「Number」を含む日記 RSS

はてなキーワード: Numberとは

2020-08-03

コロナ感染カレンダー3Dプロット

4月13日の週から、今週まで東京都データ入れて、matplotlibで3D化してみた。

今週の明日以降のデータは先週値からプラス10で入れてます

これだと減ってる様子は見て取れないけど、東洋経済サイトグラフだと実行再生算数1切ってるんだよね。

感覚とは合わないけど、ここから下がる予定。不思議なもんだ。

下記のコードは好きに使ってくださいな。

GoogleのCode Labとかならすぐに遊べます

---

from mpl_toolkits.mplot3d import Axes3D

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

import numpy as np

x = np.array([-1, -2, -3, -4, -5, -6, -7]) # from Mon to Sun

y = np.array([1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17]) # From Apr13 to onward

X, Y = np.meshgrid(x, y)

# Number Data of New Infection Patient

Z = np.array([[ 98,161,127,150,204,185,107], # Apr13

[100,123,125,134,166,107,76], # Apr20

[40,112, 47, 46, 164,159, 90], # Apr27

[87, 57, 37, 23, 39, 36, 22], # May4

[15, 28, 10, 30, 9, 14, 5], # May11

[ 10, 5, 5, 11, 3, 2, 14], # May18

[ 8, 10, 11, 15, 22, 14, 5], # May25

[ 13, 34, 12, 28, 20, 26, 14], # Jul1

[ 13, 12, 18, 22, 25, 24, 47], # Jul8

[ 48, 27, 16, 41, 35, 39, 35], # Jul15

[ 29, 31, 55, 48, 54, 57, 60], # Jul22

[ 58, 54, 67,107,124,130,111], # Jul29

[102,106, 75,224,243,206,206], # Jul6

[119,143,165,286,293,290,188], # Jul13

[168,237,238,366,260,295,239], # Jul20

[131,266,250,367,463,472,292], # Jul27

[282,276,260,377,473,482,302]]) # Aug3 : encliding expectations = prev week number + 10

fig = plt.figure(figsize=(10,8))

ax = Axes3D(fig)

ax.set_xlabel('Day', fontsize=16)

ax.set_ylabel('Week', fontsize=16)

# OUR ONE LINER ADDED HERE:

ax.get_proj = lambda: np.dot(Axes3D.get_proj(ax), np.diag([0.8, 1.2, 1, 1]))

ax.plot_wireframe(X, Y, Z)

ax.plot_surface(X, Y, Z, cmap=plt.cm.jet, rstride=1, cstride=1, linewidth=0)

plt.show()

2020-07-31

頼むからセンスのないやつはプログラマにならないでくれ

本当に迷惑なんだ。

センスがない奴の何が問題かというと、技術がないとか、ベストプラクティスを知らないということではなく、根本的に「頭がおかしい」ことなんだ。

センスのない奴は、普通人間が到底思い付かないことを平然と行う。所詮、本に書いてあるようなアンチパターンは、「経験のない人は典型的にこういうことをしがち」という例であるが、センスのない奴はそういう典型的アンチパターンにすら当てはまらないほど意味不明なことをする。だから、「センスのない奴は典型的にこういうことをする」という具体例を挙げることが非常に難しいし、「ここがダメから直せ」という指摘もできない。

最近見た例を書いてみる。2次元テーブルを扱うJSONだ。

普通の人なら、何も考えず以下のような実装をするだろう。フィールド定義データが分かれているのは、ユースケースによってフィールドが可変だからだ。

[
{fieldName: "id", title: "id", type: "number"},
{fieldName: "name", title: "商品名", type: "text"},
{fieldName: "price", title: "値段", type: "number"}
]
[
{id: 1, name: "商品A", price: 100},
{id: 2, name: "商品B", price: 200},
{id: 3, name: "商品C", price: 300}
]

ところが、センスのない奴はたとえば以下みたいな意味不明実装ナチュラルに行う。

[
{id: "0-0", val: "商品名", type: "text"},{id: "0-1", val: "値段", type: "text"},
{id: "1-0", val: "商品A", type: "text"},{id: "1-1", val: "100", type: "number"},
{id: "2-0", val: "商品B", type: "text"},{id: "2-1", val: "200", type: "number"},
{id: "3-0", val: "商品C", type: "text"},{id: "3-1", val: "300", type: "number"}
]

一応言っておくと、これは実例の一部を分かりやすいように切り取っただけであり、本物はもっとひどい。

センスのない奴っていうのは、スキル云々の問題ではなく、そもそも認識している世界常人と異なるから矯正は無理だし、チームにいると非常に迷惑なんだ。だからプログラマにはならないでくれ。

2020-07-27

anond:20200727115118

増田のいうサイコパスとは?

答えないかも知らんから先に書いておくけどこういう思い込み

自己肯定感(自分評価) に回しても問題ないと違う?ダメだとしたらなんでん?

自分肯定しない理由を探しているだけと違うか?

 

2019-02-20 (anond:20190220120144)

差別偏見増長になるので積極開示しないだけで、犯罪者になりやすい傾向、犯罪者になりやすい生育環境 ってのはある

 

例えば、発達障がい、中でもアスペCU特性(Callous-Unemotional Traits:無感覚感情的特徴)など

異常に親権の強い日本でも検査などは一応やってはい

ただ強制じゃないので、親の意識が相当高くないと、大学国立病院に足を運ぼうとはならないと思う

そもそも、親がこれだけ意識が高ければ、子が犯罪者になるとは考えにくい

犯罪者環境(特に親)+生まれつきの性質から

 

なお、犯罪者にならないサイコパス成功したサイコパスといい、

CEO外科医弁護士警察官シェフ などに多いそう

 

なおワイはサイコパス心拍数が低いのは顕著な傾向だと無批判に思ってきたが(例えばこういうの↓)

Am I a psychopath? You asked Googlehere’s the answer

If you’re not an athlete, and your heart rate is lower than average, you may be interested to discover that bradycardia, as it’s known, is more strongly correlated with psychopathy than smoking is with lung cancer.

That doesn’t mean everyone with a slow heart rate is a psychopath, but a very high percentage of psychopaths have slow heart rates.Why on earth would that be the case?

It turns out that there are a number of physiological traits strongly linked to psychopathy, including tell-tale patterns of activation in the brain and autonomic nervous system.

One theory is that psychopaths inherit a set of genes that make it harder to experience fear or excitement.

 

適当

Googleサイコパス のことを聞いてみた結果

心拍数が低い=サイコパスではないが、アスリートでもないのに心拍数が低いのはサイコパスの傾向が高いよ

脳と自律神経の働き方に特徴があり、恐怖や興奮などの刺激が感じにくいのではと考えられているよ

今日、改めてググってみたら、

今までの研究サンプル数が少ないのでやり直してみたら、
サイコパス特別心拍数が低い とか無かったよ
ってあったわ

ほえ〜 ↓

Resting heart rate and psychopathy: Findings from the Add Health Survey

引用元https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/205005v3


Despite the prior linkages of low resting heart rate to antisocial behavior broadly defined, less work has been done examining possible associations between heart rate to psychopathic traits.

(中略)

No significant relationship between heart rate and psychopathic traits, or heart rate and a measure of cold heartedness, was found after controlling for age, sex, and race.

2020-07-26

西浦博教授からの回答:

現時点では使用を考えていませんが、大変興味深い分析だと思っています。 ただし、Dispersibility ratioやReproduction numberと違って、これまでの幾多の学術研究によって数理的特性閾値定理などがしっかり検討された上で実用性を議論できている段階ではありませんので、それらの点について具体的な値が何を意味するのか、ということに関してはとても興味を持っています

根拠が無さ過ぎて、コメントしづらい時の科学者コメント例として参考になる。

現時点では使用を考えていません。

実用性を議論できている段階ではありません。

ではカドが立つので、興味深い、興味を持っているフリをしてあげる優しみ。

2020-07-03

利用規約 - 証明写真アプリ

This **Terms of Service Agreement** (the "**Agreement**" or "**Terms of Service**") is made between AlphaX ("**we**," "**us**," or "**our**") and you, our customer ("**you**" or "**your**") and governs your use of our app (the "**Service**"). This Agreement governs your use of these Service. For support inquiries

## 1. Acceptance

By creating an account, creating videos, making a purchase, downloading our apps, or otherwise visiting or using our Service, you accept this Agreement and consent to contract with us electronically.

If you are an entity other than a natural person, the person who registers the account or otherwise uses our Service must have the authority to bind the entity. In this context, "you" means both the entity and each person who is authorized to access the account.

We may update this Agreement by posting a revised version on our website. By continuing to use our Service, you accept any revised Agreement.

Please review our Privacy Policy to learn about the information we collect from you, how we use it, and with whom we share it.

## 2. Our Services

Service License:** Subject to the terms hereof, we grant you access to our Service. This includes the right to create and distribute videos using our AI-based technology. The features available to you will depend on your plan. We may change features from time to time. If you have a paid account, we commit to providing the core features of your plan during your current service period.
Downloadable Software:** We may offer applications for devices ("**apps**") directly or through third-party stores. As between us and any third-party platform (e.g., Apple App Store or Google Play), we are responsible for operating, maintaining, and supporting the apps.

## 3. Accounts

Registration:** You may create an account to use certain features we offer (e.g., creating or uploading videos).
Account Security:** You are responsible for all activity that occurs under your account, including unauthorized activity.

## 4. Subscriptions Plans

Plan Types:** We offer free memberships and paid subscription plans. We may also offer additional digital content or service on a pay-per-use basis. Advertised prices and features may change.
Personal Use Accounts:** Free or "Premium" users (collectively, "**Premium users**") may use the Service for their own personal purposes. They may not: (a) use the Service for commercial purposes; or (b) use any video they create using the Service for commercial purposes.
Commercial Use Accounts:** Premium Plan is valid for only one single end user. If you have registered for a Premium Plan on behalf of a company or organization, each end user must register for his or her own account.Premium Plan users may use the applicable Service to create particular videos for: (a) their own business purposes; or (b) for one specific third party (e.g., a client) for its business purposes; or (c) multiple third parties, which may use the video for their own personal use. Each of the foregoing use cases is mutually-exclusive, specific to each video you create using the Service, and may not be changed without prior written consent.
Fees:** You must pay all fees (plus any taxes) during your subscription period and any renewal periods.
Free trials and Discounts:** We may offer free-trial or discounted subscriptions. When a free-trial period ends, your paid subscription begins (unless you have cancelled) and you must pay the full monthly or annual fee. If we provide a discount for the first subscription period, you must pay the discounted fee; in any renewal, you must pay the full fee.
Automatic Renewal: To the extent permitted by applicable law, subscriptions automatically renew at the end of each subscription period unless cancelled beforehand. Monthly plans renew for 30-day periods. Annual plans renew for one-year periods**. You must pay the annual or monthly fee (plus any taxes) when each renewal period starts.
How to Decline Renewal: Paid subscribers may opt out of automatic renewal by changing their account settings.** Any opt-out or notice of non-renewal will not affect the current subscription period.
Lapse Policy:** When a subscription ends, the account will, revert to free account status or will be deleted. Any content in the account may be deleted to comply with the limitations of the new account status. You are responsible for archiving your content. We may publish additional guidelines regarding the treatment of lapsed subscriptions.
In-App Purchase:** We may allow you to purchase subscriptions within app. When you make such "in-app" purchases, you will be billed by the app platform, not us. **To turn off automatic renewal for subscriptions, access your platform's account settings.** Any billing inquiries should be directed to the app platform.

## 5. Acceptable Use Policy

We may allow you to upload (collectively, to "**submit**") content such as videos, recordings, images, and text (collectively, "**content**"). You must ensure that your content, and your conduct, comply with the Acceptable Use Policy set forth in this **Section 5**.

### 5.1 Content Restrictions

You may not submit any content that:

### 5.2 Code of Conduct

In using our Service, you may not:

### 5.3 Prohibited Technical Measures

You will not:

### 5.4 Restricted Users

You may not create an account if you are a member of a terror or hate group. You may not purchase any goods or service from us if you reside in a country subject to a comprehensive U.S. sanctions program or are a Specifically Designated National (SDN) as designated by the U.S. Department of the Treasury.

## 6. Licenses

### 6.1 License Grant by You

As between you and it, you own and will retain ownership of all intellectual property rights in and to the content you submit for the purpose of creating or editing a video. By submitting such content, you grant it permission to use, copy, distribute, sublicense, transmit, make derivative works from, and publicly perform and display through all means such works for the purpose of: (a) analyzing your content using automated technologies for the purpose of creating videos; (b) creating videos using your content, in conjunction with other content that we may supply (including Third-Party Content, defined below); and (c) streaming and distributing those videos to end users of your choosing.

The license period begins when you create content to it and ends when you or it delete it and all works that contain any parts of it from the Service; provided that it may retain archival copies: (a) for a limited period of time in case you wish to restore it; (b) for internal testing purposes; (c) when the video is the subject of a takedown notice or other legal claim; or (d) when it in good faith believes that it is legally obligated to do so.

### 6.2 Account Profile

You grant it permission to use your name, likeness, biography, trademarks, logos, or other identifiers used by you in your account profile for the purpose of displaying such properties to the public or the audiences you have specified. You may revoke the foregoing permission by deleting your account.

### 6.3 Community Content and Feedback

You grant it a perpetual and irrevocable right and license to copy, transmit, distribute, publicly perform, and display content comprising social media engagement (including comments and "likes") that you submit or provide within our Service. If you make suggestions to it on improving our products or service, it may use your suggestions without any compensation to you.

### 6.4 Scope of Licenses

All licenses granted by you in this **Section 6**: (a) are non-exclusive, worldwide, and royalty-free; (b) include the right and license to copy, use, distribute, publicly perform, and display the licensed work for the purposes stated above; and (c) include all necessary rights and licenses to allow us to exercise our rights and perform our obligations. By granting these licenses, you waive any so-called "moral rights" that you may have. Nothing in this Agreement shall be deemed a license "condition" applicable; rather, any breach of a term by hereof shall give rise to, at most, a claim for breach of contract only. All licenses granted herein are in addition to any other licenses that you may grant outside of this Agreement.

### 6.5 License

Subject to your compliance with the terms hereof, hereby grants you a limited, revocable, personal, worldwide, royalty-free, non-exclusive, non-sublicensable and non-assignable license to use each video created using our Service for (a) your personal purposes (e.g., sharing videos with family and friends) via online means if you created the video as a Personal user; or (b) any purpose via all means now known or hereafter created if you created the video as a Premium Plan user.

## 7. Your Obligations

### 7.1 Representations and Warranties

For each piece of content that you submit to or through it, you represent and warrant that:

### 7.2 Indemnification

You will indemnify, defend, and hold harmless it and its subsidiaries, parents, affiliates, directors, officers, employees, and agents, from and against all third-party actions arising from: (a) the content you submit to or through the Service; and (b) allegations of actions or omissions by you that (regardless if proven) would constitute a breach of this Agreement.

## 8. Term and Termination

This Agreement begins when you first use our Service and continues so long as you use our Service or have an account with us, whichever is longer. Paid accounts will continue for the subscription period and will renew in accordance with **Section 4** above. With respect to free memberships, it may terminate this Agreement at any time by providing thirty (30) days' written notice, and users may terminate at any time by deleting their accounts.

If you breach this Agreementit may, at its option: (a) terminate this Agreement immediately, with or without advance written notice; and (b) suspend, delete, or limit access to your account or any content within it. If it deletes your account for breach, you may not re-register.

In the event of any termination or expiration, the following sections will survive: **Section 7.2** (Indemnification), **Section 9**(Disclaimers), **Section 10** (Limitation of Liability), and **Section 11** (General Provisions).

## 9. Disclaimers

IT PROVIDES THE SERVICE ON AN "AS IS" AND "AS AVAILABLE" BASIS. YOU USE THE SERVICE AT YOUR OWN RISK. You must provide your own device and Internet access.

EXCEPT AS EXPRESSLY SET FORTH HEREIN, AND TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW, IT DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, AND NON-INFRINGEMENT. Among other things, it makes no representations or warranties:

## 10. Limitation of Liability

TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW: (A) IT SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, OR EXEMPLARY DAMAGES, INCLUDING DAMAGES FOR LOSS OF BUSINESS, PROFITS, GOODWILL, DATA, OR OTHER INTANGIBLE LOSSES.

プライバシーポリシー - 証明写真アプリ

# A. Data.

The photos used in this application are cropped to the size of a picture of the user's picture, and the user's Don't worry, it's not stored on our server as we only let you save them in your photo folder. It is only stored on the client side of the app, not on the server at all. They are only stored on the client side of the app and are not stored on the server at all. In other words, deleting the app will delete all the photos in the app.

# B. Face Control Function

We're not going to take a photo that was taken with a smartphone and use it elsewhere for proof photos. None. These data will not be misused by third parties and are protected by very appropriate measures. The images can only be viewed from the user's device. Since the images can only be viewed from the user's device, we will be able to send those data to you. We will not collect, disclose, share or retain it. When you delete the app, your data is immediately deleted.

# A. データについて

このアプリケーションにて利用される顔写真証明写真の大きさに切り取った後、ユーザー様の写真フォルダに保存させるだけなので、弊社のサーバーには保存されませんのでご安心ください。アプリクライアントサイドで保存されるだけで一切サーバーには保存されません。つまりアプリを削除することでアプリ内の写真はすべて削除されます

# B. 顔写真を撮ることについて

我々は、証明写真用に利用する写真スマホ撮影された写真を、それを他で活用することは一切ありません。これらのデータ第三者によって不正利用されたりしませんし、非常に適切な処置で守られていますユーザーの端末からし画像は閲覧できないようにしているので、弊社の方でそれらのデータ収集、開示、共有、保持することはありません。アプリを消していただくと直ちにデータが削除されるので、安心してお使いできます

## **1. Introduction**

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## **13. Third-Party Services**

We may provide links to online services that we do not own or operate. These services fall outside of this Privacy Policy and we have no control over the data they collect. Once on a third-party site, your data may be collected by others. We encourage you to read the privacy policies of such services before using them.

You may use our service through third-party sites. For example, you may watch a video that is embedded on a third-party site or uses one of our apps on a third-party platform. This Privacy Policy covers our apps and video players but does not cover any third-party site or any third-party video player.

## **14. International Data Transfers and Certain User Rights**

### **Location of Data**

It is based in Japan. We provide services globally using computer systems, servers, and databases located in Japan. and other countries. When you use our services from outside of Japan, your information will be transferred to, stored in, and processed in Japan. and other countries. Please note that Japanese data and privacy laws may not be as comprehensive as those in your country.

2020-07-01

バッタ博士論文に対する疑惑は…

バッタ博士」として有名な前野ウルド太郎博士論文に対して、その内容の再現性が取れないという問題があるということを下記の一連のツイートで知りました。

https://twitter.com/n0rr/status/1277918852987285505


ラボメンが捏造したときに、PI責任を取る方法ひとつ示された。”

と、ツイート主の @n0rr さんは述べており、筆頭著者である前野博士データ捏造して論文を書いたのではと暗に示唆しています


いったい何が起こっているのだろうと思ったので、詳しく調べてみました。


結論から言うと、「前野博士実験結果には再現性がある可能性が高い」と個人的には思います


以下詳しく解説します。


どうやら、前野博士田中博士研究していたバッタ(Schistocerca gregaria)は、「メス成虫が”混み”を感じると、産卵する卵のサイズが変わり、その卵からまれる幼虫の体の色も変わる」という性質を持っているようで、その”混み”の感受に必要な器官や、卵や幼虫の形質に影響を与えるに十分な”混み”の期間、などが先行研究によって明らかにされていたようです(Maeno et Tanaka 2008やMaeno et Tanaka 2012など, 以下「先行研究論文群」)。”混み”を感受すると、その卵は大きくなり、黒い幼虫が生まれるとされています。この黒い幼虫が成長すると凶悪な群性相になって作物を食い荒らします


ところが昨年、先行研究で述べられているような条件では卵や幼虫の形質に影響が見られない(つまり先行研究再現性が取れない)と告発している Nishide and Tanaka 2019 (以下「告発論文」)が出されました。

告発論文責任著者の田中博士は、先行研究論文群の責任著者です。自らが「過去自分達の研究結果が信用できない!」という論文を出すなんて極めて異例。いったいどういうことなのでしょう?

自らそのような告発論文を出すという事は、「他の著者が何か良からぬこと(データ捏造など)をした」ということを発信し、誤った言説を正したいという事なのでしょうか。


そんなことを思いながら、関連ツイートを眺めていると、下記のツイートを見つけました。

https://twitter.com/Cyclommatism/status/1278151055830732801

”20112012年科研費の実績報告書では、きちんと結果を再現できているように読めます”(@Cyclommatism さん)


え?予想した展開と違うぞ…と思いつつ、田中博士科研費実績報告書https://kaken.nii.ac.jp/ja/grant/KAKENHI-PROJECT-23380038/)を見てみると…


孤独相(単独飼育)メス成虫が混み合いの影響(大きく、黒化した艀化幼虫を生産)を受けるには、1日3時間以上の光条件下で混み合いにさらされることが必要であることがわかった。”(2011 年度 実績報告書


サバクトビバッタの成虫が混み合い刺激を感受し、それを子世代に伝達する現象確認した。また、それらの感受期は産卵前4日であると見なしていたが、産卵6日前までの刺激もわずであるが、影響することが分かった。そこで4日ではなく6日間刺激を与えたほうが、反応が確実に現れることがわかった。”(2012 年度 実績報告書


と書かれており、確かに先行研究をおおむね再現できているかのような記述があります


しかし、一方で2013 年度の報告書では下記のように書かれています


”小さな卵を産む孤独相メスに6日間(感受期間は4日)複数のオスを加え混み合いを与えたところ、反応率が低いうえ、生産された卵サイズが以前(Maeno, 2011; Maeno & Tanaka, 2012)の結果と比べ、大きくならなかった。”(2013 年度 実績報告書


2012年報告書までは「孤独相のメスに6日間混み合い刺激を与えると反応が確実に現れる」という結果が、2013年報告書では「孤独相のメスに6日間混み合い刺激を与えても反応率が低い」となっています

まり(私の理解が正しければ、ですが)、2012年度までは前野博士論文実験結果再現性がとれていて、2013年から再現できなくなっているように思えます


前野博士田中博士研究から去ってアフリカに渡ったのが2010年度末ですので、2011年度や2012年度の報告書に書かれているデータに前野博士実験データは含まれないと考えるのが自然でしょう。

(もしも含まれるのだとしたら、田中博士が「過去データをあたかもその年に得られたデータであるがごとく報告している」という問題行動をしているということになります

まりデータ再現性に関して、田中博士の主張は途中で変遷しているといってよいかと思います


さらに、前野博士2020年になって、「実験結果再現できた」という論文を発表しています

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0022191019303713


この論文を読んでみると、実験は総勢11名の人間が、実験者、調整役、測定役、解析役というそれぞれ異なる役割実験に参加し、互いに他のステップには干渉しないし結果も知らない(例えば、測定役は自身が測定しているサンプルがどのような処理を受けたものかわからないし、次にどう解析されるかもわからない)という非常に厳密な条件で行われています。そのうえで先行研究実験結果再現されています

これだけ多くの人が関わると、データ捏造するのは無理ではないでしょうか。

(謝辞に名前が挙げられている方と思しき方による、当時のことに言及したと思われるツイートも見つけました https://twitter.com/kobakaz_jp/status/1278151260743495680, @kobakaz_jp さん)


以上のことから、前野博士による実験データは「再現性がある」と個人的には感じます

しろ、実績報告書の中で実験結果記述を変遷させている田中博士の方の主張は無理筋なのではないでしょうか。


生物相手にした実験では、ささいな条件の違いで結果が異なることがあると聞きます

恐らく今回の事態も、そのような違いに起因して先行研究の結果が再現できなかったのではないかなと想像します。


参考文献


【先行研究論文群】

Maeno, K., & Tanaka, S. (2008). Maternal effects on progeny size, number and body color in the desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria: density-and reproductive cycle-dependent variation. Journal of Insect Physiology, 54(6), 1072-1080.

Maeno, K., & Tanaka, S. (2012). Adult female desert locusts require contact chemicals and light for progeny gregarization. Physiological entomology, 37(2), 109-118.


告発論文

Nishide, Y., & Tanaka, S. (2019). Re-examination of the maternal control of progeny size and body color in the desert locust Schistocerca gregaria: Differences from previous conclusions. Journal of insect physiology, 114, 145-157.


告発に対する反論論文

Maeno, K. O. (2019). Comments/arguments to: Re-examination of the maternal control of progeny size and body color in the desert locust Schistocerca gregaria: Differences from previous conclusions (by Yudai Nishide and Seiji Tanaka-2019-Journal of Insect Physiology xx, xxx). Journal of insect physiology, 114, 158.


再現論文

Maeno, K. O., Piou, C., & Ghaout, S. (2020). The desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria, plastically manipulates egg size by regulating both egg numbers and production rate according to population density. Journal of Insect Physiology, 122, 104020.


2020-06-27

Technology that is not according to the catalog. As a result, the number of clocks becomes shorter when the order of specific instructions is aligned. ADD, ADD

2020-06-26

Googler

Googler is a full-featured Python-based command line tool for accessing Google (Web n News) and Google Site Search

Doing within the Linux terminal. It is fast and clean with custom colors and no ads, stray URLs or clutter included.

It supports navigation of search result pages from omniprompt.

In addition, it supports fetching of number of results in a go, users can start at the nth result, and supports limiting of search by attributes such as duration, country/domain specific search (default: .com), language preference.

2020-06-19

cleaner app - terms of service

This **Terms of Service Agreement** (the "**Agreement**" or "**Terms of Service**") is made between Buckle Incorporated ("**we**," "**us**," or "**our**") and you, our customer ("**you**" or "**your**") and governs your use of our app (the "**Service**"). This Agreement governs your use of these Service. For support inquiries

## 1. Acceptance

By creating an account, creating videos, making a purchase, downloading our apps, or otherwise visiting or using our Service, you accept this Agreement and consent to contract with us electronically.

If you are an entity other than a natural person, the person who registers the account or otherwise uses our Service must have the authority to bind the entity. In this context, "you" means both the entity and each person who is authorized to access the account.

We may update this Agreement by posting a revised version on our website. By continuing to use our Service, you accept any revised Agreement.

Please review our Privacy Policy to learn about the information we collect from you, how we use it, and with whom we share it.

## 2. Our Services

Service License:** Subject to the terms hereof, we grant you access to our Service. This includes the right to create and distribute videos using our AI-based technology. The features available to you will depend on your plan. We may change features from time to time. If you have a paid account, we commit to providing the core features of your plan during your current service period.
Downloadable Software:** We may offer applications for devices ("**apps**") directly or through third-party stores. As between us and any third-party platform (e.g., Apple App Store or Google Play), we are responsible for operating, maintaining, and supporting the apps.

## 3. Accounts

Registration:** You may create an account to use certain features we offer (e.g., creating or uploading videos).
Account Security:** You are responsible for all activity that occurs under your account, including unauthorized activity.

## 4. Subscriptions Plans

Plan Types:** We offer free memberships and paid subscription plans. We may also offer additional digital content or service on a pay-per-use basis. Advertised prices and features may change.
Personal Use Accounts:** Free or "Premium" users (collectively, "**Premium users**") may use the Service for their own personal purposes. They may not: (a) use the Service for commercial purposes; or (b) use any video they create using the Service for commercial purposes.
Commercial Use Accounts:** Premium Plan is valid for only one single end user. If you have registered for a Premium Plan on behalf of a company or organization, each end user must register for his or her own account.Premium Plan users may use the applicable Service to create particular videos for: (a) their own business purposes; or (b) for one specific third party (e.g., a client) for its business purposes; or (c) multiple third parties, which may use the video for their own personal use. Each of the foregoing use cases is mutually-exclusive, specific to each video you create using the Service, and may not be changed without prior written consent.
Fees:** You must pay all fees (plus any taxes) during your subscription period and any renewal periods.
Free trials and Discounts:** We may offer free-trial or discounted subscriptions. When a free-trial period ends, your paid subscription begins (unless you have cancelled) and you must pay the full monthly or annual fee. If we provide a discount for the first subscription period, you must pay the discounted fee; in any renewal, you must pay the full fee.
Automatic Renewal: To the extent permitted by applicable law, subscriptions automatically renew at the end of each subscription period unless cancelled beforehand. Monthly plans renew for 30-day periods. Annual plans renew for one-year periods**. You must pay the annual or monthly fee (plus any taxes) when each renewal period starts.
How to Decline Renewal: Paid subscribers may opt out of automatic renewal by changing their account settings.** Any opt-out or notice of non-renewal will not affect the current subscription period.
Lapse Policy:** When a subscription ends, the account will, revert to free account status or will be deleted. Any content in the account may be deleted to comply with the limitations of the new account status. You are responsible for archiving your content. We may publish additional guidelines regarding the treatment of lapsed subscriptions.
In-App Purchase:** We may allow you to purchase subscriptions within app. When you make such "in-app" purchases, you will be billed by the app platform, not us. **To turn off automatic renewal for subscriptions, access your platform's account settings.** Any billing inquiries should be directed to the app platform.

## 5. Acceptable Use Policy

We may allow you to upload (collectively, to "**submit**") content such as videos, recordings, images, and text (collectively, "**content**"). You must ensure that your content, and your conduct, comply with the Acceptable Use Policy set forth in this **Section 5**.

### 5.1 Content Restrictions

You may not submit any content that:

### 5.2 Code of Conduct

In using our Service, you may not:

### 5.3 Prohibited Technical Measures

You will not:

### 5.4 Restricted Users

You may not create an account if you are a member of a terror or hate group. You may not purchase any goods or service from us if you reside in a country subject to a comprehensive U.S. sanctions program or are a Specifically Designated National (SDN) as designated by the U.S. Department of the Treasury.

## 6. Licenses

### 6.1 License Grant by You

As between you and it, you own and will retain ownership of all intellectual property rights in and to the content you submit for the purpose of creating or editing a video. By submitting such content, you grant it permission to use, copy, distribute, sublicense, transmit, make derivative works from, and publicly perform and display through all means such works for the purpose of: (a) analyzing your content using automated technologies for the purpose of creating videos; (b) creating videos using your content, in conjunction with other content that we may supply (including Third-Party Content, defined below); and (c) streaming and distributing those videos to end users of your choosing.

The license period begins when you create content to it and ends when you or it delete it and all works that contain any parts of it from the Service; provided that it may retain archival copies: (a) for a limited period of time in case you wish to restore it; (b) for internal testing purposes; (c) when the video is the subject of a takedown notice or other legal claim; or (d) when it in good faith believes that it is legally obligated to do so.

### 6.2 Account Profile

You grant it permission to use your name, likeness, biography, trademarks, logos, or other identifiers used by you in your account profile for the purpose of displaying such properties to the public or the audiences you have specified. You may revoke the foregoing permission by deleting your account.

### 6.3 Community Content and Feedback

You grant it a perpetual and irrevocable right and license to copy, transmit, distribute, publicly perform, and display content comprising social media engagement (including comments and "likes") that you submit or provide within our Service. If you make suggestions to it on improving our products or service, it may use your suggestions without any compensation to you.

### 6.4 Scope of Licenses

All licenses granted by you in this **Section 6**: (a) are non-exclusive, worldwide, and royalty-free; (b) include the right and license to copy, use, distribute, publicly perform, and display the licensed work for the purposes stated above; and (c) include all necessary rights and licenses to allow us to exercise our rights and perform our obligations. By granting these licenses, you waive any so-called "moral rights" that you may have. Nothing in this Agreement shall be deemed a license "condition" applicable; rather, any breach of a term by hereof shall give rise to, at most, a claim for breach of contract only. All licenses granted herein are in addition to any other licenses that you may grant outside of this Agreement.

### 6.5 License

Subject to your compliance with the terms hereof, hereby grants you a limited, revocable, personal, worldwide, royalty-free, non-exclusive, non-sublicensable and non-assignable license to use each video created using our Service for (a) your personal purposes (e.g., sharing videos with family and friends) via online means if you created the video as a Personal user; or (b) any purpose via all means now known or hereafter created if you created the video as a Premium Plan user.

## 7. Your Obligations

### 7.1 Representations and Warranties

For each piece of content that you submit to or through it, you represent and warrant that:

### 7.2 Indemnification

You will indemnify, defend, and hold harmless it and its subsidiaries, parents, affiliates, directors, officers, employees, and agents, from and against all third-party actions arising from: (a) the content you submit to or through the Service; and (b) allegations of actions or omissions by you that (regardless if proven) would constitute a breach of this Agreement.

## 8. Term and Termination

This Agreement begins when you first use our Service and continues so long as you use our Service or have an account with us, whichever is longer. Paid accounts will continue for the subscription period and will renew in accordance with **Section 4** above. With respect to free memberships, it may terminate this Agreement at any time by providing thirty (30) days' written notice, and users may terminate at any time by deleting their accounts.

If you breach this Agreementit may, at its option: (a) terminate this Agreement immediately, with or without advance written notice; and (b) suspend, delete, or limit access to your account or any content within it. If it deletes your account for breach, you may not re-register.

In the event of any termination or expiration, the following sections will survive: **Section 7.2** (Indemnification), **Section 9**(Disclaimers), **Section 10** (Limitation of Liability), and **Section 11** (General Provisions).

## 9. Disclaimers

IT PROVIDES THE SERVICE ON AN "AS IS" AND "AS AVAILABLE" BASIS. YOU USE THE SERVICE AT YOUR OWN RISK. You must provide your own device and Internet access.

EXCEPT AS EXPRESSLY SET FORTH HEREIN, AND TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW, IT DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, AND NON-INFRINGEMENT. Among other things, it makes no representations or warranties:

## 10. Limitation of Liability

TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW: (A) IT SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, OR EXEMPLARY DAMAGES, INCLUDING DAMAGES FOR LOSS OF BUSINESS, PROFITS, GOODWILL, DATA, OR OTHER INTANGIBLE LOSSES.

2020-06-05

GOTOキャンペーン

10 LET P = 0

20 FOR U=0 TO 200 STEP 1

30 LET P = P + U

35 PRINT P

40 NEXT U

50 FOR D=200 TO 10 STEP -1

60 LET P = P - D

65 PRINT P

70 NEXT D

80 GOTO 20

📝Memo

P: number of patient

2020-05-20

プライバシーポリシー for ルーレットアプリ

Privacy Policy

ルーレット for 迷った時 (hereinafter referred to as "the Company"). The service provided on the Application (hereinafter referred to as the "Service") The following is the Privacy Policy (hereinafter referred to as the "Policy") regarding the handling of User's personal information by the Company (hereinafter referred to as the "Company") The following is an example of the

Article 1 (Personal Information)

The term "personal information" refers to "personal information" as defined in the Act on the Protection of Personal Information, and refers to information about a living individual that can be used to identify a specific individual, such as name, date of birth, address, telephone number, contact information and other descriptions, as well as information that can be used to identify a specific individual from the information itself, such as appearance, fingerprints, voiceprint data, and health insurance card insurer numbers (personal identification information).

Article 2 (Method of collecting personal information)

We may ask users for personal information such as name, date of birth, address, telephone number, email address, bank account number, credit card number, and driver's license number when they register to use the site. In addition, the Company may use transaction records and payment information, including the User's personal information, made between the User and its business partners, etc., for the purpose of protecting the Company's business partners (including information providers, advertisers, and ad distributors, etc.). (hereinafter referred to as the "Partner"). It may be collected from the following

Article 3 (Purpose of collecting and using personal information)

The purposes for which the Company collects and uses personal information are as follows

To provide and operate our services

To respond to the user's inquiries (including verifying the user's identity)

To send e-mails informing the user of new features, updated information, campaigns, and other services provided by the company.

To contact you when necessary, such as for maintenance and important notices

To identify users who violate the Terms of Service or who attempt to use the Service for illegal or unreasonable purposes, and to refuse their use.

To allow users to view, change, or delete their own registration information and to view their usage status

To charge users for paid services.

Purposes incidental to the above purposes of use

Article 4 (Change of purpose of use)

The Company will change the purpose of use of personal information only when it is reasonably recognized that the purpose of use is related to the one before the change.

If the purpose of use is changed, the Company shall notify the User of the changed purpose of use in a manner prescribed by the Company, or announce it on this website.

Article 5 (Provision of personal information to a third party)

The Company will not provide personal information to any third party without the prior consent of the User, except in the following cases However, this does not apply when permitted by the Personal Information Protection Law or other laws and regulations.

1-1. when it is necessary for the protection of a person's life, body or property and it is difficult to obtain the consent of the person

1-2. when it is particularly necessary for the improvement of public health or the promotion of the sound growth of children, and it is difficult to obtain the consent of the individual

1-3. when it is necessary to cooperate with a national organization, a local government, or a person entrusted by the national organization or local government in the execution of the affairs prescribed by laws and regulations, and obtaining the consent of the person is likely to impede the execution of the affairs

2-4 When the following matters are notified or made public in advance, and the Company notifies the Personal Information Protection Committee

2-4-1. the purpose of use includes the provision of information to third parties

2-4-2. Items of data to be provided to third parties

2-4-3 Means or method of providing to a third party

2-4-4. stopping the provision of personal information to a third party upon the request of the person

2-4-5. How to respond to a person's request

Notwithstanding the provisions of the preceding paragraph, in the following cases, the party to whom the relevant information is provided does not fall under the category of a third party.

2-1 When the Company consigns the handling of personal information, in whole or in part, to the extent necessary to achieve the purpose of use

2-2. when personal information is provided as a result of the succession of a business due to a merger or other reasons

2-3. when personal information is to be used jointly with a specific person, and the person has been notified in advance or made readily available to the person to that effect, the items of personal information to be used jointly, the range of persons to be used jointly, the purpose of use by the person to be used, and the name or names of persons responsible for the management of the personal information

Article 6 (Disclosure of personal information)

When a person requests the disclosure of personal information, the Company will disclose it to that person without delay. However, we may not disclose all or part of the information if any of the following conditions are met by disclosure. Please note that a fee of 1,000 yen will be charged for each disclosure of personal information.

When there is a risk of harm to the life, body, property or other rights and interests of the person or a third party

When there is a risk of significant hindrance to the proper execution of the Company's business

In case of violation of other laws and regulations

Notwithstanding the provisions of the preceding paragraph, information other than personal information, such as historical information and characteristic information, will not be disclosed in principle.

Article 7 (Correction and Deletion of Personal Information)

If the user's personal information held by the company is incorrect, the user may correct, add, or delete the personal information (hereinafter referred to as "correction, etc.") to the company according to the procedures established by the company. You can request a

In the event that the Company receives a request from a User as described in the preceding paragraph and judges that it is necessary to respond to the request, the Company shall correct, etc. the personal information concerned without delay.

When a correction is made under the provisions of the preceding paragraph, or when a decision is made not to make a correction, etc., the Company will notify the User of the correction without delay.

Article 8 (Suspension of use of personal information, etc.)

If the Company receives a request from an individual that personal information is being handled beyond the scope of the purpose of use or that it has been obtained by wrongful means, the Company will stop using or delete the information (hereinafter referred to as "stop using, etc."). In the event of a request for anonymity (e.g., "I"), we will conduct the necessary investigation without delay.

If, based on the results of the investigation set forth in the preceding paragraph, we determine that it is necessary to respond to the request, we will suspend the use of the personal information concerned without delay.

When the Company suspends the use of the Site in accordance with the provisions of the preceding paragraph, or when the Company decides not to suspend the use of the Site, it will notify the User without delay.

Notwithstanding the preceding two paragraphs, when it is difficult to suspend the use of the Site, etc., such as when there is a large amount of cost for suspending the use of the Site, etc., and when alternative measures can be taken to protect the rights and interests of the User, this alternative measure shall be taken.

Article 9 (Changes to the Privacy Policy)

The contents of this policy may be changed without notice to the user, except as otherwise provided in laws and regulations and this policy.

Unless otherwise specified by the Company, the revised Privacy Policy shall take effect from the time it is posted on this website.

Article 10 (Contact for inquiries)

If you have any questions about this policy, please contact us at the following

2020-05-19

プライバシーポリシー : ICカードリーダー

This Privacy Policy explains the information that Seiya Hori ("Seiya Hori" "**we**" "**us**" or "**our**"). collects when you use our app (the "**Services**"), how that information is used, with whom it may be shared, and your privacy choices.

## **1. Introduction**

### **Who we are and what we do**

It's become a timer app for indoor strength training. The app is focused on those who exercise and is easy to use.

### **Acceptance and Changes**

By registering for, downloading, or using our services, you accept this Privacy Policy. We may modify this Privacy Policy from time to time.

## **2. Children's Privacy**

We do not knowingly collect personal information from individuals who are under the minimum required ages specified herein. You must be at least 18 years of age, or the age of majority in your jurisdiction (whichever is greater), to use our services.

## **3. Data We Collect About You**

We collect information about you when you use our services. In addition, third parties may collect information about you when you use our services. Collected information may include or reflect personal information that could identify you, as well as non-personal information. We refer to your information as "**your data**" for short.

### **Content**

Accountholders may create a profile and upload content such as videos. For more details, see **Section 9**. You may allow us to access your camera roll for the purpose of automatically creating videos.

### **Other Information You May Submit**

You may submit data to us for limited purposes such as requesting customer support; answering a questionnaire; participating in a study; entering contests or sweepstakes; or signing up to receive communications from us or another user.

### **Automatically-Collected Information**

We automatically collect certain types of data when you use our services, regardless of whether you have an account. This data includes your IP address, technical information about your device (e.g., browser type, operating system, basic device information), the web page you visited or search query you entered before reaching us, and your activities.

### **Information Collected by Third Parties**

Some third parties may collect data about you when you use our services. This may include data you submit (such as payment information) or automatically-collected information (in the case of third-party analytics providers and advertisers).

We may obtain data from third parties about you. We may combine that data with information that we have collected. For example, some advertisers or advertising platforms may allow us to determine what other online services you might use so that we may place relevant ads on those services.

## **4. How We Use Your Data**

We may use your data for the following purposes:

Identification and authentication:** We use your data to verify you when you access your account.
Operating our services:** We use your data to provide our services, process and fulfill orders, provide customer support, and to otherwise comply with our contractual obligations to you. We (and/or our third-party vendors) use your financial information to process purchases made by you.
Communicating with you:** We use your data when we communicate with you (e.g., when we respond to customer support or other inquiry).
Improving our services:** We use your data to understand how our services are being used and how we can improve them. In general, we analyze aggregated data, rather than specific user data. We may, however, need to analyze a specific case to address a specific problem (e.g., a bug that affects only a few accounts).
Customizing your experience:** We use your data to personalize the service to you. This may include remembering your preferences for language or volume or displaying videos that you might enjoy, based upon your viewing choices.
Marketing and advertising:** We use your data to display ads and send you offers. We may also use your data in delivering third-party advertisements to you. This may include "targeted ads" based upon your activities.
Exercising our rights:** Where reasonably necessary, we use your data to exercise our legal rights and prevent abuse of our service. For example, we may use your data to detect and prevent fraud, spam, or content that violates our Terms of Service.
Legal compliance:** We use your data where we are legally required to do so. For example, we may need to gather your data to respond to a subpoena or court order.
Protecting your information:** Where appropriate, we may anonymize, backup, and delete certain data.

We may use algorithms and other automated means to implement any of the above.

Whenever we process your data for one of these purposes, we have determined that one or more of the following lawful bases apply:

Performance of a contract;

Legitimate commercial interest;

Compliance with a legal obligation; or

Consent

## **5. With Whom We Share Your Data**

We may share data with third parties as follows:

With your consent:** We may share your data with third parties where we have obtained your express consent to do so. You may revoke these consents.
Authorized vendors:** We may share your data with third-party vendors that help us operate our services, process orders, and comply with your instructions and our contractual obligations. This includes payment processors, content delivery networks (CDNs), cloud-based hosting services, monitoring services, email service providers, quality assurance and testing vendors, fraud and abuse prevention vendors, and customer relations management (CRM) vendors.
Advertising:** We may share your data with advertising companies to display relevant ads to you. Unless you expressly agree, we will not share or sell your name, email address, or physical address with such persons.
Analytics:** We may share your data with persons who provide analytics showing how customers are using our services.
Affiliates and advisors:** We may share your data with our parent company, IAC/InterActiveCorp, and our auditors and advisors for planning, financial reporting, accounting, auditing, tax filings, and legal compliance. Unless you expressly agree, we will not share your data with our parent or any affiliate for other purposes, such as direct marketing.
Certain legal situations:** We may share your data where we believe disclosure is necessary to comply with a legal obligation or in connection with a corporate transaction as discussed in **Section 6**.
Aggregated or anonymized information:** We may publicly disclose non-personal aggregated or anonymized information such as our number of visitors and registered users.

We use reasonable efforts to vet vendors for their privacy and data security practices. We require that such vendors agree to protect the data we share.

## **6. Legal and Safety-Related Disclosures**

We may disclose your data in response to official requests (e.g., court orders, subpoenas, search warrants, national security requests, etc.) ("**requests**") that we receive from government authorities or parties to legal proceedings.

We handle Japanese requests in accordance with Japanese law. If the request originates from a foreign jurisdiction, we will typically disclose information where we in good faith believe that disclosure is permitted by Japanese law. In all cases, we may raise or waive any legal objection or right available to us, in our sole discretion.

We may disclose user data where we reasonably believe that someone's life is at risk. For example, if we become aware of a person threatening to commit suicide, we may share that person's data with appropriate entities that may have the ability to help.

We may disclose user data in situations involving legal claims against us or one of our users.

We may share your data with potential transaction partners, advisors, and others in the event our company is, in whole or part, acquired by a third party. In such a case, we will use reasonable efforts to require the acquiring entity to comply with this Privacy Policy.

## **7. Data Retention**

We may retain your data for as long as you have an account. We may retain logs of automatically collected information (for internal analytics); your email address; your tax information; communications with you; and your transactional information (for auditing, tax, and financial purposes). When we no longer have a business reason for retaining data, we will delete or anonymize it.

We may retain deleted videos on our servers for a short period in case you wish to reverse deletion. Once we delete a video, we may not be able to recover it. If you have previously made a video public, the video or its thumbnail may be discoverable in a search engine's cache for a time. We have no control over search engines; however, we will, upon request, send a request for deletion to major search engines.

If we receive legal process pertaining to your account, we will retain your data for as long as we in good faith believe is necessary to comply with the legal process. Similarly, if we believe that your account has been involved in wrongdoing, we may preserve your data to defend or assert our rights.

## **8. Your Privacy Choices**

We enable you to make numerous choices about your data:

You may choose not to provide us with certain information. For example, you may choose not to create an account or not to provide optional account information.

You may change your video privacy settings. See **Section 9** for more details.

You may change or correct information voluntarily submitted to us. We encourage you to keep your data current by viewing your account settings page.

You may opt-out of receiving commercial emails from us. See **Section 10** for more details.

You may limit the use of cookies. See our Cookie Policy for options.

You may backup your videos.

You may close your account (which will delete all videos) or delete certain videos.

Users from certain countries may have additional rights. See **Section 14** for more details.

## **9. Account and Video Privacy Settings**

Our video hosting and sharing tools offer the ability to limit the distribution of your content, including your videos. This section explains some of your choices.

## **10. Communications from Us**

### **Mobile Device Communications**

We may, with your consent, send push notifications in our apps. You may disable these by declining them or changing the app's settings. To the extent provided, we may, with your consent, send SMS messages to your mobile telephone for authentication and security purposes. You may opt out of receiving such messages at any time.

## **11. Protecting Your Information**

We use physical, technical, and organizational security measures to safeguard your data from unauthorized or accidental disclosure. Despite these efforts, no information system can be 100% secure, so we cannot guarantee the absolute security of your information.

## **12. Your Responsibilities**

You may receive other people's data in using our service. If you receive information from other users, you must comply with all laws, including those concerning privacy, data security, and online marketing.

## **13. Third-Party Services**

We may provide links to online services that we do not own or operate. These services fall outside of this Privacy Policy and we have no control over the data they collect. Once on a third-party site, your data may be collected by others. We encourage you to read the privacy policies of such services before using them.

You may use our service through third-party sites. For example, you may watch a video that is embedded on a third-party site or uses one of our apps on a third-party platform. This Privacy Policy covers our apps and video players but does not cover any third-party site or any third-party video player.

## **14. International Data Transfers and Certain User Rights**

### **Location of Data**

It is based in Japan. We provide services globally using computer systems, servers, and databases located in Japan. and other countries. When you use our services from outside of Japan, your information will be transferred to, stored in, and processed in Japan. and other countries. Please note that Japanese data and privacy laws may not be as comprehensive as those in your country.

2020-05-10

Shouldn't "whites" be correctly discriminated against in corona?

Shouldn't "white people" be correctly discriminated against in corona?

-

Discrimination and persecution related to coronaviruses is now widespread worldwide.

There is a concrete and wide-ranging summary of the situation.

―――

"List of Incidents of Foreign Fear and Racism Related to the COVID-19 Pandemic"

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_incidents_of_xenophobia_and_racism_related_to_the_COVID-19_pandemic

―――

That is the English version of Wikipedia article.

With Google Chrome, right-click → Translate to Japanese, but the translation is a bit rough, but anyone can read it in Japanese.

The contents are like this.

―――

>> In France, after the new coronavirus was confirmed on January 24, 2020, a lot of harassment and discrimination against Asians occurred [41]. It is aimed at Asians such as Chinese, Korean, Japanese, Vietnamese, Filipino [42], and taxis and trains that refuse to board Chinese, Korean, Japanese have appeared [41] [43] ].

>> French newspaper Le Courrier Picard featured an Asian woman in a mask on the top page on January 26, 2020 with the heading "Yellow Alert".

>> On March 8, 2020, a Japanese restaurant in Rivoli, Turin, Piedmont, was targeted for arson by a teenager who teased his owner and called him an epidemic carrier. [191]

―――

Not limited to the above, Wuhan and Africans in China, Chinese and infected people in Japan.

Discrimination, whether in the United States, Egypt, Africa or anywhere in the world, exists at all.

In a sense, it's almost equal. Under extreme circumstances, it is not uncommon for "weak" people to be able to keep themselves without creating enemies.

-

However, what I want to say is not a used phrase such as "Let's live kindly with philanthropy."

There is no objection to it. If the world can eliminate discrimination and prejudice, I naturally want it.

But what I felt was a big question before that. It can be called academic interest.

-

Chinese discriminate against Wuhan natives, Japanese discriminate against Chinese, and Europeans discriminate against Asians.

I see, there is a reason to that, considering the spread of coronavirus infection. "From what you see, what's dangerous is that area".

Roughly, it may be the result of thinking about "weak" people.

-

But here's the strange thing. Asians, Africans, yellows and blacks, they are discriminated against in many places around the world.

Frankly speaking, it's safe to say that blacks have little to do with the coronavirus. It's just that the original sense of discrimination has surfaced.

These ethnic groups and regions are equally discriminated against. It is a sense of discrimination that is based on fear but is incorrect but makes sense.

-

However. Then why isn't "white people" discriminated against?

-

From April to May, the coronavirus showed an explosive spread in the West.

In the ranking of the number of infected people in the world, the United States is alone, with 1.34 million people, accounting for more than a quarter of the total infected people of 402 million people as of May 10.

After the second place, Spain, Italy, the United Kingdom, Russia, Germany, Brazil and France are followed, and each has more than 100,000 domestic cases.

Excluding Brazil, everything from 2nd to 7th is Europe. The word "Western Europe" is clearly the most dangerous coronavirus-contaminated area / infectious zone in the world.

-

However. Strangely enough, there is little talk that "white people, Europeans, and Americans are discriminated against in the world."

Of course it is not zero, but while looking for one "white discrimination", it is possible to find "Asian discrimination", "Black discrimination" and "Yellow discrimination".

It is said that what is currently expanding in the world is not the first wave from China, but the second wave from Europe, which is the pandemic.

-

With this, it is still understandable that the "white man" continues to do the right thing cleanly and correctly and has succeeded in corona countermeasures.

However, white people have continued to discriminate among Asians since the beginning of the spread.

In January and February, it was not uncommon to hear that Asians were already walking around in the country, calling them "Corona Corona."

By all means, white people are the incarnation of evil. It's not a good thing.

-

Regardless of the early stages of the epidemic, now that the "hotbed of corona infection" has moved there, it should be possible for white people to hate it.

Otherwise, it cannot be called "equal discrimination". As a result, it is wrong.

-

-

If you think about the reason here, after all, "targets are races / objects that originally had hostility",

The hypothesis may be that "there are restrictions on mobility and there are white Asian societies, but few non-white societies are white."

It must be interesting to study the area academically.

-

However, historically, I've seen that "white people" crusade various places with the Crusades and do all they can to the contrary.

I think that the trilingual diplomacy of Britain has created the situation in the Middle East, where terrorism is frequent nowadays, and has repeatedly carried out wrongdoing by repeatedly discriminating against blacks, Indians, and yellow races.

So, isn't it right here to try to discriminate against white people correctly?

-

Non-white society is a little too kind to "white people".

It was around this time today when I was thinking about that.

2020-05-04

Privacy Policy - Muscle Timer App

This Privacy Policy explains the information that Seiya Hori ("Seiya Hori" "**we**" "**us**" or "**our**"). collects when you use our app (the "**Services**"), how that information is used, with whom it may be shared, and your privacy choices.

## **1. Introduction**

### **Who we are and what we do**

It's become a timer app for indoor strength training. The app is focused on those who exercise and is easy to use.

### **Acceptance and Changes**

By registering for, downloading, or using our services, you accept this Privacy Policy. We may modify this Privacy Policy from time to time.

## **2. Children's Privacy**

We do not knowingly collect personal information from individuals who are under the minimum required ages specified herein. You must be at least 18 years of age, or the age of majority in your jurisdiction (whichever is greater), to use our services.

## **3. Data We Collect About You**

We collect information about you when you use our services. In addition, third parties may collect information about you when you use our services. Collected information may include or reflect personal information that could identify you, as well as non-personal information. We refer to your information as "**your data**" for short.

### **Content**

Accountholders may create a profile and upload content such as videos. For more details, see **Section 9**. You may allow us to access your camera roll for the purpose of automatically creating videos.

### **Other Information You May Submit**

You may submit data to us for limited purposes such as requesting customer support; answering a questionnaire; participating in a study; entering contests or sweepstakes; or signing up to receive communications from us or another user.

### **Automatically-Collected Information**

We automatically collect certain types of data when you use our services, regardless of whether you have an account. This data includes your IP address, technical information about your device (e.g., browser type, operating system, basic device information), the web page you visited or search query you entered before reaching us, and your activities.

### **Information Collected by Third Parties**

Some third parties may collect data about you when you use our services. This may include data you submit (such as payment information) or automatically-collected information (in the case of third-party analytics providers and advertisers).

We may obtain data from third parties about you. We may combine that data with information that we have collected. For example, some advertisers or advertising platforms may allow us to determine what other online services you might use so that we may place relevant ads on those services.

## **4. How We Use Your Data**

We may use your data for the following purposes:

  • **Identification and authentication:** We use your data to verify you when you access your account.
  • **Operating our services:** We use your data to provide our services, process and fulfill orders, provide customer support, and to otherwise comply with our contractual obligations to you. We (and/or our third-party vendors) use your financial information to process purchases made by you.
  • **Communicating with you:** We use your data when we communicate with you (e.g., when we respond to customer support or other inquiry).
  • **Improving our services:** We use your data to understand how our services are being used and how we can improve them. In general, we analyze aggregated data, rather than specific user data. We may, however, need to analyze a specific case to address a specific problem (e.g., a bug that affects only a few accounts).
  • **Customizing your experience:** We use your data to personalize the service to you. This may include remembering your preferences for language or volume or displaying videos that you might enjoy, based upon your viewing choices.
  • **Marketing and advertising:** We use your data to display ads and send you offers. We may also use your data in delivering third-party advertisements to you. This may include "targeted ads" based upon your activities.
  • **Exercising our rights:** Where reasonably necessary, we use your data to exercise our legal rights and prevent abuse of our service. For example, we may use your data to detect and prevent fraud, spam, or content that violates our Terms of Service.
  • **Legal compliance:** We use your data where we are legally required to do so. For example, we may need to gather your data to respond to a subpoena or court order.
  • **Protecting your information:** Where appropriate, we may anonymize, backup, and delete certain data.

We may use algorithms and other automated means to implement any of the above.

Whenever we process your data for one of these purposes, we have determined that one or more of the following lawful bases apply:

## **5. With Whom We Share Your Data**

We may share data with third parties as follows:

We use reasonable efforts to vet vendors for their privacy and data security practices. We require that such vendors agree to protect the data we share.

## **6. Legal and Safety-Related Disclosures**

We may disclose your data in response to official requests (e.g., court orders, subpoenas, search warrants, national security requests, etc.) ("**requests**") that we receive from government authorities or parties to legal proceedings.

We handle Japanese requests in accordance with Japanese law. If the request originates from a foreign jurisdiction, we will typically disclose information where we in good faith believe that disclosure is permitted by Japanese law. In all cases, we may raise or waive any legal objection or right available to us, in our sole discretion.

We may disclose user data where we reasonably believe that someone's life is at risk. For example, if we become aware of a person threatening to commit suicide, we may share that person's data with appropriate entities that may have the ability to help.

We may disclose user data in situations involving legal claims against us or one of our users.

We may share your data with potential transaction partners, advisors, and others in the event our company is, in whole or part, acquired by a third party. In such a case, we will use reasonable efforts to require the acquiring entity to comply with this Privacy Policy.

## **7. Data Retention**

We may retain your data for as long as you have an account. We may retain logs of automatically collected information (for internal analytics); your email address; your tax information; communications with you; and your transactional information (for auditing, tax, and financial purposes). When we no longer have a business reason for retaining data, we will delete or anonymize it.

We may retain deleted videos on our servers for a short period in case you wish to reverse deletion. Once we delete a video, we may not be able to recover it. If you have previously made a video public, the video or its thumbnail may be discoverable in a search engine's cache for a time. We have no control over search engines; however, we will, upon request, send a request for deletion to major search engines.

If we receive legal process pertaining to your account, we will retain your data for as long as we in good faith believe is necessary to comply with the legal process. Similarly, if we believe that your account has been involved in wrongdoing, we may preserve your data to defend or assert our rights.

## **8. Your Privacy Choices**

We enable you to make numerous choices about your data:

Users from certain countries may have additional rights. See **Section 14** for more details.

## **9. Account and Video Privacy Settings**

Our video hosting and sharing tools offer the ability to limit the distribution of your content, including your videos. This section explains some of your choices.

## **10. Communications from Us**

### **Mobile Device Communications**

We may, with your consent, send push notifications in our apps. You may disable these by declining them or changing the app's settings. To the extent provided, we may, with your consent, send SMS messages to your mobile telephone for authentication and security purposes. You may opt out of receiving such messages at any time.

## **11. Protecting Your Information**

We use physical, technical, and organizational security measures to safeguard your data from unauthorized or accidental disclosure. Despite these efforts, no information system can be 100% secure, so we cannot guarantee the absolute security of your information.

## **12. Your Responsibilities**

You may receive other people's data in using our service. If you receive information from other users, you must comply with all laws, including those concerning privacy, data security, and online marketing.

## **13. Third-Party Services**

We may provide links to online services that we do not own or operate. These services fall outside of this Privacy Policy and we have no control over the data they collect. Once on a third-party site, your data may be collected by others. We encourage you to read the privacy policies of such services before using them.

You may use our service through third-party sites. For example, you may watch a video that is embedded on a third-party site or uses one of our apps on a third-party platform. This Privacy Policy covers our apps and video players but does not cover any third-party site or any third-party video player.

## **14. International Data Transfers and Certain User Rights**

### **Location of Data**

It is based in Japan. We provide services globally using computer systems, servers, and databases located in Japan. and other countries. When you use our services from outside of Japan, your information will be transferred to, stored in, and processed in Japan. and other countries. Please note that Japanese data and privacy laws may not be as comprehensive as those in your country.

2020-05-02

Zenpeace - Privacy Policy

Privacy Policy

Zenpeace (hereinafter referred to as "the Company"). The service provided on the Application (hereinafter referred to as the "Service") The following is the Privacy Policy (hereinafter referred to as the "Policy") regarding the handling of User's personal information by the Company (hereinafter referred to as the "Company") The following is an example of the

Article 1 (Personal Information)

The term "personal information" refers to "personal information" as defined in the Act on the Protection of Personal Information, and refers to information about a living individual that can be used to identify a specific individual, such as name, date of birth, address, telephone number, contact information and other descriptions, as well as information that can be used to identify a specific individual from the information itself, such as appearance, fingerprints, voiceprint data, and health insurance card insurer numbers (personal identification information).

Article 2 (Method of collecting personal information)

We may ask users for personal information such as name, date of birth, address, telephone number, email address, bank account number, credit card number, and driver's license number when they register to use the site. In addition, the Company may use transaction records and payment information, including the User's personal information, made between the User and its business partners, etc., for the purpose of protecting the Company's business partners (including information providers, advertisers, and ad distributors, etc.). (hereinafter referred to as the "Partner"). It may be collected from the following

Article 3 (Purpose of collecting and using personal information)

The purposes for which the Company collects and uses personal information are as follows

To provide and operate our services

To respond to the user's inquiries (including verifying the user's identity)

To send e-mails informing the user of new features, updated information, campaigns, and other services provided by the company.

To contact you when necessary, such as for maintenance and important notices

To identify users who violate the Terms of Service or who attempt to use the Service for illegal or unreasonable purposes, and to refuse their use.

To allow users to view, change, or delete their own registration information and to view their usage status

To charge users for paid services.

Purposes incidental to the above purposes of use

Article 4 (Change of purpose of use)

The Company will change the purpose of use of personal information only when it is reasonably recognized that the purpose of use is related to the one before the change.

If the purpose of use is changed, the Company shall notify the User of the changed purpose of use in a manner prescribed by the Company, or announce it on this website.

Article 5 (Provision of personal information to a third party)

The Company will not provide personal information to any third party without the prior consent of the User, except in the following cases However, this does not apply when permitted by the Personal Information Protection Law or other laws and regulations.

1-1. when it is necessary for the protection of a person's life, body or property and it is difficult to obtain the consent of the person

1-2. when it is particularly necessary for the improvement of public health or the promotion of the sound growth of children, and it is difficult to obtain the consent of the individual

1-3. when it is necessary to cooperate with a national organization, a local government, or a person entrusted by the national organization or local government in the execution of the affairs prescribed by laws and regulations, and obtaining the consent of the person is likely to impede the execution of the affairs

2-4 When the following matters are notified or made public in advance, and the Company notifies the Personal Information Protection Committee

2-4-1. the purpose of use includes the provision of information to third parties

2-4-2. Items of data to be provided to third parties

2-4-3 Means or method of providing to a third party

2-4-4. stopping the provision of personal information to a third party upon the request of the person

2-4-5. How to respond to a person's request

Notwithstanding the provisions of the preceding paragraph, in the following cases, the party to whom the relevant information is provided does not fall under the category of a third party.

2-1 When the Company consigns the handling of personal information, in whole or in part, to the extent necessary to achieve the purpose of use

2-2. when personal information is provided as a result of the succession of a business due to a merger or other reasons

2-3. when personal information is to be used jointly with a specific person, and the person has been notified in advance or made readily available to the person to that effect, the items of personal information to be used jointly, the range of persons to be used jointly, the purpose of use by the person to be used, and the name or names of persons responsible for the management of the personal information

Article 6 (Disclosure of personal information)

When a person requests the disclosure of personal information, the Company will disclose it to that person without delay. However, we may not disclose all or part of the information if any of the following conditions are met by disclosure. Please note that a fee of 1,000 yen will be charged for each disclosure of personal information.

When there is a risk of harm to the life, body, property or other rights and interests of the person or a third party

When there is a risk of significant hindrance to the proper execution of the Company's business

In case of violation of other laws and regulations

Notwithstanding the provisions of the preceding paragraph, information other than personal information, such as historical information and characteristic information, will not be disclosed in principle.

Article 7 (Correction and Deletion of Personal Information)

If the user's personal information held by the company is incorrect, the user may correct, add, or delete the personal information (hereinafter referred to as "correction, etc.") to the company according to the procedures established by the company. You can request a

In the event that the Company receives a request from a User as described in the preceding paragraph and judges that it is necessary to respond to the request, the Company shall correct, etc. the personal information concerned without delay.

When a correction is made under the provisions of the preceding paragraph, or when a decision is made not to make a correction, etc., the Company will notify the User of the correction without delay.

Article 8 (Suspension of use of personal information, etc.)

If the Company receives a request from an individual that personal information is being handled beyond the scope of the purpose of use or that it has been obtained by wrongful means, the Company will stop using or delete the information (hereinafter referred to as "stop using, etc."). In the event of a request for anonymity (e.g., "I"), we will conduct the necessary investigation without delay.

If, based on the results of the investigation set forth in the preceding paragraph, we determine that it is necessary to respond to the request, we will suspend the use of the personal information concerned without delay.

When the Company suspends the use of the Site in accordance with the provisions of the preceding paragraph, or when the Company decides not to suspend the use of the Site, it will notify the User without delay.

Notwithstanding the preceding two paragraphs, when it is difficult to suspend the use of the Site, etc., such as when there is a large amount of cost for suspending the use of the Site, etc., and when alternative measures can be taken to protect the rights and interests of the User, this alternative measure shall be taken.

Article 9 (Changes to the Privacy Policy)

The contents of this policy may be changed without notice to the user, except as otherwise provided in laws and regulations and this policy.

Unless otherwise specified by the Company, the revised Privacy Policy shall take effect from the time it is posted on this website.

Article 10 (Contact for inquiries)

If you have any questions about this policy, please contact us at the following

2020-04-22

anond:20200422093838

あなたのページにある、A recent Q&A with Neeraj Sood on antibody testing can be found here.、ってところから飛んだ。

If you look at a mortality rate calculation, the numerator is the number of deaths and the denominator is the number of infections.

訳:死亡率の計算を見てみれば、分子は死者数で、分母は感染者数だ。

https://pressroom.usc.edu/what-a-usc-la-county-antibody-study-can-teach-us-about-covid-19/

2020-04-14

新型コロナウイルス医師 Sandro Giannini の発見から見えた希望の光(英訳

こちらの記事英訳です。

Coronavirus: speranze dalla scoperta di Sandro Giannini, 10 Aprile, 2020

https://buongiornonews.it/coronavirus-una-speranza-dalla-scoperta-del-prof-giannini/

1) 英訳Google translate を利用させて頂きました)

Coronavirus: hopes from the discovery of Sandro Giannini

10 April, 2020

Bologna - From social media comes good news about the Coronavirus, perhaps decisive, which has scientific foundations and is disseminated by an authoritative doctor from Rizzoli of Bologna, Sandro Giannini. His is a highly qualified curriculum: Full Professor of Orthopedics and Traumatology and of Physical Medicine at the University of Bologna since 1989, director of Clinic I at the Rizzoli Orthopedic Institute and of the Gait Analysis Laboratory, partner in European projects and in national and international research programs, author of more than 600 presentations at national and international conferences and more than 400 articles in Science Citation Index journals. His message gives great hope. Let's read:

“I don't want to seem overwhelming to you, but I think I've demonstrated the cause of coronavirus lethality. Only at Blessed Matthew are there 2 cardiologists who turn over 150 beds to do echocardium with enormous effort and one is me. Terrible fatigue! However, of what some supposed, but could not be sure, we now have the first data. People go to resuscitation for generalized venous thromboembolism, especially pulmonary. If this were the case, resuscitations and intubations are of no use because first of all you have to dissolve, indeed prevent these thromboembolisms. If you ventilate a lung where blood does not reach, it is not needed! In fact 9 out of 10 die. Because the problem is cardiovascular, not respiratory! It is venous microthrombosis, not pneumonia that determines fatality!

And why are thrombi formed? Because inflammation, as per school text, induces thrombosis through a complex but well-known pathophysiological mechanism. Then? Contrary to what scientific literature, especially Chinese, said until mid-March, it was that anti-inflammatories should not be used. Now in Italy anti-inflammatories and antibiotics are used (as in the influences) and the number of inpatients collapses. Many deaths, even 40 years old, had a history of high fever for 10-15 days that was not treated properly. Here inflammation has destroyed everything and prepared the ground for thrombi formation. Because the main problem is not the virus, but the immune reaction that destroys the cells where the virus enters. In fact, our COVID departments have never entered patients with rheumatoid arthritis! Because they make cortisone, a powerful anti-inflammatory!

Therefore, hospitalizations in Italy are decreasing and it is becoming a disease that is treated at home. By taking care of it well at home, you avoid not only hospitalization, but also the thrombotic risk. It was not easy to understand it because the signs of microembolism have faded, even at the echocardium. But this weekend I compared the data of the first 50 patients between those who breathe badly and those who don't and the situation appeared very clear. For me you can go back to playing and reopen the business. Quarantine street. Not now. But time to publish this data. Vaccine can arrive calmly. In America and other states that follow the scientific literature that calls for NOT to use anti-inflammatories is a disaster! Worse than in Italy. And they are old and cheap drugs. " (Associated Medias - Red / Giut)

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2) 原文:イタリア語

Coronavirus: speranze dalla scoperta di Sandro Giannini

10 Aprile, 2020

Bologna – Dai social arriva una buona notizia sul Coronavirus, forse risolutiva, che ha fondamenta scientifiche ed è diffusa da un medico autorevole del Rizzoli di Bologna, Sandro Giannini. Il suo è un curriculum molto qualificato: Professore ordinario di Ortopedia e Traumatologia e di Medicina Fisica presso l’Universidi Bologna dal 1989, direttore della Clinica I presso l’Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli e del Laboratorio di Gait Analysis, partner in progetti europei e in programmi di ricerca nazionali e internazionali, autore di più di 600 presentazioni a congressi nazionali ed internazionali e più di 400 articoli in riviste Science Citation Index. Il suo messaggio dà grande speranza. Leggiamolo:

“Non vorrei sembrarvi eccessivo ma credo di aver dimostrato la causa della letalità del coronavirus. Solo al Beato Matteo ci sono 2 cardiologi che girano su 150 letti a fare ecocardio con enorme fatica e uno sono io. Fatica terribile! Però, di quello che alcuni supponevano, ma non ne riuscivano a essere sicuri, ora abbiamo i primi dati. La gente va in rianimazione per tromboembolia venosa generalizzata, soprattutto polmonare. Se così fosse, non servono a niente le rianimazioni e le intubazioni perché innanzitutto devi sciogliere, anzi prevenire queste tromboembolie. Se ventili un polmone dove il sangue non arriva, non serve! Infatti muoiono 9 su 10. Perche il problema è cardiovascolare, non respiratorio! Sono le microtrombosi venose, non la polmonite a determinare la fatalità!

E perché si formano trombi? Perche l’infiammazione come da testo scolastico, induce trombosi attraverso un meccanismo fisiopatologico complesso ma ben noto. Allora? Contrariamente a quello che la letteratura scientifica, soprattutto cinese, diceva fino a metà marzo era che non bisognava usare antinfiammatori. Ora in Italia si usano antinfiammatori e antibiotici (come nelle influenze) e il numero dei ricoverati crolla. Molti morti, anche di 40 anni, avevano una storia di febbre alta per 10-15 giorni non curata adeguatamente. Qui l’infiammazione ha distrutto tutto e preparato il terreno alla formazione dei trombi.  Perche il problema principale non è il virus, ma la reazione immunitaria che distrugge le cellule dove il virus entra. Infatti nei nostri reparti COVID non sono mai entrati malati di artrite reumatoide! Perche fanno il cortisone, un potente antinfiammatorio!

Pertanto, in Italia ospedalizzazioni si riducono e sta diventando una malattia che si cura a casa. Curandola bene a casa eviti non solo ospedalizzazione, ma anche il rischio trombotico.  Non era facile capirlo perché i segni della microembolia sono sfumati, anche all’ecocardio. Ma questo week end ho confrontato i dati dei primi 50 pazienti tra chi respira male e chi no e la situazione è apparsa molto chiara. Per me si può tornare a giocare e riaprire l’attività commerciali. Via quarantena. Non subito. Ma il tempo di pubblicare questi dati. Vaccino può arrivare con calma. In America e altri stati che seguono la letteratura scientifica che invita a NON usare antinfiammatori e’ un disastro! Peggio che in Italia. E sono farmaci vecchi e che costano pochi euro.”

(Associated MediasRed/Giut)

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3) 追記

これ↓はどうも違う、ということのようです。

FDAが、COVID-19への非ステロイド性抗炎症薬(NSAIDs)使用について助言, 2020年4月1日

https://www.cancerit.jp/65020.html

2020-04-03

anond:20200403181801

“I think it is safe to say that there has not been much change in the community opinion since 2018,” says Kiran Kedlaya, a number theorist at the University of California, San Diego, who was among the experts who put considerable effort over several years trying to verify the proof.

2020-03-27

楽園こちら側」の「事実に誠意を」をほぼdeepLで翻訳してみた その2

その1https://anond.hatelabo.jp/20200327214055

12 Dr. Hiroshi Nishiura is one of the few professionals of mathematical models of infectious diseases in Japan, and it is well known that his ability is outstanding. However, many people don't understand mathematical models themselves (I must confess that I can't say that I understand all of the findings because I'm not a professional of mathematical models either), so his findings and comments are easily deified. Because the contents of the mathematical model are a complete black box to many people, it makes it seem like the oracle is coming out like a shrine's oracle. Much of Japan's infection control policy relies on the Nishiura theory. So there is nothing wrong with that, but one of the problems in Japan is that there is no plan B in case plan A goes bust. Dr. Nishiura is an excellent scholar. It is not God. Hence the need to have that Plan B with the possibility of making a mistake. I am greatly concerned that bureaucrats and politicians who are prone to infallibilism will mistake science for an oracle. It is only when falsifiability is assured that science can continue to be scientific.

感想おみくじ神託が同じoracleだったので変な文章になったが直していない。

13 数理モデル演繹法活用産物である演繹法帰納法アブダクションで補完するのが、学問の基本であり、臨床医学常識である演繹法的にどんなに正しく見えても実はそれは違っていた、ということはこの業界ではよくあることなのだ。ヘーゲルマルクスのような巨大な知性でも演繹法オンリーでは間違うのである

Mathematical models are the product of deductive methods. The deductive method is complemented by the inductive or abduction method, which is the basis of scholarship and the common sense of clinical medicine. It's a common occurrence in this industry that no matter how deducibly correct it may seem, it's actually not true. Even a huge intellect like Hegel or Marx can make a mistake by deduction alone.

感想:「蓋を開けてみれば」を「実はそれは」に変更した。

14 モデルを使うな、といっているのでは決してない。ぼく自身モデルを用いて論文を書く。しかし、モデル無謬ではなく、そこには前提である仮定があり、仮定はしばしば間違っている。グラム染色活用するとは、グラム染色にできないこと、分からないことを知悉していることであり、グラム染色万能論者にグラム染色は使えない。同じことだ。英国でも数理モデル活用されているが、だからこそ英国人はその結語には非常に懐疑的で、常に反論異論が起きている。健全科学的な態度である

 I'm not saying don't use the model at all. I myself write a paper using a model. However, the model is not infallible, there are assumptions that are assumptions, and the assumptions are often wrong. Making use of Gram's stain means having full knowledge of what Gram's stain cannot do and does not understand, and Gram's stain cannot be used by Gram's stain universalists. It's the same thing. Mathematical models are also utilized in the UK, which is why Brits are very sceptical of their conclusions, and there are always counter-arguments and objections. It is a sound and scientific attitude.

感想:「前提たる仮定」がうまく訳せていなかったので「前提である仮定」にしたが、assumptions that are assumptionsになってしまった。

英国人は」がないと主語がIになってしまったので追加した。しかBritsじゃ意味違うよ。もっと正しく訳してくれない?

15 Japan's "now" is a well-controlled state of infection, which is much better than Wuhan at its worst, or Italy, Spain, France, England, or New York at the present time. The problem is that it doesn't guarantee that it will "always work".

感想特にない。便利だなあ。

16 懸念されるのは東京だ。感染報告が増えたことだけが問題なのではない。クラスター形成できない、トレースできない感染者が増えているのが問題である。そして、その陽性患者数に比べて検査数がずっと少ない。47人の感染者を捕捉するために100人未満(陽性者の検査日が不明だが、おそらくこのへんだろう)しか検査していないのは少なすぎる。

It is Tokyo that is of concern. The increase in reports of infection is not the only problem. The problem is that more and more infected people are unable to form clusters and cannot be traced. And the number of tests is much lower than that number of positive cases; it's too little that they only tested less than 100 people (the date of testing for the positives is unknown, but it's probably around here) to capture 47 infected people.

Again, it's not necessary to figure out all the infected people. However, it is troubling that the flow of infection, movement and clusters are out of sight. Therefore, the threshold for testing must be lowered in Tokyo. The threshold for testing varies with the circumstances. That's what I explained with the Korean example. Sticking to the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare's "standards" will lead to a misunderstanding of the phenomenon itself. Already in the Kansai region, infected people have been found with taste and smell abnormalities, and clusters have been detected from there. I would like to make more use of the athletic sensibilities of these clinicians. I'm not sure "where" in Tokyo is the barrier to lowering the number of inspections, but that barrier needs to be removed immediately.

感想:「捕捉するのに」を「捕捉するために」に変更した。多分これでいいと思う。思いたい。

アスチュートathleticになっているのはどう反応したらいいかからない。

17 This conceptual diagram that everyone is looking at - lowering the peak of the infection and shifting it to the side. This is all a product of deduction, and I don't know if it's really true. As mentioned above, the UK estimates already suggest that this is not enough. It is possible that the damage that was shifted to the side could simply be "extra-long damage".

感想特に言うことはない。便利だなあ。

18  そして、ここが肝心なのだが、ピークを下げるという理念が、「ピークを下げなければいけない」という観念になり、「ピークは下がっているはずだ」という確信になり、「ピークは起きていないんだ」という自己暗示に転じてはいけないということだ。プランAに固執する日本あるあるの失敗のパターンで、ダイヤモンドプリンセスでは「二次感染が起きてはいけない」が「起きているはずがない」に転じてノーガード下船を許してしまった。「ピークが起きてはいけない」が「ピークなんて見たくない」にならないように現実を見据える必要がある。たとえ、それが我々の見たくない不都合な真実であったとしても。

And this is the key point: the idea of lowering the peak should not become the notion that the peak must be lowered, or the belief that the peak must be lowered, or the self-implication that the peak is not happening. In a pattern of Japanese failure to stick to Plan A, Diamond Princess allowed no-guard disembarkation by changing "secondary infection should not occur" to "it can't have happened". We need to keep our eyes on reality so that "peak shouldn't happen" doesn't become "I don't want to see a peak. Even if it is an inconvenient truth that we don't want to see.

感想:mustが違う文脈で二回出てきている。よくわかるように変更したいものだ。

カギカッコがないとうまく訳せなかったので追加しているが、なぜかカッコ閉じるがいくつか抜けている。この箇所以外にも抜けがある。

19 Repeatedly. It's common knowledge in this industry that deductive methods are complemented by inductive methods. Nevertheless, PCR is often false-negative and has little power to determine the status of infection. That's why "testing everything" is so wrong. However, a serum test measuring immunoglobulin IgM and IgG would provide a more accurate picture of the "status of infection in the population. This, however, is not infallible. It is difficult to use for individual cases because it misses early infection, which is why it misses early HIV infection.Whether antibody testing is useful in individual cases remains to be tested, but it is well suited for epidemiological studies on a population basis. Roughly speaking, we can confirm whether the "infection is rampant" in Tokyo right now, or whether it's just an unfounded fear.

前例としては、ロンドンの血清検査で09年パンデミックインフルエンザが従来予測10倍起きていたことが血清検査でわかっている。抗体検査アウトブレイクのあとで事後的に行うことが多いが、慢性的パンデミックになりつつあるCOVID-19については、「今」こそが検証ポイントといって良い。

As a precedent, serology tests in London showed that the 2009 pandemic flu was 10 times more likely than previously predicted. Antibody testing is often performed after an outbreak, but now is a good time to examine COVID-19, which is becoming a chronic pandemic.

感想:「前例はあって」を「前例としては」に変えた。「前例はある。なおかつロンドンで〜10倍起きていた」になってしまたからだ。

20 英国さらアグレッシブだ。家庭で抗体検査を行い、「感染である」とわかればそれを自宅での自己隔離根拠に使おうというのだ。ロックダウンが起きている中で、検査陰性は「自己隔離不要」を意味しないため、その戦略に欠陥はある。が、考え方としては「感染全体を抑え込みたい」というもので、検討価値はあると思う。

The UK is even more aggressive. The idea is to test for antibodies at home, and if they are found to be infected, they will use it as a basis for self-isolation at home. That strategy is flawed because with the lockdown in place, a negative test does not mean "no self-sequestration". However, the idea is that we want to control the infection as a whole, and I think it is worth considering.

感想:「戦略に穴はある」を「戦略に欠陥はある」に変えた。

21 東京でどのくらいの感染が起きているか帰納法確認必要であり、有用だ。その結果がどうなるかは預言者ではないぼくには分からない。が、どんな結果が出てきても、それを受け入れ、場合によっては自説を変えて、プランBに移行することにも躊躇しない態度が科学者には必要だ。科学者は、首尾一貫していないことにかけて、首尾一貫していなければならないのだ。形式においては首尾一貫していなくても、プリンシプルプロフェッショナリズムにおいて一貫しなければならないのだ。事実に誠意を。 

Inductive legal confirmation of how many infections are occurring in Tokyo is necessary and useful. I'm not a prophet, so I don't know what the outcome will be.However, no matter what the outcome, scientists need to accept it and not hesitate to change their thesis and move on to Plan B in some cases. Scientists have to be coherent in their inconsistencies.They may not be coherent in form, but they must be coherent in principles and professionalism. Good faith in the facts. 

感想:首尾一貫という言葉を使いすぎて文章をアホっぽくしてしまったが他にいい方法が思いつかない。朝三暮四理解してくれなかった。「自説を曲げ」は「自説を変えて」に変更した。

文章はもう少し整形できると思うがとりあえずこれで。

岩田健太郎先生とDeepLに敬意を。

楽園こちら側」の「事実に誠意を」をほぼdeepLで翻訳してみた その1

https://georgebest1969.typepad.jp/blog/2020/03/事実に誠意を.html

これが原文です。

外国から問い合わせが来ているけれども時間がなくて訳せないということで、DeepLの性能確認ついでにやってみました。

この私訳と岩田健太郎先生無関係なのでよろしくお願いします。

訳された文章を原文と見比べ、翻訳文章おかしくなったところや慣用句は「必ず日本語側の文章をいじることで」できるだけ解消しました。

よって改変した文章だけをこちらに載せ、改変する必要がなかったところは段落番号しか載せていません。元文章は元ブログを当たってください。

英語に詳しいパーソンが精査していただけると幸いです。

1 Most of what I'm about to write is no different from what I've said and done in the past. However, I have been asked the same question repeatedly, so I would like to reiterate it. We have received many inquiries from overseas as well, so we should have prepared the same content in English, but due to time constraints, I'm afraid I'll have to skip it. This article is designed to be read without basic knowledge of infectious diseases and jargon, but it is rather difficult to understand. Please forgive me for that.

感想:「Chromeかなにかでそれぞれ母国語に訳してお読みいただけると幸いです。」がきれいさっぱり消えている。DeepLの自負心だろう。

2 The fact that the number of COVID-19 reports in Japan is very low compared to other countries is attracting attention from home and abroad. Is it true? It has been pointed out that the number of tests is so small that we may be misreading the actual number of infected people.

感想home and abrodeでいいんだろうか?

3 However, this point is wrong at various layers. In the first place, Japan does not aim to capture all the numbers of COVID-19. Whether it's administrative testing or insured care, the state basically has a testing strategy in mind to diagnose, hospitalize, and isolate critically ill patients who need to be hospitalized. It is natural that they "haven't figured it out" and they don't intend to. That's not a bad thing.In fact, the situation is the same in every country, large or small, and no country, whether in the United States, Europe, or Asia, is aiming to "capture the whole number.

感想最後の文はなぜか他の文と一緒に入力すると訳してくれなかった。この文一つだけ入力すると訳してくれた。

よく考えると「多かれ少なかれ」は通じないだろうから直した方がよかった。なぜかDeepLに繋がらなくなったのでもう直せない。

WHOもそんなことは求めていない。もっとも、そのわりに日本帰国者無症状者にPCRをやってみたり、無症状な検査陽性者を入院隔離させてみたり(軽症者は自宅じゃなかったの?)、プリンシプルにおいて首尾一貫していない。だから、「彼らがなにがやりたいか私たちはよくわからない」ので、人々は不安になる。リスコミにおける失敗と言えよう。

The WHO is not asking for such a thing. But instead, Japan gives PCR to asymptomatic returnees and isolates asymptomatic test-positive people in hospital (wasn't it home for people with minor illnesses?). It has not been coherent in its principles. So, people get anxious because "we're not sure what they want to do". It's a failure in the press.

感想:「なにがやりたいかよくわからない」に主語付与する必要があった。リスコミがpressになった。よくわかったな。

「〜は自宅じゃなかったの?)、」の、が.になっているのがよくわからない。なぜかDeepLに繋がらなくなったのでもう直せない。

4 The difference between Korea and Japan is the "result" and not the "purpose". In South Korea, where the number of infected people had surged in one place, we had to focus on inspections in and around the area. If such a phenomenon (let's call it an overshoot) occurs in Japan, the number of inspections will increase. When the situation is different, arguing only on the basis of the number of tests without observing the situation is like trying to say, "That team made 50 sliding tackles while this team made only one," without watching a football game. In games where you don't have to slide (e.g., when you're in possession the whole time), even 0 times isn't a "mistake," and of course 50 times isn't a mistake.

感想特に言うことはない。便利だなあ。

5 全数把握ができていない疾患など山のようにある。日本ではインフルエンザの「全数」把握はしておらず、定点観測である疫学上、感染対策上、それで十分な情報が得られているからだ。日本で毎年風邪が何例発生しているか、正確に把握したデータはない。レセプトデータを見ればわかるじゃないか、というのも間違いで、なぜなら多くの風邪患者は(ぼくのように)受診せずに自然に治るまで待っている。医療に限らず、経済学でも政治学でもデータサンプリングから母数を推定するのがほとんどで、「全数」は非効率的状態把握法なのだ

There are many diseases for which the total number of patients is not known. In Japan, we do not have a "total" number of influenza cases, but only a fixed-point observation. Because that's enough information, both epidemiologically and in terms of infection control. There is no accurate data on how many cases of the common cold occur each year in Japan. It's also a mistake to say that you can tell by looking at the receipt data, because many cold patients (like me) don't see a doctor and wait until they are cured naturally. Not only in medicine, but also in economics and political science, data are mostly based on sampling to estimate population numbers, and "whole numbers" is an inefficient way of grasping the situation.

感想:ちょこちょこ変えてある。日本語文章が多少おかしくなっているのは勘弁してほしい。接続詞を適切に入れると格段に翻訳が正確になる。

6 We have not seen the devastation in Japan as in Italy, Spain or New York City. There is no medical collapse in a critically ill patient, no use of the operating room as an ICU, no piling up of bodies on a skating rink with no place to put them. Even if the "numbers" are not known, it is a fact that the current situation in Japan (including Tokyo) is much better controlled than in other countries.

感想特に言うことはない。便利だなあ。

7 Even so, you may be interested in "Well, what about the actual situation? There are estimates. For example, Dr. Hiroshi Nishiura and his group estimate that the number of mild illnesses in Japan may be twice the reported number. The catch rate is 0.44, with a 95% confidence interval of 0.37-0.50.

感想特に言うことはない。便利だなあ。

8 Although the study was based on data from China, there is no guarantee that the Chinese COVID-19 demographic is the same as the Japanese one. Also, since the original study did not include asymptomatic patients or those with minor illnesses that did not require hospitalization, the number of infected patients estimated on that basis would inevitably be an underestimate. If you are more paranoid, it's not unreasonable to believe that "the Japanese and Chinese viruses are different because of the mutation" (although I don't think so).

感想特に言うことはない。便利だなあ。

9 This does not diminish the value of the paper itself. The model must always use existing parameters, and it is often impossible to prove the external validity of these parameters. If the underlying parameters are not reasonable, the predictions will not be correct. A model assumes a simplified world insofar as it is a model. A model without simplification, which is an adjectival contradiction.

数理モデルのこうした「前提」にイチャモンを付けるのは、例えばAという疾患を対象ランダム比較試験をしたときに、「Bという疾患については説明できないじゃないか」と文句を言うようなもので、業界仁義に反する意味のない揚げ足取りである

To complain about these "assumptions" of the mathematical model is like complaining, for example, "You can't explain disease B," when a randomized controlled trial is conducted for disease A. This is a meaningless tirade against the honor of the industry.

感想;「分からない」を「説明できない」に変えた。多分これでいいと思う。思いたい。

10 しかし、論文読み手にとっては別である

However, it is different for the reader of the paper.

A mathematical model that assumes a certain hypothesis should have internal academic validity, but it is the responsibility of the reader, as a resident of the real world, to appraise it in the real world.

Aという疾患を対象にしたRCTの知見をBという疾患に使ってはならないように、数理モデル制限理解し、現実世界にアプライするときに十分注意するのは当然だ。

Just as the RCT findings for disease A should not be used for disease B, it is natural to understand the limitations of the mathematical model and to be careful when applying it to the real world. For example, it would be wrong to read the paper and conclude that the total number of infected people in Tokyo is about 500 as of March 26.

感想;「読み手は別である」を「読み手にとっては別である」に変更し、「制限限界」は「limitations and limitations」になったので片方削った。

11 People make mistakes. The models are also wrong. Being wrong is not a big deal. The problem is to notice your mistakes and make corrections. Already, a group at Imperial College London has admitted that its original estimate that the peak of the infection should be moderated was "wrong" and has revised its prediction that the ICU will soon fail if it does not fight the virus fairly aggressively.

感想特に言うことはない。便利だなあ。

https://anond.hatelabo.jp/20200327215116その2

2020-03-26

eloped territory and ranks fourth on the UN Human Development Index.[28] The city also has the largest number of skyscrapers of any city in the world[29] and its residents have some of the highest life

https://youtubecomhelp.zendesk.com/hc/pl/community/posts/360007744999-26-03-2020-Жизнь-после-жизни-9-серия-последние-серии-смотреть-

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2020-03-25

of the US premiere (including HBO Go).[185] In 2015, the fifth season was simulcast to 170 countries and to HBO Now users.[171] On April 11, the day before the season premiere, screener copies of the first four episodes of the fifth season leaked to a number of file-sharing websites.[186] Within a day of the leak, the files were downloaded over 800,000 times;[187] in one week the illegal downloads reached 32 million, with the season-five premiere alone ("The Wars to Come") pirated 13 mill

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imes through public BitTorrent trackers in 2012, roughly equal to its number of broadcast viewers.[179][180] Piracy rates were particularly high in Australia,[181] and US Ambassador to Australia Jeff Bleich issued a statement condemning Australian piracy of the series in 2013.[182]

https://oomnitza.zendesk.com/hc/tut/community/posts/360042153753--Ничто-не-случается-дважды-2-сезон-13-серия-26-03-2020-качество-HD-

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effects For the series' large number of visual effects, HBO hired British-based BlueBolt and Irish-based Screen Scene for season one. Most of the environment builds were done as 2.5D projections, giving viewers perspective w

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