「Case」を含む日記 RSS

はてなキーワード: Caseとは

2020-07-03

利用規約 - 証明写真アプリ

This **Terms of Service Agreement** (the "**Agreement**" or "**Terms of Service**") is made between AlphaX ("**we**," "**us**," or "**our**") and you, our customer ("**you**" or "**your**") and governs your use of our app (the "**Service**"). This Agreement governs your use of these Service. For support inquiries

## 1. Acceptance

By creating an account, creating videos, making a purchase, downloading our apps, or otherwise visiting or using our Service, you accept this Agreement and consent to contract with us electronically.

If you are an entity other than a natural person, the person who registers the account or otherwise uses our Service must have the authority to bind the entity. In this context, "you" means both the entity and each person who is authorized to access the account.

We may update this Agreement by posting a revised version on our website. By continuing to use our Service, you accept any revised Agreement.

Please review our Privacy Policy to learn about the information we collect from you, how we use it, and with whom we share it.

## 2. Our Services

Service License:** Subject to the terms hereof, we grant you access to our Service. This includes the right to create and distribute videos using our AI-based technology. The features available to you will depend on your plan. We may change features from time to time. If you have a paid account, we commit to providing the core features of your plan during your current service period.
Downloadable Software:** We may offer applications for devices ("**apps**") directly or through third-party stores. As between us and any third-party platform (e.g., Apple App Store or Google Play), we are responsible for operating, maintaining, and supporting the apps.

## 3. Accounts

Registration:** You may create an account to use certain features we offer (e.g., creating or uploading videos).
Account Security:** You are responsible for all activity that occurs under your account, including unauthorized activity.

## 4. Subscriptions Plans

Plan Types:** We offer free memberships and paid subscription plans. We may also offer additional digital content or service on a pay-per-use basis. Advertised prices and features may change.
Personal Use Accounts:** Free or "Premium" users (collectively, "**Premium users**") may use the Service for their own personal purposes. They may not: (a) use the Service for commercial purposes; or (b) use any video they create using the Service for commercial purposes.
Commercial Use Accounts:** Premium Plan is valid for only one single end user. If you have registered for a Premium Plan on behalf of a company or organization, each end user must register for his or her own account.Premium Plan users may use the applicable Service to create particular videos for: (a) their own business purposes; or (b) for one specific third party (e.g., a client) for its business purposes; or (c) multiple third parties, which may use the video for their own personal use. Each of the foregoing use cases is mutually-exclusive, specific to each video you create using the Service, and may not be changed without prior written consent.
Fees:** You must pay all fees (plus any taxes) during your subscription period and any renewal periods.
Free trials and Discounts:** We may offer free-trial or discounted subscriptions. When a free-trial period ends, your paid subscription begins (unless you have cancelled) and you must pay the full monthly or annual fee. If we provide a discount for the first subscription period, you must pay the discounted fee; in any renewal, you must pay the full fee.
Automatic Renewal: To the extent permitted by applicable law, subscriptions automatically renew at the end of each subscription period unless cancelled beforehand. Monthly plans renew for 30-day periods. Annual plans renew for one-year periods**. You must pay the annual or monthly fee (plus any taxes) when each renewal period starts.
How to Decline Renewal: Paid subscribers may opt out of automatic renewal by changing their account settings.** Any opt-out or notice of non-renewal will not affect the current subscription period.
Lapse Policy:** When a subscription ends, the account will, revert to free account status or will be deleted. Any content in the account may be deleted to comply with the limitations of the new account status. You are responsible for archiving your content. We may publish additional guidelines regarding the treatment of lapsed subscriptions.
In-App Purchase:** We may allow you to purchase subscriptions within app. When you make such "in-app" purchases, you will be billed by the app platform, not us. **To turn off automatic renewal for subscriptions, access your platform's account settings.** Any billing inquiries should be directed to the app platform.

## 5. Acceptable Use Policy

We may allow you to upload (collectively, to "**submit**") content such as videos, recordings, images, and text (collectively, "**content**"). You must ensure that your content, and your conduct, comply with the Acceptable Use Policy set forth in this **Section 5**.

### 5.1 Content Restrictions

You may not submit any content that:

### 5.2 Code of Conduct

In using our Service, you may not:

### 5.3 Prohibited Technical Measures

You will not:

### 5.4 Restricted Users

You may not create an account if you are a member of a terror or hate group. You may not purchase any goods or service from us if you reside in a country subject to a comprehensive U.S. sanctions program or are a Specifically Designated National (SDN) as designated by the U.S. Department of the Treasury.

## 6. Licenses

### 6.1 License Grant by You

As between you and it, you own and will retain ownership of all intellectual property rights in and to the content you submit for the purpose of creating or editing a video. By submitting such content, you grant it permission to use, copy, distribute, sublicense, transmit, make derivative works from, and publicly perform and display through all means such works for the purpose of: (a) analyzing your content using automated technologies for the purpose of creating videos; (b) creating videos using your content, in conjunction with other content that we may supply (including Third-Party Content, defined below); and (c) streaming and distributing those videos to end users of your choosing.

The license period begins when you create content to it and ends when you or it delete it and all works that contain any parts of it from the Service; provided that it may retain archival copies: (a) for a limited period of time in case you wish to restore it; (b) for internal testing purposes; (c) when the video is the subject of a takedown notice or other legal claim; or (d) when it in good faith believes that it is legally obligated to do so.

### 6.2 Account Profile

You grant it permission to use your name, likeness, biography, trademarks, logos, or other identifiers used by you in your account profile for the purpose of displaying such properties to the public or the audiences you have specified. You may revoke the foregoing permission by deleting your account.

### 6.3 Community Content and Feedback

You grant it a perpetual and irrevocable right and license to copy, transmit, distribute, publicly perform, and display content comprising social media engagement (including comments and "likes") that you submit or provide within our Service. If you make suggestions to it on improving our products or service, it may use your suggestions without any compensation to you.

### 6.4 Scope of Licenses

All licenses granted by you in this **Section 6**: (a) are non-exclusive, worldwide, and royalty-free; (b) include the right and license to copy, use, distribute, publicly perform, and display the licensed work for the purposes stated above; and (c) include all necessary rights and licenses to allow us to exercise our rights and perform our obligations. By granting these licenses, you waive any so-called "moral rights" that you may have. Nothing in this Agreement shall be deemed a license "condition" applicable; rather, any breach of a term by hereof shall give rise to, at most, a claim for breach of contract only. All licenses granted herein are in addition to any other licenses that you may grant outside of this Agreement.

### 6.5 License

Subject to your compliance with the terms hereof, hereby grants you a limited, revocable, personal, worldwide, royalty-free, non-exclusive, non-sublicensable and non-assignable license to use each video created using our Service for (a) your personal purposes (e.g., sharing videos with family and friends) via online means if you created the video as a Personal user; or (b) any purpose via all means now known or hereafter created if you created the video as a Premium Plan user.

## 7. Your Obligations

### 7.1 Representations and Warranties

For each piece of content that you submit to or through it, you represent and warrant that:

### 7.2 Indemnification

You will indemnify, defend, and hold harmless it and its subsidiaries, parents, affiliates, directors, officers, employees, and agents, from and against all third-party actions arising from: (a) the content you submit to or through the Service; and (b) allegations of actions or omissions by you that (regardless if proven) would constitute a breach of this Agreement.

## 8. Term and Termination

This Agreement begins when you first use our Service and continues so long as you use our Service or have an account with us, whichever is longer. Paid accounts will continue for the subscription period and will renew in accordance with **Section 4** above. With respect to free memberships, it may terminate this Agreement at any time by providing thirty (30) days' written notice, and users may terminate at any time by deleting their accounts.

If you breach this Agreementit may, at its option: (a) terminate this Agreement immediately, with or without advance written notice; and (b) suspend, delete, or limit access to your account or any content within it. If it deletes your account for breach, you may not re-register.

In the event of any termination or expiration, the following sections will survive: **Section 7.2** (Indemnification), **Section 9**(Disclaimers), **Section 10** (Limitation of Liability), and **Section 11** (General Provisions).

## 9. Disclaimers

IT PROVIDES THE SERVICE ON AN "AS IS" AND "AS AVAILABLE" BASIS. YOU USE THE SERVICE AT YOUR OWN RISK. You must provide your own device and Internet access.

EXCEPT AS EXPRESSLY SET FORTH HEREIN, AND TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW, IT DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, AND NON-INFRINGEMENT. Among other things, it makes no representations or warranties:

## 10. Limitation of Liability

TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW: (A) IT SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, OR EXEMPLARY DAMAGES, INCLUDING DAMAGES FOR LOSS OF BUSINESS, PROFITS, GOODWILL, DATA, OR OTHER INTANGIBLE LOSSES.

プライバシーポリシー - 証明写真アプリ

# A. Data.

The photos used in this application are cropped to the size of a picture of the user's picture, and the user's Don't worry, it's not stored on our server as we only let you save them in your photo folder. It is only stored on the client side of the app, not on the server at all. They are only stored on the client side of the app and are not stored on the server at all. In other words, deleting the app will delete all the photos in the app.

# B. Face Control Function

We're not going to take a photo that was taken with a smartphone and use it elsewhere for proof photos. None. These data will not be misused by third parties and are protected by very appropriate measures. The images can only be viewed from the user's device. Since the images can only be viewed from the user's device, we will be able to send those data to you. We will not collect, disclose, share or retain it. When you delete the app, your data is immediately deleted.

# A. データについて

このアプリケーションにて利用される顔写真証明写真の大きさに切り取った後、ユーザー様の写真フォルダに保存させるだけなので、弊社のサーバーには保存されませんのでご安心ください。アプリクライアントサイドで保存されるだけで一切サーバーには保存されません。つまりアプリを削除することでアプリ内の写真はすべて削除されます

# B. 顔写真を撮ることについて

我々は、証明写真用に利用する写真スマホ撮影された写真を、それを他で活用することは一切ありません。これらのデータ第三者によって不正利用されたりしませんし、非常に適切な処置で守られていますユーザーの端末からし画像は閲覧できないようにしているので、弊社の方でそれらのデータ収集、開示、共有、保持することはありません。アプリを消していただくと直ちにデータが削除されるので、安心してお使いできます

## **1. Introduction**

### **Who we are and what we do**

Our services allow users to create beautiful id photo using AI-based technology.

### **Acceptance and Changes**

By registering for, downloading, or using our services, you accept this Privacy Policy. We may modify this Privacy Policy from time to time.

## **2. Children's Privacy**

We do not knowingly collect personal information from individuals who are under the minimum required ages specified herein. You must be at least 18 years of age, or the age of majority in your jurisdiction (whichever is greater), to use our services.

## **3. Data We Collect About You**

We collect information about you when you use our services. In addition, third parties may collect information about you when you use our services. Collected information may include or reflect personal information that could identify you, as well as non-personal information. We refer to your information as "**your data**" for short.

### **Content**

Accountholders may create a profile and upload content such as videos. For more details, see **Section 9**. You may allow us to access your camera roll for the purpose of automatically creating videos.

### **Other Information You May Submit**

You may submit data to us for limited purposes such as requesting customer support; answering a questionnaire; participating in a study; entering contests or sweepstakes; or signing up to receive communications from us or another user.

### **Automatically-Collected Information**

We automatically collect certain types of data when you use our services, regardless of whether you have an account. This data includes your IP address, technical information about your device (e.g., browser type, operating system, basic device information), the web page you visited or search query you entered before reaching us, and your activities.

### **Information Collected by Third Parties**

Some third parties may collect data about you when you use our services. This may include data you submit (such as payment information) or automatically-collected information (in the case of third-party analytics providers and advertisers).

We may obtain data from third parties about you. We may combine that data with information that we have collected. For example, some advertisers or advertising platforms may allow us to determine what other online services you might use so that we may place relevant ads on those services.

## **4. How We Use Your Data**

We may use your data for the following purposes:

  • **Identification and authentication:** We use your data to verify you when you access your account.
  • **Operating our services:** We use your data to provide our services, process and fulfill orders, provide customer support, and to otherwise comply with our contractual obligations to you. We (and/or our third-party vendors) use your financial information to process purchases made by you.
  • **Communicating with you:** We use your data when we communicate with you (e.g., when we respond to customer support or other inquiry).
  • **Improving our services:** We use your data to understand how our services are being used and how we can improve them. In general, we analyze aggregated data, rather than specific user data. We may, however, need to analyze a specific case to address a specific problem (e.g., a bug that affects only a few accounts).
  • **Customizing your experience:** We use your data to personalize the service to you. This may include remembering your preferences for language or volume or displaying videos that you might enjoy, based upon your viewing choices.
  • **Marketing and advertising:** We use your data to display ads and send you offers. We may also use your data in delivering third-party advertisements to you. This may include "targeted ads" based upon your activities.
  • **Exercising our rights:** Where reasonably necessary, we use your data to exercise our legal rights and prevent abuse of our service. For example, we may use your data to detect and prevent fraud, spam, or content that violates our Terms of Service.
  • **Legal compliance:** We use your data where we are legally required to do so. For example, we may need to gather your data to respond to a subpoena or court order.
  • **Protecting your information:** Where appropriate, we may anonymize, backup, and delete certain data.

We may use algorithms and other automated means to implement any of the above.

Whenever we process your data for one of these purposes, we have determined that one or more of the following lawful bases apply:

## **5. With Whom We Share Your Data**

We may share data with third parties as follows:

We use reasonable efforts to vet vendors for their privacy and data security practices. We require that such vendors agree to protect the data we share.

## **6. Legal and Safety-Related Disclosures**

We may disclose your data in response to official requests (e.g., court orders, subpoenas, search warrants, national security requests, etc.) ("**requests**") that we receive from government authorities or parties to legal proceedings.

We handle Japanese requests in accordance with Japanese law. If the request originates from a foreign jurisdiction, we will typically disclose information where we in good faith believe that disclosure is permitted by Japanese law. In all cases, we may raise or waive any legal objection or right available to us, in our sole discretion.

We may disclose user data where we reasonably believe that someone's life is at risk. For example, if we become aware of a person threatening to commit suicide, we may share that person's data with appropriate entities that may have the ability to help.

We may disclose user data in situations involving legal claims against us or one of our users.

We may share your data with potential transaction partners, advisors, and others in the event our company is, in whole or part, acquired by a third party. In such a case, we will use reasonable efforts to require the acquiring entity to comply with this Privacy Policy.

## **7. Data Retention**

We may retain your data for as long as you have an account. We may retain logs of automatically collected information (for internal analytics); your email address; your tax information; communications with you; and your transactional information (for auditing, tax, and financial purposes). When we no longer have a business reason for retaining data, we will delete or anonymize it.

We may retain deleted videos on our servers for a short period in case you wish to reverse deletion. Once we delete a video, we may not be able to recover it. If you have previously made a video public, the video or its thumbnail may be discoverable in a search engine's cache for a time. We have no control over search engines; however, we will, upon request, send a request for deletion to major search engines.

If we receive legal process pertaining to your account, we will retain your data for as long as we in good faith believe is necessary to comply with the legal process. Similarly, if we believe that your account has been involved in wrongdoing, we may preserve your data to defend or assert our rights.

## **8. Your Privacy Choices**

We enable you to make numerous choices about your data:

Users from certain countries may have additional rights. See **Section 14** for more details.

## **9. Account and Video Privacy Settings**

Our video hosting and sharing tools offer the ability to limit the distribution of your content, including your videos. This section explains some of your choices.

## **10. Communications from Us**

### **Mobile Device Communications**

We may, with your consent, send push notifications in our apps. You may disable these by declining them or changing the app's settings. To the extent provided, we may, with your consent, send SMS messages to your mobile telephone for authentication and security purposes. You may opt out of receiving such messages at any time.

## **11. Protecting Your Information**

We use physical, technical, and organizational security measures to safeguard your data from unauthorized or accidental disclosure. Despite these efforts, no information system can be 100% secure, so we cannot guarantee the absolute security of your information.

## **12. Your Responsibilities**

You may receive other people's data in using our service. If you receive information from other users, you must comply with all laws, including those concerning privacy, data security, and online marketing.

## **13. Third-Party Services**

We may provide links to online services that we do not own or operate. These services fall outside of this Privacy Policy and we have no control over the data they collect. Once on a third-party site, your data may be collected by others. We encourage you to read the privacy policies of such services before using them.

You may use our service through third-party sites. For example, you may watch a video that is embedded on a third-party site or uses one of our apps on a third-party platform. This Privacy Policy covers our apps and video players but does not cover any third-party site or any third-party video player.

## **14. International Data Transfers and Certain User Rights**

### **Location of Data**

It is based in Japan. We provide services globally using computer systems, servers, and databases located in Japan. and other countries. When you use our services from outside of Japan, your information will be transferred to, stored in, and processed in Japan. and other countries. Please note that Japanese data and privacy laws may not be as comprehensive as those in your country.

2020-06-28

メルセデスE 350 の排気ガス制御リバースエンジニアリング

ディーゼル排気正義財団訴状らしきpdfから抜粋

https://www.rechtspraak.nl/SiteCollectionDocuments/dagvaarding-collectieve-vordering-Daimler-AG-c.pdf

パートIII.Dで、当財団は、ダイムラー使用した違法操作機器運用にかかる委託研究について説明する。 ••••••(以下:••••••)が実施たこ調査では、これまで他の利益団体当局使用していない根本的に異なる方法論を採用した。端的にいえば、当財団が購入したEuro 6 Test Vehicleでテスト走行を行い、エンジン排気ガス管理制御するECU(Electronical Control Unitから走行中の情報を読み取ったのである。これにより当財団は、試験車両違法操作機器根本的なメカニズム機能を初めて洞察する者となった。本調査により当財団が同定できる限り、少なくとも8つの違法(SCRおよびEGR)操作機器配備された、驚異的に複雑で洗練された排出詐欺が明らかになった。これらの違法操作機器はそれぞれ、実際の運転条件でシステム全体の効率を大幅に低下させる。ダイムラートリックの結果として、これらの違法操作機器はNEDCテストサイクル外でのみ動作する。」

「III.B.1. 序文

255. このセクションでは、当財団は、排出規制および適用される判例法に基づいて、違法操作機器特性について説明する。 前述のとおり、当財団はとりわけ、2020年4月30日欧州司法裁判所 Eleanor Sharpston 法務官の意見※に特に注意を払っている。(図14を参照)。」

※「2020年4月30日欧州司法裁判所 Eleanor Sharpston 法務官の意見」はこちら。↓

"Court of Justice of the European Union PRESS RELEASE No 52/20

Luxembourg, 30 April 2020

Advocate General’s Opinion in Case C-693/18CLCV and Others (defeat device on a diesel engine)

According to Advocate General Sharpston, a device that adjusts upwards the operation of the emission control system of diesel engine vehicles during the approval testing of those vehicles is a ‘defeat device’prohibited by EU law

The objective of slowing down the aging or the clogging-up of the enginedoes not justify the use of such a device"

https://curia.europa.eu/jcms/upload/docs/application/pdf/2020-04/cp200052en.pdf

「III.D. DEJF(当財団)の調査

III.D.1. イントロダクション研究の関連性、および主要な調査結果

295. このセクションでは、当財団研究結果について論ずる。 この研究は、その方法論によって、上で説明した研究※とは区別される。 前述のように、この研究は、入力値(周囲温度や車速など)と出力値(PEMSで測定された排出量)を測定するのみならず、ECU自体の内部機能を測定することを目的とする。 テスト中にECUから直接情報を読み取ることにより、ECU設計操作を再構築可能である。」

※直前のIII.C で、第三者公表した調査結果を挙げている。

296.このアプローチは、概ねメーカーソースコードがなければ違法操作機器動作を検出および分析することは不可能であると考えられていることから、これまでどの型式承認当局・関連団体にも採用されていない。間違いなく可能であるとはいえ費用時間がかかり、専門知識を用いねばならない。この理由もあって、当財団はこれまでのところ、この研究単一テスト車両(本テスト車両)に限定している。本テスト車両は、第306項でさら指定されているユーロ6対応メルセデスE350であるモダンユーロ6車両選択する理由は、この車両タイプに、EGR(排気ガス再循環)とSCR(選択触媒反応)の組み合わせからなる高度で複雑な排出制御システムが装備されているためである。このような複合システムでは、SCRシステムが処理の大半を引き継ぐため、EGRシステムNOx排気負荷を減らすために「ハード」に動作しなくてもよくなる。 Euro 6モデルECUソフトウェアEuro 5ソフトウェア拡張バージョンであるため、以前のバージョンの多くの機能がまだソフトウェア存在している。調査が示すように、本テスト車両ECUには、機能しているEGR操作機器も多数含まれている。この点で、本研究結果は、EGR装置のみが装備されていた古いメルセデスベンツモデルにも関連している。

297. 要するに、この調査により、SCRとEGRの違法操作機器範囲特定された。これらはそれぞれ、特定の条件下でシステムの全体的な効率を大幅に低下させ、これによりSCR触媒コンバーターほとんどの条件で動作容量のうち最大で60%に制限されることとなる。」

「300. 本調査の結果、違法なSCRおよびEGR操作機器は、NEDC検査下の状況では動作せず、通常の使用状況でのみ動作するようにプログラムされていることが判明した。 違法操作機器は、条件がNEDC検査条件から少しでも逸脱している場合アクティブになることがわかっている。 さらに、SCR関連のいくつかの違法操作機器には、車両が数か月間使用された後にの違法操作機器操作するように設定されたタイマー機能があり、NEDC検査を確実に通るようになっている。」

「302. 本調査はまた、これらの違法操作ツールほとんどがソフトウェア更新後にテスト車両から削除されたことを示している。これは、エンジンの損傷を防止したり、車両安全動作を確保したりするために違法操作ツール必要ないことを意味している。このソフトウェア更新によって、テスト車両のすべての違法操作機器が実際に削除されたかどうかは明らかではない。……」

「III.D.2. メソドロジー

III.D.2.a)はじめに

305. 本調査使用されるメソドロジーは、データ収集ソフトウェア分析、およびテスト車両から生れたテスト結果の解釈とを、組み合わせることである。306. 前述のように、本テスト車両は、メルセデスベンツ E 350 BlueTEC 4 MATIC Tであり、OM 642型 190 Kw、2987 ccm、6気筒エンジンを搭載している。本テスト車両検査文書コピーを別紙57に提示した。……

307. ECU情報チャネルは複雑で量が多いため(ECUは内部で10,000を超える信号を処理)、イテラティブなプロセスを用いた。 最初フェーズでは、通常使用中に車両ECUプロファイル作成するために、広範なデータ収集が行われた。 排出制御に関連するソフトウェアデータは、ソフトウェア分析使用して特定した。 その後、データ収集プロセスさらに洗練し、より詳細なデータを得た。」

「III.D.2.b)データ収集

308. 調査中のデータ収集は、OBD-2ポート使用して実行した。……」

「310.前述のように、ECUソフトウェアソースコードや完全なドキュメントについては、ダイムラーがその情報を慎重に管理しているために、本調査者はこれらを得ていない。 ただし、ドキュメントソースコードが利用できないソフトウェア分析については多くの研究があり、そのような分析IT業界で定期的に行われている。研究者は、「逆アセンブル」(ソフトウェア人間が読める形式に変換される)やソフトウェアシミュレーションなどのいわゆるリバースエンジニアリング手法使用している。 これらの手法により、ソースコードが利用できない文書化されていないソフトウェア分析可能になり、本テスト車両ECUソフトウェア分析にも使用されている。」

「III.D.3.b)本SCRシステム

315. 本SCRシステムでは、主な制御変数の1つはAdBlueまたはDEFディーゼル排気流体)の投与量である。本テスト車両ECUBosch EDC17CP57 は、システムに投与されたAdBlueの量を計算する。 SCR触媒コンバーター内で、AdBlueはアンモニアに変換され、次にアンモニアNOx酸素と反応して窒素と水に変換される。

316.有効性の尺度は、「SCR除去効率」または「変換効率である。 SCRの潜在的効率は、以下を含む多くの物理的条件によって制限される場合がある。

317. 以上のリストは完全なものではないが、適切に機能しているSCRシステム物理的な制限を受けていることを示している。 これらの制限対処するために、本ECUソフトウェアには、2つの異なる動作モードが含まれている。

318.最初モードは、以下「アンモニア負荷モデル」と呼ぶもので、SCRシステムが完全に機能するモードである。 このモード公的アクセス可能メディアでは説明されておらず、この用語自体は文献で使用されている標準ではないことに注意されたい。

319. 2番目のモードは「代替モデルである。 これは、不正操作ツールによってアクティブ化されるモードである代替モデルがいずれかの操作ツールによってアクティブ化されると、通常SCRは最大60%となる。 特にいくつかの違法操作ツールが同時にアクティブ化されている場合は、効率が大幅に低下する可能性もある。……」

「III.D.4. 調査結果:ダイムラー違法操作ツール

330. 本調査による観察結果の要点は、代替モデルでは、実際の運転条件のほとんどで、SCRシステムターゲット効率比較的低い値に保たれるが、これは物理的な制限に基づいていない要因やポリシー選択によって生じているため、 違法だということである。 言い換えると、SCR触媒でのNOx還元に直接影響を与えることがない入力に応じて、効率目標意図的に低い値に低減される。 したがって、これらの要素とポリシー選択、およびそれらが有効にするメカニズムは、違法操作手段と見なすことができる。

331. これらの違法なSCR関連の操作ツールは、以下の機能を共有する:

(i)それらは、温度排気ガス質量流量といった、極端な条件下で一般的制御する必要がある物理特性に応答する。

(ii)ただしそれらは、通常の「実際の」運転条件では、システマティックアクティべートされる。

(iii)それらは、たとえば、正当化されないヒステリシス使用することにより、アクティベート後に、ある効果が出るように設計されている。

簡単に言えば、ヒステリシスという用語は、新しい状態への切り替えを引き起こす値と元の状態への戻りを引き起こす値との間に特定の「範囲」がある状態を表す。一般的な例は、特定温度で加熱がオンになるサーモスタットで、温度が初期値よりも数度低い場合にのオフになることで、システムのオンとオフ連続して行われないようになっている。今回のケースでいうと、ヒステリシスは、元の状態(この場合は「アンモニア負荷モデル」)に切り替えるしきい値が「代替モデル」が動き出す状態に切り替えるレベルよりもかなり低い(または高い)場合に発生する; そして

iv)それらはSCRシステム目標効率を大幅に低下させ、AdBlueの投与を大幅に削減する。これにより、NOx排出量が大幅かつ大幅に増加する。

332. 本調査の結果、8個以上の違法操作機器発見されたが、そのうち6個はSCRシステム(およびAdBlueの投与量)に関連している。……」

「III.D.4.a)SCR操作ツール1:排気ガス質量流量

335. 最初違法SCR操作機器は、SCR触媒コンバーターを通過する排気ガスの体積(排気ガス質量流量)を参照する。

336. 上述したように、排気ガス質量流量がSCR触媒の処理能力よりも大きい場合排気ガスはSCR触媒から逃げることができ、NOxチャージを減らす機会が与えられないこととなる。 これに対処しないと、SCR効率過大評価につながり、AdBlueのオーバードーズにつながる可能性がある。 このことで、SCR触媒アンモニアオーバーフィルされ、アンモニアスリップが発生する可能性がある。 したがって、質量流量監視し、過剰なマスフローが通知されたときにSCRのターゲット効率推定値を下げることは、原則として、有効ストラテジーになる可能性がある。

337. ただし、テスト車両では、フィルタ後の排気ガス質量流量制限は、時速170 kgに設定されており、これは、実際の運転状況では約100 km / hに相当する。 このしきい値は、技術的な観点から見て、言い訳けができないほど低くなっている。 このしきい値を超えるとすぐに、ECU代替モデルに切り替える。 さらに、(-80 kg / hの)強いヒステリシス適用されるため、負荷モデルに切り替える場合質量流量は90 kg / h未満でなければならない。 60 km / h程度の低速でも、このしきい値は日常的に超過している。 さらに、エンジン一定している場合、短時間では負荷モデルに戻らない。

338. この制限は、正確には、SCRシステムの「エージングファクター」によって決まることに注意せよ。この機能に関連して、ECUはSCR触媒コンバーターがその耐用期間中さらされた温度を記録し、これに基づいて経年変化の影響をモデル化する。ただし、以下のグラフに示すように、この違法操作機器エージングファクターは、完全な100%(完全に新しい状態)が1%~99%(すなわち実質的に新しい)まで減少するとすぐにアクティブになるように設定されている。すでにその時点で、上限は時速200 kgから時速170 kg へ削減され、下限(ヒステリシス)は時速120 kg / hから時速80 kg / hに削減されている。 NEDC検査は完全に新しい車両で行われるため、輸入検査でこの違法操作デバイスを検出できないと推定できるのである。これに対し、本テスト車両はこれらの観測の時点で70,000マイル走行しており、ソフトウェアは69%のSCRエージングファクターを示していた。」

「342. 代替モデルに切り替わると、推定される Permalink | 記事への反応(1) | 23:14

2020-06-19

cleaner app - terms of service

This **Terms of Service Agreement** (the "**Agreement**" or "**Terms of Service**") is made between Buckle Incorporated ("**we**," "**us**," or "**our**") and you, our customer ("**you**" or "**your**") and governs your use of our app (the "**Service**"). This Agreement governs your use of these Service. For support inquiries

## 1. Acceptance

By creating an account, creating videos, making a purchase, downloading our apps, or otherwise visiting or using our Service, you accept this Agreement and consent to contract with us electronically.

If you are an entity other than a natural person, the person who registers the account or otherwise uses our Service must have the authority to bind the entity. In this context, "you" means both the entity and each person who is authorized to access the account.

We may update this Agreement by posting a revised version on our website. By continuing to use our Service, you accept any revised Agreement.

Please review our Privacy Policy to learn about the information we collect from you, how we use it, and with whom we share it.

## 2. Our Services

Service License:** Subject to the terms hereof, we grant you access to our Service. This includes the right to create and distribute videos using our AI-based technology. The features available to you will depend on your plan. We may change features from time to time. If you have a paid account, we commit to providing the core features of your plan during your current service period.
Downloadable Software:** We may offer applications for devices ("**apps**") directly or through third-party stores. As between us and any third-party platform (e.g., Apple App Store or Google Play), we are responsible for operating, maintaining, and supporting the apps.

## 3. Accounts

Registration:** You may create an account to use certain features we offer (e.g., creating or uploading videos).
Account Security:** You are responsible for all activity that occurs under your account, including unauthorized activity.

## 4. Subscriptions Plans

Plan Types:** We offer free memberships and paid subscription plans. We may also offer additional digital content or service on a pay-per-use basis. Advertised prices and features may change.
Personal Use Accounts:** Free or "Premium" users (collectively, "**Premium users**") may use the Service for their own personal purposes. They may not: (a) use the Service for commercial purposes; or (b) use any video they create using the Service for commercial purposes.
Commercial Use Accounts:** Premium Plan is valid for only one single end user. If you have registered for a Premium Plan on behalf of a company or organization, each end user must register for his or her own account.Premium Plan users may use the applicable Service to create particular videos for: (a) their own business purposes; or (b) for one specific third party (e.g., a client) for its business purposes; or (c) multiple third parties, which may use the video for their own personal use. Each of the foregoing use cases is mutually-exclusive, specific to each video you create using the Service, and may not be changed without prior written consent.
Fees:** You must pay all fees (plus any taxes) during your subscription period and any renewal periods.
Free trials and Discounts:** We may offer free-trial or discounted subscriptions. When a free-trial period ends, your paid subscription begins (unless you have cancelled) and you must pay the full monthly or annual fee. If we provide a discount for the first subscription period, you must pay the discounted fee; in any renewal, you must pay the full fee.
Automatic Renewal: To the extent permitted by applicable law, subscriptions automatically renew at the end of each subscription period unless cancelled beforehand. Monthly plans renew for 30-day periods. Annual plans renew for one-year periods**. You must pay the annual or monthly fee (plus any taxes) when each renewal period starts.
How to Decline Renewal: Paid subscribers may opt out of automatic renewal by changing their account settings.** Any opt-out or notice of non-renewal will not affect the current subscription period.
Lapse Policy:** When a subscription ends, the account will, revert to free account status or will be deleted. Any content in the account may be deleted to comply with the limitations of the new account status. You are responsible for archiving your content. We may publish additional guidelines regarding the treatment of lapsed subscriptions.
In-App Purchase:** We may allow you to purchase subscriptions within app. When you make such "in-app" purchases, you will be billed by the app platform, not us. **To turn off automatic renewal for subscriptions, access your platform's account settings.** Any billing inquiries should be directed to the app platform.

## 5. Acceptable Use Policy

We may allow you to upload (collectively, to "**submit**") content such as videos, recordings, images, and text (collectively, "**content**"). You must ensure that your content, and your conduct, comply with the Acceptable Use Policy set forth in this **Section 5**.

### 5.1 Content Restrictions

You may not submit any content that:

### 5.2 Code of Conduct

In using our Service, you may not:

### 5.3 Prohibited Technical Measures

You will not:

### 5.4 Restricted Users

You may not create an account if you are a member of a terror or hate group. You may not purchase any goods or service from us if you reside in a country subject to a comprehensive U.S. sanctions program or are a Specifically Designated National (SDN) as designated by the U.S. Department of the Treasury.

## 6. Licenses

### 6.1 License Grant by You

As between you and it, you own and will retain ownership of all intellectual property rights in and to the content you submit for the purpose of creating or editing a video. By submitting such content, you grant it permission to use, copy, distribute, sublicense, transmit, make derivative works from, and publicly perform and display through all means such works for the purpose of: (a) analyzing your content using automated technologies for the purpose of creating videos; (b) creating videos using your content, in conjunction with other content that we may supply (including Third-Party Content, defined below); and (c) streaming and distributing those videos to end users of your choosing.

The license period begins when you create content to it and ends when you or it delete it and all works that contain any parts of it from the Service; provided that it may retain archival copies: (a) for a limited period of time in case you wish to restore it; (b) for internal testing purposes; (c) when the video is the subject of a takedown notice or other legal claim; or (d) when it in good faith believes that it is legally obligated to do so.

### 6.2 Account Profile

You grant it permission to use your name, likeness, biography, trademarks, logos, or other identifiers used by you in your account profile for the purpose of displaying such properties to the public or the audiences you have specified. You may revoke the foregoing permission by deleting your account.

### 6.3 Community Content and Feedback

You grant it a perpetual and irrevocable right and license to copy, transmit, distribute, publicly perform, and display content comprising social media engagement (including comments and "likes") that you submit or provide within our Service. If you make suggestions to it on improving our products or service, it may use your suggestions without any compensation to you.

### 6.4 Scope of Licenses

All licenses granted by you in this **Section 6**: (a) are non-exclusive, worldwide, and royalty-free; (b) include the right and license to copy, use, distribute, publicly perform, and display the licensed work for the purposes stated above; and (c) include all necessary rights and licenses to allow us to exercise our rights and perform our obligations. By granting these licenses, you waive any so-called "moral rights" that you may have. Nothing in this Agreement shall be deemed a license "condition" applicable; rather, any breach of a term by hereof shall give rise to, at most, a claim for breach of contract only. All licenses granted herein are in addition to any other licenses that you may grant outside of this Agreement.

### 6.5 License

Subject to your compliance with the terms hereof, hereby grants you a limited, revocable, personal, worldwide, royalty-free, non-exclusive, non-sublicensable and non-assignable license to use each video created using our Service for (a) your personal purposes (e.g., sharing videos with family and friends) via online means if you created the video as a Personal user; or (b) any purpose via all means now known or hereafter created if you created the video as a Premium Plan user.

## 7. Your Obligations

### 7.1 Representations and Warranties

For each piece of content that you submit to or through it, you represent and warrant that:

### 7.2 Indemnification

You will indemnify, defend, and hold harmless it and its subsidiaries, parents, affiliates, directors, officers, employees, and agents, from and against all third-party actions arising from: (a) the content you submit to or through the Service; and (b) allegations of actions or omissions by you that (regardless if proven) would constitute a breach of this Agreement.

## 8. Term and Termination

This Agreement begins when you first use our Service and continues so long as you use our Service or have an account with us, whichever is longer. Paid accounts will continue for the subscription period and will renew in accordance with **Section 4** above. With respect to free memberships, it may terminate this Agreement at any time by providing thirty (30) days' written notice, and users may terminate at any time by deleting their accounts.

If you breach this Agreementit may, at its option: (a) terminate this Agreement immediately, with or without advance written notice; and (b) suspend, delete, or limit access to your account or any content within it. If it deletes your account for breach, you may not re-register.

In the event of any termination or expiration, the following sections will survive: **Section 7.2** (Indemnification), **Section 9**(Disclaimers), **Section 10** (Limitation of Liability), and **Section 11** (General Provisions).

## 9. Disclaimers

IT PROVIDES THE SERVICE ON AN "AS IS" AND "AS AVAILABLE" BASIS. YOU USE THE SERVICE AT YOUR OWN RISK. You must provide your own device and Internet access.

EXCEPT AS EXPRESSLY SET FORTH HEREIN, AND TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW, IT DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, AND NON-INFRINGEMENT. Among other things, it makes no representations or warranties:

## 10. Limitation of Liability

TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW: (A) IT SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, OR EXEMPLARY DAMAGES, INCLUDING DAMAGES FOR LOSS OF BUSINESS, PROFITS, GOODWILL, DATA, OR OTHER INTANGIBLE LOSSES.

2020-06-03

Black Lives Matter と All Lives Matter

昨今の米国でのプロテスト世界刮目する中、"Black Lives Matter" というフレーズをご存知の方も増えてきたことと思う。

文字通り訳せば、"黒人の命は大切である"ということなのだが、これに対し"黒人だけじゃなくて、白人も、アジア人も、みんなの命が大切なのでは?"と純粋に思われる方もいるだろう。

その通りである

米国では、"Black Lives Matter"に対し"All Lives Matter" (="みんなの命は大切である") という発言を様々な場所で読む、又は耳にする機会が多数存在する。

日本でも、この運動やその根底にある人種差別問題への関心が少しずつ高まっている中で、"All Lives Matter"という、(恐らく多くの日本人にとって)一見自明で無害のように見える一文の意味するところを、とあるRedditでの投稿引用する形で紹介しようと思う。



以下引用及び拙訳 (r/explainlikeimfive/comments/3du1qm/eli5_why_is_it_so_controversial_when_someone_says/ より)

Imagine that you're sitting down to dinner with your family, and while everyone else gets a serving of the meal, you don't get any. So you say "I should get my fair share." And as a direct response to this, your dad corrects you, saying, "everyone should get their fair share." Now, that's a wonderful sentiment -- indeed, everyone should, and that was kinda your point in the first place: that you should be a part of everyone, and you should get your fair share also. However, dad's smart-ass comment just dismissed you and didn't solve the problem that you still haven't gotten any!

以下のような状況を想像してみてください。あなたは今、家族とディナーの席にいますあなた以外には食事が配膳されていく中、あなたの前には何もありません。そこであなたは、”フェアな分量の食事が私に配膳されるべきだ”、と父親に伝えたところ、彼は以下のように応えました。”家族みんながそれぞれのフェアな分量を配膳されるべきだね”、と。確かに、彼の発言のものは、当然のことであり、素晴らしいですが、この返答には齟齬があります。というのも、ディナーを取り囲んでいる家族メンバー各自が、(彼の言う様に)フェアな分量を配膳されるべきだからこそ、その一員であるあなた自分の分量を主張しているのです。従って、彼の返事はあなたの前に食事がないという現実問題に対して無関心であり、何の解決策も提示していません。そして何より、依然としてあなたの前には食事がありません。

The problem is that the statement "I should get my fair share" had an implicit "too" at the end: "I should get my fair share, too, just like everyone else." But your dad's response treated your statement as though you meant "only I should get my fair share", which clearly was not your intention. As a result, his statement that "everyone should get their fair share," while true, only served to ignore the problem you were trying to point out.

ここでの問題は、あなたの”フェアな分量の食事が私に配膳されるべきだ”という発言真意が、"(他のみんなと同じように、私にも)フェアな分量の食事が配膳されるべきだ"という括弧内の部分を前提に含んでいるにもかかわらず、”フェアな分量の食事が私(だけに)配膳されるべきだ”とあなた発言たかのように、父親が(あなた意図に反して)受け取った、という点にあります。従って、彼の発言のもの真実であることに変わりはないものの、あなたには食事がないという問題は看過されてしまっているのです。

That's the situation of the "black lives matter" movement. Culture, laws, the arts, religion, and everyone else repeatedly suggest that all lives should matter. Clearly, that message already abounds in our society.

これこそが、"Black Lives Matter" 運動対峙している状況なのです。文化法律芸術作品宗教、その他全てが繰り返し、みんなの命が大切であるべきだ、と主張しています米国社会においては、このメッセージは至る所で目にすることでしょう。

The problem is that, in practice, the world doesn't work the way. You see the film Nightcrawler? You know the part where Renee Russo tells Jake Gyllenhal that she doesn't want footage of a black or latino person dying, she wants news stories about affluent white people being killed? That's not made up out of whole cloth -- there is a news bias toward stories that the majority of the audience (who are white) can identify with. So when a young black man gets killed (prior to the recent police shootings), it's generally not considered "news", while a middle-aged white woman being killed is treated as news. And to a large degree, that is accurate -- young black men are killed in significantly disproportionate numbers, which is why we don't treat it as anything new. But the result is that, societally, we don't pay as much attention to certain people's deaths as we do to others. So, currently, we don't treat all lives as though they matter equally.

しかしながら、現実社会においては決してその通りではなく、命の重みは平等ではありません。あなたは、Nightcrawlerという映画を見ましたか?その映画の中で、Renee RussoがJake Gyllenhalに対して、黒人もしくはラテン系アメリカ人が命を落とすような映像ではなく、裕福な白人殺害されたといったようなニュースが欲しい、と伝えるシーンがあります。実はこのシーンは、ニュースの大部分の受け手である白人層が共感できるような報道を重視するというような、現実に即したメディアバイアス如実に反映しています現実として、若い黒人男性殺害されることはニュースにならない一方で、中年女性殺害事件はニュースとして世間に扱われますさらに言えば、統計有意に多数の若い黒人男性が日々命を落としてしまっているという現状において、そういった死のニュース性が少ないということは単なるバイアスとして存在するわけではなく、ほとんどの場合事実なのです。その結果、一部のグループの人々の死に対しては他のグループの人々の死ほどに、私たち社会全体として注目しません。人の命は本来全て平等であるにも関わらず、現実として私たちはそれらを平等に扱っていないのです。

Just like asking dad for your fair share, the phrase "black lives matter" also has an implicit "too" at the end: it's saying that black lives should also matter. But responding to this by saying "all lives matter" is willfully going back to ignoring the problem. It's a way of dismissing the statement by falsely suggesting that it means "only black lives matter," when that is obviously not the case. And so saying "all lives matter" as a direct response to "black lives matter" is essentially saying that we should just go back to ignoring the problem.

あなた父親自分の分の食事を求めた時のように、"Black Lives Matter"というフレーズにも"too"、すなわち黒人の命”も”大切であるという前提があります。他の人種の人々の命と同様、黒人の命も大切に扱われるべきだ、というメッセージがそこにはあるのです。これに対して"All Lives Matter"と応えることは、その根底にある(黒人の命が他の命と同様に大切に扱われていないという)問題恣意的無視していることになるのです。そのような問題共通認識が前提として明らかに存在しているにも関わらず、さも"黒人の命だけが大切だ"という主張である曲解することで、"Black Lives Matter"という本来の主張を退けてしまっています。"Black Lives Matter"というメッセージに対して、"All Lives Matter"と応えることは、黒人の日々対峙するそのような問題無視し、そのままの現状を維持しよう、と主張する事と本質的に変わりはないのです。

2020-05-20

プライバシーポリシー for ルーレットアプリ

Privacy Policy

ルーレット for 迷った時 (hereinafter referred to as "the Company"). The service provided on the Application (hereinafter referred to as the "Service") The following is the Privacy Policy (hereinafter referred to as the "Policy") regarding the handling of User's personal information by the Company (hereinafter referred to as the "Company") The following is an example of the

Article 1 (Personal Information)

The term "personal information" refers to "personal information" as defined in the Act on the Protection of Personal Information, and refers to information about a living individual that can be used to identify a specific individual, such as name, date of birth, address, telephone number, contact information and other descriptions, as well as information that can be used to identify a specific individual from the information itself, such as appearance, fingerprints, voiceprint data, and health insurance card insurer numbers (personal identification information).

Article 2 (Method of collecting personal information)

We may ask users for personal information such as name, date of birth, address, telephone number, email address, bank account number, credit card number, and driver's license number when they register to use the site. In addition, the Company may use transaction records and payment information, including the User's personal information, made between the User and its business partners, etc., for the purpose of protecting the Company's business partners (including information providers, advertisers, and ad distributors, etc.). (hereinafter referred to as the "Partner"). It may be collected from the following

Article 3 (Purpose of collecting and using personal information)

The purposes for which the Company collects and uses personal information are as follows

To provide and operate our services

To respond to the user's inquiries (including verifying the user's identity)

To send e-mails informing the user of new features, updated information, campaigns, and other services provided by the company.

To contact you when necessary, such as for maintenance and important notices

To identify users who violate the Terms of Service or who attempt to use the Service for illegal or unreasonable purposes, and to refuse their use.

To allow users to view, change, or delete their own registration information and to view their usage status

To charge users for paid services.

Purposes incidental to the above purposes of use

Article 4 (Change of purpose of use)

The Company will change the purpose of use of personal information only when it is reasonably recognized that the purpose of use is related to the one before the change.

If the purpose of use is changed, the Company shall notify the User of the changed purpose of use in a manner prescribed by the Company, or announce it on this website.

Article 5 (Provision of personal information to a third party)

The Company will not provide personal information to any third party without the prior consent of the User, except in the following cases However, this does not apply when permitted by the Personal Information Protection Law or other laws and regulations.

1-1. when it is necessary for the protection of a person's life, body or property and it is difficult to obtain the consent of the person

1-2. when it is particularly necessary for the improvement of public health or the promotion of the sound growth of children, and it is difficult to obtain the consent of the individual

1-3. when it is necessary to cooperate with a national organization, a local government, or a person entrusted by the national organization or local government in the execution of the affairs prescribed by laws and regulations, and obtaining the consent of the person is likely to impede the execution of the affairs

2-4 When the following matters are notified or made public in advance, and the Company notifies the Personal Information Protection Committee

2-4-1. the purpose of use includes the provision of information to third parties

2-4-2. Items of data to be provided to third parties

2-4-3 Means or method of providing to a third party

2-4-4. stopping the provision of personal information to a third party upon the request of the person

2-4-5. How to respond to a person's request

Notwithstanding the provisions of the preceding paragraph, in the following cases, the party to whom the relevant information is provided does not fall under the category of a third party.

2-1 When the Company consigns the handling of personal information, in whole or in part, to the extent necessary to achieve the purpose of use

2-2. when personal information is provided as a result of the succession of a business due to a merger or other reasons

2-3. when personal information is to be used jointly with a specific person, and the person has been notified in advance or made readily available to the person to that effect, the items of personal information to be used jointly, the range of persons to be used jointly, the purpose of use by the person to be used, and the name or names of persons responsible for the management of the personal information

Article 6 (Disclosure of personal information)

When a person requests the disclosure of personal information, the Company will disclose it to that person without delay. However, we may not disclose all or part of the information if any of the following conditions are met by disclosure. Please note that a fee of 1,000 yen will be charged for each disclosure of personal information.

When there is a risk of harm to the life, body, property or other rights and interests of the person or a third party

When there is a risk of significant hindrance to the proper execution of the Company's business

In case of violation of other laws and regulations

Notwithstanding the provisions of the preceding paragraph, information other than personal information, such as historical information and characteristic information, will not be disclosed in principle.

Article 7 (Correction and Deletion of Personal Information)

If the user's personal information held by the company is incorrect, the user may correct, add, or delete the personal information (hereinafter referred to as "correction, etc.") to the company according to the procedures established by the company. You can request a

In the event that the Company receives a request from a User as described in the preceding paragraph and judges that it is necessary to respond to the request, the Company shall correct, etc. the personal information concerned without delay.

When a correction is made under the provisions of the preceding paragraph, or when a decision is made not to make a correction, etc., the Company will notify the User of the correction without delay.

Article 8 (Suspension of use of personal information, etc.)

If the Company receives a request from an individual that personal information is being handled beyond the scope of the purpose of use or that it has been obtained by wrongful means, the Company will stop using or delete the information (hereinafter referred to as "stop using, etc."). In the event of a request for anonymity (e.g., "I"), we will conduct the necessary investigation without delay.

If, based on the results of the investigation set forth in the preceding paragraph, we determine that it is necessary to respond to the request, we will suspend the use of the personal information concerned without delay.

When the Company suspends the use of the Site in accordance with the provisions of the preceding paragraph, or when the Company decides not to suspend the use of the Site, it will notify the User without delay.

Notwithstanding the preceding two paragraphs, when it is difficult to suspend the use of the Site, etc., such as when there is a large amount of cost for suspending the use of the Site, etc., and when alternative measures can be taken to protect the rights and interests of the User, this alternative measure shall be taken.

Article 9 (Changes to the Privacy Policy)

The contents of this policy may be changed without notice to the user, except as otherwise provided in laws and regulations and this policy.

Unless otherwise specified by the Company, the revised Privacy Policy shall take effect from the time it is posted on this website.

Article 10 (Contact for inquiries)

If you have any questions about this policy, please contact us at the following

2020-05-19

プライバシーポリシー : ICカードリーダー

This Privacy Policy explains the information that Seiya Hori ("Seiya Hori" "**we**" "**us**" or "**our**"). collects when you use our app (the "**Services**"), how that information is used, with whom it may be shared, and your privacy choices.

## **1. Introduction**

### **Who we are and what we do**

It's become a timer app for indoor strength training. The app is focused on those who exercise and is easy to use.

### **Acceptance and Changes**

By registering for, downloading, or using our services, you accept this Privacy Policy. We may modify this Privacy Policy from time to time.

## **2. Children's Privacy**

We do not knowingly collect personal information from individuals who are under the minimum required ages specified herein. You must be at least 18 years of age, or the age of majority in your jurisdiction (whichever is greater), to use our services.

## **3. Data We Collect About You**

We collect information about you when you use our services. In addition, third parties may collect information about you when you use our services. Collected information may include or reflect personal information that could identify you, as well as non-personal information. We refer to your information as "**your data**" for short.

### **Content**

Accountholders may create a profile and upload content such as videos. For more details, see **Section 9**. You may allow us to access your camera roll for the purpose of automatically creating videos.

### **Other Information You May Submit**

You may submit data to us for limited purposes such as requesting customer support; answering a questionnaire; participating in a study; entering contests or sweepstakes; or signing up to receive communications from us or another user.

### **Automatically-Collected Information**

We automatically collect certain types of data when you use our services, regardless of whether you have an account. This data includes your IP address, technical information about your device (e.g., browser type, operating system, basic device information), the web page you visited or search query you entered before reaching us, and your activities.

### **Information Collected by Third Parties**

Some third parties may collect data about you when you use our services. This may include data you submit (such as payment information) or automatically-collected information (in the case of third-party analytics providers and advertisers).

We may obtain data from third parties about you. We may combine that data with information that we have collected. For example, some advertisers or advertising platforms may allow us to determine what other online services you might use so that we may place relevant ads on those services.

## **4. How We Use Your Data**

We may use your data for the following purposes:

Identification and authentication:** We use your data to verify you when you access your account.
Operating our services:** We use your data to provide our services, process and fulfill orders, provide customer support, and to otherwise comply with our contractual obligations to you. We (and/or our third-party vendors) use your financial information to process purchases made by you.
Communicating with you:** We use your data when we communicate with you (e.g., when we respond to customer support or other inquiry).
Improving our services:** We use your data to understand how our services are being used and how we can improve them. In general, we analyze aggregated data, rather than specific user data. We may, however, need to analyze a specific case to address a specific problem (e.g., a bug that affects only a few accounts).
Customizing your experience:** We use your data to personalize the service to you. This may include remembering your preferences for language or volume or displaying videos that you might enjoy, based upon your viewing choices.
Marketing and advertising:** We use your data to display ads and send you offers. We may also use your data in delivering third-party advertisements to you. This may include "targeted ads" based upon your activities.
Exercising our rights:** Where reasonably necessary, we use your data to exercise our legal rights and prevent abuse of our service. For example, we may use your data to detect and prevent fraud, spam, or content that violates our Terms of Service.
Legal compliance:** We use your data where we are legally required to do so. For example, we may need to gather your data to respond to a subpoena or court order.
Protecting your information:** Where appropriate, we may anonymize, backup, and delete certain data.

We may use algorithms and other automated means to implement any of the above.

Whenever we process your data for one of these purposes, we have determined that one or more of the following lawful bases apply:

Performance of a contract;

Legitimate commercial interest;

Compliance with a legal obligation; or

Consent

## **5. With Whom We Share Your Data**

We may share data with third parties as follows:

With your consent:** We may share your data with third parties where we have obtained your express consent to do so. You may revoke these consents.
Authorized vendors:** We may share your data with third-party vendors that help us operate our services, process orders, and comply with your instructions and our contractual obligations. This includes payment processors, content delivery networks (CDNs), cloud-based hosting services, monitoring services, email service providers, quality assurance and testing vendors, fraud and abuse prevention vendors, and customer relations management (CRM) vendors.
Advertising:** We may share your data with advertising companies to display relevant ads to you. Unless you expressly agree, we will not share or sell your name, email address, or physical address with such persons.
Analytics:** We may share your data with persons who provide analytics showing how customers are using our services.
Affiliates and advisors:** We may share your data with our parent company, IAC/InterActiveCorp, and our auditors and advisors for planning, financial reporting, accounting, auditing, tax filings, and legal compliance. Unless you expressly agree, we will not share your data with our parent or any affiliate for other purposes, such as direct marketing.
Certain legal situations:** We may share your data where we believe disclosure is necessary to comply with a legal obligation or in connection with a corporate transaction as discussed in **Section 6**.
Aggregated or anonymized information:** We may publicly disclose non-personal aggregated or anonymized information such as our number of visitors and registered users.

We use reasonable efforts to vet vendors for their privacy and data security practices. We require that such vendors agree to protect the data we share.

## **6. Legal and Safety-Related Disclosures**

We may disclose your data in response to official requests (e.g., court orders, subpoenas, search warrants, national security requests, etc.) ("**requests**") that we receive from government authorities or parties to legal proceedings.

We handle Japanese requests in accordance with Japanese law. If the request originates from a foreign jurisdiction, we will typically disclose information where we in good faith believe that disclosure is permitted by Japanese law. In all cases, we may raise or waive any legal objection or right available to us, in our sole discretion.

We may disclose user data where we reasonably believe that someone's life is at risk. For example, if we become aware of a person threatening to commit suicide, we may share that person's data with appropriate entities that may have the ability to help.

We may disclose user data in situations involving legal claims against us or one of our users.

We may share your data with potential transaction partners, advisors, and others in the event our company is, in whole or part, acquired by a third party. In such a case, we will use reasonable efforts to require the acquiring entity to comply with this Privacy Policy.

## **7. Data Retention**

We may retain your data for as long as you have an account. We may retain logs of automatically collected information (for internal analytics); your email address; your tax information; communications with you; and your transactional information (for auditing, tax, and financial purposes). When we no longer have a business reason for retaining data, we will delete or anonymize it.

We may retain deleted videos on our servers for a short period in case you wish to reverse deletion. Once we delete a video, we may not be able to recover it. If you have previously made a video public, the video or its thumbnail may be discoverable in a search engine's cache for a time. We have no control over search engines; however, we will, upon request, send a request for deletion to major search engines.

If we receive legal process pertaining to your account, we will retain your data for as long as we in good faith believe is necessary to comply with the legal process. Similarly, if we believe that your account has been involved in wrongdoing, we may preserve your data to defend or assert our rights.

## **8. Your Privacy Choices**

We enable you to make numerous choices about your data:

You may choose not to provide us with certain information. For example, you may choose not to create an account or not to provide optional account information.

You may change your video privacy settings. See **Section 9** for more details.

You may change or correct information voluntarily submitted to us. We encourage you to keep your data current by viewing your account settings page.

You may opt-out of receiving commercial emails from us. See **Section 10** for more details.

You may limit the use of cookies. See our Cookie Policy for options.

You may backup your videos.

You may close your account (which will delete all videos) or delete certain videos.

Users from certain countries may have additional rights. See **Section 14** for more details.

## **9. Account and Video Privacy Settings**

Our video hosting and sharing tools offer the ability to limit the distribution of your content, including your videos. This section explains some of your choices.

## **10. Communications from Us**

### **Mobile Device Communications**

We may, with your consent, send push notifications in our apps. You may disable these by declining them or changing the app's settings. To the extent provided, we may, with your consent, send SMS messages to your mobile telephone for authentication and security purposes. You may opt out of receiving such messages at any time.

## **11. Protecting Your Information**

We use physical, technical, and organizational security measures to safeguard your data from unauthorized or accidental disclosure. Despite these efforts, no information system can be 100% secure, so we cannot guarantee the absolute security of your information.

## **12. Your Responsibilities**

You may receive other people's data in using our service. If you receive information from other users, you must comply with all laws, including those concerning privacy, data security, and online marketing.

## **13. Third-Party Services**

We may provide links to online services that we do not own or operate. These services fall outside of this Privacy Policy and we have no control over the data they collect. Once on a third-party site, your data may be collected by others. We encourage you to read the privacy policies of such services before using them.

You may use our service through third-party sites. For example, you may watch a video that is embedded on a third-party site or uses one of our apps on a third-party platform. This Privacy Policy covers our apps and video players but does not cover any third-party site or any third-party video player.

## **14. International Data Transfers and Certain User Rights**

### **Location of Data**

It is based in Japan. We provide services globally using computer systems, servers, and databases located in Japan. and other countries. When you use our services from outside of Japan, your information will be transferred to, stored in, and processed in Japan. and other countries. Please note that Japanese data and privacy laws may not be as comprehensive as those in your country.

2020-05-12

Terms of Service - Turnip app

These Terms of Use (hereinafter referred to as the "Terms") The service provided by the Company (hereinafter referred to as the "Service") The terms and conditions of use of the Website are set forth below. All registered users ("Users"). You are required to use the Service in accordance with these Terms.

Article 1 (Application)

These terms and conditions shall apply to any relationship between the User and the Company in relation to the use of the Service.

Article 2 (User registration)

The registration applicant applies for registration by the method prescribed by the Company, and by the Company's approval of this, the registration shall be completed.

The Company may not approve an application for user registration if it is determined that the applicant for user registration has any of the following reasons, and the Company shall have no obligation to disclose the reasons for this.

(1) When false information is reported when applying for user registration

(2) When an application is made by a person who has violated this agreement

(3) In any other case where the Company deems it inappropriate to register for use

Article 3 (Management of User ID and Password)

Users shall manage their user ID and password for the Service at their own risk.

You may not transfer or lend your user ID and password to any third party under any circumstances. When a user logs in with a user ID and password combination that matches the registered information, the user is deemed to be the registered user of the user ID.

Article 4 (Usage fee and payment method)

Only if the User agrees to purchase the Service, the User shall pay the fees separately determined by the Company and displayed prior to purchase on the Service in the manner specified by the Company as compensation for the use of the Service.

The free trial offer applies to initial registration only.

No refunds can be given for purchased paid services, regardless of the reason.

Article 5 (Prohibited items)

Users shall not engage in any of the following acts when using the Service

(1) Acts that violate laws and regulations or public order and morals

(2) Acts related to criminal acts.

(3) An act that destroys or interferes with the function of our server or network

(4) Actions that may interfere with the operation of the Company's services

(5) The act of directly or indirectly providing benefits to antisocial forces in connection with the Company's services

(6) Any other actions that the Company deems inappropriate.

Article 6 (Suspension of provision of the Service, etc.)

The Company may suspend or discontinue the provision of the Service in whole or in part without prior notice to the User if the Company determines that any of the following reasons exist

(1) When performing maintenance, inspection or updating of the computer system for the Service

(2) When the provision of the Service becomes difficult due to force majeure such as earthquake, lightning, fire, power failure or natural disaster.

(3) When the computer or communication line, etc. is stopped due to an accident

(4) In other cases where the Company judges that it is difficult to provide the Service.

The Company shall not be liable for any disadvantage or damage suffered by the User or any third party due to the suspension or interruption of the provision of the Service, for any reason whatsoever.

Article 7 (Restriction of Use and Cancellation of Registration)

The Company may, without prior notice, restrict the use of the Service in whole or in part, or terminate the user's registration as a user, in the following cases

(1) In the event of a breach of any of the provisions of these Terms of Use

(2) If it is found that there is a falsehood in the registered information

(3) In any other case where the Company deems the use of the Service to be inappropriate.

The Company shall not be held responsible for any damage caused to the User as a result of any action taken by the Company in accordance with this Article.

Article 8 (Disclaimer)

The Company's liability for default shall be discharged in the absence of willful or gross negligence on the part of the Company.

The Company shall not be responsible for any transactions, communications, or disputes that occur between the User and other Users or third parties with respect to the Service.

Article 9 (Change of service content, etc.)

The Company may change the contents of the Service or discontinue the provision of the Service without notice to the User, and the Company shall not be liable for any damage caused to the User as a result of this.

Article 10 (Change of Terms of Use)

The Company reserves the right to change this Agreement at any time without notice to the User, if it deems it necessary.

Article 11 (Notice or Communication)

Any notice or communication between the User and the Company shall be made in a manner determined by the Company.

Article 12 (Prohibition of assignment of rights and obligations)

You may not assign or pledge your position in the User Agreement or your rights or obligations under this Agreement to any third party without the prior written consent of the Company.

Article 13 (Governing Law and Jurisdiction)

These terms and conditions shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of Japan.

If any dispute arises in relation to the Service, the court having jurisdiction over the location of the Company's head office shall be the exclusive agreed jurisdiction.

Last updated on August 11, 2019.

2020-05-07

Terms of Service Animal Turnips App

Terms of Use

These Terms of Use (hereinafter referred to as the "Terms") The service provided by the Company (hereinafter referred to as the "Service") The terms and conditions of use of the Website are set forth below. All registered users ("Users"). You are required to use the Service in accordance with these Terms.

Article 1 (Application)

These terms and conditions shall apply to any relationship between the User and the Company in relation to the use of the Service.

Article 2 (User registration)

The registration applicant applies for registration by the method prescribed by the Company, and by the Company's approval of this, the registration shall be completed.

The Company may not approve an application for user registration if it is determined that the applicant for user registration has any of the following reasons, and the Company shall have no obligation to disclose the reasons for this.

(1) When false information is reported when applying for user registration

(2) When an application is made by a person who has violated this agreement

(3) In any other case where the Company deems it inappropriate to register for use

Article 3 (Management of User ID and Password)

Users shall manage their user ID and password for the Service at their own risk.

You may not transfer or lend your user ID and password to any third party under any circumstances. When a user logs in with a user ID and password combination that matches the registered information, the user is deemed to be the registered user of the user ID.

Article 4 (Usage fee and payment method)

Only if the User agrees to purchase the Service, the User shall pay the fees separately determined by the Company and displayed prior to purchase on the Service in the manner specified by the Company as compensation for the use of the Service.

The free trial offer applies to initial registration only.

No refunds can be given for purchased paid services, regardless of the reason.

Article 5 (Prohibited items)

Users shall not engage in any of the following acts when using the Service

(1) Acts that violate laws and regulations or public order and morals

(2) Acts related to criminal acts.

(3) An act that destroys or interferes with the function of our server or network

(4) Actions that may interfere with the operation of the Company's services

(5) The act of directly or indirectly providing benefits to antisocial forces in connection with the Company's services

(6) Any other actions that the Company deems inappropriate.

Article 6 (Suspension of provision of the Service, etc.)

The Company may suspend or discontinue the provision of the Service in whole or in part without prior notice to the User if the Company determines that any of the following reasons exist

(1) When performing maintenance, inspection or updating of the computer system for the Service

(2) When the provision of the Service becomes difficult due to force majeure such as earthquake, lightning, fire, power failure or natural disaster.

(3) When the computer or communication line, etc. is stopped due to an accident

(4) In other cases where the Company judges that it is difficult to provide the Service.

The Company shall not be liable for any disadvantage or damage suffered by the User or any third party due to the suspension or interruption of the provision of the Service, for any reason whatsoever.

Article 7 (Restriction of Use and Cancellation of Registration)

The Company may, without prior notice, restrict the use of the Service in whole or in part, or terminate the user's registration as a user, in the following cases

(1) In the event of a breach of any of the provisions of these Terms of Use

(2) If it is found that there is a falsehood in the registered information

(3) In any other case where the Company deems the use of the Service to be inappropriate.

The Company shall not be held responsible for any damage caused to the User as a result of any action taken by the Company in accordance with this Article.

Article 8 (Disclaimer)

The Company's liability for default shall be discharged in the absence of willful or gross negligence on the part of the Company.

The Company shall not be responsible for any transactions, communications, or disputes that occur between the User and other Users or third parties with respect to the Service.

Article 9 (Change of service content, etc.)

The Company may change the contents of the Service or discontinue the provision of the Service without notice to the User, and the Company shall not be liable for any damage caused to the User as a result of this.

Article 10 (Change of Terms of Use)

The Company reserves the right to change this Agreement at any time without notice to the User, if it deems it necessary.

Article 11 (Notice or Communication)

Any notice or communication between the User and the Company shall be made in a manner determined by the Company.

Article 12 (Prohibition of assignment of rights and obligations)

You may not assign or pledge your position in the User Agreement or your rights or obligations under this Agreement to any third party without the prior written consent of the Company.

Article 13 (Governing Law and Jurisdiction)

These terms and conditions shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of Japan.

If any dispute arises in relation to the Service, the court having jurisdiction over the location of the Company's head office shall be the exclusive agreed jurisdiction.

Last updated on July 11, 2019.

2020-05-04

Privacy Policy - Muscle Timer App

This Privacy Policy explains the information that Seiya Hori ("Seiya Hori" "**we**" "**us**" or "**our**"). collects when you use our app (the "**Services**"), how that information is used, with whom it may be shared, and your privacy choices.

## **1. Introduction**

### **Who we are and what we do**

It's become a timer app for indoor strength training. The app is focused on those who exercise and is easy to use.

### **Acceptance and Changes**

By registering for, downloading, or using our services, you accept this Privacy Policy. We may modify this Privacy Policy from time to time.

## **2. Children's Privacy**

We do not knowingly collect personal information from individuals who are under the minimum required ages specified herein. You must be at least 18 years of age, or the age of majority in your jurisdiction (whichever is greater), to use our services.

## **3. Data We Collect About You**

We collect information about you when you use our services. In addition, third parties may collect information about you when you use our services. Collected information may include or reflect personal information that could identify you, as well as non-personal information. We refer to your information as "**your data**" for short.

### **Content**

Accountholders may create a profile and upload content such as videos. For more details, see **Section 9**. You may allow us to access your camera roll for the purpose of automatically creating videos.

### **Other Information You May Submit**

You may submit data to us for limited purposes such as requesting customer support; answering a questionnaire; participating in a study; entering contests or sweepstakes; or signing up to receive communications from us or another user.

### **Automatically-Collected Information**

We automatically collect certain types of data when you use our services, regardless of whether you have an account. This data includes your IP address, technical information about your device (e.g., browser type, operating system, basic device information), the web page you visited or search query you entered before reaching us, and your activities.

### **Information Collected by Third Parties**

Some third parties may collect data about you when you use our services. This may include data you submit (such as payment information) or automatically-collected information (in the case of third-party analytics providers and advertisers).

We may obtain data from third parties about you. We may combine that data with information that we have collected. For example, some advertisers or advertising platforms may allow us to determine what other online services you might use so that we may place relevant ads on those services.

## **4. How We Use Your Data**

We may use your data for the following purposes:

  • **Identification and authentication:** We use your data to verify you when you access your account.
  • **Operating our services:** We use your data to provide our services, process and fulfill orders, provide customer support, and to otherwise comply with our contractual obligations to you. We (and/or our third-party vendors) use your financial information to process purchases made by you.
  • **Communicating with you:** We use your data when we communicate with you (e.g., when we respond to customer support or other inquiry).
  • **Improving our services:** We use your data to understand how our services are being used and how we can improve them. In general, we analyze aggregated data, rather than specific user data. We may, however, need to analyze a specific case to address a specific problem (e.g., a bug that affects only a few accounts).
  • **Customizing your experience:** We use your data to personalize the service to you. This may include remembering your preferences for language or volume or displaying videos that you might enjoy, based upon your viewing choices.
  • **Marketing and advertising:** We use your data to display ads and send you offers. We may also use your data in delivering third-party advertisements to you. This may include "targeted ads" based upon your activities.
  • **Exercising our rights:** Where reasonably necessary, we use your data to exercise our legal rights and prevent abuse of our service. For example, we may use your data to detect and prevent fraud, spam, or content that violates our Terms of Service.
  • **Legal compliance:** We use your data where we are legally required to do so. For example, we may need to gather your data to respond to a subpoena or court order.
  • **Protecting your information:** Where appropriate, we may anonymize, backup, and delete certain data.

We may use algorithms and other automated means to implement any of the above.

Whenever we process your data for one of these purposes, we have determined that one or more of the following lawful bases apply:

## **5. With Whom We Share Your Data**

We may share data with third parties as follows:

We use reasonable efforts to vet vendors for their privacy and data security practices. We require that such vendors agree to protect the data we share.

## **6. Legal and Safety-Related Disclosures**

We may disclose your data in response to official requests (e.g., court orders, subpoenas, search warrants, national security requests, etc.) ("**requests**") that we receive from government authorities or parties to legal proceedings.

We handle Japanese requests in accordance with Japanese law. If the request originates from a foreign jurisdiction, we will typically disclose information where we in good faith believe that disclosure is permitted by Japanese law. In all cases, we may raise or waive any legal objection or right available to us, in our sole discretion.

We may disclose user data where we reasonably believe that someone's life is at risk. For example, if we become aware of a person threatening to commit suicide, we may share that person's data with appropriate entities that may have the ability to help.

We may disclose user data in situations involving legal claims against us or one of our users.

We may share your data with potential transaction partners, advisors, and others in the event our company is, in whole or part, acquired by a third party. In such a case, we will use reasonable efforts to require the acquiring entity to comply with this Privacy Policy.

## **7. Data Retention**

We may retain your data for as long as you have an account. We may retain logs of automatically collected information (for internal analytics); your email address; your tax information; communications with you; and your transactional information (for auditing, tax, and financial purposes). When we no longer have a business reason for retaining data, we will delete or anonymize it.

We may retain deleted videos on our servers for a short period in case you wish to reverse deletion. Once we delete a video, we may not be able to recover it. If you have previously made a video public, the video or its thumbnail may be discoverable in a search engine's cache for a time. We have no control over search engines; however, we will, upon request, send a request for deletion to major search engines.

If we receive legal process pertaining to your account, we will retain your data for as long as we in good faith believe is necessary to comply with the legal process. Similarly, if we believe that your account has been involved in wrongdoing, we may preserve your data to defend or assert our rights.

## **8. Your Privacy Choices**

We enable you to make numerous choices about your data:

Users from certain countries may have additional rights. See **Section 14** for more details.

## **9. Account and Video Privacy Settings**

Our video hosting and sharing tools offer the ability to limit the distribution of your content, including your videos. This section explains some of your choices.

## **10. Communications from Us**

### **Mobile Device Communications**

We may, with your consent, send push notifications in our apps. You may disable these by declining them or changing the app's settings. To the extent provided, we may, with your consent, send SMS messages to your mobile telephone for authentication and security purposes. You may opt out of receiving such messages at any time.

## **11. Protecting Your Information**

We use physical, technical, and organizational security measures to safeguard your data from unauthorized or accidental disclosure. Despite these efforts, no information system can be 100% secure, so we cannot guarantee the absolute security of your information.

## **12. Your Responsibilities**

You may receive other people's data in using our service. If you receive information from other users, you must comply with all laws, including those concerning privacy, data security, and online marketing.

## **13. Third-Party Services**

We may provide links to online services that we do not own or operate. These services fall outside of this Privacy Policy and we have no control over the data they collect. Once on a third-party site, your data may be collected by others. We encourage you to read the privacy policies of such services before using them.

You may use our service through third-party sites. For example, you may watch a video that is embedded on a third-party site or uses one of our apps on a third-party platform. This Privacy Policy covers our apps and video players but does not cover any third-party site or any third-party video player.

## **14. International Data Transfers and Certain User Rights**

### **Location of Data**

It is based in Japan. We provide services globally using computer systems, servers, and databases located in Japan. and other countries. When you use our services from outside of Japan, your information will be transferred to, stored in, and processed in Japan. and other countries. Please note that Japanese data and privacy laws may not be as comprehensive as those in your country.

2020-05-02

Zenpeace - Terms of Use

I. INTRODUCTION

These Terms of Use and End User License Agreement (collectively, the “Agreement”) together with all the documents referred to in it constitute a legally binding agreement made between you as a natural person (“you”, “your” or “user”) and We (“we,” “us” or “our”), concerning your access to and use of the software application for mobile devices (the “App”).

All the documents that relate to the App are hereby expressly incorporated herein by reference.

Please read this Agreement carefully before you download, install or use the App.

It is important that you read and understand this Agreement as by downloading, installing or using the App you indicate that you have read, understood, agreed and accepted the Agreement which takes effect on the date on which you download, install or use the App. By using the App you agree to abide by this Agreement.

If you do not agree with (do not accept) this Agreement, or if you do not agree at least with one of the provisions of this Agreement, you are not authorized to, and you may not access, download, install or use the App and you must ly discontinue downloading, installing the App and remove (delete) the App from any mobile device in your possession or under your control.

II. CHANGES TO THIS AGREEMENT

We reserve the right, at our sole discretion, to make changes or modifications to this Agreement at any time and for any reason. We will keep you informed about any changes by updating this Agreement and you waive any right to receive specific notice of each such change. It is your responsibility to periodically review this Agreement to stay informed of updates. You will be subject to, and will be deemed to be aware of and to have accepted, the changes in any revised Agreement by your continued use of the App after the date such revised Agreement is posted.

III. RESTRICTIONS ON WHO CAN USE THE APP

In order to download, install, access or use the App, you must (a) be eighteen (18) years of age or older.

All users who are minors in the jurisdiction in which they reside (generally under the age of 18) must have the permission of, and be directly supervised by, their parent or guardian to use the App, so if you are between the ages of thirteen (13) and seventeen (17) years and you wish to use download, install, access or use the App, before doing so you must: (a) assure and confirm (if needed) that your parent or guardian have read and agree (get your parent or guardian’s consent) to this Agreement prior to you using the App; (b) have the power to enter a binding contract with us and not be barred from doing so under any applicable laws.

Parents and guardians must directly supervise any use of the App by minors.

Any person under the age of thirteen (13) years is not permitted to download, install, access or use the App.

You affirm that you are either more than eighteen 18 years of age, or an emancipated minor, or possess legal parental or guardian consent, and are fully able and competent to enter into the terms, conditions, obligations, affirmations, representations, and warranties set forth in this Agreement, and to abide by and comply with this Agreement.

IV. GENERAL TERMS

The App is a utility program designed to enhance your device experience. The App allows to scan any types of document to high quality PDF or JPEG; to save and store any scan copies of documents on your mobile devices; to share your scans via email; upload scanned documents to cloud services like box, Evernote or Google Drive (see the full performance list on the App’s page on itunes.apple.com). All documents shall be stored locally on your device and shall never be sent to any third-party unless you export them to other apps or devices by means of the App.

The App is intended only for your personal non-commercial use. You shall use the App only for the purposes, mentioned above.

V. PRIVACY POLICY

Your privacy is very important to us. Accordingly, we have developed the Privacy Policy in order for you to understand how we process, use and store information including personal data. Access to the App and use of the Services is subject to the Privacy Policy. By accessing the App and by continuing to use the Services, you are deemed to have accepted the Privacy Policy, and in particular, you are deemed to have acknowledged the ways we process your information as well as appropriate legal grounds for processing described in the Privacy Policy. We reserve the right to amend the Privacy Policy from time to time. If you disagree with any part of the Privacy Policy, you must immediately stop using the App and Services. Please read our Privacy Policy carefully.

VI. END USER LICENSE AGREEMENT

By using the App, you undertake to respect our intellectual rights (intellectual rights related to the App’s source code, UI/UX design, content material, copyright and trademarks, hereinafter referred to as the “Intellectual Property Rights”) as well as those owned by third parties.

As long as you keep using the App, we you a limited, non-exclusive, non-transferable non-sublicensable, non-assignable and revocable license to access and use the App pursuant to this Agreement on any Apple-branded products that you own or control except that the App may be accessed and used by other accounts associated with you via Family Sharing or volume purchasing (the “License”).

The source code, design and content, including information, photographs, illustrations, artwork and other graphic materials, sounds, music or video (hereinafter – the “works”) as well as names, logos and trademarks (hereinafter – “means of individualization”) within the App are protected by copyright laws and other relevant laws and/or international treaties, and belong to us and/or our partners and/or contracted third parties, as the case may be.

In the event of any third party claim that your possession and use of the App infringes that third party’s intellectual property rights, Apple will not be responsible for the investigation, defense, settlement and discharge of any such intellectual property infringement claim.

These works and means of individualization may not be copied, reproduced, retransmitted, distributed, disseminated, sold, published, broadcasted or circulated whether in whole or in part, unless expressly permitted by us and/or our partners and/or contracted third parties, as the case may be.

All rights, title and interest in and to the App and its content, works and means of individualization as well as its functionalities (1) are the exclusive property of We and/or our partners and/or contracted third parties, (2) are protected by the applicable international and national legal provisions, and (3) are under no circumstances transferred (assigned) to you in full or in part within the context of the license herewithin.

We will not hesitate to take legal action against any unauthorized use of our trademarks, names or symbols to protect and restore our rights. All rights not expressly ed herein are reserved. Other product and company names mentioned herein may also be the trademarks of their respective owners.

VII. PROHIBITED BEHAVIOUR

You agree not to use the App in any way that:

is unlawful, illegal or unauthorized;

is defamatory of any other person;

is obscene or offensive;

infringes any copyright, right or trademark of any other person;

advocates, promotes or assists any unlawful act such as (by way of example only) copyright infringement or computer misuse.

You shall not make the App available to any third parties. In addition, you shall not modify, translate into other languages, reverse engineer, decompile, disassemble or otherwise derivative works from the App or any documentation concerning the App.

You shall not transfer, lend, rent, lease, distribute the App, or use it for providing services to a third party, or any rights to the App or any documentation concerning the App to a third party.

Misuse of any trademarks or any other content displayed on the App is prohibited.

You shall not copy and/or duplicate and/or distribute and/or publish and/or use any content in the App, directly or indirectly, by way of a violation of our Intellectual Property Rights.

Moreover, you shall not make any attempts to use the App or part thereof for malicious intentions.

Also we are not responsible for the way you use the App.

It is clarified that we may adopt, against a user who violated the present Agreement, any legal measures at our disposal pursuant to the applicable laws.

All disputes arising from the usage of the App, shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the United States of America, and shall be submitted to the sole jurisdiction of the competent courts of New York, New York, the United States of America.

VIII. AVAILABILITY OF THE APP, SECURITY AND ACCURACY

In order to use the App, you are required to have a compatible mobile phone or tablet, and internet access. However, please note that we offer you widgets that save translations and allow you to access them later in offline mode.

The App is available for downloading and installing on handheld compatible mobile devices running Apple iOS Operating System 11.0 with minimum system requirements.

We do not warrant that the App will be compatible with all hardware and software which you may use.

We make no warranty that your access to the App will be uninterrupted, timely or error-free. Neither does Apple have an obligation whatsoever to furnish any maintenance and support services with respect to the App.

You acknowledge the App is provided via the internet and mobile networks and so the quality and availability of the App may be affected by factors outside our reasonable control.

The version of the App may be upgraded from time to time to add support for new functions and services.

We may change or update the App and anything described in it without noticing you. If the need arises, we may suspend access to the App, or close it indefinitely.

You also warrant that any information that you submit to us is true, accurate and complete, and you agree to keep it actual at all times.

You can discontinue using our Services at any time by choosing the relevant option in your iTunes Account Settings. If you decide not to use the App for any reason you should uninstall the App.

IX. CHARGES

The App is provided on a paid basis. You will need to pay a one-time fee of $14.99 in order to download the App. Once you download the App, you will get access to all its features.

Prices are in U.S. dollars, may vary in countries other than the U.S. and are subject to change without notice.

You may be charged by your communications service provider for downloading and/or accessing the App on your mobile phone or tablet device, so you should check the terms of agreement with your operator. This may include data roaming charges if you do this outside your home territory. All these charges are solely your responsibility. If you do not pay the bills related to your mobile phone or tablet device, then we assume that you have the permission from the person that does it before incurring any of these charges.

X. THIRD PARTY WEBSITES AND RESOURCES

The App may link you to other sites on the Internet and contracted third parties to provide you certain services. We have no control over and accept no responsibility for the content of any website or mobile application to which a link from the App exists (unless we are the provider of those linked websites or mobile applications). Such linked websites and mobile applications are providedas is” for your convenience only with no warranty, express or implied, for the information provided within them.

You acknowledge that you must comply with applicable third party terms of agreement when using the App. You are solely responsible for and bear all risks arising from your use of any third-party websites or resources.

If you have any queries, concerns or complaints about such third party websites or mobile applications (including, but not limited to, queries, concerns or complaints relating to products, orders for products, faulty products and refunds) you must direct them to the operator of that third party website or mobile application.

XI. DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES

YOU AGREE THAT YOUR USE OF THE APP AND ITS SERVICES SHALL BE AT YOUR SOLE RISK. THE SERVICES AND ALL THE MATERIALS, INFORMATION, SOFTWARE, CONTENT INTEGRATED IN THE APP ARE PROVIDEDAS IS” AND “AS AVAILABLE”. WE DO NOT MAKE ANY WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, WITH REGARD TO THE MERCHANTABILITY, TECHNICAL COMPATIBILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OF ANY SERVICE, PRODUCTS OR MATERIAL PROVIDED PURSUANT TO THIS AGREEMENT. WE DO NOT WARRANT THAT THE FUNCTIONS CONTAINED ON OR THROUGH THE SERVICES WILL BE AVAILABLE, UNINTERRUPTED OR ERROR-FREE, THAT DEFECTS WILL BE CORRECTED, OR THAT THE SER

Zenpeace - Privacy Policy

Privacy Policy

Zenpeace (hereinafter referred to as "the Company"). The service provided on the Application (hereinafter referred to as the "Service") The following is the Privacy Policy (hereinafter referred to as the "Policy") regarding the handling of User's personal information by the Company (hereinafter referred to as the "Company") The following is an example of the

Article 1 (Personal Information)

The term "personal information" refers to "personal information" as defined in the Act on the Protection of Personal Information, and refers to information about a living individual that can be used to identify a specific individual, such as name, date of birth, address, telephone number, contact information and other descriptions, as well as information that can be used to identify a specific individual from the information itself, such as appearance, fingerprints, voiceprint data, and health insurance card insurer numbers (personal identification information).

Article 2 (Method of collecting personal information)

We may ask users for personal information such as name, date of birth, address, telephone number, email address, bank account number, credit card number, and driver's license number when they register to use the site. In addition, the Company may use transaction records and payment information, including the User's personal information, made between the User and its business partners, etc., for the purpose of protecting the Company's business partners (including information providers, advertisers, and ad distributors, etc.). (hereinafter referred to as the "Partner"). It may be collected from the following

Article 3 (Purpose of collecting and using personal information)

The purposes for which the Company collects and uses personal information are as follows

To provide and operate our services

To respond to the user's inquiries (including verifying the user's identity)

To send e-mails informing the user of new features, updated information, campaigns, and other services provided by the company.

To contact you when necessary, such as for maintenance and important notices

To identify users who violate the Terms of Service or who attempt to use the Service for illegal or unreasonable purposes, and to refuse their use.

To allow users to view, change, or delete their own registration information and to view their usage status

To charge users for paid services.

Purposes incidental to the above purposes of use

Article 4 (Change of purpose of use)

The Company will change the purpose of use of personal information only when it is reasonably recognized that the purpose of use is related to the one before the change.

If the purpose of use is changed, the Company shall notify the User of the changed purpose of use in a manner prescribed by the Company, or announce it on this website.

Article 5 (Provision of personal information to a third party)

The Company will not provide personal information to any third party without the prior consent of the User, except in the following cases However, this does not apply when permitted by the Personal Information Protection Law or other laws and regulations.

1-1. when it is necessary for the protection of a person's life, body or property and it is difficult to obtain the consent of the person

1-2. when it is particularly necessary for the improvement of public health or the promotion of the sound growth of children, and it is difficult to obtain the consent of the individual

1-3. when it is necessary to cooperate with a national organization, a local government, or a person entrusted by the national organization or local government in the execution of the affairs prescribed by laws and regulations, and obtaining the consent of the person is likely to impede the execution of the affairs

2-4 When the following matters are notified or made public in advance, and the Company notifies the Personal Information Protection Committee

2-4-1. the purpose of use includes the provision of information to third parties

2-4-2. Items of data to be provided to third parties

2-4-3 Means or method of providing to a third party

2-4-4. stopping the provision of personal information to a third party upon the request of the person

2-4-5. How to respond to a person's request

Notwithstanding the provisions of the preceding paragraph, in the following cases, the party to whom the relevant information is provided does not fall under the category of a third party.

2-1 When the Company consigns the handling of personal information, in whole or in part, to the extent necessary to achieve the purpose of use

2-2. when personal information is provided as a result of the succession of a business due to a merger or other reasons

2-3. when personal information is to be used jointly with a specific person, and the person has been notified in advance or made readily available to the person to that effect, the items of personal information to be used jointly, the range of persons to be used jointly, the purpose of use by the person to be used, and the name or names of persons responsible for the management of the personal information

Article 6 (Disclosure of personal information)

When a person requests the disclosure of personal information, the Company will disclose it to that person without delay. However, we may not disclose all or part of the information if any of the following conditions are met by disclosure. Please note that a fee of 1,000 yen will be charged for each disclosure of personal information.

When there is a risk of harm to the life, body, property or other rights and interests of the person or a third party

When there is a risk of significant hindrance to the proper execution of the Company's business

In case of violation of other laws and regulations

Notwithstanding the provisions of the preceding paragraph, information other than personal information, such as historical information and characteristic information, will not be disclosed in principle.

Article 7 (Correction and Deletion of Personal Information)

If the user's personal information held by the company is incorrect, the user may correct, add, or delete the personal information (hereinafter referred to as "correction, etc.") to the company according to the procedures established by the company. You can request a

In the event that the Company receives a request from a User as described in the preceding paragraph and judges that it is necessary to respond to the request, the Company shall correct, etc. the personal information concerned without delay.

When a correction is made under the provisions of the preceding paragraph, or when a decision is made not to make a correction, etc., the Company will notify the User of the correction without delay.

Article 8 (Suspension of use of personal information, etc.)

If the Company receives a request from an individual that personal information is being handled beyond the scope of the purpose of use or that it has been obtained by wrongful means, the Company will stop using or delete the information (hereinafter referred to as "stop using, etc."). In the event of a request for anonymity (e.g., "I"), we will conduct the necessary investigation without delay.

If, based on the results of the investigation set forth in the preceding paragraph, we determine that it is necessary to respond to the request, we will suspend the use of the personal information concerned without delay.

When the Company suspends the use of the Site in accordance with the provisions of the preceding paragraph, or when the Company decides not to suspend the use of the Site, it will notify the User without delay.

Notwithstanding the preceding two paragraphs, when it is difficult to suspend the use of the Site, etc., such as when there is a large amount of cost for suspending the use of the Site, etc., and when alternative measures can be taken to protect the rights and interests of the User, this alternative measure shall be taken.

Article 9 (Changes to the Privacy Policy)

The contents of this policy may be changed without notice to the user, except as otherwise provided in laws and regulations and this policy.

Unless otherwise specified by the Company, the revised Privacy Policy shall take effect from the time it is posted on this website.

Article 10 (Contact for inquiries)

If you have any questions about this policy, please contact us at the following

2020-04-29

Term of Use

I. INTRODUCTION

These Terms of Use and End User License Agreement (collectively, the “Agreement”) together with all the documents referred to in it constitute a legally binding agreement made between you as a natural person (“you”, “your” or “user”) and We (“we,” “us” or “our”), concerning your access to and use of the software application for mobile devices (the “App”).

All the documents that relate to the App are hereby expressly incorporated herein by reference.

Please read this Agreement carefully before you download, install or use the App.

It is important that you read and understand this Agreement as by downloading, installing or using the App you indicate that you have read, understood, agreed and accepted the Agreement which takes effect on the date on which you download, install or use the App. By using the App you agree to abide by this Agreement.

If you do not agree with (do not accept) this Agreement, or if you do not agree at least with one of the provisions of this Agreement, you are not authorized to, and you may not access, download, install or use the App and you must ly discontinue downloading, installing the App and remove (delete) the App from any mobile device in your possession or under your control.

II. CHANGES TO THIS AGREEMENT

We reserve the right, at our sole discretion, to make changes or modifications to this Agreement at any time and for any reason. We will keep you informed about any changes by updating this Agreement and you waive any right to receive specific notice of each such change. It is your responsibility to periodically review this Agreement to stay informed of updates. You will be subject to, and will be deemed to be aware of and to have accepted, the changes in any revised Agreement by your continued use of the App after the date such revised Agreement is posted.

III. RESTRICTIONS ON WHO CAN USE THE APP

In order to download, install, access or use the App, you must (a) be eighteen (18) years of age or older.

All users who are minors in the jurisdiction in which they reside (generally under the age of 18) must have the permission of, and be directly supervised by, their parent or guardian to use the App, so if you are between the ages of thirteen (13) and seventeen (17) years and you wish to use download, install, access or use the App, before doing so you must: (a) assure and confirm (if needed) that your parent or guardian have read and agree (get your parent or guardian’s consent) to this Agreement prior to you using the App; (b) have the power to enter a binding contract with us and not be barred from doing so under any applicable laws.

Parents and guardians must directly supervise any use of the App by minors.

Any person under the age of thirteen (13) years is not permitted to download, install, access or use the App.

You affirm that you are either more than eighteen 18 years of age, or an emancipated minor, or possess legal parental or guardian consent, and are fully able and competent to enter into the terms, conditions, obligations, affirmations, representations, and warranties set forth in this Agreement, and to abide by and comply with this Agreement.

IV. GENERAL TERMS

The App is a utility program designed to enhance your device experience. The App allows to scan any types of document to high quality PDF or JPEG; to save and store any scan copies of documents on your mobile devices; to share your scans via email; upload scanned documents to cloud services like box, Evernote or Google Drive (see the full performance list on the App’s page on itunes.apple.com). All documents shall be stored locally on your device and shall never be sent to any third-party unless you export them to other apps or devices by means of the App.

The App is intended only for your personal non-commercial use. You shall use the App only for the purposes, mentioned above.

V. PRIVACY POLICY

Your privacy is very important to us. Accordingly, we have developed the Privacy Policy in order for you to understand how we process, use and store information including personal data. Access to the App and use of the Services is subject to the Privacy Policy. By accessing the App and by continuing to use the Services, you are deemed to have accepted the Privacy Policy, and in particular, you are deemed to have acknowledged the ways we process your information as well as appropriate legal grounds for processing described in the Privacy Policy. We reserve the right to amend the Privacy Policy from time to time. If you disagree with any part of the Privacy Policy, you must immediately stop using the App and Services. Please read our Privacy Policy carefully.

VI. END USER LICENSE AGREEMENT

By using the App, you undertake to respect our intellectual rights (intellectual rights related to the App’s source code, UI/UX design, content material, copyright and trademarks, hereinafter referred to as the “Intellectual Property Rights”) as well as those owned by third parties.

As long as you keep using the App, we you a limited, non-exclusive, non-transferable non-sublicensable, non-assignable and revocable license to access and use the App pursuant to this Agreement on any Apple-branded products that you own or control except that the App may be accessed and used by other accounts associated with you via Family Sharing or volume purchasing (the “License”).

The source code, design and content, including information, photographs, illustrations, artwork and other graphic materials, sounds, music or video (hereinafter – the “works”) as well as names, logos and trademarks (hereinafter – “means of individualization”) within the App are protected by copyright laws and other relevant laws and/or international treaties, and belong to us and/or our partners and/or contracted third parties, as the case may be.

In the event of any third party claim that your possession and use of the App infringes that third party’s intellectual property rights, Apple will not be responsible for the investigation, defense, settlement and discharge of any such intellectual property infringement claim.

These works and means of individualization may not be copied, reproduced, retransmitted, distributed, disseminated, sold, published, broadcasted or circulated whether in whole or in part, unless expressly permitted by us and/or our partners and/or contracted third parties, as the case may be.

All rights, title and interest in and to the App and its content, works and means of individualization as well as its functionalities (1) are the exclusive property of We and/or our partners and/or contracted third parties, (2) are protected by the applicable international and national legal provisions, and (3) are under no circumstances transferred (assigned) to you in full or in part within the context of the license herewithin.

We will not hesitate to take legal action against any unauthorized use of our trademarks, names or symbols to protect and restore our rights. All rights not expressly ed herein are reserved. Other product and company names mentioned herein may also be the trademarks of their respective owners.

VII. PROHIBITED BEHAVIOUR

You agree not to use the App in any way that:

is unlawful, illegal or unauthorized;

is defamatory of any other person;

is obscene or offensive;

infringes any copyright, right or trademark of any other person;

advocates, promotes or assists any unlawful act such as (by way of example only) copyright infringement or computer misuse.

You shall not make the App available to any third parties. In addition, you shall not modify, translate into other languages, reverse engineer, decompile, disassemble or otherwise derivative works from the App or any documentation concerning the App.

You shall not transfer, lend, rent, lease, distribute the App, or use it for providing services to a third party, or any rights to the App or any documentation concerning the App to a third party.

Misuse of any trademarks or any other content displayed on the App is prohibited.

You shall not copy and/or duplicate and/or distribute and/or publish and/or use any content in the App, directly or indirectly, by way of a violation of our Intellectual Property Rights.

Moreover, you shall not make any attempts to use the App or part thereof for malicious intentions.

Also we are not responsible for the way you use the App.

It is clarified that we may adopt, against a user who violated the present Agreement, any legal measures at our disposal pursuant to the applicable laws.

All disputes arising from the usage of the App, shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the United States of America, and shall be submitted to the sole jurisdiction of the competent courts of New York, New York, the United States of America.

VIII. AVAILABILITY OF THE APP, SECURITY AND ACCURACY

In order to use the App, you are required to have a compatible mobile phone or tablet, and internet access. However, please note that we offer you widgets that save translations and allow you to access them later in offline mode.

The App is available for downloading and installing on handheld compatible mobile devices running Apple iOS Operating System 11.0 with minimum system requirements.

We do not warrant that the App will be compatible with all hardware and software which you may use.

We make no warranty that your access to the App will be uninterrupted, timely or error-free. Neither does Apple have an obligation whatsoever to furnish any maintenance and support services with respect to the App.

You acknowledge the App is provided via the internet and mobile networks and so the quality and availability of the App may be affected by factors outside our reasonable control.

The version of the App may be upgraded from time to time to add support for new functions and services.

We may change or update the App and anything described in it without noticing you. If the need arises, we may suspend access to the App, or close it indefinitely.

You also warrant that any information that you submit to us is true, accurate and complete, and you agree to keep it actual at all times.

You can discontinue using our Services at any time by choosing the relevant option in your iTunes Account Settings. If you decide not to use the App for any reason you should uninstall the App.

IX. CHARGES

The App is provided on a paid basis. You will need to pay a one-time fee of $14.99 in order to download the App. Once you download the App, you will get access to all its features.

Prices are in U.S. dollars, may vary in countries other than the U.S. and are subject to change without notice.

You may be charged by your communications service provider for downloading and/or accessing the App on your mobile phone or tablet device, so you should check the terms of agreement with your operator. This may include data roaming charges if you do this outside your home territory. All these charges are solely your responsibility. If you do not pay the bills related to your mobile phone or tablet device, then we assume that you have the permission from the person that does it before incurring any of these charges.

X. THIRD PARTY WEBSITES AND RESOURCES

The App may link you to other sites on the Internet and contracted third parties to provide you certain services. We have no control over and accept no responsibility for the content of any website or mobile application to which a link from the App exists (unless we are the provider of those linked websites or mobile applications). Such linked websites and mobile applications are providedas is” for your convenience only with no warranty, express or implied, for the information provided within them.

You acknowledge that you must comply with applicable third party terms of agreement when using the App. You are solely responsible for and bear all risks arising from your use of any third-party websites or resources.

If you have any queries, concerns or complaints about such third party websites or mobile applications (including, but not limited to, queries, concerns or complaints relating to products, orders for products, faulty products and refunds) you must direct them to the operator of that third party website or mobile application.

XI. DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES

YOU AGREE THAT YOUR USE OF THE APP AND ITS SERVICES SHALL BE AT YOUR SOLE RISK. THE SERVICES AND ALL THE MATERIALS, INFORMATION, SOFTWARE, CONTENT INTEGRATED IN THE APP ARE PROVIDEDAS IS” AND “AS AVAILABLE”. WE DO NOT MAKE ANY WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, WITH REGARD TO THE MERCHANTABILITY, TECHNICAL COMPATIBILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OF ANY SERVICE, PRODUCTS OR MATERIAL PROVIDED PURSUANT TO THIS AGREEMENT. WE DO NOT WARRANT THAT THE FUNCTIONS CONTAINED ON OR THROUGH THE SERVICES WILL BE AVAILABLE, UNINTERRUPTED OR ERROR-FREE, THAT DEFECTS WILL BE CORRECTED, OR THAT THE SER

2020-04-22

operator new (int t){

return local_malloc(t);

}

operator new (int t){

return local_malloc(t+64);

}

char *(*)(int t) f (n){

switch (t){

case 0:

return &func::new(int);

case 1:

default:

return &func2::new(int);

}

}

class *t;

t=f(1)(sizeof(*t));

2020-04-14

新型コロナウイルス医師 Sandro Giannini の発見から見えた希望の光(英訳

こちらの記事英訳です。

Coronavirus: speranze dalla scoperta di Sandro Giannini, 10 Aprile, 2020

https://buongiornonews.it/coronavirus-una-speranza-dalla-scoperta-del-prof-giannini/

1) 英訳Google translate を利用させて頂きました)

Coronavirus: hopes from the discovery of Sandro Giannini

10 April, 2020

Bologna - From social media comes good news about the Coronavirus, perhaps decisive, which has scientific foundations and is disseminated by an authoritative doctor from Rizzoli of Bologna, Sandro Giannini. His is a highly qualified curriculum: Full Professor of Orthopedics and Traumatology and of Physical Medicine at the University of Bologna since 1989, director of Clinic I at the Rizzoli Orthopedic Institute and of the Gait Analysis Laboratory, partner in European projects and in national and international research programs, author of more than 600 presentations at national and international conferences and more than 400 articles in Science Citation Index journals. His message gives great hope. Let's read:

“I don't want to seem overwhelming to you, but I think I've demonstrated the cause of coronavirus lethality. Only at Blessed Matthew are there 2 cardiologists who turn over 150 beds to do echocardium with enormous effort and one is me. Terrible fatigue! However, of what some supposed, but could not be sure, we now have the first data. People go to resuscitation for generalized venous thromboembolism, especially pulmonary. If this were the case, resuscitations and intubations are of no use because first of all you have to dissolve, indeed prevent these thromboembolisms. If you ventilate a lung where blood does not reach, it is not needed! In fact 9 out of 10 die. Because the problem is cardiovascular, not respiratory! It is venous microthrombosis, not pneumonia that determines fatality!

And why are thrombi formed? Because inflammation, as per school text, induces thrombosis through a complex but well-known pathophysiological mechanism. Then? Contrary to what scientific literature, especially Chinese, said until mid-March, it was that anti-inflammatories should not be used. Now in Italy anti-inflammatories and antibiotics are used (as in the influences) and the number of inpatients collapses. Many deaths, even 40 years old, had a history of high fever for 10-15 days that was not treated properly. Here inflammation has destroyed everything and prepared the ground for thrombi formation. Because the main problem is not the virus, but the immune reaction that destroys the cells where the virus enters. In fact, our COVID departments have never entered patients with rheumatoid arthritis! Because they make cortisone, a powerful anti-inflammatory!

Therefore, hospitalizations in Italy are decreasing and it is becoming a disease that is treated at home. By taking care of it well at home, you avoid not only hospitalization, but also the thrombotic risk. It was not easy to understand it because the signs of microembolism have faded, even at the echocardium. But this weekend I compared the data of the first 50 patients between those who breathe badly and those who don't and the situation appeared very clear. For me you can go back to playing and reopen the business. Quarantine street. Not now. But time to publish this data. Vaccine can arrive calmly. In America and other states that follow the scientific literature that calls for NOT to use anti-inflammatories is a disaster! Worse than in Italy. And they are old and cheap drugs. " (Associated Medias - Red / Giut)

———

2) 原文:イタリア語

Coronavirus: speranze dalla scoperta di Sandro Giannini

10 Aprile, 2020

Bologna – Dai social arriva una buona notizia sul Coronavirus, forse risolutiva, che ha fondamenta scientifiche ed è diffusa da un medico autorevole del Rizzoli di Bologna, Sandro Giannini. Il suo è un curriculum molto qualificato: Professore ordinario di Ortopedia e Traumatologia e di Medicina Fisica presso l’Universidi Bologna dal 1989, direttore della Clinica I presso l’Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli e del Laboratorio di Gait Analysis, partner in progetti europei e in programmi di ricerca nazionali e internazionali, autore di più di 600 presentazioni a congressi nazionali ed internazionali e più di 400 articoli in riviste Science Citation Index. Il suo messaggio dà grande speranza. Leggiamolo:

“Non vorrei sembrarvi eccessivo ma credo di aver dimostrato la causa della letalità del coronavirus. Solo al Beato Matteo ci sono 2 cardiologi che girano su 150 letti a fare ecocardio con enorme fatica e uno sono io. Fatica terribile! Però, di quello che alcuni supponevano, ma non ne riuscivano a essere sicuri, ora abbiamo i primi dati. La gente va in rianimazione per tromboembolia venosa generalizzata, soprattutto polmonare. Se così fosse, non servono a niente le rianimazioni e le intubazioni perché innanzitutto devi sciogliere, anzi prevenire queste tromboembolie. Se ventili un polmone dove il sangue non arriva, non serve! Infatti muoiono 9 su 10. Perche il problema è cardiovascolare, non respiratorio! Sono le microtrombosi venose, non la polmonite a determinare la fatalità!

E perché si formano trombi? Perche l’infiammazione come da testo scolastico, induce trombosi attraverso un meccanismo fisiopatologico complesso ma ben noto. Allora? Contrariamente a quello che la letteratura scientifica, soprattutto cinese, diceva fino a metà marzo era che non bisognava usare antinfiammatori. Ora in Italia si usano antinfiammatori e antibiotici (come nelle influenze) e il numero dei ricoverati crolla. Molti morti, anche di 40 anni, avevano una storia di febbre alta per 10-15 giorni non curata adeguatamente. Qui l’infiammazione ha distrutto tutto e preparato il terreno alla formazione dei trombi.  Perche il problema principale non è il virus, ma la reazione immunitaria che distrugge le cellule dove il virus entra. Infatti nei nostri reparti COVID non sono mai entrati malati di artrite reumatoide! Perche fanno il cortisone, un potente antinfiammatorio!

Pertanto, in Italia ospedalizzazioni si riducono e sta diventando una malattia che si cura a casa. Curandola bene a casa eviti non solo ospedalizzazione, ma anche il rischio trombotico.  Non era facile capirlo perché i segni della microembolia sono sfumati, anche all’ecocardio. Ma questo week end ho confrontato i dati dei primi 50 pazienti tra chi respira male e chi no e la situazione è apparsa molto chiara. Per me si può tornare a giocare e riaprire l’attività commerciali. Via quarantena. Non subito. Ma il tempo di pubblicare questi dati. Vaccino può arrivare con calma. In America e altri stati che seguono la letteratura scientifica che invita a NON usare antinfiammatori e’ un disastro! Peggio che in Italia. E sono farmaci vecchi e che costano pochi euro.”

(Associated MediasRed/Giut)

———

3) 追記

これ↓はどうも違う、ということのようです。

FDAが、COVID-19への非ステロイド性抗炎症薬(NSAIDs)使用について助言, 2020年4月1日

https://www.cancerit.jp/65020.html

2020-04-10

メンタリストになって荒稼ぎする簡単方法

1)

例えば「孤独な人ほどクリエティティが高い」とか、弱者大衆)が喜びそうなネタを考える。テーマはなんでもいい。「女性幸せ職場生産性が高い」とか、要は世間受けしそうな話を考える。

2)

それを英語表現した場合検索ワードを考える。例えば上の場合だと「Solitude孤独)」「creativity(クリエティティ)」「Study(研究)」とか。

3)

そのワード英語ニュース記事検索ポイントは「Study(研究)」とか「Study finds研究結果)」とか、研究系に結びつく言葉を入れて調べるとただのコラムなどを除外できてよい。医学ネタならPubmed科学ネタならsciencemag、Sciencedirectとか論文検索サイトでもいい。(その場合はStudyは当然外す)ついでに言うと、こういうニュースだったり論文バーっとタイトルで見てるともっと変な研究が出てくることも多いので、逆にそこからネタを考えることもできる。

上の例でいうと、すぐこんな都合のよい研究記事がでる。

People who seek solitude are more creative, study finds孤独を求める人はよりクリエティブという研究結果)

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2017/11/22/people-who-seek-solitude-are-more-creative-study-finds/

英語読める人は読めばいいし、読めない人は翻訳にかけて最低「どこどこ大学でこんな結果がでた」だけ言えれば詳細はいらないので、全部読まなくていい。

A new study by a group of psychologists at SUNY Buffalo finds that not all forms of social withdrawal are harmful. In fact, the study is the first to find a link between a particular type of social withdrawal and a beneficial outcome — in this case, increased creativity.



4)

これを覚えて、あとはこんな風に喋る。

「本当は、いま孤独を感じている人というのは実は普通の人たちよりもずっとクリエティブな可能性があるんですよ。これはバッファロー州立大学で行われた研究なんですけど(実験内容)によって、孤独を感じていると答えた人たちとそうでない人たちを比べると、孤独と答えた人たちの方がより仕事創造性を発揮して、収入も高いという相関性が出てるんですね」

この振る舞いを見ると、この人は普段からめちゃくちゃ論文とかニュースを読み漁っていてものすごく博識なんだと思うだろう。が、実際は逆で、社会弱者(つまりマス)が好きそうなネタであったりを探して、むしろそこからそれに適した海外論文なり研究結果を引っ張ってくる、というやり方で誰でもメンタリストと同じ話ができる。まあこんな恥ずかしいことをできれば、の話だけど。

2020-03-31

Briss, a PDF cropper and rearranger: 1/N-up layouts

I've been working on Briss2,

a PDF cropper (and a fork of the original Briss project) that can rearrange two-column documents, trim excessive margins and other similar feats. The classic use case is converting two-column to single-column documents; this is a "1/2-up" conversion, i.e. the opposite of the familiar "two pages per sheet" (or 2-up) layout for printing. Cutting up columns, however, yields tall and narrow portrait documents that are even harder than normal portrains on many devices. That's why I favour a 1/4-up conversion (tear apart the columns, and also divide each column vertically), possibly followed by 2-up multiplexing (the end result being a landscape document with a single original column per page — the top half of the original on the left and the bottom half on the right). Another good layout is cutting a portrait document's pages into 3 landscape strips (e.g. for devices with low resolution).

The original Briss is unmaintained,

so I created a fork on Github called briss2. Besides fixing a few annoying problems, this version adds tools for partitioning the page into crop rectangles more easily (with optional overlap — to handle split lines), as well as creating reproducible layouts. The current version scratches most of my itches (I also had an undo/redo implementation that was unfortunately lost in a crash) — which is why patches (or pull requests) are welcome.

この度、童貞卒業しました。

童貞を拗らせていたクソ大学生(1浪1年生なのでちょうど成人)だったから、この前大学近くの風俗街に行ったんだ。デリヘル呼んじゃおうかと思って、ラブホ的な雑居ビルのあたりを怖くてウロチョロしてた。そしたら、「お兄さん入るの?」...キャッチの、おそらく40歳くらいのちゃらいオジサンに話しかけられた。「あ、ええ...このデリヘルのこの娘呼びたいんですけど」

きょどりながら告げると、「ああじゃあここね、こっち」と促されるままにビルの4階へ。中にはガラの悪い人たちがたくさんいたが、不気味なほどに静かだった。そういうビルだった。

受付に来て、あまりの怖さに僕は大根役者を演じてしまった。「あー!お金ないや...今日どうしようかな」

オジサンは「え、じゃあコンビニ行きましょうか。案内しますよ」どこまでも逃すつもりはない、ということらしい。

「えー、でもそれだと手数料かかっちゃうんで普通銀行まで行きます

苦し紛れ

「この時間だと銀行でも手数料かかりますよ」

「いやでも110円違うんで。学生なんで金ないんすよ」

「えー、気にしますう?」貼り付けたような上っ面の笑顔が怖かった。

ただ、そこでオジサン電話がかかってきた。舌打ちして電話に出たオジサンは、僕の後ろにいた若い男に「じゃあお前案内しといて」と言って、どこかへ消えた。

若いイケメン風のお兄さんに連れられるままに、いったんビルの外に出た。 <h3>o- **</h3>

「いやー、お客さん学生なんですか」キャッチのお兄さんが明るく話しかけてくる。「そうなんですよ。今22歳で、2浪してるんで...あれ学年いくつだっけ、ちょっとお酒はいっててわかんなくなっちゃったかもw」嘘である。一滴も飲酒していない。

「いやいややばいっすよw」軽薄なノリで合わせてくれる。このお兄さんも学生だろうか。「お兄さんはバイトですか?」

「あー、そうっすよ」そういって、お兄さんは近くの私立大学名前を挙げた。そこの4年生らしい。僕の嘘設定と同じ年齢ということで、少し雑談などをする。

しばしの歓談のあと、「......で、どうします?最近お客さんあんまりいないもんで、安くしますよ」そういって、お兄さんは僕のオーダーより3000円安金額提示してきた。

僕のオーダーは「22歳くらいの、痩せた喫煙タトゥー無し、メイド服」。18000円が、なんと15000円になるらしい。

バイト代が入っていたこともあり、僕はめちゃくちゃしぶりつつ、結局はこのお兄さんの口車に載せられるがままに先ほどのラブホへと舞い戻った。 <h3>o- **</h3>

受付。僕はゴムフェラのためにゴムを購入した。というのも、普通に生でフェラされるのがちょっと生理的にキツかったためだ。

そうして、部屋に入りキャッチのお兄さんとオーダーの打ち合わせ。愛想よく話してくれたこの人は、最後まで誠実に応対してくれた(ように見えた)。

お金のやりとりを済ませ、部屋にて待つこと5,6分。ついに嬢が現れた。

「...え?」

悲しきかな。。。普通ちょっと太めの巨乳、顔は悪くはなかったが明らかに僕の理想とは違った。理想を求めても仕方がないので、そのままシャワーへ。

「はーいうがいしてくださーい」とイソジンできちんと消毒し、ちょっとばかし体をボディーソープでぬめらせ、お湯で流す。嬢の胸をなんとなくもみながら、僕はちんこを扱かれていた。そこまで勃起はしなかった。理想とのギャップの前に、僕のちんこ萎えしまっていたのだ。

嬢はシャワーから上がると、「オプションとかどうしますか?」「どんなのがありますか」「......本番1万円ですけど」ここが運命の分かれ道だった。僕はまだ童貞を貫くべきだった。だったのだが、

「......じゃあ、お願いします」

性欲に負けた。自分史上最大の敗北であるちんこが悪いよ、ちんこが。男は興奮しているとき賢者タイムとき普段人格が変わるのだ。 <h3>o- **</h3>

ベッドの上にパンツ一丁でのぼる。嬢に「じゃあ脱いで寝転んでくださいね~」と言われ、なされるがままに寝転がる。

手コキから乳首舐め。「ッ!?!?!?!?」電撃が走る。僕の乳首落雷。そんなほとばしるような快感に、悶絶する。

「あぁ~うまいですねぇ~」と言いながら声は快感でもはやビブラートがかっていた。やばい射精する。

一端ストップしてもらい、今度はゴムフェラ。「珍しいですねえお兄さんw」と笑われつつ、ゴムフェラフェラの初めての感覚に悶絶しつつ、ちょっとした物足りなさを感じていた。歯がたまーにあたるのでそこが痛くなってしまっていたのだ。また、口の中の構造ちんこ感覚的に把握するのがどうも気持ち悪かった。

しかし。喉奥までつっこんでバキュームフェラを展開されたとたん、再び雷が落ちた。すでにこの周囲は焼け野原である

「ああぁ~っ!!!!!!!!!いいですねえぇ」

射精まであと5秒かというところで、stop. ついに挿入である

ゴムをきちんと確認し、嬢に挿入した。......新感覚だ、、、!

想像ではTENGAみたいな感じだったが、実際にはもう少し水っぽいというか、膣分泌液はローションというほどまではヌメッていなかった。風俗嬢ということもあるんだろうが、オナホよりは緩い。しかし、いわば「ふわトロ」の感覚ペニスはらわたを手術したらきっとこんな感覚なんだろう。

騎乗位の姿勢で腰をうねらされ、もはや射精寸前だった。僕はあわてて「ちょっと対面座位やります」「え?」対面座位とは、よくエロ漫画である相手を抱きかかえるようにして向き合いながらえっちする」やつである知識だけは完ぺきに武装しているのであった。しかし。

「う―——ああぁ~っ!??????」

なんと。騎乗からからだを起こそうとしたら。

「いたいいたいいたいいたいいたい!!」

腹筋が吊ってしまった。前日に暇すぎてちょっとした運動をしたせいだろうか。そして、

「うぉわいってぇ?!」

そのまま後ろにのけぞった結果、ベッドの壁に思いっきり頭をぶつけてしまったのだ。その勢いで、僕は、ついに、射精してしまった。

「......びくびくしてる♡」

このセリフが一番エロかったと思う。エロ漫画台詞じゃん。てかやっぱりわかるんですね、世間女性たち。射精のびくびくわかるんですね。えっちだなあ...

そして、ピロートークうつシャワーを浴びて、部屋を出た。 <h3>o- **</h3>

本番はここから

ビルを出たところで、キャッチ若いお兄さんがそこにはいた。

「うっす。...どうでした?」

僕は嫌な予感がしていた。根拠はないが、薄っぺら笑顔の裏に何かを感じた。

「いや、うす。...それじゃ」

「いやいや待ってくださいよ、本番したんですか」「いや知らんすよ、関係ないでしょ」「あっちに話してほしい人がいるんですよ」「いやいいです、帰ります」「いやいやいやいや」

と押し問答。行く手を阻まれつつ、嫌な予感はどんどん増していく。頭を使い、それとなく表通りに誘導していく。

突然、横を通り過ぎた車の影から一人の男が現れた。30歳くらいの、ラッパーのミメイみたいな顔をした男だった。

キャッチ若いお兄さんが、「この人は女の子管理人です、話ししてってくださいよ」といい、僕の行く手に立った。

「ねえ、お客さん受付でゴム買ったらしいですよね、何に使ったんすか?」

ゴムフェラです、それじゃ」といって歩き去ろうとしたところ、がっつりついてこられる。

「いやいやいやいや、ねえ、そんなわけないじゃないですか、本番したんでしょ?いいんすか?」

「だからゴムフェラですって」「じゃあそれ今から女の子連れてくるから目の前で言えるんすね?」そういった男の顔は笑っているが、目は、ハイエナだった。

どうする。自転車は裏通りの飲食店のあたりに置いてきた。今自分ダッシュすれば表通りに出られる。時間帯は夜の24時くらい。まだ人通りは多く、障害物競走にはなるだろう。

「いやよくわからないんすけど」とごまかしつつ、助走の準備をする。3,2,1, go. 全力で猛ダッシュし、90度の急カーブを切った。この数秒は相手から見えなくなる。

手前にあったゲームセンターに入る。ここは入り組んだ迷路のような構造になっていて、把握していないと走るのは困難だ。

1階を猛ダッシュし、2階へ。4階が最上階だが、そこまでいくと逃げ場が会談エスカレーター下りのみしかないので、実質2つのみ。ふさがれ得る。

2階の中を練るように歩き、トイレを見つける。ここは2択だ。店員を見つけたので話しかける。「すみません!この店に裏口はありますか」「......1つあります。ただ、表口とかなり近いので、あまりかわらないかと。」「ありがとうございます」いったんフロアを見渡す。そこには先ほどの男たちはとりあえずいない。「...っ!」僕はトイレに駆け込み、シャツoutからinに、眼鏡を予備の色違いへと変え、コートリュックに詰め込んだ。これでばったり会っても数秒を稼げるかもしれない。

可能性は2つある。1つは、あの連中が僕を見失っているという可能性。その場合はこの近辺に複数名が広く探し回っているだろう。

もう1つは、ここがバレている可能性。その場合は、彼らはこのゲーセンの前でただ待っているだけでいい。考慮すべきはこの2つ目、worseなcaseだ。

荷物コートを入れたせいでパンパンだ。これを持って移動するのは危険だ。しかし、ゲーセンに預けるわけにもいかない。とりあえずトイレで息を整え体力を回復し、そろりそろりと1階へと降りた。1階の迷路を注意深く進み、入口あたりをちらちらと伺ってみた。......それらしき男いる。確証はないが、やや怪しい。ただ、入口付近に立っている人はいずれもが単独で動いている。つまり、見た目のわずかな偽装最初ダッシュで秒数を稼げば、表通りを通ってさらにそれと交差するストリートへと抜けることができるはずなのだ

やるしかない。行くぞ。

僕は早歩きで入口まで向かい、一瞬静止し、周囲の人物こちらにむかってうごいていないことを確認し、ダッシュでまたもや急カーブを切って、表通りを疾走した。そして、クロスポイントで急カーブしようかと思ったが、そこにいたカラオケ店のキャッチに「なああなたのとこの店まで急いで案内してくれ!」場所はもちろん知っている。そう、この通りの信号を渡った向こう側だ。「あーいいっすよ」と答えた無精ひげの若者に「はやく!」とどやし、ギリギリ信号の長い横断歩道を一緒に渡った。猛ダッシュしたし、彼にもさせた。

そしてカラオケ店をスルーし、通りのわきに停めていたタクシーの扉を2回殴り、「すみません!!急いで乗ります!!!」おばちゃん運転手は「はい!」といい返事を返し、自動制御の扉を開け、僕が入るやいなや扉は再び閉ざされた。

とりあえず、これで安全な閉鎖空間にたどり着いた。 <h3>o- **</h3>

後日談、というか今回のオチ。汗だくでダッシュしてきた僕に不審がるおばちゃんドライバーにわざわざ最寄りから1つ離れた駅でおろしてもらい(道中事情を少しだけ説明して「後ろからつけてくる車はありませんか?」と聞いたのに対し「ええ、大丈夫ですよ」と不敵に笑ったとき安心感はすさまじかった)、そこから備考に気を付けつつ遠回りし、帰宅。そのまま、念のため性病検査キットを注文した。

僕の童貞デリヘルによる美人局ってやつに奪われたらしい。結局総額で、性病キット代も併せて3万8000円かかった。時間はなんと45分、実際にはもう少し短かった。

勉強代としては、あまりにも高い。そんな一夜を僕は過ごした。

理想とは程遠い、ほろ苦いというよりはただ苦い、カカオ70%というより99%。じゃあ1%の何が苦くないのかと言えば、二度と風俗はいかないという教訓めいた信条と。

そして。

女性射精した時のびくびくを膣で感じられるんだなあ」という事実女性の膣の感覚が、これからエロ漫画オナニーライフをよりよいものにしてくれるということなのであった。苦みという絶望の中にも、そういう希望の欠片がある。風俗とは、或いは、パンドラの箱なのかもしれない。

まあ、僕のしたかったパンチラメイドは、終ぞできなかったわけだが。

終劇。

2020-03-27

楽園こちら側」の「事実に誠意を」をほぼdeepLで翻訳してみた その2

その1https://anond.hatelabo.jp/20200327214055

12 Dr. Hiroshi Nishiura is one of the few professionals of mathematical models of infectious diseases in Japan, and it is well known that his ability is outstanding. However, many people don't understand mathematical models themselves (I must confess that I can't say that I understand all of the findings because I'm not a professional of mathematical models either), so his findings and comments are easily deified. Because the contents of the mathematical model are a complete black box to many people, it makes it seem like the oracle is coming out like a shrine's oracle. Much of Japan's infection control policy relies on the Nishiura theory. So there is nothing wrong with that, but one of the problems in Japan is that there is no plan B in case plan A goes bust. Dr. Nishiura is an excellent scholar. It is not God. Hence the need to have that Plan B with the possibility of making a mistake. I am greatly concerned that bureaucrats and politicians who are prone to infallibilism will mistake science for an oracle. It is only when falsifiability is assured that science can continue to be scientific.

感想おみくじ神託が同じoracleだったので変な文章になったが直していない。

13 数理モデル演繹法活用産物である演繹法帰納法アブダクションで補完するのが、学問の基本であり、臨床医学常識である演繹法的にどんなに正しく見えても実はそれは違っていた、ということはこの業界ではよくあることなのだ。ヘーゲルマルクスのような巨大な知性でも演繹法オンリーでは間違うのである

Mathematical models are the product of deductive methods. The deductive method is complemented by the inductive or abduction method, which is the basis of scholarship and the common sense of clinical medicine. It's a common occurrence in this industry that no matter how deducibly correct it may seem, it's actually not true. Even a huge intellect like Hegel or Marx can make a mistake by deduction alone.

感想:「蓋を開けてみれば」を「実はそれは」に変更した。

14 モデルを使うな、といっているのでは決してない。ぼく自身モデルを用いて論文を書く。しかし、モデル無謬ではなく、そこには前提である仮定があり、仮定はしばしば間違っている。グラム染色活用するとは、グラム染色にできないこと、分からないことを知悉していることであり、グラム染色万能論者にグラム染色は使えない。同じことだ。英国でも数理モデル活用されているが、だからこそ英国人はその結語には非常に懐疑的で、常に反論異論が起きている。健全科学的な態度である

 I'm not saying don't use the model at all. I myself write a paper using a model. However, the model is not infallible, there are assumptions that are assumptions, and the assumptions are often wrong. Making use of Gram's stain means having full knowledge of what Gram's stain cannot do and does not understand, and Gram's stain cannot be used by Gram's stain universalists. It's the same thing. Mathematical models are also utilized in the UK, which is why Brits are very sceptical of their conclusions, and there are always counter-arguments and objections. It is a sound and scientific attitude.

感想:「前提たる仮定」がうまく訳せていなかったので「前提である仮定」にしたが、assumptions that are assumptionsになってしまった。

英国人は」がないと主語がIになってしまったので追加した。しかBritsじゃ意味違うよ。もっと正しく訳してくれない?

15 Japan's "now" is a well-controlled state of infection, which is much better than Wuhan at its worst, or Italy, Spain, France, England, or New York at the present time. The problem is that it doesn't guarantee that it will "always work".

感想特にない。便利だなあ。

16 懸念されるのは東京だ。感染報告が増えたことだけが問題なのではない。クラスター形成できない、トレースできない感染者が増えているのが問題である。そして、その陽性患者数に比べて検査数がずっと少ない。47人の感染者を捕捉するために100人未満(陽性者の検査日が不明だが、おそらくこのへんだろう)しか検査していないのは少なすぎる。

It is Tokyo that is of concern. The increase in reports of infection is not the only problem. The problem is that more and more infected people are unable to form clusters and cannot be traced. And the number of tests is much lower than that number of positive cases; it's too little that they only tested less than 100 people (the date of testing for the positives is unknown, but it's probably around here) to capture 47 infected people.

Again, it's not necessary to figure out all the infected people. However, it is troubling that the flow of infection, movement and clusters are out of sight. Therefore, the threshold for testing must be lowered in Tokyo. The threshold for testing varies with the circumstances. That's what I explained with the Korean example. Sticking to the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare's "standards" will lead to a misunderstanding of the phenomenon itself. Already in the Kansai region, infected people have been found with taste and smell abnormalities, and clusters have been detected from there. I would like to make more use of the athletic sensibilities of these clinicians. I'm not sure "where" in Tokyo is the barrier to lowering the number of inspections, but that barrier needs to be removed immediately.

感想:「捕捉するのに」を「捕捉するために」に変更した。多分これでいいと思う。思いたい。

アスチュートathleticになっているのはどう反応したらいいかからない。

17 This conceptual diagram that everyone is looking at - lowering the peak of the infection and shifting it to the side. This is all a product of deduction, and I don't know if it's really true. As mentioned above, the UK estimates already suggest that this is not enough. It is possible that the damage that was shifted to the side could simply be "extra-long damage".

感想特に言うことはない。便利だなあ。

18  そして、ここが肝心なのだが、ピークを下げるという理念が、「ピークを下げなければいけない」という観念になり、「ピークは下がっているはずだ」という確信になり、「ピークは起きていないんだ」という自己暗示に転じてはいけないということだ。プランAに固執する日本あるあるの失敗のパターンで、ダイヤモンドプリンセスでは「二次感染が起きてはいけない」が「起きているはずがない」に転じてノーガード下船を許してしまった。「ピークが起きてはいけない」が「ピークなんて見たくない」にならないように現実を見据える必要がある。たとえ、それが我々の見たくない不都合な真実であったとしても。

And this is the key point: the idea of lowering the peak should not become the notion that the peak must be lowered, or the belief that the peak must be lowered, or the self-implication that the peak is not happening. In a pattern of Japanese failure to stick to Plan A, Diamond Princess allowed no-guard disembarkation by changing "secondary infection should not occur" to "it can't have happened". We need to keep our eyes on reality so that "peak shouldn't happen" doesn't become "I don't want to see a peak. Even if it is an inconvenient truth that we don't want to see.

感想:mustが違う文脈で二回出てきている。よくわかるように変更したいものだ。

カギカッコがないとうまく訳せなかったので追加しているが、なぜかカッコ閉じるがいくつか抜けている。この箇所以外にも抜けがある。

19 Repeatedly. It's common knowledge in this industry that deductive methods are complemented by inductive methods. Nevertheless, PCR is often false-negative and has little power to determine the status of infection. That's why "testing everything" is so wrong. However, a serum test measuring immunoglobulin IgM and IgG would provide a more accurate picture of the "status of infection in the population. This, however, is not infallible. It is difficult to use for individual cases because it misses early infection, which is why it misses early HIV infection.Whether antibody testing is useful in individual cases remains to be tested, but it is well suited for epidemiological studies on a population basis. Roughly speaking, we can confirm whether the "infection is rampant" in Tokyo right now, or whether it's just an unfounded fear.

前例としては、ロンドンの血清検査で09年パンデミックインフルエンザが従来予測10倍起きていたことが血清検査でわかっている。抗体検査アウトブレイクのあとで事後的に行うことが多いが、慢性的パンデミックになりつつあるCOVID-19については、「今」こそが検証ポイントといって良い。

As a precedent, serology tests in London showed that the 2009 pandemic flu was 10 times more likely than previously predicted. Antibody testing is often performed after an outbreak, but now is a good time to examine COVID-19, which is becoming a chronic pandemic.

感想:「前例はあって」を「前例としては」に変えた。「前例はある。なおかつロンドンで〜10倍起きていた」になってしまたからだ。

20 英国さらアグレッシブだ。家庭で抗体検査を行い、「感染である」とわかればそれを自宅での自己隔離根拠に使おうというのだ。ロックダウンが起きている中で、検査陰性は「自己隔離不要」を意味しないため、その戦略に欠陥はある。が、考え方としては「感染全体を抑え込みたい」というもので、検討価値はあると思う。

The UK is even more aggressive. The idea is to test for antibodies at home, and if they are found to be infected, they will use it as a basis for self-isolation at home. That strategy is flawed because with the lockdown in place, a negative test does not mean "no self-sequestration". However, the idea is that we want to control the infection as a whole, and I think it is worth considering.

感想:「戦略に穴はある」を「戦略に欠陥はある」に変えた。

21 東京でどのくらいの感染が起きているか帰納法確認必要であり、有用だ。その結果がどうなるかは預言者ではないぼくには分からない。が、どんな結果が出てきても、それを受け入れ、場合によっては自説を変えて、プランBに移行することにも躊躇しない態度が科学者には必要だ。科学者は、首尾一貫していないことにかけて、首尾一貫していなければならないのだ。形式においては首尾一貫していなくても、プリンシプルプロフェッショナリズムにおいて一貫しなければならないのだ。事実に誠意を。 

Inductive legal confirmation of how many infections are occurring in Tokyo is necessary and useful. I'm not a prophet, so I don't know what the outcome will be.However, no matter what the outcome, scientists need to accept it and not hesitate to change their thesis and move on to Plan B in some cases. Scientists have to be coherent in their inconsistencies.They may not be coherent in form, but they must be coherent in principles and professionalism. Good faith in the facts. 

感想:首尾一貫という言葉を使いすぎて文章をアホっぽくしてしまったが他にいい方法が思いつかない。朝三暮四理解してくれなかった。「自説を曲げ」は「自説を変えて」に変更した。

文章はもう少し整形できると思うがとりあえずこれで。

岩田健太郎先生とDeepLに敬意を。

2020-03-17

テド爺のあいさつ

https://www.who.int/dg/speeches/detail/who-director-general-s-opening-remarks-at-the-media-briefing-on-covid-19---16-march-2020

COVID-19-2020年3月16日に関するメディアブリーフィングでのWHO事務局長の開会挨拶

2020年3月16日

みなさんこんにちは

過去1週間で、COVID-19のケースが急速にエスカレートしました。

現在中国よりも他の地域で多くの症例と死亡が報告されています

また、学校を閉鎖したり、スポーツイベントやその他の集会キャンセルしたりするなど、社会的距離の測定が急速に拡大していることも確認しています

しかし、テスト隔離、および連絡先の追跡における緊急の十分なエスカレーション確認されていません。これは、応答のバックボーンです。

社会的距離測定は、伝播を減らし、医療システム対処できるようにするのに役立ちます

ひじに手を洗って咳をすることで、あなた自身や他の人のリスクを減らすことができます

しかし、彼らだけでは、このパンデミックを消すのに十分ではありません。違いを生むのは組み合わせです。

私が言い続けているように、すべての国は包括的アプローチをとらなければなりません。

しかし、感染を防ぎ、命を救う最も効果的な方法は、感染連鎖を断ち切ることです。そして、それを行うには、テストして分離する必要があります

目隠しされた火と戦うことはできません。そして、誰が感染しているかからなければ、このパンデミックを止めることはできません。

テストテストテスト:すべての国に簡単メッセージがあります

疑わしいすべてのケースをテストします。

検査結果が陽性の場合、それらを隔離し、症状が発現する2日前までに密接に接触していた人を見つけ、それらの人も検査します。[注:WHOは、COVID-19の症状を示す場合にのみ、確認されたケースの連絡先をテストすることを推奨しています]

毎日世界的な需要を満たすために、より多くのテスト作成されています

WHOは120か国にほぼ150万のテストを出荷しています私たち企業と協力して、最も困っている人のためにテストの可用性を高めています

WHOは、感染を予防し、適切なケア提供するために、確認されたすべての症例は、軽度の症例であっても、医療施設隔離されるべきだと助言しています

しかし、多くの国がすでに専用の医療施設で軽度の症例ケアする能力を超えていることを認識しています

そのような状況では、国々は高齢患者と基礎疾患のある患者を優先すべきです。

いくつかの国では、スタジアムジム使用して軽度の症例ケアし、重症で重大な症例病院ケアすることで能力を拡大しています

別の選択肢は、軽度の病気患者を自宅で隔離して世話をすることです。

感染した人を自宅でケアすることは、他の人を同じ家庭に危険さら可能性があります。そのため、できる限り安全ケア提供する方法について、介護者がWHOガイダンスに従うことが重要です。

たとえば、患者介護者の両方が同じ部屋にいるときは、医療マスクを着用する必要があります

患者は、他の人とは別の寝室で寝て、別の浴室を使用する必要があります

一人の患者理想的には健康で基礎疾患のない人をケア​​する人を割り当てます

介護者は、患者またはその身近な環境に触れた後、手を洗う必要があります

COVID-19に感染した人は、気分が悪くなった後でも他の人に感染する可能性があるため、これらの対策は症状が消えてから少なくとも2週間は継続する必要があります

訪問者は、この期間の終わりまで許可されません。

WHOガイダンスには詳細があります

===

繰り返しますが、重要メッセージは、テストテストテストです。

これは深刻な病気です。私たちが持っている証拠は、60歳以上の人が最も危険さらされていることを示唆していますが、子供を含む若者は死にました。

WHOは、子供高齢者、妊婦ケア方法に関する具体的な詳細を含む新しい臨床ガイダンスを発行しました。

これまでのところ、先進的な医療システムを備えた国で流行が見られました。しかし、彼らも対処するのに苦労しています

ウイルス低所得国に移動するにつれて、HIV感染率の高い人口栄養失調の子供たちにウイルスが与える影響について深く懸念しています

からこそ、私たちはすべての国とすべての人に、感染を止めるためにできる限りのことをするよう呼びかけています

手を洗うことは、感染リスクを減らすのに役立ちますしかし、それは連帯行為でもあります。なぜなら、あなたコミュニティ世界中の人々に感染するリスクを減らすからです。自分のために、他の人のために。

また、医薬品などの不可欠なアイテムを買いだめすることを控えることにより、連帯表現するよう人々に求めます

買いだめは薬や他の必須製品の不足を引き起こし苦痛悪化させる可能性があります

COVID-19連帯対応基金に貢献したすべての人に感謝します。

金曜日ローンチして以来、110,000人を超える人々が約1,900万米ドル寄付しました。

これらの資金は、診断テスト医療従事者向けの消耗品の購入、研究開発の支援に役立ちます

貢献したい場合は、who.intにアクセスして、ページ上部のオレンジ色の「寄付ボタンクリックしてください。

また、社会のさまざまな部門が集まっていることにも感謝しています

これはSafeHands Challengeからまりました。このチャレンジは、有名人世界リーダー、そしてあらゆる場所で手を洗う方法を示す人々を魅了しました。

今日の午後、WHOと国際商工会議所は、グローバルなビジネスコミュニティに共同で行動を呼びかけました。ICCは、従業員顧客地域社会保護し、不可欠な物資生産流通サポートするために、4500万を超える企業ネットワークに定期的なアドバイス送信します。

ポールルマンアジャイバンガ、ジョンデントンのサポートコラボレーション感謝します。

また、WHOはGlobal Citizenと協力して、世界中の主要なミュージシャンとの一連のバーチャルコンサートであるSolidarity Sessionsを立ち上げています

===

これは私たち時代の決定的な世界的な健康危機です。

今後数日、数週間、数か月は、私たちの決意のテスト科学への信頼のテスト、そして連帯テストになります

このような危機は、人類に最高と最悪をもたらす傾向があります

私と同じように、バルコニーから医療従事者を称賛する人々のビデオや、地域高齢者のために食料品の買い物をすることを申し出ている人々の物語に感動したと確信しています

人間連帯というこの驚くべき精神は、ウイルス自体よりもさら感染力を高めなければなりません。しばらくは物理的に離れていなければならないかもしれませんが、これまでにない方法で一緒に集まることができます

私たちは皆一緒にいます。そして、私たちは一緒にしか成功できません。

したがって、ゲームルールは次のとおりです。

ありがとうございました。

WHO Director-General's opening remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19 - 16 March 2020

16 March 2020

Good afternoon everyone.

In the past week, we have seen a rapid escalation of cases of COVID-19.

More cases and deaths have now been reported in the rest of the world than in China.

We have also seen a rapid escalation in social distancing measures, like closing schools and cancelling sporting events and other gatherings.

But we have not seen an urgent enough escalation in testing, isolation and contact tracing – which is the backbone of the response.

Social distancing measures can help to reduce transmission and enable health systems to cope.

Handwashing and coughing into your elbow can reduce the risk for yourself and others.

But on their own, they are not enough to extinguish this pandemic. It’s the combination that makes the difference.

As I keep saying, all countries must take a comprehensive approach.

But the most effective way to prevent infections and save lives is breaking the chains of transmission. And to do that, you must test and isolate.

You cannot fight a fire blindfolded. And we cannot stop this pandemic if we don’t know who is infected.

We have a simple message for all countries: test, test, test.

Test every suspected case.

If they test positive, isolate them and find out who they have been in close contact with up to 2 days before they developed symptoms, and test those people too. [NOTE: WHO recommends testing contacts of confirmed cases only if they show symptoms of COVID-19]

Every day, more tests are being produced to meet the global demand.

WHO has shipped almost 1.5 million tests to 120 countries. We’re working with companies to increase the availability of tests for those most in need.

WHO advises that all confirmed cases, even mild cases, should be isolated in health facilities, to prevent transmission and provide adequate care.

But we recognize that many countries have already exceeded their capacity to care for mild cases in dedicated health facilities.

In that situation, countries should prioritize older patients and those with underlying conditions.

Some countries have expanded their capacity by using stadiums and gyms to care for mild cases, with severe and critical cases cared for in hospitals.

Another option is for patients with mild disease to be isolated and cared for at home.

Caring for infected people at home may put others in the same household at risk, so it’s critical that care-givers follow WHO’s guidance on how to provide care as safely as possible.

For example, both the patient and their care-giver should wear a medical mask when they are together in the same room.

The patient should sleep in a separate bedroom to others and use a different bathroom.

Assign one person to care for the patient, ideally someone who is in good health and has no underlying conditions.

The care-giver should wash their hands after any contact with the patient or their immediate environment.

People infected with COVID-19 can still infect others after they stop feeling sick, so these measures should continue for at least two weeks after symptoms disappear.

Visitors should not be allowed until the end of this period.

There are more details in WHO’s guidance.

===

Once again, our key message is: test, test, test.

This is a serious disease. Although the evidence we have suggests that those over 60 are at highest risk, young people, including children, have died.

WHO has issued new clinical guidance, with specific details on how to care for children, older people and pregnant women.

So far, we have seen epidemics in countries with advanced health systems. But even they have struggled to cope.

As the virus moves to low-income countries, we're deeply concerned about the impact it could have among populations with high HIV prevalence, or among malnourished children.

That’s why we’re calling on every country and every individual to do everything they can to stop transmission.

Washing your hands will help to reduce your risk of infection. But it’s also an act of solidarity because it reduces the risk you will infect others in your community and around the world. Do it for yourself, do it for others.

We also ask people to express their solidarity by refraining from hoarding essential items, including medicines.

Hoarding can create shortages of medicines and other essential products, which can exacerbate suffering.

We’re grateful to everyone who has contributed to the COVID-19 Solidarity Response Fund.

Since we launched it on Friday, more than 110,000 people have contributed almost 19 million U.S. dollars.

These funds will help to buy diagnostic tests, supplies for health workers and support research and development.

If you would like to contribute, please go to who.int and click on the orangeDonate” button at the top of the page.

We’re also grateful for the way different sectors of society are coming together.

This started with the SafeHands Challenge, which has attracted celebrities, world leaders and people everywhere demonstrating how to wash their hands.

This afternoon WHO and the International Chamber of Commerce issued a joint call to action to the global business community. The ICC will send regular advice to its network of more than 45 million businesses, to protect their workers, customers and local communities, and to support the production and distribution of essential supplies.

I’d like to thank Paul Polman, Ajay Banga and John Denton for their support and collaboration.

WHO is also working with Global Citizen to launch the Solidarity Sessions, a series of virtual concerts with leading musicians from around the world.

===

This is the defining global health crisis of our time.

The days, weeks and months ahead will be a test of our resolve, a test of our trust in science, and a test of solidarity.

Crises like this tend to bring out the best and worst in humanity.

Like me, I’m sure you have been touched by the videos of people applauding health workers from their balconies, or the stories of people offering to do grocery shopping for older people in their community.

This amazing spirit of human solidarity must become even more infectious than the virus itself. Although we may have to be physically apart from each other for a while, we can come together in ways we never have before.

We’re all in this together. And we can only succeed together.

So the rule of the game is: together.

Thank you.

anond:20200317134214

We have a simple message for all countries: test, test, test.

Test every suspected case.

If they test positive, isolate them and find out who they have been in close contact with up to 2 days before they developed symptoms, and test those people too. [NOTE: WHO recommends testing contacts of confirmed cases only if they show symptoms of COVID-19]

疑わしい場合はとにかく検査だ、としか言ってないな。

増田引用した部分は、「検査陽性だったら症状が出る二日前までに接触したすべての人を探して検査しろ(ただし、症状がない場合はその限りではない)」ってこと。

anond:20200317134051

test, test, test

は何なん?

every suspected case.

ってどういうことなん?

2020-03-01

anond:20200301114340

単純に言えば、どんなリョナなやレイプものを作っても見ても、犯罪者にならない人は元からならないし、

逆に言えばなる人はどんなきっかけでも犯罪者になる

いままでそれをご家庭の教育問題で片付けてきたけど

こういう生きるためにパンを盗んだとは明らかに違う問題(生まれつきの性質)に対しては

これからは逃げないでしっかりと向き合っていかなければいけない。特性大事

もちろん難しい問題であることは認識している

過去にはロボトミーとかとんでもないの生み出したりしてるしね

サイコパスだって巷で言われていることが「やっべ、ちゃん再調査したら違ったわ、てへぺろ」って日常から


サイコパスは顕著に心拍数が低い傾向にあるってマジ?

適当な訳]

アスリートでもないのに心拍数が低いのはサイコパスの傾向があるよ

脳と自律神経の働き方に特徴があり、恐怖や興奮などの刺激が感じにくいのではと考えられているよ

Am I a psychopath? You asked Googlehere’s the answer

If you’re not an athlete, and your heart rate is lower than average, you may be interested to discover that bradycardia, as it’s known, is more strongly correlated with psychopathy than smoking is with lung cancer.

That doesn’t mean everyone with a slow heart rate is a psychopath, but a very high percentage of psychopaths have slow heart rates.Why on earth would that be the case?

It turns out that there are a number of physiological traits strongly linked to psychopathy, including tell-tale patterns of activation in the brain and autonomic nervous system.

One theory is that psychopaths inherit a set of genes that make it harder to experience fear or excitement.

適当な訳]

今までの研究サンプル数が少ないのでやり直してみたら、サイコパス特別心拍数が低い とか無かったよ

Resting heart rate and psychopathy: Findings from the Add Health Survey

引用元

https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/205005v3


Despite the prior linkages of low resting heart rate to antisocial behavior broadly defined, less work has been done examining possible associations between heart rate to psychopathic traits.

(中略)

No significant relationship between heart rate and psychopathic traits, or heart rate and a measure of cold heartedness, was found after controlling for age, sex, and race.

2020-02-28

社長社員お見合いを勧めてきてヤバい

社長は思いつきであれこれしたがる人で、思いつきの開発テーマを開発部に持ってきては、会社リソースを食いつぶしている。開発部のメンバーは俺含め6人であるが、開発テーマ11ある。

恋人のいない30を過ぎた社員にはお見合いを勧めてくるらしい。先日も開発部の先輩が、社長の知り合いの娘さんだかのお見合い結婚した。そのとき特に何も考えず、普通に祝福した。

先日、社長がまた開発テーマを持ってきた。今度はCASEでなんかをやるらしい。どうやらトヨタのWoven Cityを見たっぽくて、いっちょかみしたいらしい。ちなみにこの前持ってきたテーマは「AIでなんか」で、その前は「ドローンでなんか」だった。どれも終わっていない。ちなみに弊社、別に車もAIドローンも主業務として関係ない、一介の電子機械メーカーである

んで、そのCASEテーマをどうするか会議が開発部の中で開かれた。社長の発案なので無下にはできないが、どう考えてもリソースを割けないので、やってるふりして遅々として進めて、途中でポシャらせるいつもどおりの作戦で行くのかと思っていた。しかしその日は違った。

いつも「まーた社長がなんか言ってきたよやれやれ」が口癖のやれやれ系先輩の口数が少ないではないか社長アイデアに全く突っ込まないのはなぜ!????俺はおかしいと思った。そして遅まきながら気づいた。先輩は社長のあてがわれた女と結婚したんだった!(クソ失礼)

開発部部長の顔を見る。そういえばこの人も社内恋愛結婚した人なんだよな…。

そしてこの前、「〇〇(他部署の人)と△△さんが付き合っている」という話を聞いた。

社長が「あいつらは社内公認カップルからな!ガハハ!」と笑っていた。

ヒェ~~~。

ログイン ユーザー登録
ようこそ ゲスト さん