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2019-09-24

グレタ・トゥーンベリ氏 スピーチ全訳 How dare you!

グレタ・トゥーンベリ氏のU.N. Climate Action Summit 2019におけるスピーチ話題になってるわね。

ブコメかに言いたいこともあるけれど、それよりNHKの全訳(https://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/html/20190924/k10012095931000.html)がなんかしっくりこないので、自分で訳してみたわ。

ごめん嘘。バズると思って訳し始めたらNHKの方がずっと早かったの(よくもそんなことができますね!)。せっかくだから書き上げたわ。でもしっくりこないのは本当よ。

私のメッセージ(※1)はこうです。”私たちあなた方を見ています

My message is that we'll be watching you.

これは何もかも間違っています。私はここにいるべきではありません。私は海の向こうの学校に帰るべきです。しかし、あなた方はみんな、私たち若者希望を求めてやってきます。よくもそんなことができますね!

This is all wrong. I shouldn't be up here. I should be back in school on the other side of the ocean. Yet you all come to us young people for hope. How dare you!

あなた方は私の夢を、私の子時代を、その空虚言葉によって奪い去りました。それでも私は幸運な方です。人々は傷ついています。人々は死んでいます生態系完膚なきまでに崩壊しつつあります。我々は大量絶滅の始まりにいるのです。なのにあなた方が話すことと言えばお金のことや永遠に続く経済成長というおとぎ話ばかり。よくもそんなことが言えますね!

You have stolen my dreams and my childhood with your empty words. And yet I'm one of the lucky ones. People are suffering. People are dying. Entire ecosystems are collapsing. We are in the beginning of a mass extinction. And all you can talk about is money and fairy tales of eternal economic growth. How dare you!

過去30年以上、科学事実はずっと明確なままでした。よくも目をそらし続けられたものですね。よくもここに来て、”私は十分にやった”などと言えたものですね。必要政策解決策もいまだに見えてこないというのに。

For more than 30 years, the science has been crystal clear. How dare you continue to look away and come here saying that you're doing enough, when the politics and solutions needed are still nowhere in sight.

あなた方は言います私たち言葉を聞いていると。緊急性は理解していると。しかし、どれだけ私が悲しみ、怒っていたとしても、私はその言葉を信じたくはありません。なぜならば、もしもあなた方が本当に状況を理解しており、それにもかかわらず行動を起こしていないとすれば、あなた方は邪悪な人々ということになってしまうからです。だからこそ、私はそう信じることを拒絶します。

You say you hear us and that you understand the urgency. But no matter how sad and angry I am, I do not want to believe that. Because if you really understood the situation and still kept on failing to act, then you would be evil. And that I refuse to believe.

一般的な考えとして、世界の(二酸化炭素)排出量を10年間で半分にするというものがあります。これによって気温上昇を1.5℃に抑えられる確率わずか50%に過ぎず、人類の手に負えない不可逆的な連鎖反応が始まるリスクは依然としてあります

The popular idea of cutting our emissions in half in 10 years only gives us a 50% chance of staying below 1.5 degrees [Celsius], and the risk of setting off irreversible chain reactions beyond human control.

50%という数字あなた方にとっては許容できるものかもしれません。しかし、この数字は転換点(※2)の存在や、多くのフィードバックループ大気汚染に隠れたさらなる温暖化公平性気候正義(※3)の観点を含んでいません。それらはまた私たち世代が、あなた方の出した数千億トンの二酸化炭素を、ほとんど実現すらしていない技術で以て大気から取り除くことをあてにしているのです。

Fifty percent may be acceptable to you. But those numbers do not include tipping points, most feedback loops, additional warming hidden by toxic air pollution or the aspects of equity and climate justice. They also rely on my generation sucking hundreds of billions of tons of your CO2 out of the air with technologies that barely exist.

50%のリスク私たちにとって到底受け入れられるものではないのです。私たちはその結果と共に生きていかなければならないのですから

So a 50% risk is simply not acceptable to us — we who have to live with the consequences.

[気候変動に関する政府間パネル]による最も分のよい試算では、67%の確率で気温上昇を1.5℃以下にするために、世界全体で許される二酸化炭素排出量は2018年1月1日以降で420ギガトンまでです。今日(2019年9月24日)、既にその数字は350ギガトンを割っています

To have a 67% chance of staying below a 1.5 degrees global temperature rise – the best odds given by the [Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change] – the world had 420 gigatons of CO2 left to emit back on Jan. 1st, 2018. Today that figure is already down to less than 350 gigatons.

よくも”今まで通りのやり方”や何かしらの技術解決できるなどと嘯けますね。今の排出レベルでは、残りの350ギガトン猶予も8年半以内で使い切ることになります

How dare you pretend that this can be solved with just 'business as usual' and some technical solutions? With today's emissions levels, that remaining CO2 budget will be entirely gone within less than 8 1/2 years.

今日ここにいたるまで、これらのデータに沿った解決法も計画もまったくありません。なぜなら、これらの数字は非常に不愉快であり、あなた方はそのことをありのままに伝えられるほど成熟していないからです。

There will not be any solutions or plans presented in line with these figures here today, because these numbers are too uncomfortable. And you are still not mature enough to tell it like it is.

あなた方は私たち裏切り続けています。そして若者たちはあなた方の裏切りに気付き始めています未来世代の目はすべて、あなた方に注がれています。そして、もしあなた方が私たちを裏切ることを選ぶのなら、私は言います。”私たちあなた方を許さないでしょう”

You are failing us. But the young people are starting to understand your betrayal. The eyes of all future generations are upon you. And if you choose to fail us, I say: We will never forgive you.

私たちあなた方を逃がしません。今この場所、今この時から私たちは線を引きます世界は目覚めつつあります。そして、あなた方の好むと好まざるとにかかわらず、変化もまた訪れるのです。

We will not let you get away with this. Right here, right now is where we draw the line. The world is waking up. And change is coming, whether you like it or not.

ありがとうございました。

Thank you.

※1 これは「世界指導者たちへ向けてのメッセージはありますか?」という司会から質問を受けて始まるスピーチなので、話の相手方大人たち全般ではないことに注意が必要よ。

※2 Tipping pointNHKの方にも注釈があるけれど、気候変動が急転するポイントのことよ。具体的には正のフィードバックループが止められなくなったりする気温だったりするわね。例えば、気温が上がれば水蒸気が増える、水蒸気が増えれば温室効果がアップ、そしてさらに……、といった具合。演説中で触れられていた1.5℃の温度上昇もtipping pointの一つよ。

※3 Climate justice:「先進国が出した二酸化炭素のせいで温暖化してるのに、途上国しわ寄せが来すぎるのはおかしいだろう。」的な話。先進国(や富裕層)は途上国(や貧困層)に対して温暖化被害の点で責任があるし、対策はそれを踏まえて両者に公平な形で進められるべきであるという考え方よ。多少人権周りの話も絡んでくるので詳細はもっと複雑ね。こっちにも注釈付けた方が良かったんでないのNHKさん。

おまけ

NHK訳の感想

私の訳よりすっきりしてるわよね。私のはちょっとくどいわ。でも邪悪云々の下りは私の方が良く訳せてると思うの。どう?

各種ブコメ感想

多分バズるなあと思っていたら案の定彼女スピーチは(直接自分に向いていないとはいえ)正論過ぎて耳が痛かったわ。もげちゃいそう。

から否定的な反応は多いだろうなあと思っていたけれど、正論ではだれも救われない系か態度が気に食わない(トーンポリシング)系が主だと予想していたので、見下しや嘲笑系のコメントが多かったのには困惑したわ(NHKAFPBBブクマね)。

地球温暖化に関して言ってることは科学的に正しいし(IPCC受け売りでしょうけれど、それがまた正しい。自分で”真実”を見つけちゃったりするとまずいのだ)、母語でない英語でこんなスピーチをできるのも凄いし(まあスウェーデンから……)、色々と精力的に活動しているのもすごいし、正直彼女自分の下におけるポイントが年齢以外にないわ。だらしない先達ですまない。

そういうわけで、一部ブコメの人たちの感覚が良くわからないのよね。機会があればもうちょっといろいろ書きたいんだけど、ちょっとねえ。

2018-02-26

*[音楽]森で撮られた叙情ハードコアMV集め

木に囲まれたところで演奏しているMVをよく目にする気がしたから集めてみた。

It Prevails / An Anomaly

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X_P5Izr0vwk

For The Fallen Dreams / Stone

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-7dDTEYkdvE

HEART IN HAND / Only Memories

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=izoBrYV9L-w

Moderntears' / I'm Leaving

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xJ7SNAMT1l4

Kings At Heart / Horizon

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8wYk3aALrh8

Climates / Waiting To Exhale

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3NJR3qjdy8I

Our Hollow Our Home / Throne To The Wolves

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9vSL965_q44

Fed To The Ocean / Keep On ft. Kadeem France

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ju1G8YEMrbA


他にもまだまだ存在していると思われる。

「木に囲まれ演奏している」縛りにしたため、思っていたより少なかったが

森をモチーフとし別所演奏しているMVも含めるとまだまだ存在する。

MV叙情系の親和性は高い。どんどん森でMVを撮ってほしい。

2017-03-11

いい機会なのでみんなで読みませんか?

これ↓

http://annualreviews.org/doi/full/10.1146/annurev-marine-010816-060733

Fukushima Daiichi–Derived Radionuclides in the Ocean: Transport, Fate, and Impacts. Annual Review of Marine Science. Vol. 9:173-203. First published online as a Review in Advance on June 30, 2016

2011年以降に海に出ていった放射性物質が、2016年頃までどうなっていったかをまとめたreviewです。

長くて1人で読むのしんどいというのが正直なとこだけど...でも、今後も当分関係ある話で、震災の日くらい、たまには勉強しようかと。これを読んだこともあり。

http://gendai.ismedia.jp/articles/-/51176

ひと言とか数行とか小さな部分でいいから、読み取ったことをトラバブクマコメントに残してくれる人を募集

資料自体は悪くないと思います

とりあえず見やすいところ↓

Fig.1 空から降りる分、直接海に出た分、地下水を介して出た分、川を介して出た分の比較。空の分(15ペタBq)が、地下水や川の500年分くらいデカい。Table 1が根拠。つまり、これまでの論文推定されてきた値。15ペタ...どのくらいかイメージできない。

Fig.2 太平洋の海表面の放射性物質量。2014年頃をピークにアメリカ側まで届いて、広い範囲で通常の5倍くらいの濃度になっていた(これは確かにいい迷惑)。2016年には通常の2-3倍くらいまでで、エリアもかなり減った。まぁ海表面に関しては、普段の数倍程度が数年で止んでるからダメージ比較的浅そう。ただしこれは海表面で、あとで海底の話が出てくる。

Fig.3 見にくいので後で

Fig.4 海底の面積あたりの放射性物質量。同心円があるのはわかるけど、量的にどのくらい問題なのかはこれだけではわからない。

Fig.5 海底の魚と遠洋(非海底)の魚での濃度。縦軸はlogなので凄い差。どの区分も5年で1/10くらいは減ってる。2016年、遠洋魚がはっきり2層化してるのが見える。

2016-11-05

Communicating underwater is challenging.

Light and odors don't travel well, so it's hard for animals to see or smell.

But sound moves about four times faster in water than in air, so in this dark environment, marine mammals often rely on vocalization to communicate.

That's why a chorus of sounds fills the ocean.

Clicks, pulses, whistles, groans, boings, cries, and trills, to name a few.

But the most famous parts of this underwater symphony are the evocative melodies, or songs, composed by the world's largest mammals, whales.

Whale songs are one of the most sophisticated communication systems in the animal kingdom.

Only a few species are known to sing.

Blue, fin, bowhead minke whales, and of course humpback whales.

These are all baleen whales which use hairy baleen plates instead of teeth to trap their prey.

Meanwhile, toothed whales do use echolocation, and they and other species of baleen whales make social sounds, such as cries and whistles, to communicate.

But those vocalizations lack the complexity of songs.

So how do they do it?

Land mammals like us generate sound by moving air over our vocal chords when we exhale, causing them to vibrate.

Baleen whales have a U-shaped fold of tissue between their lungs and their large inflatable organs called laryngeal sacs.

We don't know this for sure because it's essentially impossible to observe the internal organs of a living, singing whale, but we think that when a whale sings, muscular contractions in the throat and chest move air from the lungs across the U-fold and into the laryngeal sacs, causing the U-fold to vibrate.

The resulting sound resonates in the sacs like a choir singing in a cathedral making songs loud enough to propagate up to thousands of kilometers away.

Whales don't have to exhale to sing.

Instead, the air is recycled back into the lungs, creating sound once more.

One reason whale songs are so fascinating is their pattern.

Units, like moans, cries, and chirps are arranged in phrases.

Repeated phrases are assembled into themes.

Multiple themes repeated in a predictable pattern create a song.

This hierarchical structure is a kind of grammar.

Whale songs are extremely variable in duration, and whales can repeat them over and over.

In one recorded session, a humpback whale sang for 22 hours.

And why do they do it?

We don't yet know the exact purpose, but we can speculate.

Given that the singers are males and they mostly sing during the mating season, songs might be used to attract females.

Or perhaps they're territorial, used to deter other males.

Whales return to the same feeding and breeding grounds annually, and each discrete population has a different song.

Songs evolve over time as units or phrases are added, changed, or dropped.

And when males from different populations are feeding within earshot, phrases are often exchanged, maybe because new songs make them more attractive to breeding females.

This is one of the fastest examples of cultural transmission, where learned behaviors are passed between unrelated individuals of the same species.

We can eavesdrop on these songs using underwater microphones called hydrophones.

These help us track species when sightings or genetic samples are rare.

For example, scientists have been able to differentiate the elusive blue whale's populations worldwide based on their songs.

But the oceans are getting noisier as a result of human activity.

Boating, military sonar, underwater construction, and seismic surveys for oil are occurring more often which may interfere with whale's communication.

Some whales will avoid key feeding or breeding grounds if human noise is too loud.

And humpback whales have been observed to reduce their singing in response to noise 200 kilometers away.

Limiting human activity along migratory routes and in other critical habitats, and reducing noise pollution throughout the ocean would help ensure whales continued survival.

If the whales can keep singing and we can keep listening, maybe one day we'll truly understand what they're saying.

2012-01-30

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Just as before, that creatures photographer needs any stand-out accounts, including a willing concern in the normal country. Through investment agencies full of photos, your budding creatures photography needs severe numbers of patience, perseverance, along with enable you to read the long video game. In need of wonderful organization and marketing and advertising proficiency, some people will surely have to allure their approach right into great romances using canine parking facilties, making admission to confined areas.

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One particular for any adrenaline junkies belonging to the photography planet, professional wedding photographers need nervousness about metal to remain professional in the excellent picture. Addressing that availability of peoples' once-in-a-lifetime reminiscences, its many people,us nikon battery shop as well as crowd-management knowledge should really be exceptional. Ones own croping and editing skills might also want to become top-notch, for a little refined photoshopping can certainly make all the distinction somewhere between a fantastic image, including a appropriate one particular.

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2011-12-16

Along the way, thank you

Do all the way, the dream all the way, and read all the way, the injury all the way, the youth of this shore, I eyebrow XinWei cu, listening to the wind tells the years of the past; Go all the way, appreciate all the way, listen to all the way, drunk all the way, time of the other side, you gently walk, bring me for my whole life the oath. Smile, as a jade, just like the cold winter la month of a warming Yang; Words, amiable and gentle, like stroke and a wisp of spring breeze; The heart, clear as bright, filled with tolerance and forthright.

In the boundless huge crowd, you I meet by chance, and then silence who know each other, as world all the fate, we own the roaming in, repeated a story of others. Looking at today's you and me, read the yesterday's he and she, original all is so similar to the ends of the earth, the same scene, every moment thousands of deduction. The different stage, the same script, different actors, the same lines, perhaps, that is what the world had said the world of mortals.

Life, seems to be a little spring and fall streams, no waves without wind, go light, so of the day, that you and I, is I have dreamed of. But he is always thinking of, perhaps our stories will be something different, always feel, I want life probably shouldn't so, always think, and the story you and I should deducing other wonderful. Perhaps this is the so-called is not satisfied with it.

Not content with me, occasionally also play a song in life all much ado about nothing. The occasional upset, the occasional sentimentality, occasionally sad sorrow bosom, such me, sometimes not even willing to tolerance, but you will always smiled and said it doesn't matter. A that's ok, covers the you to my tolerance. Thank you, thank you willing to listen to me, thank you willing to understand me, thank you for your concern and care of understanding.

Along the way, just behind the one season blossom has collected, have already in the years flows through place vanished, lift. Magging issues.it, those flowers, then no longer in those days Ming yan; Walk off, those figure, also do not know when from my life disappear; For a around, those familiar with smile, and those who agreed upon oath, and has set up a file in the baptism of the mood swept away. Looking back, QiFengChuYu also only you have been, from beginning to end with reckless abandon.

I know, you are always on, maybe not at nearby, but has lived in my heart. You are in my heart, so, I count the mirror in flower, and cicadas in the eyes of the tender you smile and looked at on the water, and know that you SiQi born rich, and son ChengYue vow.

You know, more than any other, I in the character of the much a slightly thin cool. Those who love, I do not say, and not understand; Those good, I don't talk, and not unknown; Those who warm, those carefully, I pretended that I don't know, but one can see in the eye, and talks to heart. I'm not good at expressing, doesn't mean I don't have felt in the heart, on the contrary, a warm action, a concern of look in the eyes, a warm words, of all things, I kept away, and put it in my heart.

Since always, all don't understand you in my life to a role play, from that year to now, you and I walked all the way from strangers, to close right now, our story is in what the beat is a? Perhaps the story is finalizing a play, also or two hearts were there, but I thank you have in this warm attitude in my MingTu.

Thank you for the lonely in my time took me by the hand, and thank you for making me again believe a fairy tale of aestheticism, thank you for your face my unreasonable never give up, thank you for your tender feelings with the whole life the warmth of my I thin cool, thank you to accompany me along the way. To you, please make I say thank you, thank you let me in such years can also ease dream, let me be able to a insignificant posture face a window to listen.

The dream flowers, quietly away, and in a hurry fell, some people, quietly, and silently walk, that time, like water flowing silence, from refused to make a little I stopped, and our story? Our story will end in where? Tomorrow's you I is near at hand, or the apart?

_______________

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2009-08-27

「ネイチャー」ってこんな雑誌だったっけ?

凄くお堅い雑誌だと思ってたんだが。

ネイチャー - Wikipedia -

http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E3%83%8D%E3%82%A4%E3%83%81%E3%83%A3%E3%83%BC

http://blogs.nature.com/news/thegreatbeyond/2009/08/south_korea_launches_satellite.html

South Korea launches satellite into ocean - August 25, 2009

In an alarming escalation on the Korean peninsula, South Korea has demonstrated the ability to launch a satellite into the ocean.

意訳:緊張が高まり続ける朝鮮半島では、韓国は海洋の中に衛星を発射する能力を示しました。

 
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