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はてなキーワード: momentsとは

2019-09-30

グレタ・トゥーンベリさんに対するただひとつ違和感

地球温暖化気候問題に対する彼女の主張に反論するつもりはまったくないし、彼女の行動にも文句はない。

学校を休んで活動をすることに目くじらを立てる人もいるかもしれないが、それは個人意思だし、別に周りがどうこう言う問題ではない。

16歳という若さながら、国際舞台に立って行動を起こしていること自体は本当にすごいことだと思う。

ただ、そんな彼女に対してどうしても違和感がある。Wikipediaページによると、

トゥーンベリは、彼女が8歳の2011年気候変動について初めて聞いたと言っているが、なぜ気候変動への対策ほとんど行われていないのか理解できなかった。 3年後、彼女は落ち込んで無気力になり、会話と食事をやめ、最終的にアスペルガー症候群 [12] 、強迫性障害 (OCD) および選択的無言症と診断された。 [13] その診断は「以前は私を制限していた」ことを認めながら、彼女アスペルガー病気とは見なさず、代わりに「スーパーパワー」と呼んでいる。

とあるアスペルガー症候群は近年、発達障害一般にもよく知られるようになってきたこから、耳にしたことがある人も多いだろう。また、強迫性障害アスペルガー症候群ほどではないが知名度はあるように思える。しか選択的無言症はどうか。これは場面緘黙症とも言われる疾患であり、詳しくは[wikipedia:場面緘黙症]を見てほしいが、アスペルガーほど知られた疾患ではないと思う。上記にもあるように、彼女アスペルガーに関しては「スーパーパワー」として肯定的にとらえているが、場面緘黙症については、

So when I was 11, I became ill. I fell into depression, I stopped talking, and I stopped eating. In two months, I lost about 10 kilos of weight. Later on, I was diagnosed with Asperger syndrome, OCD and selective mutism. That basically means I only speak when I think it's necessary - now is one of those moments.

https://www.ted.com/talks/greta_thunberg_the_disarming_case_to_act_right_now_on_climate]において発言している。

これがどうも腑に落ちない。これは場面緘黙なのだろうか。急に話さなくなったり、必要だと思う時にしかさないという彼女自身説明には疑問が残る。

もちろん、当時の彼女を診断した医師がそう判断し、彼女はこのスピーチの中でそれを話しただけかもしれないし、時間の都合上分かりやす表現としてこのような表現になっただけなのかもしれない。

しかし、意地悪な見方をすると、これは場面緘黙症という疾患を利用しているのではないかとも思う。場面緘黙症自体があまり馴染みのない疾患であることから、多くの人はその疾患について「話すことが困難なんだな」程度の認識だろうし、そのような人々がこの話を聞いたとき彼女に対して「そのようなハンデを持ちながらも環境のために声を上げた16歳の少女」のイメージを強く抱くであろうことは容易に想像できる。場面緘黙だけでなく、アスペルガー強迫性障害についてもそうだ。

これが可能なのはそれが見えない症状だからだ。身体的なハンディキャップがある人とは異なり、アスペルガー場面緘黙症一見しただけでは当人がそういった疾患を持っていることがわかりにくい。しかし逆もまた然りだ。自称しているだけだとしてもそれを見ぬくことは難しい。

グレタさんに関してはいろいろな意見が出ており、親に利用されているだとか、誰かがバックにいるとか、陰謀論じみたものまで出ている。実際のところどうなのかはわからない。

結果的に多くの人々に気候問題を考える機会を与えたことは良いことだと思うが、場面緘黙症についての発言だけは、どうしても違和感をぬぐえない。

2019-07-28

anond:20190728122910

最後netflixの”get down”というドラマにも触れておきたい。ヒップホップの創生について描いたドラマである監督は”華麗なるギャツビー”を手掛けたバズ・ラーマン。jaden smithがハウスクラブで、友達男の子キスをするシーンが話題になった。

ハウスは元々シカゴゲイディスコ”ウェアハウス”を由来とする。ヒップホップも元々、ディスコを由来としていて、初期はエレクトロなどの引用サンプリング)が多かった。故にハウスヒップホップディスコを親とした兄弟と呼ばれたりもする。

例えばSlum Villageのdj dezという人物象徴的で、ヒップホップDJでもあり、ハウスDJでもある。Andresという別名義で、moodymannというディープハウス大御所レーベルからリリースしてたりもする。

上記したキスシーンは、不寛容時代から現在へとブリッジするものとして描かれた(ようにかんじた)。少なくともラッパーが同性とぶっちゅーなんてのは、20年前にはできなかった表現である

 

Slum Village "Fall in love"

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s732BigTxZk

Andres "Moments In Life"

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nPT0Zw0z90g

Jose James "Desire (moodymann mix)”

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WHNZy-9u2FU

"Get Down"

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FYcVrWDOiao

 

 

補足。

Childish Gambinoは役者コメディアンとしても活躍しており、netflixなどで公開されている”Atlanta"はべらぼうに面白い

元嫁に尻に敷かれまくりながらも、養育費のためにがんばるサウスの男のお話

Frank Ocean "Super Rich Kids"はソフィア・コッポラの”ブリングリング”の劇中歌である。おもろい映画なので、おすすめしたい。

歌うラッパーは昔も少数いた。Outkast、Ceelo、Bone Thugs N HarmonyNelly、Nate doggなど。今のように誰でも歌ってる訳ではなかった。

SNS活用で一番最初に売れたのはSouja boyである。然しながら、今日のTypicalな成功例とはすこし趣が違っている。彼の場合は、まずダンスが先行した。

Kodie Shane "Sad"における三番目のナードな男の名前が"Napoleon"なのは、"バス男"("Napoleon Dynamite")から引用と思われる。いい映画です。勝手邦題暴力性よ。

2016-03-30

climactic feat in “The Avengers.”) In Snyder’s new film, Superman appears, from the sff

But while pundits have occasionally contorted themselves into logical pretzels to explain away Ford’s casual racism and misogyny — “He was just drunk!” “He always fights for the little guy!” — none has ever been able to explain away his deliberate and calculated anti-LGBT statements and actions.

Ford never hid anti-LGBT animus. From his earliest days on council, when he opposed funding small grants to diversity and AIDS-prevention campaigns, he made it explicit that his opposition stemmed from disgust with LGBT people, not from a desire to protect the public purse.Superman grany przez Cavilla to ten sam poziom, co w Człowieku ze Stali - moim zdaniem Cavill bardzo się stara, żeby jak najciekawiej zagrać Supermana, ale to i tak jedna z najnudniejszych postaci w całym komiksowym uniwersum, więc niektóre wysiłki pozostaniezauważone. Moim zdaniem to wina postaci i fani muszą się do tego przyzwyczaić.

Trzecią postacią, która ma szanse zaprezentować nam się trochę dłużej na ekranie jest oczywiście “ten zły”, czyli Lex Luthor, który grany przez Eisenberga kojarzył się raczej z o wiele bardziej szalonym Zuckerbergiem z The Social Network, niż komiksowym czarnym charakterem. Być może się czepiam, ale gdyby Luthor się w tym filmie nie przedstawił, nie miałbym pocia kim właściwie jest ten rudy gość, który z jakiegoś powodu postanowił być bardzo złośliwy.

he astonishments of the quasi-Biblical clashes and catastrophes in the director Zack Snyder’s “Man of Steel” left me impatient to see hisBatman v Superman: Dawn of Justice.” The earlier film conveyed an awed and even terrified sense of the colossal, a delight in the cinematic ability to realize wrenching destruction and, at the same time, to shiver at the very imagination of it. Snyder turned the superhero universe around on itself, constructing backstories and out-there stories of an apocalyptic force; it was silly but potent, shallow but thrilling. Perhaps Snyder’s new film is the victim of great (or any) expectations, but “Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice” remains literally Earth-bound, and this fair planet is where Snyder bumps up against the limits of his vision.

Where “Man of Steel” opens big, with an intergalactic origin story that has the heightened tone of pseudo-scripture, the first big set piece in “Batman v Supermanis a catastrophe from home, a virtual replay of the 9/11 attack on the World Trade Center, with Bruce Wayne (Ben Affleck) looking on with horror and hatred as the tower of Wayne Industries collapses (vertically) into a blinding gust of light-gray powderas a result of the battle waged by Superman (Henry Cavill) against the Kryptonian usurper General Zod.

That start gives off a strange whiff of competition with—or emulation of—Marvel’s irrepressibly successful “Avengers” films, the first of which, in particular, is an unabashed post-9/11 allegory. (The connection is surprisingly direct. One of the climactic moments of “Batman v Superman”—a leap from the ground that vaults through the atmosphere and into outer space—is a virtual duplication, both dramatically and visually, of a similar climactic feat in “The Avengers.”) In Snyder’s new film, Superman appears, from the start, as a hopeless naïf, a battler for good who doesn’t admit to his own capacity to do incidental evil, a blinkered warrior who deploys his nearly infinite powers according to his unquestioned moral intuition rather than to the prudent calculation of results.

O Wonder Woman, która zgodnie z obietnicami zadebiutowała w tym filmie mogę w sumie napisać tylko tyle, że… do tej roli wybrano świetną aktorkę. Przynajmniej z wyglądu, bo po tych strzępkach dialogów, które pojawiają sie na ekranie z jej udziałem ciężko się zorientować kim właściwie jest ta pani, która w pewnym momencie pojawia się z tarczą i mieczem u boku Supermana i Batmana.

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2014-04-17

メモ

"Scientists discover the protein interaction that triggers conception"

http://mobile.theverge.com/2014/4/16/5620166/scientists-discover-key-mammalian-fertilization?utm_medium=referral&utm_source=pulsenews

受精のために、卵子側で発現するタンパク質Juno発見したという記事。

(contraceptive=避妊、fertilisation=受精も分からなかった増田の斜め読みだけど

上記の要約であってるのかな?)

精子側で発現するタンパク質Izumo(縁結びのあの神社から)の同定はもうすでに行われているけど、

卵子側でも今回見つかって、ローマ女神Juno出産妊娠など。個人的にはJK妊娠した同名映画を思い出します)

名前を付けられたと。

不妊治療への応用が期待されるところだけど、

個人的にすごいなぁと思ったのは中段あたりに書いてある

'researchers realized that the Juno disappears from the surface of the egg moments after fertilization'

ってことが、卵子に対して精子が通常ひとつしか受精できない理由の裏付けらしいということ。

もうすぐ妖精になれそうな童貞が学んだ無駄知識だった。

2012-01-05

Types of digital cameras

Digital cameras are made in a wide range of sizes, prices and capabilities. The majority are camera phones, operated as a mobile application through the cellphone menu. Professional photographers and many amateurs use larger, more expensive digital single-lens reflex cameras (DSLR) for their greater versatility. Between these extremes lie digital compact cameras and bridge digital cameras that "bridge" the gap between amateur and professional cameras. Specialized cameras including multispectral imaging equipment and astrographs continue to serve the scientific, military, medical and other special purposes for which digital photography was invented.

[edit]Compact digital cameras

Subcompact with lens assembly retracted

Compact cameras are designed to be tiny and portable and are particularly suitable for casual and "snapshot" uses. Hence, they are also called point-and-shoot cameras. The smallest, generally less than 20 mm thick, are described as subcompacts or "ultra-compacts" and some are nearly credit card size.[2]

Most, apart from ruggedized or water-resistant models, incorporate a retractable lens assembly allowing a thin camera to have a moderately long focal length and thus fully exploit an image sensor larger than that on a camera phone, and a mechanized lens cap to cover the lens when retracted. The retracted and capped lens is protected from keys, coins and other hard objects, thus making it a thin, pocketable package. Subcompacts commonly have one lug and a short wrist strap which aids extraction from a pocket, while thicker compacts may have two lugs for attaching a neck strap.

Compact cameras are usually designed to be easy to use, sacrificing advanced features and picture quality for compactness and simplicity; images can usually only be stored using lossy compression (JPEG). Most have a built-in flash usually of low power, sufficient for nearby subjects. Live preview is almost always used to frame the photo. Most have limited motion picture capability. Compacts often have macro capability and zoom lenses but the zoom range is usually less than for bridge and DSLR cameras. Generally a contrast-detect autofocus system, using the image data from the live preview feed of the main imager, focuses the lens.

Typically, these cameras incorporate a nearly silent leaf shutter into their lenses.

For lower cost and smaller size, these cameras typically use image sensors with a diagonal of approximately 6 mm, corresponding to a crop factor around 6. This gives them weaker low-light performance, greater depth of field, generally closer focusing ability, and smaller components than cameras using larger sensors.

Starting in 2011, some compact digital cameras can take 3D still photos. These 3D compact stereo cameras can capture 3D panoramic photos for play back on a 3D TV.[3] Some of these are rugged and waterproof, and some have GPS, compass, barometer and altimeter. [4]

[edit]Bridge cameras

Sony DSC-H2

Main article: Bridge camera

Bridge are higher-end digital cameras that physically and ergonomically resemble DSLRs and share with them some advanced features, but share with compacts the use of a fixed lens and a small sensor. Like compacts, most use live preview to frame the image. Their autofocus uses the same contrast-detect mechanism, but many bridge cameras have a manual focus mode, in some cases using a separate focus ring, for greater control. They originally "bridged" the gap between affordable point-and-shoot cameras and the then unaffordable earlier digital SLRs.

Due to the combination of big physical size but a small sensor, many of these cameras have very highly specified lenses with large zoom range and fast aperture, partially compensating for the inability to change lenses. On some, the lens qualifies as superzoom. To compensate for the lesser sensitivity of their small sensors, these cameras almost always include an image stabilization system to enable longer handheld exposures.

These cameras are sometimes marketed as and confused with digital SLR cameras since the appearance is similar. Bridge cameras lack the reflex viewing system of DSLRs, are usually fitted with fixed (non-interchangeable) lenses (although some have a lens thread to attach accessory wide-angle or telephoto converters), and can usually take movies with sound. The scene is composed by viewing either the liquid crystal display or the electronic viewfinder (EVF). Most have a longer shutter lag than a true dSLR, but they are capable of good image quality (with sufficient light) while being more compact and lighter than DSLRs. High-end models of this type have comparable resolutions to low and mid-range DSLRs. Many of these cameras can store images in a Raw image format, or processed and JPEG compressed, or both. The majority have a built-in flash similar to those found in DSLRs.

In bright sun, the quality difference between a good compact camera and a digital SLR is minimal but bridgecams are more portable, cost less and have a similar zoom ability to dSLR. Thus a Bridge camera may better suit outdoor daytime activities, except when seeking professional-quality photos.[5]

In low light conditions and/or at ISO equivalents above 800, most bridge cameras (or megazooms) lack in image quality when compared to even entry level DSLRs. However, they do have one major advantage: their much larger depth of field due to the small sensor as compared to a DSLR, allowing larger apertures with shorter exposure times.

A 3D Photo Mode was introduced in 2011, whereby the camera automatically takes a second image from a slightly different perspective and provides a standard .MPO file for stereo display. [6]

[edit]Mirrorless interchangeable-lens camera

Main article: Mirrorless interchangeable-lens camera

In late 2008, a new type of camera emerged, combining the larger sensors and interchangeable lenses of DSLRs with the live-preview viewing system of compact cameras, either through an electronic viewfinder or on the rear LCD. These are simpler and more compact than DSLRs due to the removal of the mirror box, and typically emulate the handling and ergonomics of either DSLRs or compacts. The system is used by Micro Four Thirds, borrowing components from the Four Thirds DSLR system.

[edit]Digital single lens reflex cameras

Cutaway of an Olympus E-30 DSLR

Main article: Digital single-lens reflex camera

Digital single-lens reflex cameras (DSLRs) are digital cameras based on film single-lens reflex cameras (SLRs). They take their name from their unique viewing system, in which a mirror reflects light from the lens through a separate optical viewfinder. At the moment of exposure the mirror flips out of the way, making a distinctive "clack" sound and allowing light to fall on the imager.

Since no light reaches the imager during framing, autofocus is accomplished using specialized sensors in the mirror box itself. Most 21st century DSLRs also have a "live view" mode that emulates the live preview system of compact cameras, when selected.

These cameras have much larger sensors than the other types, typically 18 mm to 36 mm on the diagonal (crop factor 2, 1.6, or 1). This gives them superior low-light performance, less depth of field at a given aperture, and a larger size.

They make use of interchangeable lenses; each major DSLR manufacturer also sells a line of lenses specifically intended to be used on their cameras. This allows the user to select a lens designed for the application at hand: wide-angle, telephoto, low-light, etc. So each lens does not require its own shutter, DSLRs use a focal-plane shutter in front of the imager, behind the mirror.

[edit]Digital rangefinders

Main article: Rangefinder camera#Digital rangefinder

A rangefinder is a user-operated optical mechanism to measure subject distance once widely used on film cameras. Most digital cameras measure subject distance automatically using electro-optical techniques, but it is not customary to say that they have a rangefinder.

[edit]Line-scan camera systems

A line-scan camera is a camera device containing a line-scan image sensor chip, and a focusing mechanism. These cameras are almost solely used in industrial settings to capture an image of a constant stream of moving material. Unlike video cameras, line-scan cameras use a single row of pixel sensors, instead of a matrix of them. Data coming from the line-scan camera has a frequency, where the camera scans a line, waits, and repeats. The data coming from the line-scan camera is commonly processed by a computer, to collect the one-dimensional line data and to create a two-dimensional image. The collected two-dimensional image data is then processed by image-processing methods for industrial purposes.

Further information: Rotating line camera

[edit]Integration

Many devices include digital cameras built into or integrated into them. For example, mobile phones often include digital cameras; those that do are known as camera phones. Other small electronic devices (especially those used for communication) such as PDAs, laptops and BlackBerry devices often contain an integral digital camera, and most 21st century camcorders can also make still pictures.

Due to the limited storage capacity and general emphasis on convenience rather than image quality, almost all these integrated or converged devices store images in the lossy but compact JPEG file format.

Mobile phones incorporating digital cameras were introduced in Japan in 2001 by J-Phone. In 2003 camera phones outsold stand-alone digital cameras, and in 2006 they outsold all film-based cameras and digital cameras combined. These camera phones reached a billion devices sold in only five years, and by 2007 more than half of the installed base of all mobile phones were camera phones. Sales of separate cameras peaked in 2008. [7]

Integrated cameras tend to be at the very lowest end of the scale of digital cameras in technical specifications, such as resolution, optical quality, and ability to use accessories. With rapid development, however, the gap between mainstream compact digital cameras and camera phones is closing, and high-end camera phones are competitive with low-end stand-alone digital cameras of the same generation.

[edit]Waterproof

A Canon WP-1 waterproof 35 mm film camera

Waterproof digital cameras are digital cameras that can make pictures underwater. Waterproof housings have long been made but they cost almost as the cameras. Many waterproof digital cameras are shockproof and resistant to low temperatures; one of them is Canon PowerShot D10, one of the first underwater digital cameras.

These cameras become very popular during the holiday season, because many people want to save the best moments from their holidays at the seaside. Waterproof watches and mobile phones were produced earlier. Most makers of digital cameras also produce waterproof ones and every year they launch at least one new model, for example Sony, Olympus, Canon, Fuji.

Healthways Mako Shark, an early waterproof camera,[8] was launched in 1958 and cost around 25 dollars. It was a huge camera and pictures were black and white.

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2011-12-28

Summer scenery to take pictures of small skills

Undesirable cameras benefits us many 100 % satisfaction, leading to numerous spectacular images, as well as the hot months is operating relating to dependable summertime. This specific classmate through break free will be able to figure out any tons in addition to waterways, downtown along with far-away beautiful gardening, and yet may these pure attractiveness to become a memento playing hit decrease, apart from skin color boil due to the high-end digicam purpose, a great deal more simple could be to evaluation whatever taking pictures competency as well as having photos. The amount, smaller try to make your work latest many of the summer season harvesting powerful see to it, typically the classmate need to next image have a go through, you become this confidently unexpected wonder.

Digital cameras would bring us lots of enjoyment, leaving a myriad of unique images, and summertime is journeying in wonderful summer season. The classmate throughout the getaway can recognize that reams together with estuaries and rivers, metropolitan and also countryside attractive panoramas, yet take place all these charm being a memento opportunity straight down, together with steam as a result of a camcorder operation, a lot more crucial is usually to examine ones own taking functionality and also taking photographs. That period, the little generate your choice have quite a few summer months firing effective be mindful, the particular classmate may as well within the next snapshot have a shot at, you will get the particular total surprising stun.

Household landscapes

By out of doors firing indoors panoramas, basic will need throughout the Windows 7, out-of-doors mild typically currently have more substantial indoors light-weight, now a couple of challenges ought to be sorted out, is the particular coverage time frame, a couple of it truly is in order to avoid a display reflective, when pics of any camera through hands-on management operate, might take number of years coverage setting up, when photographic camera goes so that you can twit style, can easily will likely be ISO level of sensitivity Surroundings bump up, this ISO 2 hundred or perhaps ISO six hundred aiming.

Inside panorama 's best golf shot employing a tripod, in any other case, wants a spot to guide, one example is in opposition to any divider and entry, and even the true reason for executing it is because very long coverage is quite effortless construct any digital camera protein shake, producing photographs regarding fluffy envision. It's best to utilize the shutter launch, or perhaps utilize to get center-weighted avoiding relocate a video camera. Notice: except if absolutely necessary, tend not to available the particular pen, stay clear of a lot more reflective.

Out-of-doors landscapes

Bring that landscape designs from the probability with the photo may well schedule some individuals or even factors, and this also may help the room inside the operation of your view photos. Get a large surfaces area photos, as an example the veranda as well as the roof top, hillside, for example. Typically inside the mid-day is without a doubt the most suitable time frame filming this landscapes. Filming, having a polarizer to adjust a illumination with the stars, produce the particular heavens develop into dreary quite a few, well known from the glowing blue stars the white kind of fog up, as a way to boost the space or room repeatedly.

Several virtually no guidebook vulnerability management of any camera together with location form, as well as the landscape designs way is completely features on the list of manner, you are able to use landscape designs way to adopt shots. Together with handbook vulnerability restrain photographic camera might opt for aperture goal option that will movie, aperture to help acquired far better pick out F8 to help you photograph or maybe F11, this photo will be extra management concentrations senses.

houses

The particular modify on the urban center is without a doubt switching, specifically together with a lot of approach large establishing intended for symbolize, and also this are at recent many portrait digital photography buffs including firing template.

Yet typical photographic camera through simply how much suitable container distortion, hence as a way to make an effort to reduce the photograph of your deformation belonging to the accumulating " up ", thus you ought to pick around substantial thoughts and opinions filming. One example is inside the steps, or perhaps some other might help the beliefs with area. If you fail to find the correct destination for a reside, you can from the again, clear of the particular lead entity to cut back a distortion. Maybe you've employed the greatest wide-angle standard zoom lens. Vivid stars will be able to replace with a developing with the darkish. Having a polarizer to cut back or perhaps wipe out construction with reflective a glass. In addition to, certainly, consume an excellent know with the can make one of a kind imaginative results.

mineral water

Firing apply or maybe a aerosol in waters, incorporate the use of part mild and also backlight try to make waters intended for introducing see through pattern. Several novices all of coveted by a really "splash with photos, in truth, I am able to effortlessly applied for, so the hurrying h2o glance alot more downy, have got a form of passionate blur. Shutter possibly inside 1/10 so that you can 1/6 erinarians regulate might get move cosmetic perception for splash pics.

At night and also night time

Local plumber to be able to sunset taking scenario regarding is usually 15-30 moments, next the stars always possess some colouring failed to ends. As a way to raise the graphic with the amount with subject, can easily on the ending with the passage and also uncover several regarding an individual's special world. It is as well the location where the tripod on has to be, commonly programmed coverage is definitely o . k ., yet you should attempt to utilize hands-on visibility, and also the employment of the particular shutter put out restrain taking, respectively for 2, 5, 8, 12 and also of sixteen secs shutter tempo so that you can capture some photo contrast.

Needless to say now and again continue to are able to use ISO200 to help you photograph, yet so that you can be aware of an electronic camcorder with disturbance handle is normally adequate, when pixels will be overweight, or maybe together with ISO100 contrasting by using base style to help motion picture.

In truth firing night time scenarios, at times to be able to as well do not require that filming with step-by-step developing oh, this streets these kinds of, a small amount convert tips plus aiming design and style, might get the result of experiencing a specialized pattern.

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2010-06-25

仕事切り上げて

ゆっくりワインでも飲みたい

メール作法

How to Begin and End Email

Beginnings and endings are a challenge in most activities, but in email getting off to a good start and ending positively will strengthen the communication and increase understanding.

Start with a specific subject line.

Choose the better subject line in each pair below:

1. a. New Phones

b. New Phone Installation: Your Action Required

2. a. Update on Development of Sales Model

b. Status Update

3. a. Summer newsletter

b. 10 Great Tips for Summer vacation

In number 1, the second choice conveys a sense of urgency and action, whereas the first choice falls flat. In 2, the longer title focuses the reader on which update the email is explaining. In 3, you don’t really have much choice. Who would take a?

Next comes the greeting.

Examples:

Hello, Robin.

• Hi, Fred and Lauri.

• Hi, team.

• Greetings, everyone

• Good morning, Sayed. (If Sayed this message in the morning)

• Jian, we are looking forward to meeting you next week.

• To: Finance and Administration Team

• To all employees:

• David,

• Ruth, Mala and Felicia:

Dear Mr. Mathews

The last five examples must be on a separate line at the top of the message. All the others can be either a separate line or at the beginning of a paragraph.

Choose the greeting that matches your relationship with the reader(s) and the purpose of the message. “Hi” is friendly but too informal in certain situations—for example, in response to a request for a proposal. “Hello” is friendly and professional. “Hey”is too informal and slangy for most messages.

“To” followed by a pronoun like “all” or the name of a group sounds professional but does not convey warmth. Warmth is required in all messages, but please remember that you must always consider the position of the receiver.

Avoid gender-based greetings such as “Ladies.” Even if the group you are writing it is all women, some among them will object to this greeting.

Do not greet people whose name is included on the Cc line. Only greet people whose names are on the To line of the email.

The punctuation of greetings is a topic for discussion. All the punctuation used in the list above is correct. Some people use “Hi team” and “Hello Robin” without the comma, but traditional writers retain the comma. The reason is that these words are in “direct address.” When we directly address the reader, as in “Hi, team” (or in the example that begins with “Jian”) the name is separated from the other words by a comma.

Dear Mr. Mathews” is followed by a colon in a business letter and in an email that replaces a business letter. However, it is also acceptable to use a comma after a

Dear” greeting in a business email.

In a quick exchange of email with someone it is not necessary to continually greet your reader. Compare such an exchange with putting the person on hold on the telephone. When you return to the phone call, you say, “Thanks for holding. I have the information: rather than “Hi Laurie.”

The last sentence of an email is like the last words of a phone call. They may be a quick signoff or a courteous close, depending on the formality of the communication.

Examples:

• See you in Tokyo!

• Have a great trip!

I will email you in August to schedule lunch.

• Please call me again with any questions

Thanks again for all your help with the design.

• Thank you for your cooperation. We appreciate the opportunity to work with you.

Avoid continually using “Have a great day!” or similar expression as your closing sentence. It became meaningless with constant use and it is a bad fit with email that communicates a policy or serious announcement.

It is not wise to save a request for action or approval until the end of the message. Email readers do not read to the end of a message when they believe they have gotten the main point already.

A complimentary close—yes or no?

Business letters typicall end with phrases called “complimentary closes” such as “Sincerely yours,” “Best wishes,”and “Best regards.” A complimentary close is not required in email. However, business email often uses such a close to sound formal, look professional, or simply communicate courteously.

Examples:

• Sincerely,(the most formal of the list)

• Best regards, (professional)

• Warm regards, (professional and warm, as you would expect)

• Regards, (less friendly than the other 2 regards choices)

• With best wishes, (or) Best wishes, ( professional)

• With thanks, (professional and grateful)

• Ciao! (friendly and rather informal)

• Cheers, (friendly)

A word like “Greetings” does not belong in a close. It may be used in the last sentence, though, to greet others who might see the message:

• Please give our greetings to Dr. Carr

• Greetings to your colleagues in Systems Research

Although people frequently use “Thanksas a close, it is not standard, and careful writers avoid it. Do not use “Thanks in advanceas a close, because many people find it presumptuous. Rather than “Thanks” or “Thanks in advance,” create a better sentence, such asThanks for considering my request.” Or use “With thanksas a complimentary close followed by a comma.

Advice for those who receive less-than-perfect Email. You will sometimes receive email that is less than perfect, which means you might feel a bit offended by them. My advice to you on this is to get through them and leave them behind. Bring a bright smile to your face and a kind tone to your email reply. Forgive those whose writing was clumsy, abrupt, or annoying. They were merely experiencing moments of being human and imperfect.

2009-01-21

毎朝読対訳:就任演説(1)

原文(読売より)

http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/feature/20081107-5171446/news/20090121-OYT1T00080.htm

毎日訳(以下M)

http://mainichi.jp/select/world/obama/speech/news/20090121k0000m030175000c.html

朝日訳(以下A)

http://www.asahi.com/international/update/0121/TKY200901210035.html

読売訳(以下Y)

http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/world/news/20090121-OYT1T00132.htm?from=navr

 My fellow citizens:

(M)市民の皆さん

(A)市民のみなさん。

(Y)市民の皆さん。

 I stand here today humbled by the task before us, grateful for the trust you have bestowed, mindful of the sacrifices borne by our ancestors.

(M)私は今日、厳粛な思いで任務を前にし、皆さんの信頼に感謝し、我々の祖先が払った犠牲を心にとめて、この場に立っている。

(A)きょう私は、私たちの前にある職務に謙虚な心を持ち、あなた方から与えられた信頼に感謝し、先祖が払ってきた犠牲に心を留めながら、ここに立っている。

(Y)私は今日、我々の前にある職務に対して厳粛な気持ちを抱き、あなた方から与えられた信頼に感謝し、我々の祖先が支払った犠牲を心に留めながら、ここに立っている。

 I thank President Bush for his service to our nation, as well as the generosity and cooperation he has shown throughout this transition.

(M)ブッシュ大統領が我が国に果たした貢献と、政権移行期間に示してくれた寛容さと協力に感謝する。

(A)ブッシュ大統領の我が国に対する貢献と、政権移行期に見せた寛大さと協力に感謝したい。

(Y)ブッシュ大統領の我が国への奉仕、並びに大統領がこの政権移行期間に示した寛容さと協力に感謝する。

 Forty-four Americans have now taken the presidential oath.

(M)これまで、44人の米国人大統領としての宣誓を行った。

(A)これで(私を含め)44人の米国人大統領の宣誓をしたことになる。

(Y)これで44人の米国人大統領就任宣誓を行った。

 The words have been spoken during rising tides of prosperity and the still waters of peace.

(M)その言葉は、繁栄の波と平和の安定の時期に語られることもあった

(A)宣誓は、繁栄の高まりや平和な時にも行われてきた。

(Y)宣誓は、繁栄の高まりのときや、平和で静かなときに行われたこともあった。

 Yet, every so often the oath is taken amidst gathering clouds and raging storms.

(M)が、暗雲がたれ込め、嵐が吹きすさぶただ中で行われた宣誓もあった。

(A)だが、多くは、雲が集まり、嵐が吹き荒れる中で行われた。

(Y)しかし、しばしば、宣誓は、暗雲が垂れこめるときや荒れ狂う嵐のときに行われた。

 At these moments, America has carried on not simply because of the skill or vision of those in high office, but because We the People have remained faithful to the ideals of our forbearers, and true to our founding documents.

(M)こうした試練の時に米国が前進を続けられたのは、政府高官の技量と展望だけでなく、「我ら(合衆国の)人民」が、先達の理想と、建国の文書に忠実でありつづけたためでもある。

(A) そのような時に米国がやってこれたのは、指導者の技量や洞察力だけによってではなく、「我ら合衆国人民」が先人の理想に誠実で、(独立宣言など)建国の文書に忠実だったからだ。

(Y)こうした時、米国は、指導者たちの技量や理念だけに頼ることなく、我々人民祖先理想に忠実で、建国の文言に正直であることによって、乗り切ってきた。

 So it has been.

(M)それが我々の伝統だった。

(A)これまではそうだった。

(Y)ずっとそうやってきた。

 So it must be with this generation of Americans.

(M)我々の世代にとっても、そうありつづける。

(A)そして、この世代の米国人もそうあらねばならない。

(Y)この世代の米国人も同様にしなければならない。

2008-07-27

ちょいケルオタが非オタ彼女にちょいケル世界を軽く紹介するための10本

まあ、どのくらいの数のちょいケルオタがそういう彼女をゲットできるかは別にして、

「オタではまったくないんだが、しかしちょいケルの童貞臭さを肯定的に黙認してくれて、

 その上で全く知らないちょいケルの世界とはなんなのか、ちょっとだけ好奇心持ってる」

ような、ヲタの都合のいい妄想の中に出てきそうな彼女に、アニメのことを紹介するために

見せるべき10本を選んでみたいのだけれど。

(要は「the most relaxing feel」「iamge」の正反対版だな。彼女アニメ布教するのではなく

 相互のコミュニケーションの入口として)

あくまで「入口」なので、時間的に過大な負担を伴うイベント、「芸能山城組ケチャまつり」「Sound Horizon Live Tour - 領土拡大遠征」などの参加は避けたい。

できればアルバム、1アーティストに1枚にとどめたい。

あと、いくらちょいケル的に基礎といっても古びを感じすぎるものは避けたい。

ちょいケル好きが『JVC WORLD SOUNDS』もちょいケルだ!と言っても、それはちょっとさすがになあ、と思う。

そういう感じ。

彼女の設定は

ちょいケル知識はいわゆる「テレビまんがから流れてくる劇伴」を除けば、菅野よう子程度は聞いている

サブカル度も低いが、頭はけっこう良い

という条件で。

まずは俺的に。出した順番は実質的には意味がない。

PAINT THE SKY WITH STARS-THE BEST OF ENYAEnya

まあ、いきなりここかよとも思うけれど、「Enya以前」を濃縮しきっていて、「Enya以後」を決定づけたという点では

外せないんだよなあ。アルバムベスト版だし。

ただ、ここで「Enyaの姉がClannadというアイリッシュトラッドグループに参加して……」と言ってしまうと、「エロゲーオタ超キモイ!」と彼女との関係が崩れるかも。

この多重録音過多な作品について、どれだけさらりと、嫌味にならず濃すぎず、それでいて必要最小限の癒しポイント彼女

伝えられるかということは、オタ側の「真のコミュニケーション能力ニューエイジ臭くなりがちなちょいケル暗黒部をできるだけスルーするという意味合いにおいて)」の試験としてはいいタスクだろうと思う。

「月奏~ツキカナデ」-Ar tonelico hymmnos concert Side紅、「澪~ミオ」~Ar tonelico2 hymmnos concert Side.蒼~(志方あきこ等)

アレって典型的な「オタクが考える一般人に受け入れられそうなヒーリングミュージック(そうオタクが思い込んでいるだけ。実際は全然受け入れられない)」そのもの

という意見には半分賛成・半分反対なのだけれど、それを彼女にぶつけて確かめてみるには

一番よさそうな素材なんじゃないのかな。

「ちょいケルオタとしてはこの二つは“音楽”としていいと思うんだけど、率直に言ってどう?」って。

Comparsa - Deep Forest III(Deep Forest

ある種のちょいケルオタが持ってる自然への憧憬と、エリック・ムーケとミシェルサンチェーズのオタ的なサンプリングへのこだわりを

彼女に紹介するという意味ではいいなと思うのと、それに加えていかにもDeep Forest

童貞的なださカッコよさ」を体現するアフリカン・ヴォイス

童貞的に好みな女」を体現するリズムのいいシンセメロディ

の二要素をはじめとして、オタ好きのする要素を音楽にちりばめているのが、紹介してみたい理由。

Are You Shpongled(Shpongle

たぶんこれを見た彼女は「Hallucinogenだよね」と言ってくれるかもしれないが、そこが狙いといえば狙い。

この系譜の作品がその後続いていないこと、このアルバムに収録されていた「Divine Moments Of Truth」がFlash作品となって大人気になったこと

アメリカなら亜流が大量に発生して、それが日本に輸入されてもおかしくはなさそうなのに、

ちょいケル界隈でこういうのがつくられないこと、なんかを非オタ彼女と話してみたいかな、という妄想的願望。

河童のクゥと夏休み オリジナルサウンドトラック若草恵)

「やっぱりちょいケルはアニメによく収録されているよね」という話になったときに、そこで選ぶのは「地球少女アルジュナ

でもいいのだけれど、そこでこっちを選んだのは、この作品にかける原の思いが好きだから。

ガムラン使いてーと言ってAKIRAで先につかわれくそー!と思ってもアルバムに収録されている「逃走」で使っちゃうっていう所が、どうしても俺の心をつかんでしまうのは、

その「捨てる」ということへの諦めきれなさがいかにもオタ的だなあと思えてしまうから。

クゥの長さを俺自身は冗長とは思わないし、もう削れないだろうとは思うけれど、一方でこれが

宮崎アニメ久石譲だったらきっちり自分の音楽の枠内にしあげてしまうだろうとも思う。

なのに、若草恵に頭下げて東南アジア楽器を取り入れた劇伴を作らせてしまう、というあたり、どうしても

「自分の物語を形作ってきたものが捨てられないオタク」としては、たとえ原がそういうキャラでなかったとしても、

親近感を禁じ得ない。作品自体の高評価と合わせて、そんなことを彼女に話してみたい。

Le mystere des voix bulgares(ブルガリア国立放送合唱団

今のちょいケル若年層で生のそのままのブルガリアン・ヴォイスを見たことのある人はそんなにいないと思うのだけれど、だから紹介してみたい。

菅野よう子よりも前の段階で、ちょいケルの哲学とか女性ヴォイス技法とかはこの作品で頂点に達していたとも言えて、

こういうクオリティの作品が民俗音楽として大昔にかかっていたんだよ、というのは、

別に俺自身がなんらそこに貢献してなくとも、なんとなくちょいケル好きとしては不思議に誇らしいし、

いわゆる「Zone of the Enders Beyond the Bounds - Theme from Anubis」でしかブルガリアン・ヴォイスを知らない彼女には見せてあげたいなと思う。

The VOICEKOKIA

KOKIAの「声」あるいは「歌詞づくり」をオタとして教えたい、というお節介焼きから見せる、ということではなくて。

「終わらない祭を毎日生きる」的な感覚がちょいケルオタには共通してあるのかなということを感じていて、

だからこそテイルズ オブ イノセンス主題歌KOKIA姫神以外ではあり得なかったとも思う。

「祝祭化した日常を生きる」というちょいケルオタの感覚今日さらに強まっているとするなら、その「ちょいケルオタの気分」の

源はKOKIAなどの女性ヴォイスにあったんじゃないか、という、そんな理屈はかけらも口にせずに、

単純に楽しんでもらえるかどうかを見てみたい。

Symphonic Suite AKIRA芸能山城組

これは地雷だよなあ。彼女がカネダーテツオーと騒ぎ出すか否か、そこのスリルを味わってみたいなあ。

こういうむき出しのエスニックミュージックをこういうかたちでアニメ劇伴音楽化して、それが非オタに受け入れられるか

ナカマーハシルーを誘発するか、というのを見てみたい。

涼宮ハルヒの憂鬱石原立也監督

サンホラとかルルティアくせーハルヒキャラソンとかあればゲラゲラ笑いながら聞きてーなぁ。

「駄目だこの増田は。俺がちゃんとしたリストを作ってやる」というのは大歓迎。

こういう試みそのものに関する意見も聞けたら嬉しい。

 
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