embedded on a third-party site or uses one of our apps on a third-party platform. This Privacy Policy covers our apps and video players but does not cover any third-party site or any third-party video player.

## **14. International Data Transfers and Certain User Rights**

### **Location of Data**

It is based in Japan. We provide services globally using computer systems, servers, and databases located in Japan. and other countries. When you use our services from outside of Japan, your information will be transferred to, stored in, and processed in Japan. and other countries. Please note that Japanese data and privacy laws may not be as comprehensive as those in your country.

2020-05-17

日本ワイ「政治が〜〇〇党が〜」

ネトウヨきっしょ」

パヨク乙」

肉屋を支持する豚

日本から出ていけ」

ランサーズ

アベノセイダーズ

海外ワイ「My 𝐏𝐞𝐧𝐢𝐬」

「oh!B.I.G❤️👍🏿👍🏿👍🏿👍🏿」

WTF

Japanese Anaconda」

samurai sword XD

lmao

「𝐊𝐈𝐍𝐆」


やっぱ海外って神だわ

2020-05-14

2ヶ月ぶりに電気が止まりました。

THIS IS JAPANESE ADHD HAHAHAHAHA!!!

払ってきます

2020-05-11

anond:20200511142536

NHKスペシャル日本の緩い規制で成果を挙げたのがJapanese miracleと言われていて、衛生観念等も非常に良い作用があったんだろうけど、移動を防げたのは言いづらいけどそれが大きいよね。同調圧力村社会監視

2020-05-10

iphoneseって何?

俺はjapanese

Shouldn't "whites" be correctly discriminated against in corona?

Shouldn't "white people" be correctly discriminated against in corona?

-

Discrimination and persecution related to coronaviruses is now widespread worldwide.

There is a concrete and wide-ranging summary of the situation.

―――

"List of Incidents of Foreign Fear and Racism Related to the COVID-19 Pandemic"

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_incidents_of_xenophobia_and_racism_related_to_the_COVID-19_pandemic

―――

That is the English version of Wikipedia article.

With Google Chrome, right-click → Translate to Japanese, but the translation is a bit rough, but anyone can read it in Japanese.

The contents are like this.

―――

>> In France, after the new coronavirus was confirmed on January 24, 2020, a lot of harassment and discrimination against Asians occurred [41]. It is aimed at Asians such as Chinese, Korean, Japanese, Vietnamese, Filipino [42], and taxis and trains that refuse to board Chinese, Korean, Japanese have appeared [41] [43] ].

>> French newspaper Le Courrier Picard featured an Asian woman in a mask on the top page on January 26, 2020 with the heading "Yellow Alert".

>> On March 8, 2020, a Japanese restaurant in Rivoli, Turin, Piedmont, was targeted for arson by a teenager who teased his owner and called him an epidemic carrier. [191]

―――

Not limited to the above, Wuhan and Africans in China, Chinese and infected people in Japan.

Discrimination, whether in the United States, Egypt, Africa or anywhere in the world, exists at all.

In a sense, it's almost equal. Under extreme circumstances, it is not uncommon for "weak" people to be able to keep themselves without creating enemies.

-

However, what I want to say is not a used phrase such as "Let's live kindly with philanthropy."

There is no objection to it. If the world can eliminate discrimination and prejudice, I naturally want it.

But what I felt was a big question before that. It can be called academic interest.

-

Chinese discriminate against Wuhan natives, Japanese discriminate against Chinese, and Europeans discriminate against Asians.

I see, there is a reason to that, considering the spread of coronavirus infection. "From what you see, what's dangerous is that area".

Roughly, it may be the result of thinking about "weak" people.

-

But here's the strange thing. Asians, Africans, yellows and blacks, they are discriminated against in many places around the world.

Frankly speaking, it's safe to say that blacks have little to do with the coronavirus. It's just that the original sense of discrimination has surfaced.

These ethnic groups and regions are equally discriminated against. It is a sense of discrimination that is based on fear but is incorrect but makes sense.

-

However. Then why isn't "white people" discriminated against?

-

From April to May, the coronavirus showed an explosive spread in the West.

In the ranking of the number of infected people in the world, the United States is alone, with 1.34 million people, accounting for more than a quarter of the total infected people of 402 million people as of May 10.

After the second place, Spain, Italy, the United Kingdom, Russia, Germany, Brazil and France are followed, and each has more than 100,000 domestic cases.

Excluding Brazil, everything from 2nd to 7th is Europe. The word "Western Europe" is clearly the most dangerous coronavirus-contaminated area / infectious zone in the world.

-

However. Strangely enough, there is little talk that "white people, Europeans, and Americans are discriminated against in the world."

Of course it is not zero, but while looking for one "white discrimination", it is possible to find "Asian discrimination", "Black discrimination" and "Yellow discrimination".

It is said that what is currently expanding in the world is not the first wave from China, but the second wave from Europe, which is the pandemic.

-

With this, it is still understandable that the "white man" continues to do the right thing cleanly and correctly and has succeeded in corona countermeasures.

However, white people have continued to discriminate among Asians since the beginning of the spread.

In January and February, it was not uncommon to hear that Asians were already walking around in the country, calling them "Corona Corona."

By all means, white people are the incarnation of evil. It's not a good thing.

-

Regardless of the early stages of the epidemic, now that the "hotbed of corona infection" has moved there, it should be possible for white people to hate it.

Otherwise, it cannot be called "equal discrimination". As a result, it is wrong.

-

-

If you think about the reason here, after all, "targets are races / objects that originally had hostility",

The hypothesis may be that "there are restrictions on mobility and there are white Asian societies, but few non-white societies are white."

It must be interesting to study the area academically.

-

However, historically, I've seen that "white people" crusade various places with the Crusades and do all they can to the contrary.

I think that the trilingual diplomacy of Britain has created the situation in the Middle East, where terrorism is frequent nowadays, and has repeatedly carried out wrongdoing by repeatedly discriminating against blacks, Indians, and yellow races.

So, isn't it right here to try to discriminate against white people correctly?

-

Non-white society is a little too kind to "white people".

It was around this time today when I was thinking about that.

2020-05-06

anond:20200506181121

ほとんどNHKのお姉さんが絵本朗読してるかんじ。

それでこの音声の名前は「Microsoft Nanami Online (Japanese)」だ。

分かることが2つある。

・Onlineってことは、オフラインでは使えず、かつ読ませてる文章MSに飛んでるんだろうなってこと

・ななみ...ななみ...!?お前....生き返ったのか...!?ってこと

2020-05-04

Privacy Policy - Muscle Timer App

This Privacy Policy explains the information that Seiya Hori ("Seiya Hori" "**we**" "**us**" or "**our**"). collects when you use our app (the "**Services**"), how that information is used, with whom it may be shared, and your privacy choices.

## **1. Introduction**

### **Who we are and what we do**

It's become a timer app for indoor strength training. The app is focused on those who exercise and is easy to use.

### **Acceptance and Changes**

By registering for, downloading, or using our services, you accept this Privacy Policy. We may modify this Privacy Policy from time to time.

## **2. Children's Privacy**

We do not knowingly collect personal information from individuals who are under the minimum required ages specified herein. You must be at least 18 years of age, or the age of majority in your jurisdiction (whichever is greater), to use our services.

## **3. Data We Collect About You**

We collect information about you when you use our services. In addition, third parties may collect information about you when you use our services. Collected information may include or reflect personal information that could identify you, as well as non-personal information. We refer to your information as "**your data**" for short.

### **Content**

Accountholders may create a profile and upload content such as videos. For more details, see **Section 9**. You may allow us to access your camera roll for the purpose of automatically creating videos.

### **Other Information You May Submit**

You may submit data to us for limited purposes such as requesting customer support; answering a questionnaire; participating in a study; entering contests or sweepstakes; or signing up to receive communications from us or another user.

### **Automatically-Collected Information**

We automatically collect certain types of data when you use our services, regardless of whether you have an account. This data includes your IP address, technical information about your device (e.g., browser type, operating system, basic device information), the web page you visited or search query you entered before reaching us, and your activities.

### **Information Collected by Third Parties**

Some third parties may collect data about you when you use our services. This may include data you submit (such as payment information) or automatically-collected information (in the case of third-party analytics providers and advertisers).

We may obtain data from third parties about you. We may combine that data with information that we have collected. For example, some advertisers or advertising platforms may allow us to determine what other online services you might use so that we may place relevant ads on those services.

## **4. How We Use Your Data**

We may use your data for the following purposes:

  • **Identification and authentication:** We use your data to verify you when you access your account.
  • **Operating our services:** We use your data to provide our services, process and fulfill orders, provide customer support, and to otherwise comply with our contractual obligations to you. We (and/or our third-party vendors) use your financial information to process purchases made by you.
  • **Communicating with you:** We use your data when we communicate with you (e.g., when we respond to customer support or other inquiry).
  • **Improving our services:** We use your data to understand how our services are being used and how we can improve them. In general, we analyze aggregated data, rather than specific user data. We may, however, need to analyze a specific case to address a specific problem (e.g., a bug that affects only a few accounts).
  • **Customizing your experience:** We use your data to personalize the service to you. This may include remembering your preferences for language or volume or displaying videos that you might enjoy, based upon your viewing choices.
  • **Marketing and advertising:** We use your data to display ads and send you offers. We may also use your data in delivering third-party advertisements to you. This may include "targeted ads" based upon your activities.
  • **Exercising our rights:** Where reasonably necessary, we use your data to exercise our legal rights and prevent abuse of our service. For example, we may use your data to detect and prevent fraud, spam, or content that violates our Terms of Service.
  • **Legal compliance:** We use your data where we are legally required to do so. For example, we may need to gather your data to respond to a subpoena or court order.
  • **Protecting your information:** Where appropriate, we may anonymize, backup, and delete certain data.

We may use algorithms and other automated means to implement any of the above.

Whenever we process your data for one of these purposes, we have determined that one or more of the following lawful bases apply:

## **5. With Whom We Share Your Data**

We may share data with third parties as follows:

We use reasonable efforts to vet vendors for their privacy and data security practices. We require that such vendors agree to protect the data we share.

## **6. Legal and Safety-Related Disclosures**

We may disclose your data in response to official requests (e.g., court orders, subpoenas, search warrants, national security requests, etc.) ("**requests**") that we receive from government authorities or parties to legal proceedings.

We handle Japanese requests in accordance with Japanese law. If the request originates from a foreign jurisdiction, we will typically disclose information where we in good faith believe that disclosure is permitted by Japanese law. In all cases, we may raise or waive any legal objection or right available to us, in our sole discretion.

We may disclose user data where we reasonably believe that someone's life is at risk. For example, if we become aware of a person threatening to commit suicide, we may share that person's data with appropriate entities that may have the ability to help.

We may disclose user data in situations involving legal claims against us or one of our users.

We may share your data with potential transaction partners, advisors, and others in the event our company is, in whole or part, acquired by a third party. In such a case, we will use reasonable efforts to require the acquiring entity to comply with this Privacy Policy.

## **7. Data Retention**

We may retain your data for as long as you have an account. We may retain logs of automatically collected information (for internal analytics); your email address; your tax information; communications with you; and your transactional information (for auditing, tax, and financial purposes). When we no longer have a business reason for retaining data, we will delete or anonymize it.

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2020-05-03

正しい英語を教えてやる

家はHouseじゃなくて、ie

山はMountainじゃなくてyama

犬はdogじゃなくてinu

猫はcatじゃなくてneko

自分はselfじゃなくてjibun

I am Japanese これからして間違い

watasi ha nihonjin desu これが正解

ちゃん英語で喋ってやってるのにこれで伝わらないアメリカ人が頭おかし

anond:20200502003031

2020-04-19

Shame on you Japan, you are the worst racist in the world

Japanese loves bullying and discrimination.

This is unchangeable fact.

2020-04-06

Important Japanese historical sites.

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042773733-01-04-2020-257-причин-чтобы-жить-3-серия-онлайн-сериал-смотреть-

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042771433-01-04-2020-Корни-22-серия-смотреть-бесплатно-в-хорошем-качестве-от-1-апреля-

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042771593-01-04-2020-Патриот-16-серия-все-серии-сезона-от-1-апреля-

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042769913--Три-капитана-9-серия-01-04-2020-все-серии-сезона-

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042565694-01-04-2020-Корни-20-серия-смотреть-качество-HD-от-1-апреля

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042567954-01-04-2020-Последний-герой-Зрители-против-звезд-2-сезон-9-серия-качество-HD-от-1-апреля

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042766373-01-04-2020-Доктор-Вера-21-серия-все-серии-сезона-

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042774333--Паромщица-5-серия-01-04-2020-онлайн-сериал-смотреть-от-1-апреля-

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042567714--Заступники-8-серия-01-04-2020-смотреть-бесплатно-в-хорошем-качестве-

Important Japanese historical sites.

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042775773-01-04-2020-Ничто-не-случается-дважды-2-сезон-5-серия-смотреть-в-хорошем-качестве-от-1-апреля

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042774633--Паромщица-7-серия-01-04-2020-хорошее-качество-смотреть-от-1-апреля-

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042569734--Ничто-не-случается-дважды-2-сезон-5-серия-01-04-2020-хорошее-качество-смотреть-

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042559034-01-04-2020-Заступники-8-серия-в-хорошем-качестве-от-1-апреля

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042769313-01-04-2020-Место-под-солнцем-33-серия-смотреть-качество-HD-

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042774773--Паромщица-7-серия-01-04-2020-все-серии-сезона-

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042777433-01-04-2020-Ничто-не-случается-дважды-2-сезон-5-серия-смотреть-качество-HD-

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042774493-01-04-2020-Паромщица-5-серия-смотреть-в-хорошем-качестве-от-1-апреля-

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042763353-01-04-2020-Колл-центр-8-серия-все-серии-сезона-от-1-апреля

Important Japanese historical sites.

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042769013--Три-капитана-9-серия-01-04-2020-качество-HD-от-1-апреля-

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042771533-01-04-2020-Паромщица-5-серия-все-серии-сезона-

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042560154--Патриот-17-серия-01-04-2020-хорошее-качество-смотреть-от-1-апреля-

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042566014-01-04-2020-Паромщица-5-серия-последние-серии-смотреть-от-1-апреля-

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042564874-01-04-2020-Любовь-на-выживание-10-серия-смотреть-онлайн-в-хорошем-качестве-

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042766953-01-04-2020-Корни-22-серия-смотреть-в-хорошем-качестве-

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042769393-01-04-2020-Колл-центр-7-серия-все-серии-сезона-от-1-апреля-

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042763193-01-04-2020-Солдатки-4-серия-все-серии-сезона-

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042773313--Колл-центр-9-серия-01-04-2020-в-хорошем-качестве-

Important Japanese historical sites.

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042770133--Карпатский-рейнджер-21-серия-01-04-2020-смотреть-онлайн-в-хорошем-качестве-

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042568934-01-04-2020-Паромщица-7-серия-смотреть-в-хорошем-качестве-от-1-апреля

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042559894--Карпатский-рейнджер-22-серия-01-04-2020-смотреть-бесплатно-в-хорошем-качестве-от-1-апреля-

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042566334-01-04-2020-Колл-центр-9-серия-последние-серии-смотреть-от-1-апреля

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042768893--Корни-20-серия-01-04-2020-смотреть-бесплатно-в-хорошем-качестве-

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042768513-01-04-2020-Ничто-не-случается-дважды-2-сезон-5-серия-последние-серии-смотреть-

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042570054--Паромщица-5-серия-01-04-2020-смотреть-онлайн-в-хорошем-качестве-

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042771113-01-04-2020-Корни-20-серия-онлайн-сериал-смотреть-от-1-апреля-

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042763273--Колл-центр-7-серия-01-04-2020-хорошее-качество-смотреть-от-1-апреля-

Important Japanese historical sites.

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042776573--Паромщица-9-серия-01-04-2020-в-хорошем-качестве-от-1-апреля-

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042563214-01-04-2020-Патриот-17-серия-смотреть-онлайн-в-хорошем-качестве-

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042561274--Заступники-9-серия-01-04-2020-в-хорошем-качестве-от-1-апреля-

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042566414-01-04-2020-Карпатский-рейнджер-21-серия-онлайн-сериал-смотреть-

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042567494--Патриот-16-серия-01-04-2020-смотреть-в-хорошем-качестве-

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042772973--Последний-герой-Зрители-против-звезд-2-сезон-9-серия-01-04-2020-хорошее-качество-смотреть-

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042775713--Ничто-не-случается-дважды-2-сезон-5-серия-01-04-2020-смотреть-онлайн-в-хорошем-качестве-от-1-апреля-

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042569414-01-04-2020-Паромщица-3-серия-смотреть-онлайн-в-хорошем-качестве-от-1-апреля

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042559774-01-04-2020-Ничто-не-случается-дважды-2-сезон-7-серия-смотреть-качество-HD-от-1-апреля-

Important Japanese historical sites.

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042763473--Патриот-15-серия-01-04-2020-качество-HD-

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042568074-01-04-2020-Корни-22-серия-онлайн-сериал-смотреть-от-1-апреля

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042769273-01-04-2020-Место-под-солнцем-34-серия-все-серии-сезона-от-1-апреля-

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042775333-01-04-2020-Паромщица-3-серия-в-хорошем-качестве-

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042769953-01-04-2020-Место-под-солнцем-33-серия-последние-серии-смотреть-от-1-апреля

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042564774-01-04-2020-Карпатский-рейнджер-22-серия-смотреть-в-хорошем-качестве-от-1-апреля

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042569214--Паромщица-9-серия-01-04-2020-качество-HD-

https://hyperlapsepro.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042565094--Любовь-на-выживание-10-серия-01-04-2020-онлайн-сериал-смотреть-

https://hyperlapse.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/community/posts/360042773453--Карпатский-рейнджер-21-серия-01-04-2020-смотреть-в-хорошем-качестве-от-1-апреля-

2020-03-31

anond:20200331210032

2月CNNインタビュー感謝を述べたー観れるで?

ダイアモンドプリン🍮の社長(President)のインタビューCNNで見れるんやが?

下船する日に駆けつけて、対応かについて語ったで?

[CNN] Diamond Princess cruise passengers disembark after 14-day quarantine ends in Japan, raising concerns among health experts

https://edition.cnn.com/2020/02/18/asia/japan-health-guidelines-coronavirus-hnk-intl/index.html


  • As you know, from a medical and public health perspective, I think the entire operation is operated by the Japanese Ministry of Health.

ご存じのように、医療公衆衛生観点から日本厚生省によってオペレーション全体が運営されていると思います


  • Swartz said she worked closely with Japanese health authorities and thanked them for their efforts, even as she felt for those on board.

Swartz氏は、日本の保健当局と密接に協力し、彼らの努力感謝したと述べた。


ぼく「ブクマカはCNN見よう」

2020-03-27

楽園こちら側」の「事実に誠意を」をほぼdeepLで翻訳してみた その2

その1https://anond.hatelabo.jp/20200327214055

12 Dr. Hiroshi Nishiura is one of the few professionals of mathematical models of infectious diseases in Japan, and it is well known that his ability is outstanding. However, many people don't understand mathematical models themselves (I must confess that I can't say that I understand all of the findings because I'm not a professional of mathematical models either), so his findings and comments are easily deified. Because the contents of the mathematical model are a complete black box to many people, it makes it seem like the oracle is coming out like a shrine's oracle. Much of Japan's infection control policy relies on the Nishiura theory. So there is nothing wrong with that, but one of the problems in Japan is that there is no plan B in case plan A goes bust. Dr. Nishiura is an excellent scholar. It is not God. Hence the need to have that Plan B with the possibility of making a mistake. I am greatly concerned that bureaucrats and politicians who are prone to infallibilism will mistake science for an oracle. It is only when falsifiability is assured that science can continue to be scientific.

感想おみくじ神託が同じoracleだったので変な文章になったが直していない。

13 数理モデル演繹法活用産物である演繹法帰納法アブダクションで補完するのが、学問の基本であり、臨床医学常識である演繹法的にどんなに正しく見えても実はそれは違っていた、ということはこの業界ではよくあることなのだ。ヘーゲルマルクスのような巨大な知性でも演繹法オンリーでは間違うのである

Mathematical models are the product of deductive methods. The deductive method is complemented by the inductive or abduction method, which is the basis of scholarship and the common sense of clinical medicine. It's a common occurrence in this industry that no matter how deducibly correct it may seem, it's actually not true. Even a huge intellect like Hegel or Marx can make a mistake by deduction alone.

感想:「蓋を開けてみれば」を「実はそれは」に変更した。

14 モデルを使うな、といっているのでは決してない。ぼく自身モデルを用いて論文を書く。しかし、モデル無謬ではなく、そこには前提である仮定があり、仮定はしばしば間違っている。グラム染色活用するとは、グラム染色にできないこと、分からないことを知悉していることであり、グラム染色万能論者にグラム染色は使えない。同じことだ。英国でも数理モデル活用されているが、だからこそ英国人はその結語には非常に懐疑的で、常に反論異論が起きている。健全科学的な態度である

 I'm not saying don't use the model at all. I myself write a paper using a model. However, the model is not infallible, there are assumptions that are assumptions, and the assumptions are often wrong. Making use of Gram's stain means having full knowledge of what Gram's stain cannot do and does not understand, and Gram's stain cannot be used by Gram's stain universalists. It's the same thing. Mathematical models are also utilized in the UK, which is why Brits are very sceptical of their conclusions, and there are always counter-arguments and objections. It is a sound and scientific attitude.

感想:「前提たる仮定」がうまく訳せていなかったので「前提である仮定」にしたが、assumptions that are assumptionsになってしまった。

英国人は」がないと主語がIになってしまったので追加した。しかBritsじゃ意味違うよ。もっと正しく訳してくれない?

15 Japan's "now" is a well-controlled state of infection, which is much better than Wuhan at its worst, or Italy, Spain, France, England, or New York at the present time. The problem is that it doesn't guarantee that it will "always work".

感想特にない。便利だなあ。

16 懸念されるのは東京だ。感染報告が増えたことだけが問題なのではない。クラスター形成できない、トレースできない感染者が増えているのが問題である。そして、その陽性患者数に比べて検査数がずっと少ない。47人の感染者を捕捉するために100人未満(陽性者の検査日が不明だが、おそらくこのへんだろう)しか検査していないのは少なすぎる。

It is Tokyo that is of concern. The increase in reports of infection is not the only problem. The problem is that more and more infected people are unable to form clusters and cannot be traced. And the number of tests is much lower than that number of positive cases; it's too little that they only tested less than 100 people (the date of testing for the positives is unknown, but it's probably around here) to capture 47 infected people.

Again, it's not necessary to figure out all the infected people. However, it is troubling that the flow of infection, movement and clusters are out of sight. Therefore, the threshold for testing must be lowered in Tokyo. The threshold for testing varies with the circumstances. That's what I explained with the Korean example. Sticking to the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare's "standards" will lead to a misunderstanding of the phenomenon itself. Already in the Kansai region, infected people have been found with taste and smell abnormalities, and clusters have been detected from there. I would like to make more use of the athletic sensibilities of these clinicians. I'm not sure "where" in Tokyo is the barrier to lowering the number of inspections, but that barrier needs to be removed immediately.

感想:「捕捉するのに」を「捕捉するために」に変更した。多分これでいいと思う。思いたい。

アスチュートathleticになっているのはどう反応したらいいかからない。

17 This conceptual diagram that everyone is looking at - lowering the peak of the infection and shifting it to the side. This is all a product of deduction, and I don't know if it's really true. As mentioned above, the UK estimates already suggest that this is not enough. It is possible that the damage that was shifted to the side could simply be "extra-long damage".

感想特に言うことはない。便利だなあ。

18  そして、ここが肝心なのだが、ピークを下げるという理念が、「ピークを下げなければいけない」という観念になり、「ピークは下がっているはずだ」という確信になり、「ピークは起きていないんだ」という自己暗示に転じてはいけないということだ。プランAに固執する日本あるあるの失敗のパターンで、ダイヤモンドプリンセスでは「二次感染が起きてはいけない」が「起きているはずがない」に転じてノーガード下船を許してしまった。「ピークが起きてはいけない」が「ピークなんて見たくない」にならないように現実を見据える必要がある。たとえ、それが我々の見たくない不都合な真実であったとしても。

And this is the key point: the idea of lowering the peak should not become the notion that the peak must be lowered, or the belief that the peak must be lowered, or the self-implication that the peak is not happening. In a pattern of Japanese failure to stick to Plan A, Diamond Princess allowed no-guard disembarkation by changing "secondary infection should not occur" to "it can't have happened". We need to keep our eyes on reality so that "peak shouldn't happen" doesn't become "I don't want to see a peak. Even if it is an inconvenient truth that we don't want to see.

感想:mustが違う文脈で二回出てきている。よくわかるように変更したいものだ。

カギカッコがないとうまく訳せなかったので追加しているが、なぜかカッコ閉じるがいくつか抜けている。この箇所以外にも抜けがある。

19 Repeatedly. It's common knowledge in this industry that deductive methods are complemented by inductive methods. Nevertheless, PCR is often false-negative and has little power to determine the status of infection. That's why "testing everything" is so wrong. However, a serum test measuring immunoglobulin IgM and IgG would provide a more accurate picture of the "status of infection in the population. This, however, is not infallible. It is difficult to use for individual cases because it misses early infection, which is why it misses early HIV infection.Whether antibody testing is useful in individual cases remains to be tested, but it is well suited for epidemiological studies on a population basis. Roughly speaking, we can confirm whether the "infection is rampant" in Tokyo right now, or whether it's just an unfounded fear.

前例としては、ロンドンの血清検査で09年パンデミックインフルエンザが従来予測10倍起きていたことが血清検査でわかっている。抗体検査アウトブレイクのあとで事後的に行うことが多いが、慢性的パンデミックになりつつあるCOVID-19については、「今」こそが検証ポイントといって良い。

As a precedent, serology tests in London showed that the 2009 pandemic flu was 10 times more likely than previously predicted. Antibody testing is often performed after an outbreak, but now is a good time to examine COVID-19, which is becoming a chronic pandemic.

感想:「前例はあって」を「前例としては」に変えた。「前例はある。なおかつロンドンで〜10倍起きていた」になってしまたからだ。

20 英国さらアグレッシブだ。家庭で抗体検査を行い、「感染である」とわかればそれを自宅での自己隔離根拠に使おうというのだ。ロックダウンが起きている中で、検査陰性は「自己隔離不要」を意味しないため、その戦略に欠陥はある。が、考え方としては「感染全体を抑え込みたい」というもので、検討価値はあると思う。

The UK is even more aggressive. The idea is to test for antibodies at home, and if they are found to be infected, they will use it as a basis for self-isolation at home. That strategy is flawed because with the lockdown in place, a negative test does not mean "no self-sequestration". However, the idea is that we want to control the infection as a whole, and I think it is worth considering.

感想:「戦略に穴はある」を「戦略に欠陥はある」に変えた。

21 東京でどのくらいの感染が起きているか帰納法確認必要であり、有用だ。その結果がどうなるかは預言者ではないぼくには分からない。が、どんな結果が出てきても、それを受け入れ、場合によっては自説を変えて、プランBに移行することにも躊躇しない態度が科学者には必要だ。科学者は、首尾一貫していないことにかけて、首尾一貫していなければならないのだ。形式においては首尾一貫していなくても、プリンシプルプロフェッショナリズムにおいて一貫しなければならないのだ。事実に誠意を。 

Inductive legal confirmation of how many infections are occurring in Tokyo is necessary and useful. I'm not a prophet, so I don't know what the outcome will be.However, no matter what the outcome, scientists need to accept it and not hesitate to change their thesis and move on to Plan B in some cases. Scientists have to be coherent in their inconsistencies.They may not be coherent in form, but they must be coherent in principles and professionalism. Good faith in the facts. 

感想:首尾一貫という言葉を使いすぎて文章をアホっぽくしてしまったが他にいい方法が思いつかない。朝三暮四理解してくれなかった。「自説を曲げ」は「自説を変えて」に変更した。

文章はもう少し整形できると思うがとりあえずこれで。

岩田健太郎先生とDeepLに敬意を。

楽園こちら側」の「事実に誠意を」をほぼdeepLで翻訳してみた その1

https://georgebest1969.typepad.jp/blog/2020/03/事実に誠意を.html

これが原文です。

外国から問い合わせが来ているけれども時間がなくて訳せないということで、DeepLの性能確認ついでにやってみました。

この私訳と岩田健太郎先生無関係なのでよろしくお願いします。

訳された文章を原文と見比べ、翻訳文章おかしくなったところや慣用句は「必ず日本語側の文章をいじることで」できるだけ解消しました。

よって改変した文章だけをこちらに載せ、改変する必要がなかったところは段落番号しか載せていません。元文章は元ブログを当たってください。

英語に詳しいパーソンが精査していただけると幸いです。

1 Most of what I'm about to write is no different from what I've said and done in the past. However, I have been asked the same question repeatedly, so I would like to reiterate it. We have received many inquiries from overseas as well, so we should have prepared the same content in English, but due to time constraints, I'm afraid I'll have to skip it. This article is designed to be read without basic knowledge of infectious diseases and jargon, but it is rather difficult to understand. Please forgive me for that.

感想:「Chromeかなにかでそれぞれ母国語に訳してお読みいただけると幸いです。」がきれいさっぱり消えている。DeepLの自負心だろう。

2 The fact that the number of COVID-19 reports in Japan is very low compared to other countries is attracting attention from home and abroad. Is it true? It has been pointed out that the number of tests is so small that we may be misreading the actual number of infected people.

感想home and abrodeでいいんだろうか?

3 However, this point is wrong at various layers. In the first place, Japan does not aim to capture all the numbers of COVID-19. Whether it's administrative testing or insured care, the state basically has a testing strategy in mind to diagnose, hospitalize, and isolate critically ill patients who need to be hospitalized. It is natural that they "haven't figured it out" and they don't intend to. That's not a bad thing.In fact, the situation is the same in every country, large or small, and no country, whether in the United States, Europe, or Asia, is aiming to "capture the whole number.

感想最後の文はなぜか他の文と一緒に入力すると訳してくれなかった。この文一つだけ入力すると訳してくれた。

よく考えると「多かれ少なかれ」は通じないだろうから直した方がよかった。なぜかDeepLに繋がらなくなったのでもう直せない。

WHOもそんなことは求めていない。もっとも、そのわりに日本帰国者無症状者にPCRをやってみたり、無症状な検査陽性者を入院隔離させてみたり(軽症者は自宅じゃなかったの?)、プリンシプルにおいて首尾一貫していない。だから、「彼らがなにがやりたいか私たちはよくわからない」ので、人々は不安になる。リスコミにおける失敗と言えよう。

The WHO is not asking for such a thing. But instead, Japan gives PCR to asymptomatic returnees and isolates asymptomatic test-positive people in hospital (wasn't it home for people with minor illnesses?). It has not been coherent in its principles. So, people get anxious because "we're not sure what they want to do". It's a failure in the press.

感想:「なにがやりたいかよくわからない」に主語付与する必要があった。リスコミがpressになった。よくわかったな。

「〜は自宅じゃなかったの?)、」の、が.になっているのがよくわからない。なぜかDeepLに繋がらなくなったのでもう直せない。

4 The difference between Korea and Japan is the "result" and not the "purpose". In South Korea, where the number of infected people had surged in one place, we had to focus on inspections in and around the area. If such a phenomenon (let's call it an overshoot) occurs in Japan, the number of inspections will increase. When the situation is different, arguing only on the basis of the number of tests without observing the situation is like trying to say, "That team made 50 sliding tackles while this team made only one," without watching a football game. In games where you don't have to slide (e.g., when you're in possession the whole time), even 0 times isn't a "mistake," and of course 50 times isn't a mistake.

感想特に言うことはない。便利だなあ。

5 全数把握ができていない疾患など山のようにある。日本ではインフルエンザの「全数」把握はしておらず、定点観測である疫学上、感染対策上、それで十分な情報が得られているからだ。日本で毎年風邪が何例発生しているか、正確に把握したデータはない。レセプトデータを見ればわかるじゃないか、というのも間違いで、なぜなら多くの風邪患者は(ぼくのように)受診せずに自然に治るまで待っている。医療に限らず、経済学でも政治学でもデータサンプリングから母数を推定するのがほとんどで、「全数」は非効率的状態把握法なのだ

There are many diseases for which the total number of patients is not known. In Japan, we do not have a "total" number of influenza cases, but only a fixed-point observation. Because that's enough information, both epidemiologically and in terms of infection control. There is no accurate data on how many cases of the common cold occur each year in Japan. It's also a mistake to say that you can tell by looking at the receipt data, because many cold patients (like me) don't see a doctor and wait until they are cured naturally. Not only in medicine, but also in economics and political science, data are mostly based on sampling to estimate population numbers, and "whole numbers" is an inefficient way of grasping the situation.

感想:ちょこちょこ変えてある。日本語文章が多少おかしくなっているのは勘弁してほしい。接続詞を適切に入れると格段に翻訳が正確になる。

6 We have not seen the devastation in Japan as in Italy, Spain or New York City. There is no medical collapse in a critically ill patient, no use of the operating room as an ICU, no piling up of bodies on a skating rink with no place to put them. Even if the "numbers" are not known, it is a fact that the current situation in Japan (including Tokyo) is much better controlled than in other countries.

感想特に言うことはない。便利だなあ。

7 Even so, you may be interested in "Well, what about the actual situation? There are estimates. For example, Dr. Hiroshi Nishiura and his group estimate that the number of mild illnesses in Japan may be twice the reported number. The catch rate is 0.44, with a 95% confidence interval of 0.37-0.50.

感想特に言うことはない。便利だなあ。

8 Although the study was based on data from China, there is no guarantee that the Chinese COVID-19 demographic is the same as the Japanese one. Also, since the original study did not include asymptomatic patients or those with minor illnesses that did not require hospitalization, the number of infected patients estimated on that basis would inevitably be an underestimate. If you are more paranoid, it's not unreasonable to believe that "the Japanese and Chinese viruses are different because of the mutation" (although I don't think so).

感想特に言うことはない。便利だなあ。

9 This does not diminish the value of the paper itself. The model must always use existing parameters, and it is often impossible to prove the external validity of these parameters. If the underlying parameters are not reasonable, the predictions will not be correct. A model assumes a simplified world insofar as it is a model. A model without simplification, which is an adjectival contradiction.

数理モデルのこうした「前提」にイチャモンを付けるのは、例えばAという疾患を対象ランダム比較試験をしたときに、「Bという疾患については説明できないじゃないか」と文句を言うようなもので、業界仁義に反する意味のない揚げ足取りである

To complain about these "assumptions" of the mathematical model is like complaining, for example, "You can't explain disease B," when a randomized controlled trial is conducted for disease A. This is a meaningless tirade against the honor of the industry.

感想;「分からない」を「説明できない」に変えた。多分これでいいと思う。思いたい。

10 しかし、論文読み手にとっては別である

However, it is different for the reader of the paper.

A mathematical model that assumes a certain hypothesis should have internal academic validity, but it is the responsibility of the reader, as a resident of the real world, to appraise it in the real world.

Aという疾患を対象にしたRCTの知見をBという疾患に使ってはならないように、数理モデル制限理解し、現実世界にアプライするときに十分注意するのは当然だ。

Just as the RCT findings for disease A should not be used for disease B, it is natural to understand the limitations of the mathematical model and to be careful when applying it to the real world. For example, it would be wrong to read the paper and conclude that the total number of infected people in Tokyo is about 500 as of March 26.

感想;「読み手は別である」を「読み手にとっては別である」に変更し、「制限限界」は「limitations and limitations」になったので片方削った。

11 People make mistakes. The models are also wrong. Being wrong is not a big deal. The problem is to notice your mistakes and make corrections. Already, a group at Imperial College London has admitted that its original estimate that the peak of the infection should be moderated was "wrong" and has revised its prediction that the ICU will soon fail if it does not fight the virus fairly aggressively.

感想特に言うことはない。便利だなあ。

https://anond.hatelabo.jp/20200327215116その2

2020-03-25

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