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はてなキーワード: plentyとは

2016-05-12

http://anond.hatelabo.jp/20160511142842

ギズモード掲載専門家コメント



元増田が貼ってる記事編集が入っててどこまでが専門家の言ったことが分かりにくいので、コメントがそのまま載っているオリジナル記事の追記部分を元にざっと訳出

http://gizmodo.com/teen-discovers-lost-maya-city-using-ancient-star-maps-1775735999

Update 2:56 pm

David StuartさんFacebook引用元増田が貼っているものなので省略。

本人のWikipedia情報は以下参照。

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Stuart_%28Mayanist%29


Update: 3:25 pm

Thomas Garrisonさんのコメント掲載USC(南カリフォルニア大。1880年設立名門校所属人類学者であり、リモートセンシング専門家でもある。

I applaud the young kid’s effort and it’s exciting to see such interest in the ancient Maya and remote sensing technology in such a young person. However, ground-truthing is the key to remote sensing research. You have to be able to confirm what you are identifying in a satellite image or other type of scene. In this case, the rectilinear nature of the feature and the secondary vegetation growing back within it are clear signs of a relic milpa. I’d guess its been fallow for 10-15 years. This is obvious to anyone that has spent any time at all in the Maya lowlands. I hope that this young scholar will consider his pursuits at the university level so that his next discovery (and there are plenty to be made) will be a meaningful one.

(意訳)若者努力は素晴らしいことだ。しかしこの結論ちょっとリモートセンシングができるなら、この画像トウモロコシ畑の跡地だとはっきり分かる。おそらく10から15年間、休閑地になっているところだろう。マヤ低地を調べた経験があれば、誰でも分かることだ。私としては、この若者が次は有意義発見ができるよう、大学に行って勉強して欲しいと思っている

Garrisonさんはよく似た地形が写っている画像ギズモード提供している。耕作放棄されてから間がない分、もとの画像よりもはっきり形が分かる


Update: 4:30 pm

Ivan Šprajcさんのコメント掲載スロベニア芸術科学アカデミー所属人類学者であり、天文考古学研究している。

Very few Maya constellations have been identified, and even in these cases we do not know how many and which stars exactly composed each constellation. It is thus impossible to check whether there is any correspondence between the stars and the location of Maya cities. In general, since we know of several environmental facts that influenced the location of Maya settlements, the idea correlating them with stars is utterly unlikely.

(訳)もともと、特定されているマヤ文明星座は非常に少ない。それに、星座が分かっていても、それぞれの星座が、正確にはどの星を組み合わせたものなのかは分かってない。したがって、星の位置マヤ文明都市位置が一致しているかをチェックすることは不可能だ。また、マヤ文明居住地位置決定に影響を与えた環境的な要素はある程度分かっている。それに星が関係するというのは、まずありえない

2016-04-14

detox

Toxins are everywhere. Car exhaust, secondhand smoke, flame retardants, plastic packaging, heavy metals, pesticides, BPA-coated receipts… Unless you’re living in virgin forest, you’re going to come into contact with some less-than-optimal chemicals pretty much every day.

That’s definitely no reason to panic. In fact, small doses of toxins may be good for you because of a phenomenon called hormesis – mild stress makes your cells work more efficiently. However, your body can have trouble clearing certain toxins. You eliminate most of the bisphenol-A (BPA) and other plastics you ingest, but a small percentage hides away in your fat cells, messing with your hormones and accumulating over time. It’s the same deal with several mold toxins, heavy metals like lead, nickel, cadmium, mercury, and aluminum, and with certain pharmaceuticals and drugs like THC.

A good detox protocol can help you eliminate these more stubborn toxins. The trouble is that many common detoxes don’t work. Juice and water cleanses, for example, are often actually counterproductive because they deprive your body of essential nutrients it needs to function. That said, there are a few genuine ways to detox.

Because so many toxins stay in your fat cells, one way to detox is through lipolysis – breaking down your fat cells and releasing the hard-to-reach toxins stored within them. Lipolysis is especially effective when you combine it with liver and kidney support or adsorbents that can suck up the released toxins. This article focuses on all of the above. Let’s start with saunas.

1) Sauna sessions

Sweating does more than cool you off. It also helps you get rid of both heavy metals and xenobiotics – foreign compounds like plastics and petrochemicals – in small but significant amounts. A 2012 review of 50 studies found that sweating removes lead, cadmium, arsenic, and mercury, especially in people with high heavy metal toxicity [1]. Another study put participants in both traditional and infrared saunas and found similar results [2]. Sweating also eliminates hormone-disrupting BPA, which accumulates in your fat cells [3].

There’s debate about the best kind of sauna for detoxification. A couple studies have shown that infrared saunas are the most effective for detoxing, but the research was funded by infrared sauna companies, so the results are questionable. Both traditional and infrared saunas are effective for detoxing [2]. That said, I prefer infrared saunas for a few reasons:

They don’t get as hot. Traditional saunas heat the air around you, while infrared light penetrates and heats your tissue directly. You sweat in an infrared sauna at around 130-150 degrees instead of at 180-200 degrees, so you can stay in for longer without feeling like you’re going to pass out. I’ve done 2-hour infrared sauna sessions (drinking salt water the whole time to replenish electrolytes and fluids, of course).

They’re easier on your electric bill. Again, infrared saunas require less energy, especially if you get a sauna that reflects infrared light back on you. This one, for example, costs about 15 cents an hour to run.

Infrared saunas are often cheaper.

I personally use a Sunlighten infrared sauna and love it. If you don’t want to buy an infrared sauna and there isn’t one around you, a standard sauna will work perfectly well [2]. There’s probably one in your local gym.

Keep in mind that sweating pulls electrolytes and trace minerals from your body, so it’s important to drink a lot of fluids and get plenty of salt (preferably Himalayan pink salt or another mineral-rich natural salt) if you’re going to use a sauna to detox [2].

2) Exercise

Exercise is another way to flush toxins from your body, and through more than just making you sweat. Exercise increases lipolysis (the breakdown of fat tissue), releasing toxins stored in your fat tissue. Studies show that people who exercise and lose body fat end up with higher levels of circulating hormone disruptors [4]. Increasing lipolysis through diet does the same thing [5].

Mobilizing toxins isn’t necessarily a good thing, particularly if you’re unequipped to get rid of them. You want to be sure you’re getting rid of toxins, not just moving them to a different part of your body. Working out addresses the issue to a degree: it improves circulation, providing more oxygen to your liver and kidneys so they can better filter out toxins. You can also give your system even more support and pull out bad stuff with the next two detox tools: activated charcoal and glutathione.

3) Activated charcoal

Activated charcoal is a form of carbon that has massive surface area and a strong negative charge. It’s been around for thousands of years and it’s still used in emergency rooms today to treat poisoning.

Charcoal binds to chemicals whose molecules have positive charges, including aflatoxin and other polar mycotoxins [6], BPA [7], and common pesticides [8]. Once the chemicals attach to the charcoal you can pass them normally (i.e. poop them out).

Charcoal can bind to the good stuff, too, so I don’t recommend taking it within an hour of other supplements. Try taking a couple charcoal pills along with exercise or have a sauna session. They should adsorb many of the toxins you release into your gut and GI tract.

4) Glutathione

Glutathione is a powerful antioxidant that protects you from heavy metal damage, according to studies in both human and rat cells [9,10,11,12]. Glutathione also supports liver enzymes that break down mold toxins and heavy metals. Your digestion will destroy normal glutathione, so opt for a liposomal glutathione supplement that makes it through your stomach. You can also supplement with N-acetylcysteine and alpha-lipoic acid, which your body can use to build glutathione on its own [13]. If you have severe heavy metal or mycotoxin poisoning, talk to a naturopath or functional medicine doctor about intravenous (IV) glutathione. It’s expensive and less convenient than an oral supplement, but it works very well.

5) Cryolipolysis

We’ve talked about how heat and exercise can increase fat burning to detox your fat cells. It turns out cold can do the same. Cryochambers are gaining popularity with professional athletes and other high performers for their ability to quell inflammation. It turns out they can help you burn fat – and release the toxins stored in itas well.

A cryochamber uses liquid nitrogen to supercool your body, stimulating mitochondrial function and decreasing inflammation. Intense cold also destroys fat cells, which has led to cryolipolysis therapy as a way to slim down [14,15]. You can use it to detox, too.

Can’t get your hands on a cryochamber? Try traditional cold thermogenesis instead.

6) Ketosis

Quick disclaimer: I haven’t found studies specifically looking at ketosis and toxin load, so you may want to take this section with a grain of (Himalayan) salt. That said, ketosis is a very effective way to induce lipolysis, particularly if you’re fasting.

When you’re in ketosis and you haven’t eaten recently, your body breaks down your fat stores into free fatty acids, which it then converts to ketones for fuel. That means that, in theory, you should be able to supercharge your detox (and fat loss) by dropping into nutritional ketosis.

The Bulletproof Diet puts you into mild ketosis, which curbs your hunger and sharpens your brain without forcing you to forego carbs entirely. If you want to try nutritional ketosis for detoxing, youll have to modify the Bulletproof Diet slightly. Skip carb reefed days for a couple weeks and limit carbs to ~30-50 grams per day. You can use keto urine strips or – even better – a blood ketone meter to test and make sure you’re becoming fat-adapted. Once your levels read around 1.5 mg/dL, you’re comfortably in nutritional ketosis. At that point, fasting will attack your fat stores and mobilize toxins, which you can mop up with activated charcoal or sweat out (or both).

7) Chelation therapy for heavy metals

Chelation therapy is the strongest way to detox heavy metals. It can also be dangerous, so many doctors don’t recommend it unless you have moderate to severe heavy metal poisoning. Chelation therapy uses compounds called chelators that form strong bonds with heavy metals, leaving them unable to further poison your body. You can then pass them normally. Chelation therapy is very effective for removing lead, mercury, aluminum, arsenic, iron, and copper.

If you’ve been exposed to a lot of heavy metals, talk to a functional medicine doctor about chelation therapy. You really want to go to a medical professional for this one, because it’s so effective that if your liver and kidneys aren’t able to process the metals (a common problem in people with heavy metal poisoning) you can get seriously ill.

Combining detox methods for maximum effect

Each of these 7 methods works well on its own, and you can stack methods for an even greater effect. Exercise and sauna sessions are a good example. Preliminary evidence suggests that exercising and then hitting the sauna afterward will detoxify you better than either one alone does [16]. With that in mind, here’s a sample detox protocol:

Take 2-3 mL liposomal glutathione and 2-3 g vitamin C an hour before exercising.

Exercise for at least 20-30 minutes (HIIT is a good option).

Take 3-4 activated charcoal pills.

Spend 45-60 minutes in a sauna. Remember to get plenty of water and salt/electrolytes.

If you have a lot of fat and you’re burning it off quickly, you’re probably getting rid of a lot of toxins in one fell swoop, and you may get a headache, digestive problems, brain fog, etc. If that happens try taking more glutathione, vitamin C, and charcoal. Be sure you take charcoal at least an hour away from other supplements, as it binds to vitamin C.

Toxins are a fact of modern life, especially if you live in a city or somewhere with poor air quality, mold, and/or a lot of petrochemical byproducts. These detox methods can give your body a little extra support dealing with pollutants and help you perform your best.

Subscribe below if you want more info about how to upgrade your body and brain. Thanks for reading and have a great week!

2012-03-29

Excellent Strategies Regarding Open-air Wedding event Images Throughout Leeds

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Leeds is rather exquisite and also is among the most well-known towns in The uk getting selection of venues to turn into great qualifications just for open-air wedding digital photography training. You can find a long list of old websites dating back coming from 19th millennium to B . C . period, a lot of pretty gorgeous amusement parks and even fantastic church buildings, along with other areas for instance squares and even halls which represents splendour of your metropolis.

Get ready for open-air wedding party digital photography training on Leeds

Before training is essential regarding wonderful photos while in the wedding gowns. The backdrop, make-up, and also costume outfit distressed through the young couples participate in an important function in level of quality associated with beautiful photos furthermore lighting products and laptop keyboard additionally dslr camera settings. A great digital photographer would go on a very few check vaccinations on the open-air websites you end up picking just for wedding and reception photography in advance of taking particular marriage ceremony shots to establish in cases where illumination spot as well as other practical requirements will be attained to generate good shots.

Advised regions regarding wedding and reception photos

Produced around 1899, Leeds Urban center Rectangle is undoubtedly an available place in the center of town. Form most important constructing, there are plenty of destinations on Metropolis Rectangular that can be used since backdrop to your snap shots, for instance, the particular water fall and the particular sculpture from the African american Prince for horseback produced from bronze. There are numerous some other figurines which will moreover assist while fantastic backdrops.

Middleton Recreation area, by using outdated woodlands dating back so that you can 17th millennium, is among the most well-known destinations within the place regarding Leeds. You will find superb displays, for example unique h2o fish ponds, oak woods, and various scenarios that you can use simply because again decline of one's wedding party pictures.

2011-12-17

力尽きた

I know how to become a super-easy Your Life?

Tips on how to live it happily for everyone

I become more comfortable with the power off

Also suffering are all spicy sloppy vision, and white security.

The world's vanities,

The emptiness of the first pain and sadness.

The world is going to change.

Can even change to ease the suffering.

If you can make your day burdened with dirty

It should be possible to throw away what we have so

I understood just how sloppy or the world?

Suffering and illness, and we insist on such things.

And stick to what I see.

Cling to the things that you hear.

Taste and smell differ from person to person

What is also not helpful.

The bad stick to tea mind wavers.

It is "free" What is he.

A big talk and while it is alive, various things are.

You can see what a miserable so difficult.

But I go place to place with us.

Which is invisible to anyone.

I try to be bright and without force.

Because you will enjoy about You can not see the future.

What guy I'm feeling it alive.

Be difficult to live and certainly correctly.

But I'll live can even brighter to anyone.

Tips have a Bodhisattva living. There is no need to live in suffering.

I enjoy living in it becomes Buddha.

Once knowing the risk would be quite bad

Reasonable fear of living is help.

It is misread

Throw away your heart you are, It's not to say.

Do not forget your dreams and fantasies, and compassion,

Once nirvana But even where it is located.

Life is no need to change anything, just the perception of change.

If you have plenty in mind, anyone become a Buddha.

Remember the wisdom of this melt. But few words.

Make sense I know that I'm fine without thinking.

It would be nice suffering becomes smaller.

You all suffering admits even lie no more bullshit, I like that.

Let the past may be a prelude to forget all.

But just want to remember it.

Look tweeting If you're so inclined,

It's just good chanting in the mind

You see, open your ears listen well

"You'll cast, the bad idea is disappears, the soul is silenced, all things in here, it's beyond everything. "

"At that enlightenment will come true. All will be fulfilled in this mantra. "

don't worry -- that's OK

2009-06-17

[] <日本語> にほんご2

[Motivation] 学習の動機を高める having motivation for learning Japanese language

外国語学習する理由、動機を高める学習法という考え方でまとめてみる

[Food]食べ物から
  1. YouTube - Cool Japan!  Food
[Travel]旅行から
  1. FindJPN | We offer plenty of opportunity for cultural activities.

[Unedited] 未編集備忘録 Transient stock/ Memorandum

  1. Learn Japanese Online! | japanese-lesson.com
  2. Learn.DumbOtaku.com - Where we take the next step beyond just kana
  3. ユッカの会ホームページ
  4. NHK高校講座 | ライブラリー
  5. JapanSoc - #1 Social Bookmarking Site for Japan
  6. Language Learning: from Syvum
  7. Japanese calligraphy | Japanese name translation | Kanji name translation | Japanese symbols for names
  8. Welcome to Able Language Laboratories
  9. Japanese Language School - MLC Meguro Language Center(in Tokyo,Japan)
  10. Learn Japanese On the Web
  11. A Few Japanese Expressions
  12. YouTube - Japanese Lesson - Hiragana 1
  13. Learn Japanese Online - Learn to speak and read Japanese fast with video lessons
  14. 東京大学留学生センター[日本語教育部門]日本語学習室
  15. 国語 文法
  16. 日本語学習支援システム
  17. 文法クイズ
  18. 学習室(岐阜県教育コンテンツ
  19. Learn Japanese - JapanSugoi - Everything Cool about Japan
  20. ポイミ! - ポエム・詩の投稿サイト -
  21. 小説の書き方・リンク集
  22. 日本語俗語辞書 - 若者言葉新語死語流行語

(Information)

  1. Learning Japanese - Japan Forums
  2. The Japanese Page | TheJapanesePage.com
  3. How to write Japanese precisely
  4. johnson banks: phonetikana

語学学習サイト個人的リンクメモ / Lists of Language Learning Links)

http://anond.hatelabo.jp/20090101193230

http://anond.hatelabo.jp/20090218024322

 
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